List of women's rights activists

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This article is a list of notable women's rights activists, arranged alphabetically by modern country names and by the names of the persons listed.

Afghanistan[edit]

Albania[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

Austria[edit]

  • Auguste Fickert (1855–1910) – feminist and social reformer
  • Marianne Hainisch (1839–1936) – activist, exponent of women's right to work and education
  • Bertha Pappenheim (1859–1936) – Austrian-Jewish feminist, founder of the German Jewish Women's Association

Belgium[edit]

  • Marguerite Coppin (1867–1931) – female Poet Laureate of Belgium and advocate of women's rights
  • Christine Loudes (1972–2016) – proponent of gender equality and women's rights
  • Frédérique Petrides (1903–1983) – Belgian-American pioneer female orchestral conductor, activist and editor of Women in Music
  • Marie Popelin (1846–1913) – lawyer, feminist campaigner, leader of the Belgian League for Women's Rights

Botswana[edit]

  • Unity Dow (born 1959) – judge and writer, plaintiff in case allowing children of mixed parentage to be deemed nationals

Brazil[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Canada[edit]

Cape Verde[edit]

Chile[edit]

China[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Denmark[edit]

  • Sophie Alberti (1846-1947) – pioneering women's rights activist and a leading member of Kvindelig Læseforening (Women Readers' Association)
  • Widad Akrawi (born 1969) – writer and doctor, advocate for gender equality, women's empowerment and participation in peace-building and post-conflict governance
  • Matilde Bajer (1840–1934) – women's rights activist and pacifist
  • Annestine Beyer (1795–1884) – pioneer of women's education
  • Anne Bruun (1853-1934) – schoolteacher and women's rights activist
  • Esther Carstensen (1873–1955) – women right's activist, journal editor, active in the Danish Women's Society
  • Severine Casse (1805–1898) – women's rights activist, successful in fighting for a wife's right to dispose of her earnings
  • Ulla Dahlerup (born 1942) – writer, women's rights activist, member of the Danish Red Stocking Movement
  • Thora Daugaard (1874–1951) – women's rights activist, pacifist, editor
  • Henni Forchhammer (1863–1955) – educator, feminist, peace activist
  • Suzanne Giese (1946–2012) – writer, women's rights activist, prominent member of the Red Stocking Movement
  • Bente Hansen (born 1940) – writer, supporter of the Red Stocking Movement
  • Eline Hansen (1859–1919) – feminist and peace activist
  • Estrid Hein (1873–1956) – ophthalmologist, women's rights activist, pacifist
  • Dagmar Hjort (1860–1902) – schoolteacher, writer, women's rights activist
  • Erna Juel-Hansen (1845–1922) – novelist, early women's rights activist
  • Anna Laursen (1845–1911) – educator, head of the Aarhus branch of the Danish Women's Society
  • Line Luplau (1823–1891) – feminist, suffragist, founder of the Danish Women's Suffrage Society
  • Elisabeth Møller Jensen (born 1946) – historian, feminist, director of Kvinfo from 1990 to 2014
  • Elna Munch (1871–1845) – feminist, politician, co-founder of the Danish Association for Women's Suffrage
  • Louise Nørlund (1854–1919) – feminist, pacifist, founder of the Danish Women's Suffrage Society
  • Charlotte Norrie (1855–1940) – nurse, women's rights activist, voting rights campaigner
  • Thora Pedersen (1875–1954) – educator, school inspector, women's rights activist who fought for equal pay for men and women
  • Johanne Rambusch (1865–1944) – feminist, politician, co-founder of the radical suffrage association Landsforbundet for Kvinders Valgret
  • Vibeke Salicath (1861–1921) – philanthropist, feminist, editor, politician
  • Astrid Stampe Feddersen (1852–1930) – chaired first Scandinavian meeting on women's rights
  • Karen Syberg (born 1945 – writer, feminist, co-founder of the Red Stocking Movement
  • Caroline Testman (1839–1919) – feminist, co-founder of Dansk Kvindesamfund
  • Ingeborg Tolderlund (1848–1935) – women's rights activist and suffragist
  • Clara Tybjerg (1864–1941) – women's rights activist, pacifist
  • Anna Westergaard (1882–1964) – railway official, trade unionist, women's rights activist, politician
  • Louise Wright (1861–1935) – philanthropist, feminist, peace activist
  • Natalie Zahle (1827–1913) – pioneer of women's education

