List of work on castles and country houses by Anthony Salvin

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Anthony Salvin (1799–1881) was an English architect, born in Sunderland Bridge, County Durham. He trained under John Paterson of Edinburgh and moved to London in 1821. His works include new churches, restoration of and additions to existing churches, and various other buildings, including schools. However, he is mainly noted for his work on existing major buildings, including castles, and for designing new substantial country houses. The castles on which he worked include Windsor Castle, Norwich Castle, Rockingham Castle, Newark Castle, Warkworth Castle, Muncaster Castle, and Warwick Castle. He also carried out work on the Tower of London, and on Trinity College, Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, and University College, Durham. His new country houses include Mamhead House (his first major project), Scotney Castle, Keele Hall, Thoresby Hall, and Peckforton Castle. In addition he designed the Observatory for Durham University.[1]

This list includes the work carried out by Salvin on castles and country houses, including alterations and amendments to existing buildings, and the design of new country houses.

Key[edit]

Grade Criteria[2]
Grade I Buildings of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* Particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II Buildings of national importance and special interest.
"—" denotes a work that is not graded.

Works[edit]

Name Location Photograph Date Notes Grade
Mamhead House Mamhead, Devon
50°37′11″N 3°30′48″W / 50.6197°N 3.5133°W / 50.6197; -3.5133 (Dawlish Lodge, Mamhead)
Mamhead Park.jpg 1827–33 A country house, later Dawlish College. Also designed by Salvin, and listed separately at Grade II* are the stable yard and service buildings, and structures in the garden, namely the terrace wall, the terrace steps and urns, a sundial, and a pool with a fountain. A stone seat in the garden is listed at Grade II.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] I
Dawlish Lodge Mamhead, Devon
50°36′48″N 3°30′44″W / 50.6134°N 3.5121°W / 50.6134; -3.5121 (Dawlish Lodge, Mamhead)
1828–33 A lodge to Mamhead House.[10] II
Forest Gate Mamhead, Devon
50°37′26″N 3°30′12″W / 50.6238°N 3.5032°W / 50.6238; -3.5032 (Forest Gate, Mamhead)
1828–33 A lodge to Mamhead House.[11] II
Brancepeth Castle Brancepeth,
County Durham
54°44′02″N 1°39′17″W / 54.7338°N 1.6548°W / 54.7338; -1.6548 (Brancepeth Castle)
Brancepeth Castle.jpg 1829,
1864–75
Internal alterations.[12] I
Margaret House Barley, Hertfordshire
52°01′36″N 0°02′32″E / 52.0266°N 0.0421°E / 52.0266; 0.0421 (Margaret House, Barley)
1831–33 A rectory to which Salvin made major additions. Later used as an old people's home.[13][14] II
Norwich Castle Norwich, Norfolk
52°37′43″N 1°17′47″E / 52.6286°N 1.2963°E / 52.6286; 1.2963 (Norwich Castle)
Norwich castle.JPG 1833 Refacing.[15] I
Heath Hall Heath, Wakefield,
West Yorkshire
53°40′36″N 1°27′47″W / 53.6768°N 1.4631°W / 53.6768; -1.4631 (Heath Hall)
Heath Hall, Wakefield - geograph.org.uk - 356395.jpg c. 1834 Salvin built up the wings, and added a billiard-room and a south porch to a country house dating from the 18th century.[16] I
Kimberley House Kimberley, Norfolk
52°36′01″N 1°05′07″E / 52.6003°N 1.0854°E / 52.6003; 1.0854 (Kimberley House)
1835 Added wings, that are joined to the house by quadrants.[17] II*
