List of women's firsts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a 50 most popular women noting the first time that a woman or women achieved a given historical feat. A shorthand phrase for this development is "breaking the gender barrier" or "breaking the glass ceiling."[1][2] Other terms related to the glass ceiling can be used for specific fields related to those terms, such as "breaking the brass ceiling" for women in the military and "breaking the stained glass ceiling" for women clergy.[3][4] Inclusion on the list is reserved for achievements by women that have significant historical impact.

Arts and entertainment[edit]

Academy Awards[edit]

Emmy Awards[edit]

Film (aside from the Academy Awards)[edit]

Grammy Awards[edit]


  • 2018: Taleedah Tamer, first Saudi woman to be featured in an international fashion campaign and walk a couture runway[26]

Literature (aside from the Pulitzer and Nobel Prizes)[edit]

Pulitzer Prizes[edit]

Television (aside from the Emmy Awards)[edit]

2019/Dr. Ruth Pauline Plummer first woman/ African American to create an All Women's TV Network for women by women

  • 2019 Lilly Singh first openly bisexual person, as well as the first person of Indian descent, to host an American major broadcast network late-night talk show.[39]

Theater (aside from the Tony Awards)[edit]

Tony Awards[edit]

  • 1998: Julie Taymor, first woman to win a Tony Award for best director of a musical.[43][44]
  • 2004: Phylicia Rashad, first African-American woman to win a Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in a Play.
  • 2013: Cyndi Lauper, first woman to win a Tony Award for Best Original Score solo.
  • 2014: Audra McDonald, won a Tony Award, Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Play this year, making her the first woman to ever earn six Tony Award wins (not counting honorary awards) and the first woman to win a Tony Award in all four acting categories.[45]
  • 2015: Tony Award for Best Original Score was won by Lisa Kron and Jeanine Tesori, making them the first female writing team to win that award.[46]



Aviation and Aerospace[edit]

Date Name Milestone
June 4, 1784 Élisabeth Thible First known woman to ride in a hot air balloon.[65][66][67]
1805 Sophie Blanchard First woman to pilot a hot air balloon.[68]
March 8, 1910 Raymonde de Laroche First woman to receive a pilot's license.[69]
1910–1911 Lilian Bland First woman in the world to design, build, and fly an aircraft.[70][71]
1912 Harriet Quimby First woman to fly across the English Channel.[72]
1912 Rayna Kasabova First woman to participate in a military flight during the Siege of Odrin.
1914 Eugenie Mikhailovna Shakhovskaya First woman commissioned as a military pilot; she flew reconnaissance missions for the Czar in 1914.[73][74]
1915 Marie Marvingt First woman to fly a fighter plane in combat.[75][76]
1930 Amy Johnson First woman to fly from Britain to Australia.[77]
1932 Amelia Earhart First woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.[78]
1933 Lotfia ElNadi First African woman and first Arab woman to earn a pilot's license.
1937 Sabiha Gökçen The first military woman to fly combat missions.
May 18, 1953 Jacqueline Cochran First woman to break the sound barrier.[79]
1957 Jackie Moggridge First woman to become a British airline captain.[80]
June 16, 1963 Valentina Tereshkova First woman in space.[81]
1963 Betty Miller First female pilot to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.[82]
1964 Jerrie Mock First woman to fly solo around the world.[83]
1964 Joan Merriam Smith Joan was the first person in history to fly solo around the world at the equator, the first person to complete the longest single solo flight around the world, the first woman to fly a twin-engine aircraft around the world, the first woman to fly the Pacific Ocean from west to east in a twin-engine plane, the first woman to receive an airline transport rating at the age of 23, and the youngest woman to complete a solo flight around the world.[84][circular reference]
1973 Rosella Bjornson First female pilot for a commercial airline in North America
1976 Emily Howell Warner First woman to become an American airline captain.[85][86]
1978 Judy Cameron First female pilot hired to fly for a major Canadian carrier (Air Canada).[87]
1984 Svetlana Savitskaya First woman to space walk.[88]
February 1995 Eileen Collins First woman space shuttle pilot.[89]
2004 Irene Koki Mutungi, from Kenya First African woman to qualify to captain a commercial aircraft; she qualified to command the Boeing 737.[90]
2005 Hanadi Zakaria al-Hindi First Saudi woman to become a commercial airline pilot.[91]
September 18, 2006 Anousheh Ansari First female space tourist.[92]
2009 Patricia Mawuli Nyekodzi Ghana's first female civilian pilot, and the first woman in West Africa certified to build and maintain Rotax engines.[93]
2014 Nicola Scaife, from Australia Winner of the first women's hot air balloon world championship, which was held in Poland.[94]
2015 Dalia Iraq's first female commercial airline pilot.[95]
2015 Ouma Laouali Niger's first female pilot.[96]



1866: Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first American woman to earn a doctorate in dentistry.[97]

Born Lucy Hobbs on March 14, 1833, in Constable, New York. She was initially denied admission to dental school, then began private study with a professor from the Ohio College of Dental Surgery. In November 1865, she entered the Ohio College of Dental Surgery, where in 1866 she earned her doctorate in dentistry, becoming the first woman in the United States to do so. She married James Taylor and he followed her into the practice of dentistry. The two moved to Lawrence, Kansas, where they practiced together until her husband's death in 1886. She retired and became active in women's rights, and died in 1910.