East Timor[edit]

Egypt[edit]

  • Qasim Amin (1863–1908) – jurist, early advocate of women's rights in society
  • Soraya Bahgat (born 1983) – Egyptian-Finnish women's rights advocate, social entrepreneur and founder of Tahrir Bodyguard
  • Houda Darwish (born 1991) – Arabic writer and pediatrician and neonatalogist doctor
  • Fatima el Naouut (born 1966) – Egyptian writer and journalist
  • Nawal el-Saadawi (born 1931) – writer and doctor, advocate of women's health and equality
  • Engy Ghozlan (born 1985) – coordinator of campaigns against sexual harassment
  • Hoda Shaarawi (1879–1947) – feminist organizer of Mubarrat Muhammad Ali (women's social service organization), Union of Educated Egyptian Women, and Wafdist Women's Central Committee, founder president of Egyptian Feminist Union

Estonia[edit]

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

  • Jenny Apolant (1874–1925) – Jewish feminist, suffragist
  • Ruth Bré (c. 1862/67–1911) – writer, advocate of matrilineality and women's rights, founder of Bund für Mutterschutz (League for Maternity Leave)[1]
  • Johanna Elberskirchen (1864–1943) - feminist and activist for women's rights, gays and lesbians
  • Johanna von Evreinov (1844–1919) – Russian-born German feminist writer, pioneering female lawyer and editor
  • Lida Gustava Heymann (1868–1943) – feminist, pacifist and women's rights activist
  • Luise Koch (1860–1934) – educator, women's rights activist, suffragist, politician
  • Helene Lange (1848–1930) – educator, pioneering women's rights activist, suffragist
  • Louise Otto-Peters (1819–1895) – suffragist, women's rights activist, writer
  • Alice Salomon (1872–1948) – social reformer, women's rights activist, educator, writer
  • Käthe Schirmacher (1865–1930) – early women's rights activist, writer
  • Auguste Schmidt (1833–1902) – pioneering women's rights activist, educator, journalist
  • Alice Schwarzer (born 1942) – journalist and publisher of the magazine Emma
  • Marie Stritt (1855–1928) – women's rights activist, suffragist, co-founder of the International Alliance of Women
  • Marianne Weber (1870–1954) – sociologist, women's rights activist, writer
  • Clara Zetkin (1857–1933) – Marxist theorist, women's rights activist, suffragist, politician

Ghana[edit]

Greece[edit]

  • Kalliroi Parren (1861–1940) – founder of the Greek women's movement
  • Avra Theodoropoulou (1880–1963) – music critic, pianist, suffragist, women's rights activist, nurse

Greenland[edit]

  • Henriette Rasmussen (1950–2017), educator, journalist, women's rights activist and politician

Hungary[edit]

Iceland[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Iran[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Israel[edit]

Italy[edit]

  • Alma Dolens (1869–1948), pacifist, suffragist and journalist, founder of several women's organizations
  • Linda Malnati (1855––1921), influential women's rights activist, trade unionist, suffragist, pacifist and writer
  • Anna Maria Mozzoni (1837–1920), pioneering women's rights activist and suffragist
  • Eugenia Rasponi Murat (1873–1958), women's rights activist and open lesbian who fought for civil protections.
  • Gabriella Rasponi Spalletti (1853–1931), feminist, educator and philanthropist, founder of the National Council of Italian Women in 1903
  • Laura Terracina (1519-c.1577), widely published poet, writer, protested violence against women and promoted women's writing

