List of works based on Peter Pan
Peter Pan, his fellow characters, and the setting of Neverland have appeared in many works since the original books and play by J. M. Barrie. The earliest were the stage productions of the play, and an adaptation to silent film, done with Barrie's involvement and personal approval. Later works were authorised by Great Ormond Street Hospital, to which Barrie gave the rights to the Peter Pan works; these include adaptations of the main story in both animated and live-action films, musical stage productions, and a sequel novel. In addition, there have been numerous uses of Barrie's characters, settings, and storylines which challenged or took advantage of the changing copyright status of these elements, including reinterpretations, sequels, prequels, and spin-offs in a variety of media, including film, television series, and books.
When dramatized, the character of Peter has usually—but not always—been played by an adult woman. For boys' roles to be played by women is a convention of the pantomime tradition that was popular when the play was first produced, and was necessitated by laws restricting the use of child actors for evening performances. Later adaptations have often followed this example, for reasons that include tradition, the performance demands of the role, and the marketing advantages of "star" actresses. The roles of Captain Hook and George Darling happened to be played by the same actor in the original production, a tradition which has sometimes been continued in later dramatic adaptations.
Books and publications
- 1904 - Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up (play): Peter brings Wendy and her brothers to Neverland, where he has a showdown with his nemesis, Captain Hook. This play was adapted as a novel by Barrie. Variations and adaptations have been produced in various media.
- 1906 - Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens: an origin story where the infant Peter flies away from his home, takes up residence in Kensington Gardens and makes friends with the fairies. It is a "book-within-a-book" that was first published in Barrie's The Little White Bird in 1902.
- 1908 - When Wendy Grew Up - An Afterthought, a short sequel play first staged in 1908, but only published in book form in 1957.
- 1911 - Peter and Wendy (novel), later published as Peter Pan and Wendy, adapted as a novel from the play, it also incorporates events from When Wendy Grew Up - An Afterthought.
Other works – fiction
- The Peter Pan Picture Book (sometimes entitled The Story of Peter Pan), retold by Daniel O'Connor, illustrated by Alice B. Woodward (1907), based on the original stage production of 1904. The text was also published as Peter Pan Keepsake but illustrated with photographs from the first productions. This story differs from Barrie's own 1911 novelisation because he had made several changes to his play and story since it was first staged in 1904.
- Peter Pan and the Only Children by Gilbert Adair (1987), an unauthorised sequel/prequel novel. This book is written and presented in a format similar to Peter and Wendy, with bound-in color illustrations by Jenny Thorne. It has Peter living with a different gang of Lost Boys under the ocean, recruiting "only children" who jump from passing ships as new members, including the newest: 10-year-old Marissa Porter. They have adventures under the sea, including a duel with Captain Hook which ends indecisively. The narrator suggests at the end that perhaps this is a prequel to the adventure with Wendy Darling, or they take place without sequence. Adair's previous novel was Alice through the Needle's Eye, a sequel to the Alice in Wonderland stories.
- Neverland by Toby Forward (1989), where Peter Pan, Captain Hook etc. are brought back to life through a computer game. Published by Simon & Schuster when Peter Pan first entered the public domain in the UK, before the copyright was revived in 1995.
- Hook by Terry Brooks (1991), a novelization of the Spielberg film.
- After the Rain: A New Adventure for Peter Pan by J. E. Somma (1999), an unauthorised sequel novel. Set in modern times, telling of Peter's reaction to a world that has grown to neglect him, and his rescue by three children who teach him that it's OK to grow up. It was published without incident in Canada, where the copyright to Peter Pan was generally agreed to have expired, but Somma and GOSH were in legal dispute when it was published in the U.S. in 2002, where GOSH claimed their copyrights were still valid. They eventually settled out of court.
- Wendy by Karen Wallace (December 2003), an unauthorised prequel novel for young adults. An attempt to explain the Darling children's willingness to fly away with Peter on the grounds that their home life, up until shortly before Peter appeared, had been filled with abuse and tragedy: a cruel nanny, a criminally irresponsible father, and a suggestion of insanity in the family.
