List of asanas

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Asanas collectively constitute the physical aspect of worship in ancient Yoga and various stretches and meditative poses of modern Yoga. The poses and stretches are thought to have physical and mental health benefits and can lead to injury in roughly 1 in 20 practitioners a year in the U.S.[8][1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Different authors or schools of yoga may have different names for an asana. Many asanas have multiple names or one name may refer to multiple asanas.[8]

Affixes[edit]

Many asana names include the following Sanskrit words as affixes:

English Sanskrit Meaning
Adho अधो downward
Ardha अर्ध half
Eka एक one
single
Bandha बंध lock
Dhánus धनुः bow
Dvī द्वि two
Parivṛtta परिवृत्त revolved
twisted
Supta सुप्त supine
reclining
Tulā तुला balance
Upaviṣṭha उपविष्ठ seated
Ubhaya उभय both, together
Ūrdhva ऊर्ध्व upward
Utthita उत्थित extended

Asanas[edit]

Sanskrit
transliteration
English Image Classification
Adho Mukha Śvānāsana
अधोमुखश्वानासन
Downward-Facing Dog Pose Ado-muka-shvanasana.jpg Arm Balance and Forward Bend.
Adho Mukha Vṛkṣāsana
अधोमुखवृक्षासन
Downward-Facing Tree (Full Arm Balance) AcroDanceHandstand.jpg Arm Balance
Ākarṇa Dhanurāsana
आकर्णधनुरासन
Bow posture up to ear Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Anantāsana
अनन्तासन
Ananta's pose Anantāsana-posture of ananta.jpg Supine Leg stretch
Anjaneyasana
अञ्जनेयासन
Honorable Pose, Crescent Moon, Crescent Lunge Standing asana (Hip opener)
Ardha Candrāsana
अर्धचन्द्रासन
Half moon Ardha-Chandrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Ardha Kamalamunyasana Half Pose Dedicated to Siddhar Kamalamuni Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Ardha Matsyendrāsana
अर्धमत्स्येन्द्रासन
Half lord of the fishes pose Ardha-Matsyendrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Ardha Navāsana
अर्धनवासन
Half boat posture Ardha Navāsana-half-boat.jpg Abdominal asana (Udara Akunchana Sthiti)
Ardha Ustrasana Half Camel Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Aṣṭāvakrāsana
अष्टावक्रासन
Aṣṭāvakra's pose Astavakrasana.jpg Arm SECe
Avalokiteśvara
अवलोकितेश्वर
Goddess of mercy pose or Guanyin Reclined medial and lateral hip rotation.Avalokiteśvara (अवलोकितेश्वर) is the Goddess of mercy pose.
Baddha Koṇāsana
बद्धकोणासन
Bound angle Baddha Koṇāsana-bound angle.jpg Sitting asana/Forward Bend (Upavista Sthiti/Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Baddha Natarajasana Bound Lord of Dance Pose Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Baddha Samakonasana Bound Equal Angle Pose Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Baddha Viparita Kurmasana Bound Inverted Tortoise Pose Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Bakāsana
बकासन
Crane Bakasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Arm Balance
Bālāsana
बालासन
Child's Pose Balasana.JPG Kneeling forward bend
Bharadvājāsana
भरद्वाजासन
Bharadvaja's twist Bharadvajasana1 (cropped).JPG Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Bhekāsana
भेकासन
Frog Bhekāsana-frog.jpg Backbend (Extension) (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Bhujaṅgāsana
भुजङ्गासन
Cobra Bhujangasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Bhujapīḍāsana
भुजपीडासन
Arm-pressing posture Bhujapidasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Arm balance
Biḍālāsana
बिडालासन
Cat Pose Kneeling
Camatkarasana (Chamatkarasana) Wild Thing Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Caturaṅga Daṇḍāsana
चतुरङ्गदण्डासन
Four-Limbed Staff Chaturanga-Dandasana low Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Arm Balance
Chakrāsana or Urdva Dhanurasana
चक्रासन
Wheel Chakrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Daṇḍāsana
दण्डासन
Staff pose Dandasana yoga posture.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Dhanurāsana
धनुरासन
Bow Dhanurasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Dvi Pāda Śīrṣāsana
द्विपादशीर्षासन
Both feet behind head (lit: two-footed head pose) Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Dvi Pāda Viparīta Daṇḍāsana
द्विपदविपरीतदण्डासन
Two-Legged Inverted Staff Pose Dwi Pada Viparita Dandasana.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Dwi Hasta Padasana Both Hands to Foot Pose Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Eka Pada Galavasana Pose Dedicated to Galava - One Legged Variation Arm Balance
Eka Pada Kauṇḍiṇyāsana I
एकपादकौण्डिण्यासन
Kauṇḍiṇya's pose, twisted one legged arm balance Parivritta Eka Pada Koundinyasana.JPG Arm balance
Eka Pada Kauṇḍiṇyasana II
एकपादकौण्डिण्यासन
Kauṇḍiṇya's pose, one legged arm balance with straight legs Eka Pada koundinyasana.JPG Arm balance
Eka Pada Paripurna Vrschikasana One Legged Stretched Out Scorpion Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Eka Pāda Rājakapotāsana I
एकपादराजकपोतासन
One-Legged King Pigeon Eka-Pada-Raja-Kapotasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Ekapādaśīrṣāsana
एकपादशीर्षासन
Foot behind Head Pose Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Eka Pada Sirsa Bakasana One Leg Behind the Head Crow Pose Arm Balance