Year Name Milestone
c. 1239 Bettisia Gozzadini First woman to teach at a university (lectured in law at the University of Bologna)
1384 Katherine, Lady Berkeley Founded Katharine Lady Berkeley's School, the first founded by a layperson, the first founded by a woman, and the first to offer free education to anyone.[98]
1608 Juliana Morell First woman to earn a doctorate degree.[99]
1678 Elena Cornaro Piscopia First woman to earn a Philosophy doctorate degree.[100][101]
1732 Laura Bassi First woman to officially teach at a European university.[102][103][104]
1875 Stefania Wolicka-Arnd First woman to receive a PhD in the modern era.[105][106]
1912 Anna Jane McKeag First woman president of Wilson College


  • 1148: Anna Komnene, the first woman historian,[107] completes her work "Alexiad", which consists of 15 volumes written in Greek.

International bodies[edit]


Library science[edit]



Nobel Prizes[edit]




Historic firsts for women as heads of state or government:




  • August 6, 1926: Gertrude Ederle, first woman to swim across the English Channel.[139]
  • 1937: Grace Hudowalski was the ninth person and first woman to climb all 46 of the Adirondack High Peaks.[140][141][142]
  • 1940s: Lois Fegan Farrell became the first female reporter to cover a professional hockey team in America.[143]
  • 1960: Mary McGee becomes the first official female motorcycle racer in the United States by earning a license from the Federation Internationale de Motocyclisme. She is also the first woman to compete in the Baja 500 off-road race.
  • 1960: Wilma Rudolph, track and field champion, became the first American woman to win three gold medals in the Rome Olympics.[144] She elevated women's track to a major presence in the United States. As a member of the black community, she is also regarded as a civil rights and women's rights pioneer. Along with other 1960 Olympic athletes such as Cassius Clay (who later became Muhammad Ali), Rudolph became an international star due to the first international television coverage of the Olympics that year.
  • 1967: Drahşan Arda (born 1945) is a Turkish former association football referee. She was confirmed as the world's first female football referee by FIFA cockart.[145]
  • November 27, 1968: Penny Ann Early, first woman to play major professional basketball, in an ABA game (Kentucky Colonels vs. Los Angeles Stars).[146][147]
  • August 15, 1970: Patricia Palinkas, first woman to play professionally in an American football game.[148]
  • January 1, 1972 - Women were officially welcomed into the United States Polo Association with Sue Sally Hale becoming the first woman member.
  • May 16, 1975: Junko Tabei, first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.[149]
  • 1993: Halli Reid became the first woman to swim across Lake Erie, swimming from Long Point, Ontario, to North East, Pennsylvania, in 17 hours.[150][151][152]
  • October 18, 1997: Liz Heaston, first female to play and score in a college football game, kicking two extra points in the 1997 Linfield vs. Willamette football game.[153]
  • December 26, 2008: Sarah Thomas, first woman to officiate an NCAA football bowl game.[154]
  • 2009: Kei Taniguchi becomes the first woman to win the Piolet d'Or (Golden Ice Axe), the "Oscar" of Mountaineering.
  • September 4, 2009: Carolynn Sells became the first woman to win a solo motorcycle race on the Snaefell Mountain Course in the Isle of Man when she won the Ultra Lightweight race at the 2009 Manx Grand Prix.
  • May 4, 2012: Rosie Napravnik became the first woman jockey to win the Kentucky Oaks, riding Believe You Can.[155]
  • August 9, 2012: Shannon Eastin becomes the first woman to officiate a National Football League game in a pre-season matchup between the Green Bay Packers and the San Diego Chargers.[156]
  • 2012: Anna Wardley, from England, became the first person to complete a solo swim around Portsea Island recognized by the British Long Distance Swimming Association.[157]
  • May 31, 2013: Lydia Nsekera became the first female FIFA Executive Committee member.[158]
  • May 18, 2013: Rosie Napravnik places third in the Preakness Stakes on Mylute, making her the first woman to have ridden in all three Triple Crown races.[159] On June 8, 2013, she rode the filly Unlimited Budget to a 6th-place finish in the 2013 Belmont, becoming the first woman to ride all three Triple Crown races in the same year.[160]
  • June 2013: Ashley Freiberg became the first woman to claim an overall GT3 Cup Challenge victory in North America, winning the Porsche IMSA GT3 Cup Challenge.[161]
  • September 23, 2013: Sarah Outen arrived in a small harbor on the Aleutian island of Adak, and thus became the first person to row solo from Japan to Alaska, as well as the first woman to complete a mid-Pacific row from West to East.[162]
  • 2013: Davie Jane Gilmour became the first woman to lead the board of directors for Little League.[163]
  • 2013: UFC 157, which took place in February, featured not only the first women's fight in UFC history but also the first UFC event to be headlined by two female fighters (Ronda Rousey and Liz Carmouche).[164]
  • 2013: On her fifth attempt and at the age of 64, Diana Nyad became the first person confirmed to swim from Cuba to Florida without the protection of a shark cage, swimming from Havana to Key West.[165]
  • 2013: Scotland's solicitor general, Lesley Thomson, became the first woman to be appointed to Scottish Rugby's board.[166]