Chalfont Park House Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire
51°35′45″N 0°32′44″W / 51.5957°N 0.5456°W / 51.5957; -0.5456 (Chalfont Park House)
1836 Remodelled.[18] II
Woodlands Kenn, Devon
50°39′31″N 3°31′34″W / 50.6586°N 3.5262°W / 50.6586; -3.5262 (Woodlands, Kenn)
1836 A house, remodelled by Salvin. Since used as a nursing home.[19] II
Scotney Castle Lamberhurst, Kent
51°05′34″N 0°24′30″E / 51.0928°N 0.4083°E / 51.0928; 0.4083 (Scotney Castle)
Scotney Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1532352.jpg 1837–44 A new country house.[20] I
Rockingham Castle Rockingham Forest, Northamptonshire
52°30′46″N 0°43′26″W / 52.5129°N 0.7240°W / 52.5129; -0.7240 (Rockingham Castle)
Rockingham Castle entrance.jpg 1838 Remodelling of the west range. Built as a castle, since used as a country house.[21] I
Butler's Pantry, Rosedene, and Briardene Skutterskelfe Hall, Skutterskelfe,
North Yorkshire
54°27′24″N 1°15′20″W / 54.4568°N 1.2555°W / 54.4568; -1.2555 (Skutterskelfe Hall)
1838 For the 10th Viscount Falkland.[22] II*
Estate cottage Belton, Lincolnshire
52°56′44″N 0°37′08″W / 52.9455°N 0.6190°W / 52.9455; -0.6190 (Post office and smithy, Belton)
1838 Remodelling of a 17th-century cottage, and the addition of a smithy, for the 1st Earl Brownlow. The cottage was later converted into a post office and house.[23] II
Keeper's Cottage Belton, Lincolnshire
52°56′46″N 0°37′03″W / 52.9460°N 0.6176°W / 52.9460; -0.6176 (Keeper's Cottage, Belton)
c. 1838 Estate cottage; built for the 1st Earl Brownlow.[24] II
Rufford Abbey Rufford, Nottinghamshire
53°10′34″N 1°02′08″W / 53.1761°N 1.0355°W / 53.1761; -1.0355 (Rufford Abbey)
Rufford Hall from SW.JPG 1838–40 Originating as a Cistercian abbey, it was later converted into a country house. Alterations made to it by Salvin; a gardener's cottage also designed by him and built at the same time is listed at Grade II.[25][26] I
Greystoke Castle Greystoke, Cumbria
54°40′12″N 2°52′37″W / 54.6699°N 2.8769°W / 54.6699; -2.8769 (Greystoke Castle)
Greystoke Castle.jpg 1839–46; 1868 Alterations.[27][28] II*
Rectory Denton, Lincolnshire
52°53′13″N 0°42′52″W / 52.8870°N 0.7144°W / 52.8870; -0.7144 (Rectory, Denton)
1841 [29] II
Helmingham Hall Helmingham, Suffolk
52°10′26″N 1°11′47″E / 52.1740°N 1.1964°E / 52.1740; 1.1964 (Helmingham Hall)
Helmingham Hall Morris.jpg c. 1841 Remodelled for John Tollemache.[30] I
Sherborne House Sherborne, Gloucestershire
51°49′50″N 1°45′23″W / 51.8306°N 1.7563°W / 51.8306; -1.7563 (Sherborne House)
Sherborne House Old.jpg c.1841 Interior decoration of the principal rooms.[31] II*
Kelham Hall Kelham, Nottinghamshire
53°05′29″N 0°50′42″W / 53.0915°N 0.8451°W / 53.0915; -0.8451 (Kelham Hall)
Kelham Hall.jpg 1844–46 Service range. The rest of the house was built in 1859–61 by George Gilbert Scott.[32] I
Peckforton Castle Peckforton Hills, Cheshire
53°07′03″N 2°41′56″W / 53.1175°N 2.6990°W / 53.1175; -2.6990 (Peckforton Castle)
Peckforton Castle 1.jpg 1844–50 A country house built in the style of a medieval castle for John Tollemache. The chapel within the ward of the castle, and the entrance lodge, both also designed by Salvin, are listed at Grade II*.[33][34][35][36] I
Naworth Castle Near Brampton, Cumbria
54°57′22″N 2°41′20″W / 54.9560°N 2.6888°W / 54.9560; -2.6888 (Naworth Castle)
Naworth Castle air 2.jpg 1844–51 Following a fire in 1844, Salvin restored the north and east ranges, and added the Morpeth Tower.[37][38] I
