Lists of cultivars

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Cabernet Sauvignon grapes in Gaillac, France

The lists of cultivars in the table below are indexes of plant cultivars, varieties, and strains. A cultivar is a plant that is selected for desirable characteristics that can be maintained by propagation.

The plants listed may be ornamental, medicinal, and/or edible. Several of them bear edible fruit. Plants are selectively bred for phenotypic traits (such as flower colour) and other hereditary traits. When developing a new variety, a plant breeder might value such characteristics as appearance, disease resistance, and hardiness. In the cultivation of edible fruit and vegetables, nutritional value, shelf life, and crop yield are also among the potential considerations.

Some of the lists use the word variety instead of cultivar. In most of these lists, variety refers to a cultivar that is recognised by the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV). A cultivar must meet certain criteria in order to be recognised by UPOV as a named variety.

In a few lists, variety means something else: a taxonomic rank below that of species (a kind of subspecies). If the species' binomial name is followed by the word var. and another name, that is a botanical variety, not a cultivar.


Common name Taxon Woody / Herbaceous List of cultivars
Apple Malus domestica Woody Apple cultivars
Banana / Plaintain Musa Herbaceous Banana cultivars
Cannabis Cannabis Herbaceous Cannabis strains
Cherimoya Annona cherimola Woody Cherimoya cultivars
Citrus Citrus Woody Citrus hybrids and cultivars
Coffee Coffea Woody Coffee varieties
Corn, sweet Zea mays convar. saccharata var. rugosa Herbaceous Sweetcorn varieties
Basil Ocimum Herbaceous Basil cultivars
Bottlebrush Callistemon Woody Callistemon cultivars
Canna lily Canna Herbaceous Canna cultivars
Chili pepper Capsicum Herbaceous Capsicum cultivars
Cucumber Cucumis sativus Herbaceous Cucumber varieties
Elm Ulmus Woody
Gazania Gazania Herbaceous Gazania cultivars
Grape Vitis Woody Grape varieties
Grevillea Grevillea Woody Grevillea cultivars
Hops Humulus lupulus Herbaceous Hop varieties
Maize Zea mays subsp. mays Herbaceous Italian traditional maize varieties
Mango Mangifera Woody Mango cultivars
Nemesia Nemesia Herbaceous Nemesia cultivars
Olive Olea europaea Woody Olive cultivars
Onion Allium cepa Herbaceous Onion cultivars
Pear Pyrus Woody Pear cultivars
Pitcher plant, tropical Nepenthes Herbaceous Nepenthes cultivars
Pumpkin Cucurbita pepo Herbaceous Pumpkin varieties grown in the United States
Rice, Asian Oryza sativa Herbaceous Rice varieties
Rose Rosa Woody
Strawberry Fragaria ananassa Herbaceous Strawberry cultivars
Sweet potato Ipomoea batatas Herbaceous Sweet potato cultivars
Tomato Solanum lycopersicum Herbaceous Tomato cultivars
Venus flytrap Dionaea muscipula Herbaceous Venus flytrap cultivars

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