  • 2013: Anna Wardley, from England, became the first woman to swim non-stop around the Isle of Wight.[167]
  • 2013: Peggy O'Neal, an American-born lawyer, became the first woman in the Australian Football League to hold the position of club president, being chosen as the president of the Richmond Football Club.[168]
  • 2013: Tracey Gaudry became the first woman appointed as vice president of the Union Cycliste Internationale.[169]
  • 2013: Adel Weir, former world number 53 from South Africa, became the first ever female squash coach hire at the Qatar Squash Federation.[170]
  • 2013: Maria Toor, a squash player from South Waziristan, became the winner of the first ever women's event in the Nash Cup in Canada by beating Milou van der Heijden of the Netherlands 13–11, 11–3, 11–9.[171]
  • 2013: Tatyana McFadden became the first athlete to win six gold medals at a championships during the 2013 IPC Athletics World Championships in Lyon. She claimed gold in every event from the 100 meters through to the 5,000 meters.[172][173]
  • 2013: Tatyana McFadden won the Boston, Chicago, London, and New York marathons in 2013.[174][175][176][177] This makes her the first person – able-bodied or otherwise – to win the four major marathons in the same year.[176][177][178] She also set a new course record for the Chicago Marathon (1 hour, 42 minutes, 35 seconds).[176]
  • 2013: Denise Fejtek became the first woman to complete the "Peak to Heat Double" – the combination of summiting Mount Everest and finishing the Ironman Triathlon World Championship in Kona, Hawaii.[179] She reached the Everest Summit on May 23, 2010, and finished the Hawaii Ironman in October 2013.[180]
  • 2013: Sonya Baumstein became the first person to stand-up paddleboard across the Bering Strait.[181][182]
  • 2013: Meredith Novack became the fastest person, and first woman, to pull a double crossing of the Auau Channel in Hawaii.[183][184] Her time was 11 hours and one minute.[184]
  • 2013: Rosie Napravnik won 17 races to become the first woman to capture the leading rider title at Keeneland.[185]
  • 2013: Olivia Prokopova became the first woman to win the World Crazy Golf Championship.[186]
  • 2013: Mia Hamm became the first woman inducted into the World Football Hall of Fame in Pachuca, Mexico.[187]
  • 2013: Emily Bell became the first woman to kayak the length of Britain.[188]
  • 2013: Casey Stoney became the first female member of the Professional Footballers' Association's management committee.[189]
  • 2013: Jodi Eller became the first woman to complete the 1,515 mile Florida Circumnavigational Saltwater Paddling Trail.[190]
  • 2013: On March 1, 2013, Privateers owner and president Nicole Kirnan served as the team's coach for the first time, making her the first woman to coach a professional hockey team in the United States.[191][192]
  • 2014: Torah Bright became the first woman to qualify for three snowboard disciplines at a Winter Olympics, specifically snowboard cross, halfpipe and slopestyle.[193]
  • 2014: Ashley Freiberg became the first woman to win an overall race in Continental Tire Challenge History when she won the Continental Tire SportsCar Challenge. Her co-driver was Shelby Blackstock.[194]
  • 2014: The first women competed in ski jumping at the Olympics.[195]
  • 2014: Jennifer Welter became the first woman non-kicker or placekick-holder to play in a men's pro football game; she played running back for the Texas Revolution.[196]
  • 2014: Abbey Holmes became the first woman to kick 100 goals in one regular season of Australian Rules football.[197][198]
  • 2014: Annabel Anderson, from New Zealand, became the first woman to cross Cook Strait standing on a paddleboard.[199]
  • 2014: Peta Searle became the first woman appointed as a development coach in the Australian Football League when she was chosen by St Kilda as a development coach.[200]
  • 2014: 16-year-old Katie Ormerod, from Britain, became the first female snowboarder to land a backside double cork 1080.[201]
  • 2014: Shelby Osborne became the first female defensive back in American football when she was drafted by Campbellsville University in Kentucky.[202]
  • 2014: Amélie Mauresmo became the first woman to coach a top male tennis player (specifically, Andy Murray).[203]
  • 2014: Corinne Diacre became the first woman to coach a men's professional soccer team (Clermont Foot) in a competitive match in France on August 4, 2014, her 40th birthday.[204]
  • 2014: Cecilia Brækhus, from Norway, became the first Norwegian and the first woman to hold all major world championship titles in her weight division (welterweight) in boxing.[205]
  • 2014: On August 15, 2014, Mo'ne Davis was the first girl in Little League World Series history to pitch a winning game for the Taney Dragons and earned the win,[206] and she was also the first girl to pitch a shutout in Little League postseason history.[207][208]
  • 2014: Amy Hughes, from England, ran 53 marathons in 53 days, thus setting the record for the most marathons run on consecutive days by any person, male or female.[209]
  • 2015: Jennifer Welter became the first woman hired to coach in men's pro football when the Texas Revolution of the Champions Indoor Football league announced that Welter was hired to coach linebackers and special teams.[210]
  • 2019: GS Lakshmi, former Indian cricketer becomes the first female ICC match referee
  • 2021: First African-American female full-time NFL coach (Washington Football Team); Jennifer King.[211]