Hutton in the Forest Hall Unthank, Skelton, Cumbria
54°42′50″N 2°50′20″W / 54.7140°N 2.8390°W / 54.7140; -2.8390 (Hutton in the Forest Hall, Skelton)
Hutton-in-the-Forest 02.jpg 1845, 1871 Alterations to the hall. Salvin also designed the courtyard walls and stables; these are listed at Grade II.[39][40][41] I
Newark Castle Newark, Nottinghamshire
53°04′40″N 0°48′46″W / 53.0778°N 0.8127°W / 53.0778; -0.8127 (Newark Castle)
Newark Castle, 2008.jpg 1845–48 Restoration of a building dating from the 12th century.[42] I
Oxon Hoath West Peckham, Kent
51°14′43″N 0°20′05″E / 51.2452°N 0.3347°E / 51.2452; 0.3347 (Oxon Hoath, West Peckham)
Oxon Hoath.jpg c. 1846 Remodelled.[43] II*
Penoyre House Battle, Powys,
51°58′08″N 3°25′51″W / 51.9689°N 3.4309°W / 51.9689; -3.4309 (Penoyre House)
Penoyre House, near Brecon - geograph.org.uk - 250800.jpg 1846-48 Rebuilding for John Lloyd Vaughan Watkins.[44] II*
Stapeley House Stapeley, Cheshire
53°03′02″N 2°29′34″W / 53.0505°N 2.4928°W / 53.0505; -2.4928 (Stapeley House)
1847–48 Remodelled a house dating from 1778.[45] II
Derwent Island House Derwent Water, Keswick, Cumbria
54°35′28″N 3°08′42″W / 54.5912°N 3.1449°W / 54.5912; -3.1449 (Derwent Island House)
Derwent Island House.jpg 1850 Extended to the east and west.[46] II
Sudbury Hall Sudbury, Derbyshire
52°53′10″N 1°45′57″W / 52.8862°N 1.7657°W / 52.8862; -1.7657 (Sudbury Hall)
Sudbury Hall south front.jpg c. 1850–53 Internal alterations.[47] I
Rose Castle Dalston, Cumbria
54°48′23″N 2°58′49″W / 54.8065°N 2.9802°W / 54.8065; -2.9802 (Rose Castle)
Geograph-2140455-by-Alexander-P-Kapp.jpg 1851–52 A fortified house used as the residence of the bishops of Carlisle. Restoration of the Strickland Tower.[48] I
Warkworth Castle Warkworth, Northumberland
55°20′45″N 1°36′42″W / 55.3457°N 1.6118°W / 55.3457; -1.6118 (Warkworth Castle)
Warkworth Castle's keep, 2007.jpg 1853–58 Restoration of the keep.[49] I
Thornbury Castle Thornbury, Gloucestershire
51°36′50″N 2°31′48″W / 51.6140°N 2.5301°W / 51.6140; -2.5301 (Thornbury Castle)
Thornbury.castle.from.church.arp.750pix.jpg 1854 Restoration of a building dating from 1510–11.[50] I
Alnwick Castle Alnwick, Northumberland
55°24′57″N 1°42′22″W / 55.4158°N 1.7061°W / 55.4158; -1.7061 (Alnwick Castle)
Alnwick Castle 02.jpg 1854–65 Alterations, restoration and redecoration.[51] I
West Cowes Castle Cowes, Isle of Wight
50°45′59″N 1°18′04″W / 50.7665°N 1.3011°W / 50.7665; -1.3011 (West Cowes Castle)
1856–58 Originated as a coastal defence port in 1539. Converted by Salvin into a club house for the Royal Yacht Squadron.[52] II*
Officers' quarters and mess Dover Castle, Dover, Kent
51°07′39″N 1°19′28″E / 51.1275°N 1.3244°E / 51.1275; 1.3244 (Officers' quarters and mess, Dover Castle)
Dover Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1275564.jpg 1856–58 [53] II
Marbury Hall Marbury, Cheshire
53°17′03″N 2°31′34″W / 53.2841°N 2.5261°W / 53.2841; -2.5261 (Marbury Hall, Cheshire)
1856–58 Remodelling of a country house; demolished in 1969.[54]
Keele Hall Keele, Staffordshire
52°59′59″N 2°16′13″W / 52.9998°N 2.2704°W / 52.9998; -2.2704 (Keele Hall)
Keele Hall1.jpg 1856–61 Total rebuilding of an earlier country house. Later used by Keele University.[55][56] II*
Mears Ashby Hall Mears Ashby, Northamptonshire
52°17′22″N 0°46′13″W / 52.2895°N 0.7702°W / 52.2895; -0.7702 (Mears Ashby Hall)
1859 Extended.[57] II*
Somerford Hall Somerford, Cheshire 1859 Enlarged and altered. Demolished in 1927.[58]
