List of works by Edwin Lutyens
This list of works by Edwin Lutyens provides brief details of some of the houses, gardens, public buildings and memorials designed by Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens (1869 – 1944).
Lutyens was a British architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. The architectural historian Gavin Stamp described him as "the greatest British architect of the twentieth (or of any other) century" and English Heritage identify him as "one of the greatest architects the country has ever produced". More than 500 of his creations have been placed on the National Heritage List for England.
Houses and gardens
||Barrow-in-Furness||Cumbria||1910||1914||Guest-house built in the Tudor Revival style, of red ashlar and slate, for Vickers Ltd.|
||Lower Swell||Gloucestershire||1901||1901||Alterations to an existing property, and the design of gardens, for Mark Fenwick, a banker and mine owner.|
||Drewsteignton||Devon||1911||1930||English country house borrowing styles of castle-building from the medieval and Tudor periods, along with more minimalist contemporary approaches.|
||Sonning||Berkshire||1899||1901||Arts and Crafts style house with garden laid out by Lutyens and planted by garden designer Gertrude Jekyll; one of the several commissions from Edward Hudson, founder of Country Life magazine.|
||Sulhamstead||Berkshire||1906||1912||Built around a 17th-century farmhouse, to which Lutyens made extensions in a neoclassical style around 1906, and then in a vernacular style around 1912, for metals trader Zachary Merton.|
||Abinger||Surrey||1898||1900||In a Tudor style, with gardens by Gertrude Jekyll, commissioned for charitable purposes by shipping magnate Frederick Mirrielees.|
||Ilkley||West Yorkshire||1906||1908||Villa representing Lutyens first comprehensive use of the Neoclassical style, and the precursor of later buildings in Edwardian Baroque style and those of New Delhi. Built for John Thomas Hemingway, wool merchant.|
||West Monkton||Somerset||1904||1906||Lutyens and Gertrude Jekyll laid out an Edwardian garden at Hestercombe House between 1904 and 1906 for the Hon E.W.B. Portman,|
||Lindisfarne||Northumberland||1901||1914||16th Century castle remodelled as an Arts and Crafts style family home for Edward Hudson|
||Horsham||Sussex||1902||1903||Arts and Crafts style, Grade I listed private house designed for Ernest Blackburn, a pre-school headmaster who inherited a fortune, it is the first in which Lutyens mixed neoclassical architecture into his previously vernacular style.|
||Marsh Court, Stockbridge||Hampshire||1901||1905||Arts and Crafts style in ashlar, with a Tudor exterior employing lines of black flint and red tile. Built for Herbert Johnson, a fortunate London Stock Exchange trader.|
||Stapleford||Cambridgeshire||1908||1909||Red-brick mansion with prominent chimneystacks and large hipped roofs, designed for Henry Bond, a Cambridge don.|
||Munstead Heath, Busbridge||Surrey||1889||1897||A very early commission for Gertrude Jekyll, an Arts and Crafts style house inspired by local vernacular architecture.|
||Bramley||Surrey||1897||1899||Like Munstead Wood, an Arts and Crafts style house inspired by local vernacular architecture, an early commission for William and Julia Chance.|
||Overstrand||Norfolk||1899||1901||Pevsner describes it as "one of [Lutyens's] most remarkable buildings" employing a range of materials drawing from diverse architectural styles.|
||Wormley||Surrey||1899||1901||In an Arts and Crafts style strongly influenced by local vernacular architecture, built for businessman Edgar Horne. Described by Ian Nairn as "probably [Lutyens's] best" building.|
||Cambridge||Cambridgeshire||1923||1924||Designed in a mock Tudor style and built for the building company founder Cyril Ridgeon.|
|Hampton Court Bridge
||Hampton and East Molesey||London and Surrey||1928||1933||A three-arch reinforced concrete bridge with brick facings and Portland stone balustraded parapets, abutments and niches, spanning the River Thames near to Hampton Court Palace. Designed with Surrey county engineer W. P. Robinson to reflect the style of Sir Christopher Wren's work at the Palace.|
||Egham and Staines-upon-Thames||Surrey||1939||1961||Encased-steel-arch bridge over the River Thames, designed by 1939 to carry the A30 road; but not constructed for 15-years after Lutyens' death, World War II having intervened. Design details - the use of brick-facing and Portland stone, albeit without niches - follow the style of the Hampton Court Bridge.|
|Silver Street Bridge