- The Lost Girls: A Novel by Laurie Fox (January 2004), an unauthorised sequel novel. Follows the interaction of Peter Pan with each generation of Wendy Darling's female descendants, up to a distinctly 21st-century great-great-granddaughter. Published by Simon & Schuster.
- The "Starcatchers" books by Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson, a series of unauthorised prequel novels, published by Hyperion Books (a subsidiary of Disney) in the US and by Walker Books in the UK.
- Peter and the Starcatchers (August 2004). Set on a ship called Never Land featuring Peter and an earlier group of Lost Boys. In 2005, the publisher announced plans by Disney to adapt the book as a digitally animated movie. "Peter and the Starcatchers" was adapted to a play similarly titled "Peter and the Starcatcher" winning several Tony awards.
- Peter and the Shadow Thieves (June 2006).
- Peter and the Secret of Rundoon (October 2007).
- Peter and the Sword of Mercy (October 2009).
- The "Never Land Books" by Dave Barry, Ridley Pearson, Greg Call (ill.), a series of unauthorised spin-off chapter books. Based on the continuity established by the "Starcatchers" novels, for a younger audience.
- Capt. Hook: The Adventures of a Notorious Youth by James V. Hart (co-writer of the movie Hook), Brett Helquist (ill.) (2005), an authorised (non-canon) prequel illustrated novel, published by HarperCollins in the US. Details the history of 15-year-old James Matthew, young Oppidan Scholar and future Captain Hook. The book portrays the villainous youth in a sympathetic light.
- The Disney Fairies books by Gail Carson Levine, David Christiana (ill.), a series of spin-off illustrated novels for children. Part of the Disney Fairies franchise, published by Disney Press in the US and HarperCollins in the UK. Introduces a new cast of "Never Fairies", in addition to Tinker Bell. Peter Pan and Captain Hook are mentioned but play very minor roles. Additional chapter books in the series are intended for younger readers, and were written by various authors, focusing on the different characters invented by Levine.
- Fairy Dust and the Quest for the Egg (2005).
- Fairy Haven and the Quest for the Wand (July 2007).
- Peter Pan in Scarlet by Geraldine McCaughrean (October 2006), the official sequel novel. Commissioned by Great Ormond Street Hospital following a competition launched in 2004. It has been sold in 40 different editions in 37 languages. The book is published by Oxford University Press in the UK and Margaret K McElderry (Simon & Schuster) in the US.
- Tigerheart by Peter David (2008), a novel retelling the Peter Pan stories from another character's perspective, referring to him as "the boy" throughout the novel, and referencing both Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens and Peter and Wendy, with changes to many of the original characters.
- The Child Thief by artist Gerald Brom (2009), an illustrated novel reinterpreting Peter Pan based on the darker themes in the story as a ruthless figure recruiting children to serve toward his own ends.
- Another Pan by Daniel Nayeri and Dina Nayeri (2010) a darker version featuring an 18-year-old Peter Pan searching for the magic bone dust so he will never grow old. Characters also include Wendy, John and their father George Darling.
- Tiger Lily by Jodi Lynn Anderson (2012) A reinterpretation focusing on Tiger Lily, narrated by Tinker Bell.
- Hook's Revenge by Heidi Schulz (2014) A humorous adventure series about the 12-year-old daughter of Captain Hook on a quest to avenge her father's death.
Books - non-fiction
- Fifty Years of Peter Pan by Roger Lancelyn Green is an account of the first 50 years in Peter Pan's stage history.
- J.M. Barrie and The Lost Boys by Andrew Birkin is an account of the meeting and relationship between Barrie and the Llewelyn Davies family, and how Peter Pan came to be created, based on his docudrama The Lost Boys broadcast in 1978.
- Dr. Dan Kiley popularised the Peter Pan syndrome in his 1983 book, The Peter Pan Syndrome: Men Who Have Never Grown Up, about individuals (usually male) with underdeveloped maturity; his next book, The Wendy Dilemma (1984), advises women romantically involved with "Peter Pans" how to improve their relationships.
