List of winners of the London Marathon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The London Marathon, one of the six World Marathon Majors,[1] has been contested by men and women annually since 29 March 1981. Set over a largely flat course around the River Thames, the marathon is 26.2 miles (42.2 km) in length[2] and generally regarded as a competitive and unpredictable event, and conducive to fast times.[3]

The inaugural marathon had 7,741 entrants, 6,255 of whom completed the race.[4] The first Men's Elite Race was tied between American Dick Beardsley and Norwegian Inge Simonsen, who crossed the finish line holding hands in 2 hours, 11 minutes, 48 seconds.[5] The first Women's Elite Race was won by Briton Joyce Smith in 2:29:57.[5] In 1983, the first wheelchair races took place. Organized by the British Sports Association for the Disabled (BASD), 19 people competed and 17 finished. Gordon Perry of the United Kingdom won the Men's Wheelchair Race, coming in at 3:20:07, and Denise Smith, also of the UK, won the Women's Wheelchair Race in 4:29:03.[6]

Twenty athletes representing the United Kingdom have won the London Marathon a total of forty times. The most recent win by a British athlete was in the 2012 London Marathon, by David Weir in the Men's Wheelchair Race. It was his sixth win in London. Kenya has the second largest number of winning athletes. Seven Kenyan men and six Kenyan women have been victorious a total of sixteen times, all in the able-bodied category. Eleven men, including those from the wheelchair races, have won the marathon more than once, Weir's six wins being the record. Sixteen women have been winners more than once; Tanni Grey-Thompson won the women's wheelchair race six times between 1992 and 2002.

Course records for the London Marathon have been set ten times in the men's race, seven times in the women's race, fifteen times in the men's wheelchair race, and thirteen times in the women's wheelchair race. World records for marathon running have been set four times. Khalid Khannouchi, representing the United States, set the men's world record in 2:05:38 in 2002. The following year, British runner Paula Radcliffe set the women's world record in 2:15:25, which also stands as the current course record in the Women's Elite Race. Eliud Kipchoge of Kenya set the course record at 2:03:05 in 2016 in the Men's Elite Race. Kurt Fearnley set the Men's Wheelchair Race course record at 1:28:57 in 2009. The course record for the Women's Wheelchair Race was set by American athlete Tatyana McFadden in 2013, with 1:46:02.

Elite race – men's winners[edit]

Dick Beardsley shared the inaugural London Marathon title with Inge Simonsen.
2009 winner Samuel Wanjiru beat Martin Lel's year-old course record by just five seconds.
Year Athlete Nationality Time
(h:m:s)
Notes
1981 Dick Beardsley (Tie)  United States 2:11:48 Course record
Inge Simonsen (Tie)  Norway
1982 Hugh Jones  United Kingdom 2:09:24 Course record
1983 Mike Gratton  United Kingdom 2:09:43
1984 Charlie Spedding  United Kingdom 2:09:57
1985 Steve Jones  United Kingdom 2:08:16 Course record
1986 Toshihiko Seko  Japan 2:10:02
1987 Hiromi Taniguchi  Japan 2:09:50
1988 Henrik Jørgensen  Denmark 2:10:20
1989 Douglas Wakiihuri  Kenya 2:09:03
1990 Allister Hutton  United Kingdom 2:10:10
1991 Yakov Tolstikov  Soviet Union 2:09:17
1992 António Pinto  Portugal 2:10:02
1993 Eamonn Martin  United Kingdom 2:10:50
1994 Dionicio Cerón  Mexico 2:08:53
1995 Dionicio Cerón  Mexico 2:08:30 Second victory
1996 Dionicio Cerón  Mexico 2:10:00 Third victory
1997 António Pinto  Portugal 2:07:55 Course record; second victory
1998 Abel Antón  Spain 2:07:57
1999 Abdelkader El Mouaziz  Morocco 2:07:57
2000 António Pinto  Portugal 2:06:36 Course record; third victory
2001 Abdelkader El Mouaziz  Morocco 2:07:09 Second victory
2002 Khalid Khannouchi  United States 2:05:38 World marathon record
2003 Gezahegne Abera  Ethiopia 2:07:56
2004 Evans Rutto  Kenya 2:06:18
2005 Martin Lel  Kenya 2:07:35
2006 Felix Limo  Kenya 2:06:39
2007 Martin Lel  Kenya 2:07:41 Second victory
2008 Martin Lel  Kenya 2:05:15 Course record; third victory
2009 Samuel Wanjiru  Kenya 2:05:10 Course record
2010 Tsegaye Kebede  Ethiopia 2:05:19 Provisional Result
2011 Emmanuel Mutai  Kenya 2:04:40 Course record
2012 Wilson Kipsang  Kenya 2:04:44
2013 Tsegaye Kebede  Ethiopia 2:06:04 Second victory
2014 Wilson Kipsang  Kenya 2:04:29 Course record; second victory
2015 Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya 2:04:42
2016 Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya 2:03:05 Course record; second victory
2017 Daniel Wanjiru  Kenya 2:05:48 First victory
2018 Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya 2:04:17 Third victory