||Cambridge||Cambridgeshire||1932||1959||Over the River Cam in central Cambridge|
|100 King Street
||Manchester||Greater Manchester||1928||1935||A castle-like Art Deco building surrounded on all four sides by roads, and featuring carvings by the local sculptor John Ashton Floyd; built for the Midland Bank.|
|Benson Court, Magdalene College, Cambridge
||Tavistock Square||Central London||1911||1925||Headquarters building originally deisgned for the Theosophical Society with construction taken over by the British Medical Association|
||London||Westminster||1928||1930||This 600-dwelling estate is the only housing project of Lutyens. It is composed of 7 "U"-shaped, 5-6 story buildings, recognizable by their chess-board like façade. The estate's status was the subject of a 1990 legal case, Westminster City Council v Duke of Westminster.|
|Henrietta Barnett School
||Hampstead Garden Suburb||North London||1911||Girls' Grammar school founded in 1911 by Dame Henrietta Barnett.|
|Linden Lodge School
||Wimbledon||South London||1934||1934||Residential school for visually-impaired children|
|St Mary's Church, Pixham
||Pixham, Dorking||Surrey||1903||Chapel of ease to Dorking parish church, having a barrel-vaulted ceiling. Grade II* listed.|
|Abinger Common War Memorial
|Lutyens' War Cross design; the original 1920 erection was destroyed by bombing in 1944, and a replacement cross erected in 1949.|
|Arch of Remembrance
||Leicester||Leicestershire||1919||1925||A monumental tetrapylon quadrifrons triumphal arch in a railed enclosure; Lutyens was selected as architect by the War memorial Committee.|
|Ashwell War Memorial
||Ashwell||Hertfordshire||1919||1922||Lutyens' War Cross design, the commission offered to a shortlist of three providers, Lutyens being selected.|
|British Thomson-Houston Company War Memorial
||Rugby||Warwickshire||1921||1921||Lutyens' War Cross design, commissioned by the British Thomson-Houston Company to honour its employee war-dead.|
|Busbridge War Memorial
||Busbridge||Surrey||1922||Lutyens connection to Busbridge was with Gertrude Jekyll, for whom he designed Munstead Wood on the outskirts of the village. The memorial is of Lutyens' War Cross design.|
||Whitehall||Central London||1919||1920||The site of the British annual National Service of Remembrance. Originally a wood-and-plaster structure designed by Lutyens and erected in 1919, later replaced by a replica in Portland stone and taking the form of a pylon rising in a series of set-backs to an empty tomb (cenotaph) on its summit. The model for cenotaphs around the world.|
|Civil Service Rifles War Memorial
||London||Greater London||1924||Single rectangular column of Portland stone, decorated with classical mouldings, standing approximately 4.9 metres (16 feet) tall and surmounted by a cornice, plinth and sculpture of an urn; located on the Thames-side of Somerset House.|
|Devon County War Memorial
||Exeter||Devon||1921||30-foot (9.1-metre) granite cross, quarried from Haytor on Dartmoor, and hewn from a single stone—the largest Lutyens was able to acquire; situated outside and in line with the central axis of Exeter Cathedral.|
|Fordham War Memorial
||Fordham||Cambridgeshire||1921||Doric column in Portland stone surmounted by a bronze statue of Saint George, sculpted by Sir George Frampton, who also contributed the sculpture for Hove War Memorial.|
|Francis McLaren headboard
||Busbridge||Surrey||Carved oak headboard marking the grave of Francis McLaren, son-in-law of Agnes Jekyll.|
|Gerrards Cross Memorial Building
||Gerrards Cross||Buckinghamshire||1922||Single story community-centre, with a memorial plaque sheltered beneath a portico supported by four doric columns|
||Wargrave||Berkshire||1905||1907||Columbarium combining Byzantine Revival with Arts and Crafts and with classical architectural lines, in the form of a 12 feet (3.7 m) square building of red-brick, red-tile, glass-tile and stonework. Lutyen's earliest mausoleum design, recognised as an embodyment of the point at which he fully incorporated classical architecture in his designs.|
|Hartburn War Memorial
||Hartburn||Northumberland||1921||Lutyens' War Cross design, commissioned by Mr and Mrs Straker of nearby Angerton Hall, the gardens of which Lutyens renovated with Gertrude Jekyll in 1904.|
|Holy Island War Memorial
||Lindisfarne||Northumberland||1922||A grade II* listed First World War memorial in local pink ashlar stone, recognised as part of a "national collection" of Lutyens memorials.|
|Hove War Memorial
||Hove||Sussex||1921||Bronze statue of Saint George holding a sword by the blade below the hilt, sculpted by Sir George Frampton, standing on a grey granite Doric column. Frampton was also the sculptor for Fordham War Memorial|