- Peter Pan on Stage and Screen, 1904-2010 by Bruce Hanson covers the genesis of Peter Pan and its productions in the UK and US. Originally published in 1993 under the title The Peter Pan Chronicles.
- Disney produced picture book and comic book adaptations of the story, based on their 1953 animated version, published by Dell Comics and Gold Key.
- Peter Pank by Spanish cartoonist "Max" (Francesc Capdevila) (1985–1990), an unauthorised comic reinterpretation for "adults only". Peter is a violent, spiked-hair anarchist living in Punkland with a gang of punk Lost Boys. The pirates are a gang of rockers, the Indians are hippies, and the female characters all spend a lot of time bare-breasted, with numerous sexual scenes. It was published in three European-format albums: Peter Pank, El Licantropunk, and Pankdinista.
- Peter Pan by French cartoonist Régis Loisel (1990–2004), an unauthorised prequel bandes dessinées. A bawdy, violent series of six albums (two of which won the Angoulême Audience Award), giving Peter Pan's back story a distinctly Dickensian flavor. The original story was in the public domain in France when the first volume was released.
- Peter Pan: Return to Never-Never Land by Ron Fortier and Gary Kato (1991), an unauthorised sequel. Peter brings two modern African-American boys to Never-Never Land, published by Malibu Comics under the Adventure Comics imprint, two issues later reprinted in a single volume.
- The Lost by Marc Andreyko, Galen Showman, and Jay Geldhof (1997), an unauthorised sequel comic book. This urban horror-themed mini-series published by Caliber Comics and Chaos! Comics continues the story in present-day New York City, with Peter revealed as a vampire boy hustler who leads a small group of vampire boys including Michael, and lures another girl named Wendy to join them.
- Lost Boys (ロストボーイズ) by Kaname Itsuki (2004), an unauthorized manga reinterpretation, in which a character based on Peter Pan brings a young man to Neverland to be his father, with romantic themes.
- Japanese manga artist, Mayu Sakai, appropriated the English version of the term, puer aeternus, for her series, Peter Pan Syndrome.
- Lost Girls by Alan Moore and Melinda Gebbie (July 2006), an unauthorised reinterpretation graphic novel. A controversial use of Wendy Darling alongside Dorothy Gale from The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and Alice from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland in 1913, telling each other stories about their sexual experiences. In it, Peter is a boy that Wendy and her brothers meet in Kensington Gardens, who gives them their first sexual experiences.
- Marvel Fairy Tales by C. B. Cebulski features various Marvel Comics characters as characters from fairy tales and fables. In issue #1 of the third miniseries of the line, Peter Pan is played by Captain America, with Scarlet Witch as Wendy, The Wasp as Tinker Bell, and Klaw as Captain Hook.
- Peter Pan - The Graphic Novel by Stephen White (2015), a retelling of the original work in graphic novel form.
- Peter Pan by Paramount Pictures (1924), an authorised silent movie adaptation. Starred Betty Bronson as Peter and Ernest Torrence as Hook. Barrie was involved in this production and wrote a screenplay for it, but Paramount instead used the original stage script, taking dialog from it for the intertitles.
- Walt Disney's Peter Pan (released on 5 February 1953), an authorised animated adaptation. Disney licensed the film rights to the story in 1939 from Great Ormond St Hospital for Children. It featured music by Sammy Cahn, Frank Churchill, Sammy Fain, and Ted Sears. 15-year-old film actor Bobby Driscoll supplied the voice of Peter. This version contained little of the original dialogue from the play or its novelization.
- Peter Pan (Питер Пэн) (1987), an unauthorised live-action musical adaptation by Belarusfilm for Soviet television.
- Peter Pan (1988), an unauthorised Australian direct-to-video animated adaptation.
- Hook by Steven Spielberg (1991), an authorised live-action sequel. A family action/adventure film starring Robin Williams, Dustin Hoffman, Julia Roberts, Bob Hoskins and Maggie Smith. The film has a grown-up "Peter Banning" who has forgotten his childhood, lured back to Neverland by Captain Hook, who has kidnapped Peter's two young children in an attempt to once again find meaning in his life. Despite mixed reviews by critics, the film was popular with audiences and grossed nearly $120 million in the U.S., making it the 4th highest-grossing movie of 1991.