Elite race – women's winners[edit]

Paula Radcliffe won the London Marathon three times in four years, setting the course record twice.
Joyce Chepchumba was the first non-European to win the women's competition.
Year Athlete Nationality Time
(h:m:s)
Notes
1981 Joyce Smith  United Kingdom 2:29:57 Course record
1982 Joyce Smith  United Kingdom 2:29:43 Course record; second victory
1983 Grete Waitz  Norway 2:25:29 World marathon record
1984 Ingrid Kristiansen  Norway 2:24:26 Course record
1985 Ingrid Kristiansen  Norway 2:21:06 World marathon record; second victory
1986 Grete Waitz  Norway 2:24:54 Second victory
1987 Ingrid Kristiansen  Norway 2:22:48 Third victory
1988 Ingrid Kristiansen  Norway 2:25:41 Fourth victory
1989 Véronique Marot  United Kingdom 2:25:56
1990 Wanda Panfil  Poland 2:26:31
1991 Rosa Mota  Portugal 2:26:14
1992 Katrin Dörre-Heinig  Germany 2:29:39
1993 Katrin Dörre-Heinig  Germany 2:27:09 Second victory
1994 Katrin Dörre-Heinig  Germany 2:32:34 Third victory
1995 Małgorzata Sobańska  Poland 2:27:43
1996 Liz McColgan  United Kingdom 2:27:54
1997 Joyce Chepchumba  Kenya 2:26:51
1998 Catherina McKiernan  Ireland 2:26:26
1999 Joyce Chepchumba  Kenya 2:23:22 Second victory
2000 Tegla Laroupe  Kenya 2:24:33
2001 Derartu Tulu  Ethiopia 2:23:57
2002 Paula Radcliffe  United Kingdom 2:18:56 Course record
2003 Paula Radcliffe  United Kingdom 2:15:25 World marathon record (mixed); second victory
2004 Margaret Okayo  Kenya 2:22:35
2005 Paula Radcliffe  United Kingdom 2:17:42 World marathon record (women-only); third victory
2006 Deena Kastor  United States 2:19:35
2007 Zhou Chunxiu  China 2:20:38
2008 Irina Mikitenko  Germany 2:24:14
2009 Irina Mikitenko  Germany 2:22:11 Second victory
2010 Aselefech Mergia  Ethiopia 2:22:38 Initially third but Liliya Shobukhova and Inga Abitova both disqualified retrospectively.
2011 Mary Keitany  Kenya 2:19:19
2012 Mary Keitany  Kenya 2:18:37 Second victory
2013 Priscah Jeptoo  Kenya 2:20:15
2014 Edna Kiplagat  Kenya 2:20:21
2015 Tigist Tufa  Ethiopia 2:23:21
2016 Jemima Sumgong  Kenya 2:22:58
2017 Mary Keitany  Kenya 2:17:01 World marathon record (women-only); third victory

Wheelchair race – men's winners[edit]

Year Athlete Nationality Time
(h:m:s)
Notes
1983 Gordon Perry  United Kingdom 3:20:07 Course record
1984 Kevin Breen  Ireland 2:38:40 Course record
1985 Chris Hallam  United Kingdom 2:19:53 Course record
1986 Gerry O'Rourke  Ireland 2:26:38
1987 Chris Hallam  United Kingdom 2:08:34 Course record; second victory
1988 Ted Vince  Canada 2:01:37 Course record
1989 David Holding  United Kingdom 1:59:31 Course record
1990 Hakan Ericsson  Sweden 1:57:12 Course record
1991 Farid Amarouche  France 1:52:52 Course record
1992 Daniel Wesley  Canada 1:51:42 Course record
1993 George Vandamme  Belgium 1:44:10 Course record
1994 David Holding  United Kingdom 1:46:06 Second victory
1995 Heinz Frei   Switzerland 1:39:14 Course record
1996 David Holding  United Kingdom 1:43:48 Third victory
1997 David Holding  United Kingdom 1:42:15 Fourth victory
1998 Heinz Frei   Switzerland 1:35:18 Course record; second victory
1999 Heinz Frei   Switzerland 1:35:27 Third victory
2000 Kevin Papworth  United Kingdom 1:41:50
2001 Denis Lemeunier  France 1:42:37
2002 David Weir  United Kingdom 1:39:44
2003 Joel Jeannot  France 1:32:02 Course record
2004 Saúl Mendoza  Mexico 1:36:56
2005 Saúl Mendoza  Mexico 1:35:51 Second victory
2006 David Weir  United Kingdom 1:29:48 Course record; second victory
2007 David Weir  United Kingdom 1:30:51 Third victory
2008 David Weir  United Kingdom 1:33:56 Fourth victory
2009 Kurt Fearnley  Australia 1:28:57 Course record
2010 Josh Cassidy  Canada 1:35:21
2011 David Weir  United Kingdom 1:30:05 Fifth victory
2012 David Weir  United Kingdom 1:32:26 Sixth victory
2013 Kurt Fearnley  Australia 1:31:29 Second victory
2014 Marcel Hug   Switzerland 1:32:41
2015 Joshua George  United States 1:31:31
2016 Marcel Hug   Switzerland 1:35:19 Second victory
2017 David Weir  United Kingdom 1:31:06 Seventh victory
2018 David Weir  United Kingdom 1:31:15 Eighth victory