|Jekyll family memorial
||Busbridge||Surrey||Gravestones and memorial commemorating Gertrude Jekyll, Agnes Jekyll and Herbert Jekyll.|
|King's Somborne War Memorial
||King's Somborne||Hampshire||1922||Lutyens' War Cross design; his connection with the village was Herbert Johnson, for whom he designed Marshcourt|
|Lancashire Fusiliers War Memorial
||Bury||Greater Manchester||1922||Single tall, tapering obelisk in Portland stone (similar to the pair on Lutyens' Northampton War Memorial) standing on a square base with a cornice, below which is a carved frieze on a pedestal of two rectangular blocks, mounted on a rectangular plinth and at the very bottom are two shallow circular steps.|
|Leeds Rifles War Memorial||Leeds||West Yorkshire||1921||Small version of the Lutyens' War Cross, set into the church wall of Leeds Minster and facing out onto Kirkgate, in Portland stone. The memorial incorporates a stone bench which doubles as a platform for wreaths.|
|Lower Swell War Memorial
||Lower Swell||Gloucestershire||1921||Lutyens' War Cross design; his connection with the village was with Mark Fenwick, for whom Lutyens renovated the nearby Abbotswood house.|
||Manchester||Greater Manchester||1922||1924||Cenotaph, flanked by twin obelisks, and a Stone of Remembrance, all in Portland stone on a raised coved platform; reminiscent of his earlier cenotaph in Southampton|
|Mells War Memorial
||Mells||Somerset||1920||Tuscan column of Purbeck Marble on which stands a statue of Saint George slaying a dragon. The memorial is one of many buildings and structures by Lutyens in the village by Lutyens for the Horner and Asquith families.|
|Merchant Navy War Memorial
||Tower Hill||London||1928||Lutyens designed a World War I taking the form of a Doric temple, raised on a platform slightly above street level, oriented east to west and situated in Trinity Square Gardens on Tower Hill, within sight of the Tower of London. A World War II monument designed by Edward Maufe was constructed to adjoin and complement Lutyens design.|
|Midland Railway War Memorial||Derby||Derbyshire||1921|
|Miserden War Memorial||Miserden,||Gloucestershire|
|Muncaster War Memorial
||Muncaster||Cumbria||1922||Lutyens' War Cross design; his connection with the village was Sir John Ramsden, for whom he consulted on Muncaster Castle|
|North Eastern Railway War Memorial||York||North Yorkshire||1924|
|Northampton War Memorial||Northampton||Northamptonshire||1926|
|Norwich War Memorial||Norwich||Norfolk||1927|
|Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry War Memorial||Oxford||Oxfordshire||1923|
|The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment Cenotaph||Maidstone||Kent||1921|
|Rolvenden War Memorial
||Rolvenden||Kent||1922||Unique amongst Lutyens' War Cross designs, being slender and sparse; his connection with the village was Harold Tennant for whom he had designed the nearby Great Maytham Hall|
|Rochdale Cenotaph||Rochdale||Greater Manchester||1922|
|Royal Berkshire Regiment Cenotaph||Reading||Berkshire||1921|
|Royal Naval Division War Memorial||Whitehall||London||1925|
|Sandhurst War Memorial
||Sandhurst||Kent||1923||A Lutyens' War Cross design; Lutyens connection with the village was a local resident, James Wilson|
|South African War Memorial||Richmond||Surrey||1921|
|Southend-on-Sea War Memorial
||Southend-on-Sea||Essex||1921||Lutyens first proposed a cenotaph for Southend-on-Sea, but changed his plans to deliver a tapering Portland stone obelisk rising to approximately 11 metres (36 feet) tall, sitting on a square base with a moulded cornice above a rectangular pedestal of six unequal-sized stones, all similar in form to his contemporaneous North Eastern Railway War Memorial.|
|Spalding War Memorial
||Spalding||Lincolnshire||1922||Spalding's memorial takes the form of a brick pavilion in front of which is a 12 feet (3.7 metres) long Stone of Remembrance; both are situated at the head of a long reflecting pool, which incorporates the remains of an 18th-century canal. Lutyens' commission came from Barbara Freyberg, who lost her husband in the Great War, and who was a niece of Lutyens' garden-designer colleague and client Gertrude Jekyll.|
|Stockbridge War Memorial
||Stockbridge||Hampshire||1922||Lutyens' War Cross design; his connection with the village (as with King's Somborne) was Herbert Johnson, for whom he designed Marshcourt|
|Wargrave War Memorial
||Wargrave||Berkshire||1922||Lutyens' War Cross design, commissioned by a 1919 public meeting, possibly influenced by Lutyens' connections with the Hannon family for whom he also designed the Hannen Columbarium|