- Return to Never Land from Disney (February 2002), an authorised animated sequel to the 1953 Disney film. Wendy's daughter Jane becomes involved with Peter Pan. The movie takes place during World War II, set amidst the Blitz (1940), and deals with the issue of children being forced to grow up too fast.
- Peter Pan directed by P. J. Hogan (2003), an authorised live-action movie adaptation. This version is notable for its directness in addressing the romantic elements between Peter (Jeremy Sumpter) and Wendy. Wendy was played by Rachel Hurd-Wood and Hook by Jason Isaacs, who also plays the role of Mr Darling. The $100 million film boasted state-of-the-art special effects by ILM and took nearly a year to produce in Australia, but was not a financial success for Universal Studios (USA/France/English countries) and Columbia Pictures.
- Neverland by writer/director Damion Dietz (2003), an unauthorised film reinterpretation. Set in early 21st-century Los Angeles and heavily "updated" for this setting, Dietz's independently produced film—featuring Wil Wheaton as John Darling—maintains much of the characterization, plot and themes of Barrie's original story.
- A series of digitally animated direct-to-DVD films starring Tinker Bell was begun by Disney in 2008. These works are part of the company's Disney Fairies franchise, and feature a cast of fairy characters and settings original to Disney.
- Pan, a 2015 origin story directed by Joe Wright starring Levi Miller as Pan, Garrett Hedlund as Hook, Hugh Jackman as Blackbeard, Rooney Mara as Tiger Lily, Adeel Akhtar as Smee and Amanda Seyfried as Mary.
With the lapsing copyrights on Peter Pan in various jurisdictions, a number of short unauthorised, low-budget, animated adaptations of the film have been produced.
- Peter Pan, book, music, and lyrics by Philip Glassborow (1995), an authorised musical radio adaptation. Directed by Dirk Maggs for the BBC, this production was nominated for a Writer's Guild of Great Britain award.
- Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up (1904). Although Barrie did not intend the play as a pantomime, it has many features in common with this traditional genre of British children's theatre: a boy – played by a woman – as the lead role (known as the "principal boy"), actors in animal costumes, a flamboyant villain, and fantasy themes. (However, it does not feature the panto staple of a "Dame": a man dressed as a usually grotesque female character.) Its original presentation during the 1904 Christmas/New Year season also fit with the "panto" genre, and beginning the very next season, panto productions based on the play – often featuring popular entertainers (in later years, often TV stars) – have been a regular feature of British theatre, particularly at Christmas. In keeping with the genre, they are staged as full professional productions, but may feature largely original storylines, music, slapstick, improvisation, and audience participation, all intended to amuse children and their parents.
- Peter Pan (1924), music by Jerome Kern, an authorised Broadway adaptation. Included two songs.
- Peter Pan (1950), music and lyrics by Leonard Bernstein, an authorised Broadway adaptation. Intended as a musical, it was eventually staged as a "straight" dramatic version with only five songs. This version starred Jean Arthur as Peter Pan, and Boris Karloff in the dual roles of Mr. Darling and Captain Hook. The full score has recently been staged.
- Peter Pan (1954), directed by Jerome Robbins, an authorised musical stage adaptation with music by Mark "Moose" Charlap and lyrics by Carolyn Leigh. Taking the opposite path of the 1950 adaptation, it was originally to have only a few incidental songs, but evolved into a full Broadway musical with some new songs from composer Jule Styne and lyricists Betty Comden and Adolph Green. This version became widely known as a vehicle for Mary Martin, who appeared in three television productions of this version. Cyril Ritchard won a Tony as Captain Hook in the Broadway production opposite Martin and reprised the role in the first television production opposite her, and it is the role for which he has remained best known. Revivals featured television actress Sandy Duncan and gymnast Cathy Rigby as Peter. A 2014 TV version was broadcast by NBC as Peter Pan Live!