Women's rights[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ "Magistrate judge who broke glass ceiling to retire". August 15, 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  2. ^ Devlin, Ron. "Robesonia woman recalls breaking National Guard gender barrier". Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  3. ^ Brown, Heidi (November 11, 2009). "Ann Dunwoody: Soldiering Is All I Ever Wanted To Do". Forbes. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  4. ^ "News – New Presiding Bishop on the horizon". VirtueOnline. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  5. ^ Cadenas, Kerensa (6 February 2013). "Julia Stiles Playing Frances Marion in Jennifer DeLia's M – Women and Hollywood". Women and Hollywood.
  6. ^ "Editors Guild Magazine Article : Oscar's Women". MPEG.
  7. ^ Bohanan, Rebecca (2012-02-22). "Oscar-inspired Baby Names for Your Coming Attraction". Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  8. ^ "Read the Credits". Archived from the original on 2016-10-08. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
  9. ^ Baxter, Brian (4 January 2002). "Obituary: Julia Phillips". The Guardian.
  10. ^ "'Bear Story' and 'Ex Machina' Makes Animation History at the Oscars". Cartoon Brew. 29 February 2016.
  11. ^ Nair, Anjali (January 12, 2014). "6 Female Film Composers You Should Know". Bustle.
  12. ^ "Rachel Portman". MTV Artists.
  13. ^ "'Hurt Locker' wins best picture, director". 2010-03-08. Archived from the original on 2010-07-22. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  14. ^ "CalArts Congratulates Alumni Mark Andrews and Brenda Chapman on Academy Award for Best Animated Feature". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
  15. ^ O'Neil, Thomas (2000). The Emmys: the ultimate, unofficial guide to the battle of TV's best shows and greatest stars. New York: Perigee.
  16. ^ "Emmy: Female Directors Step Into the Spotlight " Studio System News". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  17. ^ "Uzo Aduba Is 'Grateful' After Tearful Emmy Win". 21 September 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  18. ^ Nakamura, Reid. "Viola Davis and Taraji P. Henson Make Emmy History With 'How to Get Away With Murder,' 'Empire' Roles". Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Inspiring Voices Archives". Word of Mouth Media. Archived from the original on 4 August 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  20. ^ "First woman to win top Guild's award". Gulf Times. 2010-01-31. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  21. ^ "Bigelow becomes first woman to win BAFTA director prize". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  22. ^ Roberts, Soraya (2010-01-16). "Critic's Choice Awards 2010: Sandra Bullock, Meryl Streep kiss; Kathryn Bigelow is Best Director". New York: NY Daily News. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  23. ^ "A Palme d'honneur to Agnès Varda". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  24. ^ a b c d "9 times women made GRAMMY history". Recording Academy Grammy Awards. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  25. ^ Hilner, H.K. (April 14, 1999). "Grammy winner to sing gospel message". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 14 March 2015 – via Google News Archive Search.
  26. ^ Baxter-Priest, Emily (June 27, 2018). "July Cover: The Unique Beauty Of Saudi's First Couture Model". Harper's Bazaar.
  27. ^ "Ces rares femmes qui ont eu le Prix Goncourt". Le Figaro (in French). 5 November 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  28. ^ "A Brief History of The Man Booker Prize". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  29. ^ "Mona Van Duyn | Academy of American Poets". Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  30. ^ "Native Delawarean first woman to win humor award". Associated Press 11:03 a.m. EDT September 29, 2015. 2015-09-25. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  31. ^ "First woman made national laureate". Malaysiakini. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  32. ^ "Sara Teasdale 1884–1933". Bellefontaine Cemetery. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  33. ^ "Miss Lulu Bett | Archives | Mint Theater Company". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  34. ^ Allen, Evan (2012-07-23). "Former First Lady Laura Bush to speak in Wellesley on Tuesday". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  35. ^ Thurber, Jon (2001-06-02). "Arlene Francis – Hollywood Star Walk – Los Angeles Times". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  36. ^ "Decoy: Police Woman was a glimpse of things to come". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  37. ^ TV Week, Greensboro Daily News, December 12, 1976.
  38. ^ "WGPR-Tv (1975-1995) •". 15 January 2011.
  39. ^ "Pop Goes the Culture: Defining a Decade". HRC. December 20, 2019.
  40. ^ "A Hero Ain't Nothin' But a Sandwich". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  41. ^ "Facts On File History Database Center". Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  42. ^ "Tradition - Fall 2011". Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  43. ^ "'The Lion King' Los Angeles Premiere". October 19, 2001. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  44. ^ "Best Director of a Musical: Julie Taymor (The Lion King)". Playbill. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  45. ^ "2014 Tony Awards: Audra McDonald Nets A Record Sixth Win". 9 June 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  46. ^ "'Fun Home' songwriters become 1st winning female team". Yahoo! News. 8 June 2015. Archived from the original on 2 February 2016.
  47. ^[bare URL]
  48. ^ Kourlas, Gia (May 6, 2007). "Where Are All the Black Swans?". The New York Times.
  49. ^ "Aloha Wanderwell".
  50. ^ Langley, Jerry; Rogers, Arnold (2005). Many Tears Ago The Life and Times of Jenny Lou Carson. Nova Books. ISBN 0-9628452-4-8. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  51. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book Of Top 40 Country Hits: 1944–2006, Second edition. Record Research. p. 29.