|Welch Regiment War Memorial
||Cardiff||South Glamorgan||1924||Originally planned as a memorial to be erected near Gheluvelt on the Western Front in Belgium, Lutyens' design for a cenotaph in Portland stone standing on a stepped plinth and a square base was instead erected at Maindy Barracks in Cardiff.|
|York City War Memorial
||York||North Yorkshire||1925||Lozenge-shaped shafted cross with short, chamfered arms. Lutyens' work extends to the entrance gates and supporting piers. The memorial project proved controversial prior to and throughout Lutyens' involvement: whether the memorial should be utilitarian or monumental; and whether the proposed monument and its situation would be in keeping with York architecture.|
Lutyens was invited, with others, in 1912 to advise the Government of India on planning for a proposed new centre of government to be built in Delhi and named New Delhi. He became the project's leading architect, giving rise to Lutyens' Delhi, encompassing the street plan and key government buildings, and his name is lent to the Lutyens Bungalow Zone of domestic properties for givernment officers (albeit Lutyens was directly responsible for the design of only four of the houese). A number of other architects, notably Herbert Baker, were responsible for the other of the city's key buildings.
||1921||1936||Residence of the Maharaja of Baroda in Delhi|
||1926||1928||Residence of Osman Ali Khan, Nizam VII, an amalgam of the Mughal and European architecture|
||1917||1931||A memorial to the dead of the British India Army in World War I, in the form of a triumphal arch.|
||1912||1930||Monumental column celebrating the 1911 Delhi Durbar and the transfer of the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi.|
||1931||Janpath - 'people's way' - is the main north-south road through New Delhi, the layout of which was planned by Lutyens.|
|National Archives of India
||One of a planned four museum buildings to occupy quadrants around the intersection of Janpath and Rajpath, the National Archives building was the only one constructed.|
||The former residence of the Maharaja of Patiala, now a district court building.|
||1931||Rajpath - 'King's way - is an east-west ceremonial boulevard through the centre of New Delhi, linking Rashtrapathi Bhavan with India Gate, and location for the annual Delhi Republic Day parade.|
||1912||1929||Designed as the Viceroy's House for the Governor-General of India during the British Raj period, and now the official home of the President of India|
Republic of Ireland
||Howth||Fingal||1910||Renovation of fourteenth-century castle|
|Irish National War Memorial
||Lambay Island||County Dublin||1905||1912||Alternations and additions to sixteenth-century castle|
||near Downings||County Donegal||Now Trá na Rosann youth hostel |
|Australian National Memorial
||Villers-Bretonneux||Somme||1935||1938||Memorial to Australian military personnel killed on the Western Front during World War I, listing names of over 10,000 soldiers of the Australian Imperial Force with no known grave. Lutyens also designed the cemetery.|
|Bois des Moutiers
||Varengeville-sur-Mer||Normandy||1911||1930||Remodelling of an existing 1850s house in the Arts and Crafts style by Lutyens, with gardens laid out by Lutyens and Gertrude Jekyll.|
||Thiepval||Picardy||1928||1932||Memorial to 72,195 British and South African men who died in the Battles of the Somme of the First World War between 1915 and 1918 and have no known grave.|
|British School at Rome
||Rome||1912||1916||Built on the site of the British Pavilion at the 1911 International Exhibition of Art to provide a permanent residential research institute.|
|Anglo-Boer War Memorial
||Johannesburg||Gauteng||1910||1914||Originally called the Rand Regiments Memorial, this arch was erected in honour of the British soldiers who fell in the second Anglo-Boer War.|
|Johannesburg Art Gallery
||Johannesburg||Gauteng||1910||1915||An Art Gallery in Johannesburg designed by Edwin Lutyens with Robert Howden working as supervising architect. It is the largest art gallery in South Africa.|
|Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral
||Liverpool||Merseyside||1930||1958||Lutyens was commissioned to design a new Cathedral, but rising costs caused the abandonment of the scheme; his design for the crypt was realised and completed in 1958.|
- Stamp, Gavin (2006). The Memorial to the Missing of the Somme (2007 ed.). London: Profile Books. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-86197-896-7.