- Neverland (1975), book, music, and lyrics by Jim Steinman, a futuristic musical stage adaptation. Although it only existed as a brief workshop at the Kennedy Center in 1977, three of the songs would be reworked for the album Bat Out of Hell, one of the best-selling recordings in history.
- Peter Pan (1982), a new version by John Caird and Trevor Nunn, first staged on 10 December 1982 at the Barbican Theatre, London.
- Peter Pan: The British Musical (1985), book, music and lyrics by Piers Chater Robinson, an authorised musical stage adaptation.
- Peter Pan (1996), book, music, and lyrics by Philip Glassborow, an authorised musical stage adaptation based on Glassborow's radio musical. The Watermill Theatre in Newbury, Berkshire commissioned a new musical adaptation, following Glassborow's successful BBC radio dramatization.
- Peter Pan: A Musical Adventure (1996), lyrics by Anthony Drewe and music by George Stiles, an authorised musical stage adaptation, first staged in Copenhagen. Performed and recorded at the Royal Albert Hall, and broadcast on New Year's Eve 2001 by the BBC.
- Peter and Wendy (1997) adaptation and lyrics by Liza Lorwin and music by Scottish fiddler, Johnny Cunningham (of Silly Wizard fame). This is a stage production using Bunraku-style puppets performed by avant-garde theatre troupe, Mabou Mines, and actress Karen Kandel, who won an OBIE for her performance. There is a cast recording of the Celtic style music. Mabou Mimes recently revived the original production at the Edinburgh Festival (2009) and in New York at the New Victory Theater (2011).
- The Terrible Tragedy of Peter Pan (2002) by Phillip C. Klapperich, an ensemble member of The House Theatre of Chicago. This production brings to the fore the darker subtexts of the story, such as the dysfunction of Peter's relationships with Wendy, Tinker Bell, and Tiger Lily, his fear of growing up, and his self-absorption, as he fails to notice those around him being hurt or killed.
- 'Peter Pan' (2004) by the Chickenshed Theatre Company was a musical stage version of Peter Pan, and was performed to mark the 100th Anniversary of the play. This is also the only performance to date with sign language fully integrated.
- Peter Pan (2009), originally titled "Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens" a large scale production for which a specially built theatre pavilion with 360 degree surround video was created, script by Tanya Ronder, music by Benjamin Wallfisch, first staged at Kensington Gardens in Summer 2009 within view of the Peter Pan statue. The production opened in the US in May 2010 and has since toured in San Francisco, Orange County, Atlanta, Chicago and Boston.
- Peter Pan (A Play) (2009), adapted by Amanda Dehnert, first staged at Northwestern University, later mounted professionally at Chicago's Lookingglass Theatre Company in 2010.
- Peter Pan (2009), music by Dan Chambers and lyrics by Dan Chambers and Polly Gibson, book by Polly Gibson, an authorised musical stage adaptation, first staged by the Sinodun Players at the Corn Exchange, Wallingford in July 2009.
- Peter Pan (2010), stage adaptation by David Greig, first staged by the National Theatre of Scotland at the King's Theatre, Glasgow in April 2010. The action is transposed from Edwardian London to Victorian Edinburgh, and set against a background of construction of the Forth Rail Bridge.
- Peter Pan, the Boy who Hated Mothers (2010), adapted by Andrew Birkin from J.M. Barrie's original various drafts of the play, novel and screenplay, first staged at the Theatre du Gymnase in Marseille in February 2010 (translated into French by Céline-Albin Faivre), broadcast on Arte TV Channel Christmas 2010.
- Wendy and Peter Pan (2013), stage adaptation by Ella Hickson at the Royal Shakespeare Company in England.
- Peter Pan Goes Wrong (2013), is a comedy by Henry Lewis, Jonathan Sayer, and Henry Shields of the Mischief Theatre Company in which the characters and members of the fictitious Cornley Polytechnic Drama Society attempt to present their production of Peter Pan.
- Peter Pan Opera (2014), by composer Richard Ayres and librettist Lavinia Greenlaw, first staged in Stuttgart in 2014 and performed in the UK in 2015 by the Welsh National Opera.