Wheelchair race – women's winners[edit]

Year Athlete Nationality Time
(h:m:s)
Notes
1983 Denise Smith  United Kingdom 4:29:03 Course record
1984 Kay McShane  Ireland 3:10:04 Course record
1985 Kay McShane  Ireland 2:47:12 Course record; second victory
1986 Kay McShane  Ireland 3:02:40 Third victory
1987 Karen Davidson  United Kingdom 2:45:30 Course record
1988 Karen Davidson  United Kingdom 2:41:45 Course record
1989 Josie Cichockyj  United Kingdom 3:03:54
1990 Connie Hansen  Denmark 2:10:25 Course record
1991 Connie Hansen  Denmark 2:04:40 Course record; second victory
1992 Tanni Grey  United Kingdom 2:17:23
1993 Rose Hill  United Kingdom 2:03:05 Course record
1994 Tanni Grey  United Kingdom 2:08:26 Second victory
1995 Rose Hill  United Kingdom 2:17:02 Second victory
1996 Tanni Grey  United Kingdom 2:00:10 Course record; third victory
1997 Monica Wetterstrom  Sweden 1:49:09 Course record
1998 Tanni Grey  United Kingdom 2:02:01 Fourth victory
1999 Monica Wetterstrom  Sweden 1:57:38 Second victory
2000 Sarah Piercy  United Kingdom 2:23:30
2001 Tanni Grey-Thompson  United Kingdom 2:13:55 Fifth victory
2002 Tanni Grey-Thompson  United Kingdom 2:22:51 Sixth victory
2003 Francesca Porcellato  Italy 2:04:21
2004 Francesca Porcellato  Italy 2:04:58 Second victory
2005 Francesca Porcellato  Italy 1:57:00 Third victory
2006 Francesca Porcellato  Italy 1:59:57 Fourth victory
2007 Shelly Woods  United Kingdom 1:50:40
2008 Sandra Graf   Switzerland 1:48:04 Course record
2009 Amanda McGrory  United States 1:50:39
2010 Wakako Tsuchida  Japan 1:52:33
2011 Amanda McGrory  United States 1:46:31 Course record; second victory
2012 Shelly Woods  United Kingdom 1:49:10 Second victory
2013 Tatyana McFadden  United States 1:46:02 Course record
2014 Tatyana McFadden  United States 1:45:12 Course record; second victory
2015 Tatyana McFadden  United States 1:41:14 Course record; third victory
2016 Tatyana McFadden  United States 1:44:14 Fourth victory
2017 Manuela Schär   Switzerland 1:39:57 Course record

Victories by nationality[edit]

Country Men's
race
Women's
race
Men's
wheelchair
Women's
Wheelchair
Total
 United Kingdom 6 7 15 15 43
 Kenya 13 10 0 0 23
 Norway 1 6 0 0 7
 Ireland 0 1 2 3 6
 Ethiopia 3 3 0 0 6
 United States 2 1 1 6 10
 Germany 0 5 0 0 5
 Mexico 3 0 2 0 5
 Italy 0 0 0 4 4
 Portugal 3 1 0 0 4
  Switzerland 0 0 5 2 7
 Canada 0 0 3 0 3
 Denmark 1 0 0 2 3
 France 0 0 3 0 3
 Japan 2 0 0 1 3
 Sweden 0 0 1 2 3
 Australia 0 0 2 0 2
 Morocco 2 0 0 0 2
 Poland 0 2 0 0 2
 Soviet Union 1 0 0 0 1
 Belgium 0 0 1 0 1
 China 0 1 0 0 1
 Spain 1 0 0 0 1

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "World Marathon Majors". World Marathon Majors. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  2. ^ Steve Cram (presenter) (26 April 2009). "The 2009 London Marathon Highlights". British Broadcasting Corporation. BBC Two.  Missing or empty |series= (help)
  3. ^ Cram, Steve (19 May 2009). "London's best by far". BBC Sport. Retrieved 19 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "History of the London Marathon – In the Beginning". London Marathon. Archived from the original on 6 May 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "1981 Race Report". London Marathon. Archived from the original on 1 November 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  6. ^ "1983 Race Report". London Marathon. Archived from the original on 1 November 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 

External links[edit]