- Historic England. "Silver Street Bridge (1409450)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- Historic England. "Abbey House Hotel (1197910)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Historic England. "Abbotswood (1000748)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Historic England. "Deanery Garden (1000445)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- Gradidge, Roderick (1981). Edwin Lutyens: Architect Laureate. London: George Allen and Unwin pp.44
- Gradidge, Roderick (1981). Edwin Lutyens: Architect Laureate. London: George Allen and Unwin pp.63–68
- Historic England. "Garden walls, paving and steps on the south front of Hestercombe House (270558)". Images of England. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Gradidge, Roderick (1981). Edwin Lutyens: Architect Laureate. London: George Allen and Unwin. pp. 49–52. ISBN 0-04-720023-5.
- Historic England. "Little Thakeham (1027209)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Ridley, Jane (2002). The Architect and his Wife: A Life of Edwin Lutyens. London: Chatto & Windus. pp. 145–6. ISBN 0-7011-7201-0.
- Lloyd, David; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1973). The Buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. Harmondsworth: Penguin. pp. 312–3.
- "Middlefield and garden Wall". Historic England. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
- The Buildings of England: Norfolk 1: Norwich and the North-East, p. 633
- The Buildings of England: Surrey, pp. 486-487
- "292 Hill Road (York House)". Capturing Cambridge. Museum of Cambridge. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- Historic England. "Hampton Court Bridge (1358100)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- Historic England. "Hampton Court Bridge (1030182)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- Cracknell, Donald William (July 1963). "The Runnymede Bridge". Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers. 25 (3): 325–344. doi:10.1680/iicep.1963.10592.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002). Cambridgeshire (2nd ed.). New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. p. 238. ISBN 0-300-09586-4.
- Hartwell, Clare (2001), Manchester, Pevsner Architectural Guides, Penguin Books, pp. 165–167, ISBN 978-0-14-071131-8
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002). Cambridgeshire (2nd ed.). New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. p. 122. ISBN 0-300-09586-4.
- Historic England. "Benson Court (1320429)". PastScape. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Page Street". Housing Prototype. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1279086)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- Historic England. "Abinger Common War Memorial (1028839)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
- "War Memorial". St. James' Church Abinger Common. Archived from the original on 15 September 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Historic England. "The Arch of Remembrance (1028839)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- Historic England. "Ashwell War memorial (1175188)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- Historic England. "British Thomson-Houston (1392027)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- "Hannen Mausoleum". The Mausolea and Monuments Trust website. The Mausolea and Monuments Trust. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Pearson, Lynn F. (2008). Mausoleums. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0 7478 0518 0. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- "Byzantium in Berkshire". Apollo - The International Art Magazine. Press Holdings Media Group Ltd. 1 April 2005. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Hartburn War Memorial (1042078)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
- "National Collection of Lutyens' War Memorials Listed". Historic England. 7 November 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- Historic England. "Holy Island War Memorial (1042308)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Historic England. "King's Somborne War Memorial (1093814)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
- Historic England. "Lower Swell War Memorial (1089867)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
- Historic England. "The Mercantile Marine First World War Memorial (1260087)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- Historic England. "Merchant Seamens Memorial (1031597)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
- Historic England. "Muncaster War Memorial and area wall (1086636)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- Historic England. "Rolvenden War Memorial (1381140)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- Historic England. "Sandhurst War Memorial (1336752)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- Historic England. "Stockbridge War Memorial (1093099)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- Historic England. "Wargrave War Memorial (1319107)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- Historic England. "York City War Memorial in the War Memorial Garden (1257512)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- Amery, Colin; Richardson, Margaret; Stamp, Gavin (1981). Lutyens: The Work of the English Architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944). London: Arts Council of Great Britain. pp. 179–80. ISBN 0-7287-0304-1.
- "The History of Rashtrapati Bhavan : The official home of the President of India". 19 September 2015.
- "1450 – Howth Castle, Co. Dublin". archiseek. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
- "1930 – Islandbridge War Memorial, Dublin". archiseek. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
- "Lutyens, Edwin Landseer". Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720 - 1940. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
- Oram, Hugh (7 April 2015). "An Irishman's Diary on Sir Edwin Lutyens and Ireland". Irish Times. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
- "Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- Wallace-Hadrill, A., 2001. The British School at Rome: One Hundred Years, London: British School at Rome
- Cusack, Andrew (January 2007). "The Greatest Building Never Built". andrew cusack. Retrieved 5 July 2009.