- Producers' Showcase: Peter Pan (7 March 1955). The 1954 stage version was re-staged for television by NBC as part of its monthly high-quality anthology series Producers' Showcase and broadcast as a historic, live color television event. The production was so well received that Producers' Showcase produced a second live presentation on 9 January 1956, with the same cast. Mary Martin played TV's Peter Pan for the third time on 8 December 1960 with many of the same cast members, and this version of the 1954 musical was recorded on color videotape, and repeated in 1963, 1966, and 1973. It was presented by NBC as a stand-alone special program rather than as part of Producer's Showcase. After 1973, it was presumed lost and not broadcast again until March 1989, after which it eventually appeared a few times on the Disney Channel. It was also released on videocassette and briefly on DVD. In 2000, the Cathy Rigby stage production, featuring almost all of the songs used in the 1954 version, was telecast by the A&E Network and issued on DVD. Peter Pan Live! is a new production of the 1954 version broadcast live on NBC on 4 December 2014 starring Allison Williams as Peter, Christopher Walken as Captain Hook, Kelli O'Hara as Mrs. Darling, Christian Borle as Mr. Darling/Mr. Smee and Minnie Driver as the adult Wendy. Critical reaction was mixed, with many critics expressing relief that the broadcast was not a disaster.
- Hallmark Hall of Fame: Peter Pan (12 December 1976). A new TV musical production was broadcast on NBC. It starred Mia Farrow as Peter and Danny Kaye as Captain Hook. It had a new score, with music and lyrics by Anthony Newley and Leslie Bricusse, but did not achieve the success or the popularity that the Mary Martin version had. The screenplay was by Andrew Birkin, who went on to write and direct The Lost Boys, a docudrama for the BBC about Barrie and the Llewelyn Davies boys.
- Peter Pan no Bōken ("Adventures of Peter Pan", also romanized as "Pîtâ Pan no Bôken") by Nippon Animation (1989), an unauthorized anime television series. Produced as part of Nippon's World Masterpiece Theater series, the first 23 episodes are a loose adaptation of Barrie's story, while the latter half introduces a completely original arc with new supporting characters.
- Peter Pan and the Pirates on Fox Kids (1990), an animated TV series based on Barrie's novel, presenting the Darling children's other adventures in the Neverland during their stay. The series also focuses on significant development of the pirates as less one-dimensional characters. Voice talents in the cast included Jason Marsden as Peter and Tim Curry as "Captain James T. Hook"; Curry won an Emmy for it.
- Jake and the Never Land Pirates (February 2011), an Annie Award-winning musical interactive animated Disney Junior show based on the successful Disney franchise, Peter Pan. The series focuses on a band of young pirates consisting of Jake, Izzy, Cubby, and their parrot Skully, who continuously spend their days competing against Captain Hook and Mr. Smee for treasure.
- Neverland on Syfy Channel and Sky Movies (December 2011), a two-part miniseries that re-imagines the origins of Peter Pan prior to his adventures with Wendy. Here, he (and his friends who would become the Lost Boys) is depicted as being an orphaned pickpocket who was taken in by expert thief and former arms dealer James "Jimmy" Hook as an infant. Directed by Nick Willing, the cast includes Charlie Rowe as Peter Pan, Rhys Ifans as James Hook, Anna Friel as Captain Elizabeth Bonny, Bob Hoskins as Smee, and Keira Knightley as the voice of Tinker Bell.
- Characters from the Peter Pan story are among the traditional characters featured in Once Upon a Time (2011–present). It is revealed that Pan (Robbie Kay) is the father of Rumpelstiltskin (Robert Carlyle) who became young again after giving up a then-young Rumpelstiltskin when they were in Neverland.
- The New Adventures of Peter Pan (2012–present) is a series of CGI animation French-Indian produced by the DQ Entertainment and Method Animation.
- Peter and Wendy (2015), a two-hour drama based on J M Barrie's novel first aired on ITV on 26 December 2015, produced by Headline Pictures, with Stanley Tucci as Captain Hook, Paloma Faith as Tinker Bell, Laura Fraser as Mrs Darling, Hazel Doupe as Wendy and Zac Sutcliffe as Peter.