Eka Pada Sirsa Prapadasana One Leg Behind the Head Tiptoe Pose Standing asana
Eka pāda śīrṣāsana
एकपादशीर्षासन
One legged supported head balance Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Eka Pada Urdhva Dhanurasana One Legged Upward Bow Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Eka Pada Viparita Dandasana One Legged Inverted Staff Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Galavasana Pose Dedicated to Galava Arm Balance
Garbhāsana
गर्भासन
Fetus Balasana or garbhasana.jpg
Garuḍāsana
गरुडासन
Eagle pose Garudasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Gomukhāsana
गोमुखासन
Cow faced pose Gomukhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Guptāsana
गुप्तासन
Halāsana
हलासन
Plough Halasana.jpg Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Hanumanāsana
हनुमनासन
Monkey Pose Hanumanasana - Hanuman's Posture - in Diagonal View.jpg Leg Stretch
Jānuśīrṣāsana
जानुशीर्षासन
Head-to-Knee Forward Bend Janusirsasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Jāṭharaparivṛttāsana
जाठरपरिवृत्तासन
Belly-revolving posture
Kala Bhairavasana Pose Dedicated to Shiva the Destroyer Arm Balance
Kalyasana Pose Dedicated to Goddess Kali Standing asana
Karṇapīḍāsana
कर्णपीडासन
Ear-pressing Karnapidasana.jpg Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Krāuñcāsana
क्रौञ्चासन
Heron
Kukkuṭāsana
कुक्कुटासन
Cockerel Kukkutasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Arm Balance
Kūrmāsana
कूर्मासन
Tortoise Kurmasana.jpg Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Laghuvajrasana Thunderbolt Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Lolāsana
लोलासन
Pendant
Mahāmudrā
महामुद्रा
The great seal posture Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Makarāsana
मकरासन
Crocodile Makarasana Asana (Crocodile Posture).jpg
Mālāsana
मालासन
Garland[9]
Mandalasana
मण्डलासन
Circle
Mārjāryāsana
मार्जार्यासन
Cat pose
Matsyāsana
मत्स्यासन
Fish Matsyasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Supine backbend
Matsyendrāsana
मत्स्येन्द्रासन
Lord of the Fishes Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Mayūrāsana
मयूरासन
Peacock Peacock pose.jpg Arm Balance
Muktahasta-śīrṣāsana
मुक्तहस्तशीर्षासन
"Hands-Free" Head stand Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Muktāsana
मुक्तासन
The liberated Pose
Sanskrit
transliteration
English Image Classification
Naṭarājāsana
नटराजासन
Dancer or Lord of the Dance Natarajasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Nāvāsana
नावासन
Boat Sitting asana
Nirālamba-sarvāṅgāsana
निरालम्बसर्वाङ्गासन
Unsupported shoulder stand Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Pādahastāsana
पादहस्तासन
Standing Forward Bend Padahastasana yoga posture.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Padma Pinyamayūrasana
पद्मपिन्यमयूरासन
Peacock Feather Pose with legs in Padmasana/Elbow Balance Urdhva padmasana.jpg Arm Balance
Padmāsana
पद्मासन
Lotus Tanumânasî en Meditacion Loto Padmasana.JPG Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Padmasana in Mayurasana Lotus Pose in Peacock Pose Arm Balance
Paripūrṇanāvāsana
परिपूर्णनावासन
Full Boat Paripurna-Navasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Abdominal asana (Udara Akunchana Sthiti)
Parivrtta Ardha Chandrasana Revolved Half Moon Pose Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Parivṛtta Baddha Pārśvakoṇāsana
परिवृत्तबद्धपार्श्वकोणासन
Revolved Bound Side Angle Asymmetrical standing twist with hand lock
Parivṛtta Pārśvakoṇāsana
परिवृत्तपार्श्वकोणासन
Revolved Side Angle Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Parivṛttatrikoṇāsana
परिवृत्तत्रिकोणासन
Revolved Triangle Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Parsva Dandasana Sideways Staff Pose
Parsva Dandasana
Arm Balance
Parśvottanāsana
पर्श्वोत्तनासन
Intense stretch to the side Parshvottanasana.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Paryaṅkāsana
पर्यङ्कासन
Couch Pose Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Pāśāsana
पाशासन
Noose Pasasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Twisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Paścimottānāsana
पश्चिमोत्तानासन
Extension of the posterior (western) part of the body Paschimotanasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Forward Bend (Paschima Prattana Sthiti)
Pincha Mayūrāsana
पिन्चमयूरासन
Feathered Peacock Pose, forearm balance Arm Balance
Pindola Bharadvaja
प्रसारितपादोत्तानासन
Deer Sitting Pose Advanced toe stand. "Deer Sitting Pose" in sanskrit is Pindolabharadrāja ( हरिण आसन ) The pose is dedicated to Pindola the Lohan (Artat) an Enlightened disciple of the Buddha.
Prapada Kapotasana Tip Toe Pigeon Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Prapada Virasana Tiptoe Hero Pose Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Prasārita-pādottānāsana
प्रसारितपादोत्तानासन
Wide Stance Forward Bend Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Rajakapotāsana
रजकपोतासन
King Pigeon Kapotasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Śalabhāsana
शलभासन
Locust Salabhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Salamba Sarvāṅgāsana I
सलम्बसर्वाङ्गासन
Shoulder Stand Sarvangasana.jpg Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Salamba Śīrṣāsana I