Japan[edit]

Kenya[edit]

Latvia[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Libya[edit]

  • Alaa Murabit (born 1989) – physician, advocate of inclusive security, peace-building and post-conflict governance

Lithuania[edit]

Luxembourg[edit]

Mauritania[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Namibia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

  • Kate Sheppard (1848–1934) – suffragette, influential in winning voting rights for women in 1893 (first country and national election in which women have vote)

Nigeria[edit]

Norway[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Peru[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

  • Luisa Capetillo (1879–1922) – labor union suffragette jailed for wearing pants in public

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

  • Alojzija Štebi (1883–1956) – suffragist, who saw socialism as a means of equalizing society for both men and women.

Somalia[edit]

  • Ayaan Hirsi Ali (born 1969) – Somali-Dutch feminist and atheist activist, writer and politician

South Africa[edit]

  • Shamima Shaikh (1960–1998) – member of the Muslim Youth Movement of South Africa, exponent of Islamic gender equality

Spain[edit]

Sri-Lanka[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

  • Sheyene Gerardi – Human rights advocate, peace activist, founder of the SPACE movement

Yemen[edit]

Zimbabwe[edit]

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard J. Evans: The feminist movement in Germany. London, Beverly Hills 1976 (SAGE Studies in 20th Century History, Vol. 6). ISBN 0-8039-9951-8, S. 120
  2. ^ Prah, Mansah (2002). "Jiagge, Annie (1918–1996)". In Commire, Anne (ed.). Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Waterford, Connecticut: Yorkin Publications. ISBN 0-7876-4074-3. Archived from the original on 2016-04-09.
  3. ^ Parker, Jacqueline (1974). Helen Valeska Bary: Labor Administration and Social Security: A Woman's Life. Berkeley CA: University of California.
  4. ^ Santiago-Valles, Kelvin A. (1994). Subject People and Colonial Discourses: Economic Transformation and Social Disorder in Puerto Rico, 1898–1947. SUNY Press. pp. 58, 161. ISBN 9781438418650. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Fox, Muriel, 1928- . Papers of NOW officer Muriel Fox, 1966-1971: A Finding Aid". Oasis.lib.harvard.edu. 1928-02-03. Archived from the original on 2018-07-03. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  6. ^ [1], additional text.
  7. ^ Daggett, Windsor. A Down-East Yankee From the District of Maine. A.J. Huston, 1920. p. 30
  8. ^ https://www.amazon.com/Sense-censorship-bonfires-Marcia-Pally/dp/B0006EZF3M
  9. ^ Pally, Marcia (1994). Sex & Sensibility: Reflections on Forbidden Mirrors and the Will to Censor. ISBN 0880013648.
  10. ^ "Western Women's Suffrage Newspapers". Accessible Archives Inc. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  11. ^ a b Lane, Temryss MacLean (January 15, 2018). "The frontline of refusal: indigenous women warriors of standing rock". International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. Routledge. 31 (3): 209. doi:10.1080/09518398.2017.1401151. eISSN 1366-5898. ISSN 0951-8398. S2CID 149347362. Her courage in sharing her personal story of sexual violence with congress was vital in the passing of the 2013 Violence Against Women Act (VAWA). [...] Her dignified poise and presence was pivotal and necessary to pass the tribal provisions that protect Native women and their communities in the VAWA.
  12. ^ Nichols, John (May 24, 2016). "The Democratic Platform Committee Now Has a Progressive Majority. Thanks, Bernie Sanders". Democrats. The Nation. Katrina vanden Heuvel. ISSN 0027-8378. Archived from the original on June 3, 2018. Retrieved June 3, 2018. The Sanders selections are all noted progressives: [...] Native American activist and former Tulalip Tribes Vice Chair Deborah Parker (a key advocate for reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act) [...].