Like Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan is particularly well suited to adaptation into video games. In their article "Playing in Neverland: Peter Pan Video Game Revisions," literary critics Cathlena Martin and Laurie Taylor note that the fluid and playful nature of the story’s original oral format is very similar to the structure of narratives in video games, leading to an ease of translation across media. They also argue that "having [Wendy’s tales] as the driving desire for Peter makes the story easily translated to video games, which often reward players for successful game-play with additional narrative segments."
- Peter Pan and the Pirates, a 1991 side-scrolling game for the Nintendo Entertainment System, based on the TV series.
- Hook, a set of four 1992 games based on the film. One was an arcade fight game, two were side-scrolling games for Nintendo and Sega consoles, and the fourth was an adventure game for home computers.
- Peter Pan: Return to Neverland, two 2002 games based on Disney's film, one for the Game Boy Advance, the other for PlayStation.
- Kingdom Hearts, a franchise between Square-Enix and Disney on various game systems that features Neverland as a playable world inhabited with various characters from the Peter Pan books and films including Peter Pan, Tinker Bell, Hook and Smee.
- Disney has released two video games as part of the Disney Fairies franchise, for the Nintendo DS, each a tie-in with a direct-to-DVD feature film of the same name:
- Tinker Bell (2008)
- Tinker Bell and the Lost Treasure (2009)
- Disney Infinity: Marvel Super Heroes, Tinker Bell is a playable character in the game's Toy Box mode. She has been given powers to fly, and use her fairy dust to defeat enemies.
- The Lost Boys, a 1978 docudrama produced by the BBC, written by Andrew Birkin, starring Ian Holm, tells about the relationship between Barrie and the Llewelyn Davies boys and the development of Peter Pan.
- Finding Neverland, a 2004 film starring Johnny Depp as Barrie and Kate Winslet as Sylvia Llewelyn Davies is a fictionalised account of their relationship and how it led to the creation of Peter Pan. It was based on the 1998 play The Man Who Was Peter Pan by Allan Knee. In 2015, it was adapted into a musical on Broadway, playing at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre.
References in other works
- In 1980, Petula Clark starred in Never, Never Land as a woman whose niece, captivated by Barrie's tale, runs away and takes refuge with a group of "lost boys" squatting in a deserted London townhouse.
- In the 1986 Spanish film El río de oro (The Golden River) by Jaime Chávarri, the central character is a man named Peter whose wife Dubarry played the role of Tinker Bell in a theater play some years ago. They had a son, but Peter killed the baby when he was only 3 months old because he thought the boy was growing up too fast.
- The plot of the 1990 novel An Awfully Big Adventure by Beryl Bainbridge (made into a film in 1995) revolves around a production of the play.
- The 2002 novel The League of Heroes by Xavier Mauméjean is set in an alternate universe in which Neverland has materialized in Kensington Gardens. The fairy folk are commonplace in London, as are pirates and Indians. Peter Pan is considered one of several enemies of the repressive government and is pursued by the League whose members include Lord Admiral Hook (Captain Hook), Sherlock Holmes, and Lord Greystoke (Tarzan).
- In a Season 2 episode of the Disney Channel sitcom Wizards of Waverly Place called "Fairy Tale", Justin Russo directs a school play of Peter Pan, with Zeke Beakerman cast as Peter Pan and Harper Finkle cast as Tinker Bell (she's later replaced by Alex Russo after falling off the stage).
- Singer/songwriter S. J. Tucker has released three songs called The Wendy Trilogy, chronicling how Wendy joined Captain Hook's crew, dueled him for command, gained great fame in Neverland and beyond, and eventually returned home, passing her legacy on.
- The song "Fly" by Blind Guardian is about Peter Pan.
- In the seventh episode on season 10 of Grey's Anatomy, Jo Wilson (Camilla Luddington) dresses as Tinker Bell for Halloween and shows up at her boyfriend Alex Karev's (Justin Chambers) house, after a fight they had resulting from his estranged father appearance, showing her loyalty to the boy who didn't grow up.
- The song Lost Boy by Ruth B is about Neverland.