Whitehall Mealsgate, Cumbria
54°45′48″N 3°14′31″W / 54.7632°N 3.2420°W / 54.7632; -3.2420 (Whitehall, Mealsgate)
1861 Alterations to a tower house dating from the 14th–15th century.[59][60] I
Muncaster Castle Near Ravenglass, Cumbria
54°21′17″N 3°22′51″W / 54.3547°N 3.3808°W / 54.3547; -3.3808 (Muncaster Castle)
Muncaster Castle 01.jpg 1862–66 Enlarged and remodelled for the 4th Lord Muncaster.[61][62] I
Crossrigg Hall Bolton, Cumbria
54°36′40″N 2°36′42″W / 54.6110°N 2.6117°W / 54.6110; -2.6117 (Crossrigg Hall)
c. 1864 New country house.[63][64] II*
Thoresby Hall Perlethorpe, Nottinghamshire
53°14′01″N 1°02′42″W / 53.2335°N 1.0450°W / 53.2335; -1.0450 (Thoresby Hall)
Thoresby Hall - geograph.org.uk - 114513.jpg 1864–71 New country house for the 3rd Earl Manvers replacing an earlier house. Since used as a hotel. Structures in the grounds, also by Salvin, are listed at Grade II; these are the terrace walls and gazebos, and the stable court, stable cottages and riding school, and a fountain.[65][66][67][68][69] I
Capesthorne Hall Siddington, Cheshire
53°15′06″N 2°14′26″W / 53.2517°N 2.2406°W / 53.2517; -2.2406 (Capesthorne Hall)
Capesthorne Hall.jpg 1865–68 Largely rebuilt after a fire in 1861.[70][71] II*
Ryston Hall Ryston, Norfolk
52°35′02″N 0°23′52″E / 52.5838°N 0.3977°E / 52.5838; 0.3977 (Ryston Hall)
Ryston Hall.jpg 1867 Alterations to a country house dating from the 17th century.[72] II*
Hodnet Hall Hodnet, Shropshire
52°51′08″N 2°34′50″W / 52.8523°N 2.5806°W / 52.8523; -2.5806 (Hodnet Hall)
1867–71 Reduced in size in 1967–68.[73]
Dunster Castle Dunster, Somerset
51°10′53″N 3°26′38″W / 51.1815°N 3.4438°W / 51.1815; -3.4438 (Dunster Castle)
Dunster Castle 04.jpg 1869–72 Extension and extensive remodelling.[74] I
Petworth House Petworth, West Sussex
50°59′18″N 0°36′40″W / 50.9882°N 0.6110°W / 50.9882; -0.6110 (Petworth House)
Petworth House, Geograph.jpg 1869–72 Remodelling of rooms and addition of an east porch.[75] I
Encombe House Kingston, Devon
50°36′25″N 2°04′47″W / 50.6069°N 2.0798°W / 50.6069; -2.0798 (Encombe House, Devon)
Encombe House - geograph.org.uk - 475213.jpg c. 1870 Alterations and enlargement for the 3rd Earl of Eldon.[76] II*
Longford Castle Wiltshire
51°02′21″N 1°45′25″W / 51.0391°N 1.7570°W / 51.0391; -1.7570 (Longford Castle)
Longford Castle front.jpg 1870s Restoration and additions to the country house. At about the same time Salvin made additions, including the clock tower, to the estate office, which is listed at Grade II.[77][78] I
Warwick Castle Warwick
52°16′45″N 1°35′06″W / 52.2793°N 1.5850°W / 52.2793; -1.5850 (Warwick Castle)
Warwickcastle Westside.jpg 1871 Restoration of the great hall and east wing following a fire.[79] I
Birdsall House Birdsall,
North Yorkshire
54°04′23″N 0°45′21″W / 54.0730°N 0.7558°W / 54.0730; -0.7558 (Birdsall House)
Birdsall House - geograph.org.uk - 573986.jpg 1872 Addition of the right wing.[80] II*
Melbury House Melbury Sampford, Dorset
50°51′07″N 2°36′11″W / 50.8519°N 2.6031°W / 50.8519; -2.6031 (Melbury House)
Melbury House and church.jpg 1872 Added the library and a connecting link to the house for the 5th Earl of Ilchester.[81] I
Verdley Place Fernhurst, West Sussex
51°02′19″N 0°42′49″W / 51.0385°N 0.7136°W / 51.0385; -0.7136 (Verdley Place)
Verdley Place - geograph.org.uk - 146081.jpg 1873–75 A country house for Charles Savile Roundell.[82] II
Haughton Castle Humshaugh, Northumberland
55°03′03″N 2°07′42″W / 55.0507°N 2.1283°W / 55.0507; -2.1283 (Haughton Castle)
