List of works by Benjamin Henry Latrobe

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Works by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, a British-born architect, were influenced by Greek Revival styles and those of British architect John Soane. Latrobe emigrated to the United States, living initially in Virginia, then in Philadelphia, before being hired to work on government projects in Washington, D.C. His works most notably included the United States Capitol, along with designing the porticoes of the White House. He also designed numerous houses and other buildings.

Latrobe worked on various engineering projects, as well, including the Philadelphia waterworks, along with projects in New Orleans where he spent the last years of his life. He wrote quite a bit, including extensive notes in his journals, which have since been published, and he translated works by others.

Architecture[edit]

Latrobe's many architectural works include:

Work Place Year Notes Image
Hammerwood Park East Grinstead, UK 1792 Hammerwood House.jpg
Ashdown House East Sussex, UK 1793
William Pennock House Norfolk, Virginia 1796 [1][2]
Richmond Penitentiary Richmond, Virginia 1797–1798 [3]
Gamble Hill (Col. John Harvie's home) Richmond 1798 [4]
Bank of Pennsylvania Philadelphia 1798–1801 First major Greek Revival building in the United States. Birch2ndbankpa.jpg
Sedgeley Philadelphia 1799–1802 Built for William Cramond on the Schuylkill River, but the mansion fell into disrepair after 1836 when it was subdivided. It was demolished in 1857, and the land is now part of Fairmount Park. A tenant's cottage build along with the mansion remains in existence — the cottage is the only remaining building in Philadelphia designed by Latrobe.[5] Sedgeley house.jpg
Sansom's Buildings Philadelphia 1800–1801 with Thomas Carstairs
Edward Shippen Burd House Philadelphia 1801–1802 Located at Chestnut and 9th Street; Architectural characteristics similar to the Admiralty House in London, designed by Samuel Pepys Cockerell.[6]
Nassau Hall Princeton, New Jersey 1802 Originally designed by Robert Smith, and for a period in 1783, it hosted the Congress of the Confederation. The building was later redesigned by Latrobe, after a fire destroyed the building, though it was destroyed once again by fire in 1855 and rebuilt by Philadelphia architect John Notman.[7] Nassau-hall-princeton.JPG
Stanhope Hall Princeton, New Jersey 1803 The third building of Princeton University's campus and originally home to the library, study halls, and literary societies. Later known as "Geological Hall," in 1915 it was named in honor of Samuel Stanhope Smith, president of the university at the time of its construction.[8] Stanhope Hall2.JPG
Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Baltimore 1806–1821 First Catholic Cathedral built in the United States BasilicaExterior.jpg
Waln House Philadelphia 1807–1808
Clifton House Richmond, Virginia 1808 Built for Benjamin James Harris, the house featured squarish-dimensions and a central, multi-story hall with a cupola to provide lighting.[9]
Markoe House Philadelphia 1808–1811 Built for John Markoe, who later sold it and it was used as a boarding house until the 1880s when it was demolished.[10]
Long Branch Millwood, Virginia 1811 Built for Robert Carter Burwell[11]
Portico of Belleview Washington, D.C. 1813
Ashland Lexington, Kentucky 1813 Built two wings onto the home. Ashland HC.JPG
Brentwood Washington, D.C. 1817 Florida Avenue and 6th St NE; Destroyed by fire in 1917[12]
Van Ness House Washington, D.C. 1813–1818 Later demolished[13]
Christ Church Washington, D.C. 1807 The building used by the city's first Episcopal parish was designed in the Gothic Revival style.[14] Christ Church - Washington, D.C..jpg
Decatur House Washington, D.C. 1818 Located on Jackson Place[15] Decatur House DC.JPG
United States Capitol Washington, D.C. Central portion only, including original low dome United States Capitol - west front.jpg
Davidge Hall Baltimore The building known today as Davidge Hall, completed in 1812, is part of the University of Maryland School of Medicine. It is the oldest building in the Northern Hemisphere in continuous use for medical education.[16] University of Maryland, Medical Building, Greene & Lombard Streets, Baltimore (Independent City, Maryland).jpg
University of Pennsylvania Medical School Philadelphia Designed in collaboration with his apprentice, William Strickland; Demolished in 1874.[17]
Pope Villa Lexington, Kentucky 1811–1812 326 Grosvenor Avenue; The house was the first to incorporate an English basement.[18] Pope Villa (Lexington, Kentucky) - DSC09308.JPG
Adena Mansion Chillicothe, Ohio 1806 Adena Mansion.JPG
Taft Museum of Art Cincinnati 1820 Originally the home of Martin Baum TaftMuseum.jpg
St. John's Church Washington, D.C. 1816 [15] St. John's Episcopal Church.JPG
St. Paul's Church Alexandria, Virginia 1818 [19][20] SaintPaulsChurchAlexandria.jpg
The White House east and west colonnades Washington, D.C. Designed in collaboration with Thomas Jefferson, and north and south porticos, with James Hoban[21] WhiteHouseSouthFacade.JPG
Latrobe Gate, Washington Navy Yard Washington, D.C. 1806 Believed to be the oldest extant example of Greek Revival architecture in the United States.[22] Latrobe Gate, Washington Navy Yard.jpg
West College, or Old West at Dickinson College Carlisle, Pennsylvania 1803 [23][24] Westcollege1810.jpg
Belvidere Belmont, New York 1804 Built in 1804 from plans attributed to Latrobe.[25] Belvidere, South of intersection Camp Road & Gibson Hill Road, Belvidere vicinity (Allegany County, New York).jpg