सलम्बशीर्षासन
Supported Headstand Shirshasana.jpg Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Samakoṇāsana
समकोणासन
Straight angle
Samasthitiḥ
समस्थितिः
Equal Standing Tadasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Śaśakāsana
शशकासन
Rabbit Rabbit pose.jpg
Śavāsana
Shavasana
Sarvasana
Mrtasana
शवासन
Corpse Pose Shavasana.jpg Resting asana (Visranta Karaka Asana)
Setubandhāsana
सेतुबन्धासन
Bridge Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Setubandha-sarvāṅgāsana
सेतुबन्धसर्वाङ्गासन
Shoulder supported Bridge Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Shatkonasana Six Triangles Pose Abdominal asana (Udara Akunchana Sthiti)
Siddhāsana
सिद्धासन
Siddhi's Pose Sidhasana.JPG Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Siṁhāsana
सिंहासन
Lion Simhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Stiti Vayu Muktyuttonasana Standing Wind Relieving Intense Stretch Pose Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Sukhāsana
सुखासन
Auspicious (Easy) Pose Sukkasana.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Suptabaddha-koṇāsana
सुप्तभद्धकोणासन
Reclining Bound Angle Resting asana (Visranta Karaka Asana)
Suptakoṇāsana
सुप्तकोणासन
Angle Inversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Supta Pādaṅgustāsana I
सुप्तपादङ्गुस्तासन
Catching the big toe supine pose Ardha maerudhandaasana.jpg Supine Leg stretch
Suptavajrāsana
सुप्तवज्रासन
Thunderbolt
Suptavīrāsana
सुप्तवीरासन
Reclining Hero Supta-Virasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Resting asana (Visrana Karaka Asana)
Svarga Dvijasana Bird of Paradise Pose Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Svastikāsana
स्वस्तिकासन
Cross Pose Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Tāḍāsana
ताडासन
Mountain Pose Tadasana - Yoga Art and Science.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Tarasana Star Pose Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Tiryang Mukhottanasana Reverse Facing Intense Stretch Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Ṭiṭṭibhāsana
टिट्टिभासन
Insect Pose Arm balance
Trikoṇāsana
त्रिकोणासन
Triangle Trikonasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Tulāsana
तुलासन
Balance posture Yoga-tulasana.JPG Arm Balance
Uḍḍīyānabandha
उड्डीयानबन्ध
The abdominal lock
Upavesāsana
उपवेसासन
Squatting Pose Malasana.jpg Squatting asana
Upaviṣṭakoṇāsana
उपविष्टकोणासन
Open Angle Forward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Ūrdhva Dhanurāsana
ऊर्ध्वधनुरासन
Upwards-facing bow Chakrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Ūrdhva Hāstāsana
ऊर्ध्व हास्तासन
Upward hands pose Jan 11 surya asanas 002 - Urdhva Vrikshasana Straight.JPG Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Ūrdhva Mukha Śvānāsana
ऊर्ध्वमुखश्वानासन
Upward-Facing Dog Upward-facing dog pose.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Urdhva Padmasana in Niralamba Sarvangasana Upward Lotus Pose in Unsupported Shoulderstand Pose Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Uṣṭrāsana
उष्ट्रासन
Camel Ustrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Utkaṭāsana
उत्कटासन
Awkward Pose/Powerful pose Utkatasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Uttanakūrmāsana
उत्तानकूर्मासन
Inverted Tortoise Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Uttanapadasana Intense Leg Stretch Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Uttānāsana
उत्तानासन
Standing Forward Bend Uttanasana.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Utthitaha-stapādāṅguṣṭhāsana
उत्थितहस्तपादाङ्गुष्ठासन
Standing Big Toe Hold Utthita-Hasta-Padangusthasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Utthita-pārśvakoṇāsana
उत्थितपार्श्वकोणासन
Extended Side Angle Utthita-Parshvakonasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vajrāsana
वज्रासन
Thunderbolt Vajrasana.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Vasiṣṭhāsana
वसिष्ठासन
Vasista's pose/Vasista is the name of a sage Yoga PLank.jpg Arm Balance (Side Plank Pose)
Vātāyanāsana
वातायनासन
Horse Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Viparītakaraṇi
विपरीतकरणि
Legs-up-the-Wall Viparita-Karani Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Inverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Viparita Prapada Dhanurasana Inverted Tiptoe Bow Pose Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana I
वीरभद्रासन
Warrior I Virabhadrasana I - Warrior Pose I.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana II
वीरभद्रासन II
Warrior II Warrior II.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana
वीरभद्रासन III
Warrior III Tuladandasana.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vīrāsana
वीरासन
Hero Virasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Vṛkṣāsana
वृक्षासन
Tree Vriksasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg Standing asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vṛścikāsana
वृश्चिकासन
scorpion Backbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Yogadandasana Yogic Staff Pose Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Yoga Mudrasana Yogic Seal Pose Sitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Yoganidrasana Yogic Sleep Pose Supine (Reclining)