  52. ^ "Joanne Woodward earns first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame". HISTORY. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  53. ^ a b "Library and Archives Subject File (Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum Records--Curatorial Affairs Division Records) – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum | Library and Archives". Catalog. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  54. ^ a b O'Connor, Tom. "Lydia Canaan One Step Closer to Rock n' Roll Hall of Fame", The Daily Star, Beirut, April 27, 2016.
  55. ^ Salhani, Justin. "Lydia Canaan: The Mideast's First Rock Star", The Daily Star, Beirut, November 17, 2014.
  56. ^ Livingstone, David. "A Beautiful Life; Or, How a Local Girl Ended Up With a Recording Contract in the UK and Who Has Ambitions in the U.S.", Campus, No. 8, p. 2, Beirut, February 1997.
  57. ^ Ajouz, Wafik. "From Broumana to the Top Ten: Lydia Canaan, Lebanon's 'Angel' on the Road to Stardom", Cedar Wings, No. 28, p. 2, Beirut, July–August 1995.
  58. ^ Aschkar, Youmna. "New Hit For Lydia Canaan", Eco News, No. 77, p. 2, Beirut, January 20, 1997.
  59. ^ "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts first woman". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  60. ^ McAdie, Bryan (October 1, 1993). "Rachel Rachel: An All Girl Rock Band Making an Impact Stateside". CR Mag 17.
  61. ^ Booth, Robert, "Judith Weir to be appointed first female master of Queen's music", The Guardian (London), 29 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  62. ^ "News – Judith Weir appointed Master of the Queen's Music – Music Sales Classical". 21 July 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  63. ^ "First Living Donor HIV-to-HIV Kidney Transplant in the U.S." Johns Hopkins Medicine Newsroom. 2019-03-28. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  64. ^ "This Woman Is The World's First Living HIV-Positive Kidney Donor". Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  65. ^ Gene Nora Jessen, The Powder Puff Derby of 1929, pg xi
  66. ^ Ernst Probst Königinnen der Lüfte in Frankreich 2010 Page 61 "Élisabeth Thible Die erste Passagierin einer Montgolfière Die erste Frau, die in einer Montgolfière in die Luft abhob, war die französische Opernsängerin Élisabeth Thible, nach anderer Schreibweise auch Tible."
  67. ^ Justin D. Murphy -Military Aircraft, Origins To 1918 2005 – Page 6 "In February 1784, Paolo Andreani, Agostino Gerli, and Carlo Gerli ascended in a Montgolfière outside Milan. On 4 June 1784, Élisabeth Thible became the first female aeronaut when she ascended over Lyons."
  68. ^ "Sophie Blanchard – The High Flying Frenchwoman Who Revealed the Thrill and Danger of Ballooning | Past Imperfect". Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  69. ^ "This Week in History: The World's First Female Pilot Licensed | Golden Gazette News & This Day in History". 2012-02-29. Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  70. ^ Lewis (1964), p. 140
  71. ^ McIlwaine, Eddie (12 August 2010). "Journalist, photographer, crackshot and the first woman to fly an aeroplane ... the amazing Lilian Bland". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  72. ^ "First Woman to Fly the English Channel, 1912". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  73. ^ "Women Combat Pilots of WW1". Monash University. Retrieved 18 October 2010. Princess Eugenie M. Shakhovskaya was Russia's first woman military pilot. Served with the 1st Field Air Squadron. Unknown if she actually flew any combat missions, and she was ultimately charged with treason and attempting to flee to enemy lines. Sentenced to death by firing squad, sentence commuted to life imprisonment by the Tsar, freed during the Revolution, became chief executioner for Gen. Tchecka and drug addict, shot one of her assistants in a narcotic delerium and was herself shot.
  74. ^ "300 Women who changed the world". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 18 October 2010. In Russia, Princess Eugenie Shakhovskaya is the first female military pilot. She flies reconnaissance missions.
  75. ^ "1915 - First woman pilot in combat missions as a bomber pilot - Marie Marvingt (France)". Centennial of Women Pilots. Archived from the original on 11 January 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015. In 1915, Marvingt became the first woman in the world to fly combat missions when she became a volunteer pilot flying bombing missions over German-held territory and she received the Croix de Guerre (Military Cross) for her aerial bombing of a German military base in Metz.
  76. ^ Historic Wings – Online Magazine; Article on Hélène Dutrieu Coupe Femina and Marie Marvingt:, Published on December 21, 2012: Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  77. ^ "1930 - First woman pilot to fly from England to Australia - Amy Johnson (England)". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  78. ^ "1932 - First woman pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean - Amelia Earhart (United States)". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  79. ^ Long, Tony (2011-05-18). "May 18, 1953: Jackie Cochran, First Woman to Break Sound Barrier". Wired.
  80. ^ Moggridge, J. (2014). Spitfire Girl: My Life in the Sky. Head of Zeus. p. 227. ISBN 978-1-78185-988-9. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  81. ^ "Valentina Tereshkova: First Woman in Space". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  82. ^ "50 years later, pilot looks back on record journey –". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  83. ^ ""Jerrie" Mock (1925-), Pioneer Aviatrix". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  84. ^ "Joan Merriam Smith".