Writing[edit]

Benjamin Henry Latrobe authored several books and translated others, including:

  • Characteristic Anecdotes ... to Illustrate the Character of Frederick the Great (1788)[26]
  • Authentic Elucidation of the History of Counts Struensee [sic] and Brandt and of the Revolution in Denmark in the Year 1772 (1789)[26]

James Bruce hired Latrobe in 1790 to help put together Travels, a memoir of Bruce's journeys in Africa.[27][28]

After he arrived in the United States, Latrobe befriended Constantin-François Chassebœuf, comte de Volney, who stimulated an interest in geology. Latrobe kept numerous journals with geological notes and published a number of papers, including "Memoir on the Sand Hills of Cape Henry" (1799), Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (vol. 4, pp 439–44).[29]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hamlin 1955, p. 69
  2. ^ Fazio 2006, pp. 210–221
  3. ^ Hamlin 1955, pp. 120–126
  4. ^ Hamlin 1955, pp. 99–100
  5. ^ Westcott 1877, pp. 452–453
  6. ^ Hamlin 1955, pp. 150–151
  7. ^ "Nassau Hall". Princeton University. Retrieved 2009-01-24. 
  8. ^ Leitch, Alexander. "Stanhope Hall". Princeton University. 
  9. ^ Hamlin 1955, p. 103
  10. ^ Fazio 2006, p. 354
  11. ^ Hamlin 1955, pp. 111–115
  12. ^ Goode 1979, p. 34
  13. ^ Hamlin 1944, p. 32
  14. ^ "Christ Church". National Park Service. Retrieved July 9, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b Federal Writers' Project (1937). Washington, City and Capital: Federal Writers' Project. Works Progress Administration / United States Government Printing Office. p. 126. 
  16. ^ "About Davidge Hall". University of Maryland. 
  17. ^ Hamlin 1955, p. 16
  18. ^ Hamlin 1955, p. 106
  19. ^ Alexandria, VA - Historic Alexandria - Historic Preservation: Sites on the National Register of Historic Places
  20. ^ St. Paul's Episcopal Church
  21. ^ Fazio 2006, pp. 364–370
  22. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form" (PDF). National Capital Planning Commission. National Park Service. June 30, 1972. Retrieved July 9, 2009. 
  23. ^ Norton 1951, pp. 125–132
  24. ^ "West College - Old West". Dickenson College. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  25. ^ Robert Bromeley and Mrs. Patrick W. Harrington (August 1971). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Belvidere". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2009-06-14.  See also: "Unfiled NHL Nomination Form for Villa Belvidere".  and "Accompanying five photos". 
  26. ^ a b Hamlin 1955, p. 22
  27. ^ Leask, Nigel (2002). "Curious Narrative and the Problem of Credit: James Bruce's Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile". Curiosity and the Aesthetics of Travel Writing, 1770-1840 (PDF). Oxford University Press. p. 65. 
  28. ^ Hamlin 1955, p. 26
  29. ^ Hamlin 1955, p. 80