intellectual property and asana practice[edit]

The commercialisation of yogasana training has resulted in attempts at patenting various asana sequences. In response the Government of India documented asanas as a traditional knowledge of India, so that they are available as public knowledge.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Five Mental and Psychological Benefits of Yoga". Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Yoga for anxiety and depression". Harvard University. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "38 Health Benefits of Yoga". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Yoga Health Benefits: Flexibility, Strength, Posture, and More". WEBMD. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Yoga and Spirituality". Art of Living. Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Spiritual Benefits of Yoga". Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "101 Benefits of Yoga". Retrieved 22 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Master Murugan, Chillayah (20 October 2012). "Yoga Asanas for Health and Fitness". Silambam. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  9. ^ Iyengar 2000.
  10. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/over-1500-yoga-asanas-shortlisted-to-thwart-patenting-by-foreign-parties/99/print/. Retrieved 22 April 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Other sources[edit]

  • Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Swami Svatmarama
  • The Complete Illustrated Book of Yoga by Swami Vishnu-devananda
  • Devereux, G. (1998) Dynamic yoga: The ultimate workout that chills your mind as it charges your body (Thorsons, London)
  • Farhi, D. (2000) Yoga mind, body and spirit: A return to wholeness (New leaf: New Zealand)
  • Hewitt, J. (1977) The Complete Yoga Book (Rider, London)
  • Iyengar, B. K. S. (2000), Light on Yoga, Thorsons 
  • Iyengar, B.K.S (2001) Yoga: The path to holistic health (Dorling Kindersley, London)
  • Mira, S. and Methta, S. (1990) Yoga: The Iyengar Way (Dorling Kindersley, London)
  • Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centre (1996) Yoga, Mind and Body (DK, London)
  • Sturgess, S. (1997) The Yoga Book (Element)
  • Swami Muktibodhananda (1993) Hatha Yoga Pradipika (Yoga Publications Trust, Munger, Bihar, India)
  • Swami Satyananda Saraswati (1996) Asana, Pranayama, Mudra, Bandha (Yoga Publications Trust, India)
  • Swenson, D. (1999) Ashtanga yoga: The Practice Manual (Ashtanga yoga production, Houston)
  • [8] Broad, William J. (7 February 2012). The Science of Yoga The Risks and the Rewards (hardcover) (1st ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 336. ISBN 978-1-4516-4142-4.