  85. ^ Cochrane, D. & Ramirez, P. "Women in Aviation and Space History, Emily Howell Warner". America by Air. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.
  86. ^ Borstelmann, Thomas (2011). The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-1-4008-3970-4.
  87. ^ "Flight Training Organization | How To Become A Commercial Pilot – Part 4". 1978-04-10. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  88. ^ "Bangor Daily News - Google News Archive Search". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 14 March 2015 – via Google News Archive Search.
  89. ^ "NASA's 2 Female Space Shuttle Commanders". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  90. ^ Ritchie, Kevin (7 July 2014). "No Limit To 'Ambassador' Pilot's Feats". IOL Travel. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  91. ^ First Saudi Female Pilot Graduates, Arab News, 16 June 2005. Retrieved 21 October 2007.
  92. ^ "First Female Space Tourist Takes Off". ABC News. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  93. ^ "Women with wings: Female pilots making history". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  94. ^ "Hunter Valley mother Nicola Scaife wins first women's hot air balloon world championship". ABC News. 2014-09-17.
  95. ^ "Iraq gets 'first' female commercial airline pilot – Al Arabiya English". Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  96. ^ Agbugah, Fumnanya. "Meet Niger's first female pilot". Ventures Africa. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  97. ^ "Lucy Hobbs Taylor, First Female Dentist". Archived from the original on 5 March 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  98. ^ Green, David (July 2000). "Lady Katherine's School, Wotton under Edge". The Tyndale Society. Archived from the original on 2010-05-15. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
  99. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Juliana Morell". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.
  100. ^ "Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  101. ^ Grendler, Paul F. (1988). O'Malley, John W. (ed.). Schools, Seminaries, and Catechetical Instruction, in Catholicism in Early Modern History 1500–1700: A Guide to Research. Center for Information Research. p. 328.
  102. ^ Findlen, Paula. Science As A Career In Enlightenment Italy : The Strategies Of Laura Bassi. Isis 84.(1993): 440–469. History of Science, Technology & Medicine. Web. 3 June 2013."
  103. ^ "Laura Bassi". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  104. ^ "Laura Maria Caterina Bassi | Women in science". 2011-06-14. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  105. ^ Schwartz, Agata (2008). Shifting Voices: Feminist Thought and Women's Writing in Fin-de-siècle Austria and Hungary. McGill-Queen's Press – MQUP. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-7735-3286-1.
  106. ^ Lanzinger, Margareth (2006). Women's Movements: Networks and Debates in Post-communist Countries in the ... ISBN 9783412322052. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  107. ^ Johnson Lewis, Jone. "Biography of Anna Comnena, the First Female Historian". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  108. ^ "Geronima T. Pécson". Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  110. ^ "Jeane Kirkpatrick". The Economist. 2006-12-19. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
  111. ^
  112. ^ "Catholic weekly 'The Tablet' re-launches". The Independent. March 20, 2006. Archived from the original on April 9, 2006.
  113. ^ Toobin, Adam (2013-08-18). "Women Nobel Prize Winners: 16 Women Who Defied Odds To Win Science's Top Award (PHOTOS)". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  114. ^ "Bertha von Suttner – Facts". 1914-06-21. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  115. ^ Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Lagerlof, Ottilia Lovisa Selma" . Encyclopedia Americana.
  116. ^ Toobin, Adam (2013-08-18). "Women Nobel Prize Winners: 16 Women Who Defied Odds To Win Science's Top Award (PHOTOS)". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  117. ^ Toobin, Adam (2013-08-18). "Women Nobel Prize Winners: 16 Women Who Defied Odds To Win Science's Top Award (PHOTOS)". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  118. ^ Grace, Anna (2012-02-09). "Sexism on the Stage". Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  119. ^ "Top 10 Women Who Changed Missouri: Gerty Cori". 2013-03-08. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  120. ^ "Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori". Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  121. ^ "Facts on the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine". Archived from the original on 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
  122. ^ Langer, Emily (2012-06-13). "Elinor Ostrom, first woman to receive Nobel Prize in economics, dies at 78 – Washington Post". Archived from the original on 2012-12-14. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  123. ^ "Former Governors' Bios". National Governors Association. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  124. ^ Targino, Rafael (February 7, 2015). "Em 25 anos, dobra número de mulheres no comando de países em todo o mundo". Revista Fórum. (Portuguese). Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  125. ^ Third longest when considering non-consecutive terms, after Indira Gandhi of India and the Sri Lankan leader, Sirimavo Bandaranaike.