References[edit]

  • Addison, Agnes (July 1942). "Latrobe vs. Strickland". The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. 2 (3): 26–29. doi:10.2307/901161. 
  • Burchard, John; Bush-Brown, Albert (1966). The Architecture of America: A Social and Cultural History. Little, Brown. 
  • Carter II, Edward C. (1971–1972). "Benjamin Henry Latrobe and the Growth and Development of Washington, 1798-1818". Records of the Columbia Historical Society. 
  • Donaldson, Gary A. (1987). "Bringing Water to the Crescent City: Benjamin Latrobe and the New Orleans Waterworks System". Louisiana History. Louisiana Historical Association. 28 (4): 381–396. PMID 11617566. 
  • Dumbauld, Edward (1980). "Thomas Jefferson and the City of Washington". Records of the Columbia Historical Society. 50. 
  • Fazio, Michael W.; Snadon, Patrick A. (2006). The Domestic Architecture of Benjamin Henry Latrobe. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 
  • Fazio, Michael W. (September 1989). "Benjamin Latrobe's Designs for a Lighthouse at the Mouth of the Mississippi River". The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. 48 (3): 232–247. doi:10.2307/990429. JSTOR 990429. 
  • Formwalt, Lee W. (1980). "Benjamin Henry Latrobe and the Development of Transportation in the District of Columbia, 1802-1817". Records of the Columbia Historical Society. 50. 
  • Formwalt, Lee W. (October 1977). "An English Immigrant Views American Society: Benjamin Henry Latrobe's Virginia Years, 1796-1798". The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Virginia Historical Society. 85 (4): 387–410. 
  • Formwalt, Lee W. (1979). "Benjamin Henry Latrobe and the Development of Internal Improvements in the New Republic, 1796-1820". Ayer Publishing / Catholic University of America. 
  • Frary, Ihna Thayer (1969). They Built the Capitol. Ayer Publishing. ISBN 0-8369-5089-5. 
  • Goode, James M. (1979). Capital Losses: A Cultural History of Washington's Destroyed Buildings. Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 0-87474-479-2. 
  • Hamlin, Talbot (1955). Benjamin Henry Latrobe. Oxford University Press. 
  • Hamlin, Talbot (1944). Greek Revival Architecture in America: Being an Account of Important Trends in American Architecture and American Life Prior to the War Between the States. Oxford University Press. 
  • Kennedy, Roger G. (1989). Orders from France: The Americans and the French in a Revolutionary World, 1780-1820. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-55592-9. 
  • Kimball, Fiske (1922). Domestic Architecture of the American Colonies and of the Early Republic. Charles Scribner's Sons. 
  • Latrobe, Benjamin Henry (1905). The Journal of Latrobe. D. Appleton & Company. 
  • Norton, Paul F. (June 1951). "Latrobe and Old West at Dickenson College". The Art Bulletin. 33 (2): 125–132. doi:10.2307/3047345. JSTOR 3047345. 
  • Norton, Paul F. (1977). Latrobe, Jefferson, and the National Capitol. Garland Pub. ISBN 0-8240-2716-7. 
  • Peterson, Charles E. (December 1953). "Early Prisons". The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. 12 (4): 26–31. doi:10.2307/987648. 
  • Stapleton, Darwin H.; Carter II, Edward C. (September 1984). ""I have the itch of Botany, of Chemistry, of Mathematics...strong upon me": the Science of Benjamin Henry Latrobe". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. American Philosophical Society. 128 (3): 173–192. PMID 11615972. 
  • Tatum, George B. (1961). Penn's Great Town: 250 Years of Philadelphia Architecture Illustrated in Prints and Drawings. University of Pennsylvania Press. 
  • Westcott, Thompson (1877). The Historic Mansions and Buildings of Philadelphia. Porter & Coates.