Haughton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 1272590.jpg 1876 Addition of the west wing.[83] I
Glassenbury Park House Cranbrook, Kent
51°06′09″N 0°29′38″E / 51.1025°N 0.4940°E / 51.1025; 0.4940 (Glassenbury Park House, Cranbrook)
1877–79 Remodelled.[84] II*
Hawksfold Fernhurst, West Sussex
51°03′00″N 0°43′44″W / 51.0499°N 0.7289°W / 51.0499; -0.7289 (Hawksfold, Fernhurst)
1878–79 Built by Salvin for his own use.[85] II
Askerton Castle Cumbria
55°00′57″N 2°42′17″W / 55.0159°N 2.7047°W / 55.0159; -2.7047 (Askerton Castle)
Askerton Castle - geograph.org.uk - 958564.jpg Undated Alterations made.[86][87] I
Fawsley Hall Fawsley, Northamptonshire
52°12′23″N 1°10′43″W / 52.2065°N 1.1787°W / 52.2065; -1.1787 (Fawsley Hall)
Fawsley Hall - geograph.org.uk - 125142.jpg Undated A country house remodelled by Salvin. Since used as a hotel.[88][89] I
Langley Hall Loddon, Norfolk
52°33′11″N 1°28′03″E / 52.5531°N 1.4674°E / 52.5531; 1.4674 (Langley Hall)
Langley Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1551153.jpg Undated Remodelling of a country house built in 1737. Since used as a school, known as Langley School.[90][91] I
Tower of London Tower Hamlets,
Greater London
51°30′29″N 0°04′34″W / 51.5081°N 0.0761°W / 51.5081; -0.0761 (Tower of London)
Tower of London, April 2006.jpg Various Alterations, restorations and repairs. In 1863 added a pump house that is listed at Grade II.[92][93][94][95] I
Moreby Hall Stillingfleet,
North Yorkshire
53°52′54″N 1°05′41″W / 53.8818°N 1.0946°W / 53.8818; -1.0946 (Moreby Hall)
Moreby Hall 1907.jpg 1827–1832 Added a conservatory.[96] II*
Cumberland Lodge Windsor Great Park, Berkshire
51°26′02″N 0°36′28″W / 51.4339°N 0.6078°W / 51.4339; -0.6078 (Cumberland Lodge)
Cumberland-lodge.jpg Undated A country house enlarged by Salvin. Later used as a college.[97] II
Windsor Castle Windsor, Berkshire
51°29′02″N 0°36′11″W / 51.4838°N 0.6030°W / 51.4838; -0.6030 (Windsor Castle)
Windsor Castle at Sunset - Nov 2006.jpg Undated Unspecified work.[98] I

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  5. ^ Historic England, "Terrace wall to terrace immediately to south and east of Dawlish College (Mamhead House) (1097662)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 22 January 2012 
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  7. ^ Historic England, "Sundial in the formal garden south of Dawlish College (Mamhead House) (1097663)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 22 January 2012 
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  12. ^ Historic England, "Brancepeth Castle (1159012)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 23 January 2012 
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  21. ^ Historic England, "Rockingham Castle (1193409)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 January 2012 
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  44. ^ Scourfield & Haslam
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  53. ^ Historic England, "Officers' barracks and attached basement walls and rails, Dover Castle (1375601)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 January 2012 
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  56. ^ Pevsner 1974, pp. 158–160.
  57. ^ Historic England, "Mears Ashby Hall (1040699)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 19 January 2012 
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