  126. ^ Angie Martoccio January 20, 2021. "Amanda Gorman Delivers Powerful Poem at Biden's Presidential Inauguration" Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  127. ^ Natural Resources Defense Council. December 17, 2020. "NRDC CEO & President Gina McCarthy to Join Biden Administration" Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  128. ^ Chabeli Carrazana. Jan. 25, 2021. "Janet Yellen becomes the first woman to serve as Treasury secretary" The 19th News. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  129. ^ Klapheck, Elisa. "Regina Jonas 1902–1944". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  130. ^ "South Carolina Methodists welcome their first female bishop – WorldWide Religious News". 2004-09-30. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  131. ^ "Barbara Harris". The HistoryMakers. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  132. ^ "Angela Berners-Wilson: I was the first female priest in England | Life and style". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  133. ^ "BBC News – Women bishops: A century-long struggle for recognition". 2012-11-21. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  134. ^ "Jennifer McRae: Alison Elliot, b. 1948. Moderator Elect of the Church of Scotland". Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  135. ^ "Katharine Jefferts Schori (American bishop) – Encyclopædia Britannica". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  136. ^ "First female Anglican bishop consecrated". Deseret News. 2008-05-31. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  137. ^ "Reverend Libby Lane named as CofE's first female bishop". 2014-12-17. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  138. ^ BBC. February 6, 2021. "Pope Francis appoints first woman to the Synod of Bishops" Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  139. ^ "Gertrude Ederle becomes first woman to swim English Channel — This Day in History — 8/6/1926". Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  140. ^ "Adirondack mountain renamed after first woman to scale all 46 High Peaks". June 12, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  141. ^ "Tribute to Grace Hudowalski 46er #9". Adirondack Forum. March 14, 2004. Archived from the original on February 14, 2006. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  142. ^ "Grace Peak Update 11-23-08". Views From The Top. November 23, 2008. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
  143. ^ "Remembering Lois Fegan Farrell: first female reporter to cover a professional hockey team |". June 26, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  144. ^ "Wilma Rudolph – Track and Field Athlete, Athlete". Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  145. ^
  146. ^ "Penny Ann Makes Brief Debut As Pro Basketball Player". The Bulletin. Archived from the original on September 5, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2017 – via Google News Archive Search.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  147. ^ Banks, Kerry (November 28, 1968). The Unofficial Guide to Basketball's Nastiest and Most Unusual Records – Kerry Banks. ISBN 9781926685519. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  148. ^ McKechnie, Gary; Howell, Nancy (April 5, 1992). "Pat Parlinkas, The Only Woman To Play Professional Football". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  149. ^ Otake, Tomoko (May 27, 2012). "Junko Tabei : The first woman atop the world". The Japan Times. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  150. ^ Martin, Jim (June 4, 2012). "What's in a name: Halli Reid Park". Erie Times.
  151. ^ VICTOR FERNANDES, The Associated Press. "First woman to swim Lake Erie looks back". Philadelphia Daily News.
  152. ^ "Twenty-Year Anniversary of Halli Reid's Swim Across Lake Erie – People".
  153. ^ "Woman Kicks Extra Points". The New York Times. October 20, 1997. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  154. ^ "At Pizza Bowl, Thomas 1st woman to officiate bowl", from the AP newswire, via Yahoo! Sports, accessed 27 December 2009.
  155. ^ Freedman, Lew (May 4, 2012). "Rosie Napravnik rides into history with victory in Kentucky Oaks". Chicago Sun-Times.
  156. ^ Wilson, Ryan (August 6, 2012). "Shannon Eastin will be first woman to work NFL officiating crew". CBS Sports. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  157. ^ "Anna Wardley completes her swim around Portsea Island". June 19, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  158. ^ "Nsekera becomes first female FIFA Executive Committee member". Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  159. ^ Zieralski, Ed (June 8, 2013). "Many reasons for lack of women jockeys". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  160. ^ Thomas, Colleen (June 4, 2013). "Rosie Napravnik has another shot at history aboard Unlimited Budget at Belmont". Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  161. ^ "Freiberg Becomes The First Female Overall North American GT3 Cup Challenge Winner at The Glen — IMSA GT3 Cup Challenge by Yokohoma". Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  162. ^ Smith, Alexander; NBC News contributor. "'Absolutely ecstatic': British woman is first to row solo from Japan to Alaska". NBC News.
  163. ^ "Gilmour is Little League's first female board chair – The Sunday Dispatch". Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  164. ^ "Women in the UFC: Looking Back at the First Six Months, And What It Means for the Future". Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  165. ^ Alvarez, Lizette (September 2, 2013). "Nyad Completes Cuba-to-Florida Swim". The New York Times.
  166. ^ "Solicitor general becomes first woman on Scottish Rugby board". September 17, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  167. ^ Copping, Jasper (September 21, 2013). "57,000 strokes later, first woman swims non-stop around Isle of Wight". London: Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  168. ^ "Woman to lead Tigers in AFL first". October 3, 2013. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  169. ^ "Gaudry Q&A: Reflecting on the UCI vote with its first female vice president". October 2, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  170. ^