- The cartoon series World of Winx features Neverland characters including Smee, Jim (Captain Hook), Crocodile Man (Crocodile) and Queen (Tinker Bell).
- O'Connor, Daniel, illustrated by Alice B Woodward. The Peter Pan Picture Book. G. Bell & Sons (1907)
- O'Connor, Daniel. Peter Pan Keepsake. Chatto & Windus (1907)
- Neverpedia: After the Rain
- Book Review: Barry and Pearson: "Peter and the Starcatchers"
- ISBN 0-7868-5445-6
- "Synopsis". Official Site for PETER AND THE STARCATCHER. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- ISBN 0-7868-3787-X
- ISBN 978-0-7868-3788-5
- ISBN 0-7868-3788-8
- Pearson's web site
- Barry's web site
- NECBA Fall 2006 Reviews
- Kidsreads.com, Escape from the Carnivale: A Never Land Book by Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson
- Kidsreads.com, Cave of the dark wind : A Never Land Book by Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson
- Amazon listing for Blood Tide
- Petrecca, Laura (26 August 2005). "Disney hopes fairies will fly". USA Today. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- McCraughrean, Geraldine (2006). Peter Pan In Scarlet. Margaret K. McElderry. ISBN 1-4169-1808-6.
- Schulz, Heidi (2014). Hook's Revenge. Disney-Hyperion. ISBN 978-1423198673.
- Lancelyn Green, Roger. Fifty Years of Peter Pan. Peter Davies Publishing (1954)
- Birkin, Andrew. J.M. Barrie and The Lost Boys. Constable, 1979; Revised Edition: Yale University Press, 2003
- Kiley, Dr. Dan (1983). The Peter Pan Syndrome: Men Who Have Never Grown Up. Avon Books. ISBN 978-0-380-68890-6
- Kiley, Dr. Dan (1984). The Wendy Dilemma: When Women Stop Mothering Their Men. Arbor House Publishing. ISBN 9780877956259
- Hanson, Bruce. Peter Pan on Stage and Screen, 1904-2010. McFarland (2011)
- Neverpedia: Peter Pan (BD)
- Amazon.com: Peter Pan: Return to Never-Never Land #1 July 1991: Ron Fortier,Gary Kato: Books
- Neverpedia: Peter Pan, Return to Never-Never Land
- Neverpedia: The Lost
- Peterphile: ロストボーイズ
- "Peter Pan Syndrome". en.anime-wiki.org. 20 September 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- Peter Pan (1924)
- Peter Pan (1953)
- Neverpedia: Питер Пэн
- Hook (1991)
- Return to Never Land (2002)
- Peter Pan (2003)
- Neverpedia: Neverland (film)
- "Levi Miller Tapped to Play Peter Pan in Warner Bros.' 'Pan' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- Peter Pan – a musical by Mark Charlap, Jule Styne, Carolyn Leigh, Betty Comden, Adolph Green and James M. Barrie
- Minzesheimer, Bob (1 September 2004). "Classic story flies in many forms". USA Today. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- Hetrick, Adam. "The Verdict: Read Reviews of Peter Pan Live! on NBC", Playbill, 4 December 2014
- Peter Pan – Stiles and Drewe Musical
- Fisher, Mark (4 September 2009). "Peter and Wendy – Theatre review". The Guardian. London.
- La Rocco, Claudia (10 May 2011). "'Peter and Wendy' at New Victory Theater – Review". The New York Times.
- Lucia Mauro's Chicago Theater review of The Terrible Tragedy of Peter Pan
- Spencer, Charles (14 May 2010). "Peter Pan at the Barbican, review". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- Peter Pan (1960) (TV)
- Peter Pan (1976) (TV)
- "Pîtâ Pan no bôken" (1989)
- "Peter Pan and the Pirates" (1990)
- Neverland (2011) (TV)
- Martin, Cathlena; Laurie Taylor (2006). "9: "Playing in Neverland: Peter Pan Video Game Revisions"". J. M. Barrie’s Peter Pan In and Out of Time: A Children’s Classic at 100. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. pp. 177–178.