  171. ^ Sikander, Taimur (September 1, 2013). "Maria Toor becomes first female Nash Cup champion". Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  172. ^ Hudson, Elizabeth (July 27, 2013). "BBC Sport – IPC Athletics: Sophie Kamlish wins T44 200m bronze in Lyon". BBC Sport. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  173. ^ "Tatyana McFadden goes 6 for 6 at IPC world championships – OlympicTalk". Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  174. ^ "BBC Sport – Boston marathon winner Tatyana McFadden races in London". BBC Sport. April 19, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  175. ^ "BBC Sport - London Marathon 2013: Priscah Jeptoo and Tsegaye Kebede win". BBC Sport. April 21, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  176. ^ a b c Erbentraut, Joseph (October 14, 2013). "Meet The First Person To Win 3 Major Marathons In One Year". Huffington Post.
  177. ^ a b Whiteside, Kelly (November 3, 2013). "NYC Marathon: Tatyana McFadden completes slam". USA Today.
  178. ^ "Tatyana McFadden makes history at Chicago Marathon". Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  179. ^ "First Woman in History Conquers the "Peak to Heat Double" – Press Release – Digital Journal". Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  180. ^ "Peak to Heat Double". Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  181. ^ "OUTSIDE Teams Up with Land Rover to Launch an Original Video Series, Driven: Pioneers Redefining Possible". MarketWatch. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  182. ^ "Sonya Baumstein on SUP-ing Across the Bering Strait – Paddleboarding –". Outside Online. October 8, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  183. ^ "Meredith Novack Breaks World Record in Auau Double Channel Crossing". SwimSwam. September 23, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  184. ^ a b "Meredith Novack swims Hawaii's 20-mile Auau Channel in record time –". UPI. September 23, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  185. ^ "Napravnik is first female to win Keeneland riding title; Ramseys earn 13th owner". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  186. ^ Sharp, Johnny. "World crazy golf championship has its first female winner". The Guardian. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  187. ^ Nicholson, Paul (November 15, 2013). "Hamm is first woman inductee into Pachuca World Football Hall of Fame – Inside World Football". Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  188. ^ "Water fear woman first to kayak length of Britain". Herald Scotland. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  189. ^ Magowan, Alistair (November 13, 2013). "BBC Sport – England captain Casey Stoney is first women on PFA committee". BBC Sport. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  190. ^ "First Woman Completes 1,515 Mile Saltwater Paddling Trail". 2014-01-11. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  191. ^ "Watertown Daily Times – Local pro hockey: With Kirnan behind bench, Privateers win". Watertown Daily Times. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  192. ^ "Nicole Kirnan, first woman to coach men's pro hockey team, faced 'demoralizing' criticism". Yahoo! Sports. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  193. ^ "Home – Live Scores & Latest News – Fox Sports". Fox Sports. February 29, 2016.
  194. ^ "Reba's son and first woman win Continental Tire race". Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  195. ^ Myerberg, Paul (February 11, 2014). "Carina Vogt wins historic first women's ski jump gold". USA Today.
  196. ^ Treadway, Dan. "Jen Welter Becomes First Woman to Play Running Back in a Professional Football Game". Archived from the original on March 2, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  197. ^ "Abbey Holmes becomes first ever woman to kick 100 goals in Australian Rules football". Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  198. ^ "Century maker — Abbey Holmes is the first female footy player to kick 100 goals in a season". Adelaide Now. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
  199. ^ "Anderson paddles into history". Radio New Zealand. April 3, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  200. ^ Lane, Samantha. "Peta Searle becomes first woman appointed as a development coach in the AFL". Daily Life. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  201. ^ "16 year old Katie Ormerod is first Woman to land a backside Double Cork 1080". Transworld Snowboarding. June 10, 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  202. ^ Kabas, Marisa. "College football's first female defensive back says: 'Never play scared'". TODAY. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  203. ^ "Amélie Mauresmo Becomes the First Woman to Coach a Top Male Tennis Player – Shape Magazine". Shape Magazine. Archived from the original on June 13, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  204. ^ "Clermont lose first match as Corinne Diacre makes history in France". The Guardian. August 4, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  205. ^ "Brækhus first woman to unify division". Archived from the original on November 23, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  206. ^ Rhoden, William C. (August 15, 2014). "A Mound Becomes a Summit: Mo'ne Davis Dominates at Little League World Series". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 17, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  207. ^ Jacobs, Emma (August 16, 2014). "Mo'ne Davis Throws Like A Girl—At 70 MPH". NPR. Archived from the original on August 17, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  208. ^ Berg, Ted (August 15, 2014). "13-year-old sensation Mo'Ne Davis throws two-hit shutout at Little League World Series". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 17, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  209. ^ "BBC News – Amy Hughes completes 53 marathon record bid". BBC News.
  210. ^ "Texas indoor pro football team first to hire woman to coaching staff". February 12, 2015.
  211. ^ McCarthy, Kelly (January 27, 2021). "Washington Football Team makes NFL history with 1st full-time Black woman coach". ABC News. Retrieved January 27, 2021.