Lists of state leaders by age

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Fuad II of Egypt 1952.jpg Dr HK Banda, first president of Malawi.jpg
Since 1900, the youngest serving state leader has been 192-day-old Fuad II, King of Egypt (left), while the oldest has been 96-year-old Hastings Banda, President of Malawi (right).

This article contains various lists of state leaders organized by age, defined as heads of state and/or heads of government.

10 oldest currently serving state leaders[edit]

Mahathir Mohamad, the current oldest serving state leader

People currently serving as head of state and/or head of government, or a representative of a head of state.

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Mahathir Mohamad (1925-07-10)10 July 1925 93 years, 287 days Prime Minister of Malaysia 2018[1]
2 Elizabeth II (1926-04-21)21 April 1926 93 years, 2 days Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other countries 1952
3 Beji Caid Essebsi (1926-11-29)29 November 1926 92 years, 145 days President of Tunisia 2014[2]
4 Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (1929-06-16)16 June 1929 89 years, 311 days Emir of Kuwait 2006
5 Dame Marguerite Pindling (1932-06-26)26 June 1932 86 years, 301 days Governor-General of the Bahamas 2014
6 Sir Colville Young (1932-11-20)20 November 1932 86 years, 154 days Governor-General of Belize 1993
7 Paul Biya (1933-02-13)13 February 1933 86 years, 69 days President of Cameroon 1982[3]
8 Akihito (1933-12-23)23 December 1933 85 years, 121 days Emperor of Japan 1989
9 Michel Aoun (1935-02-18)18 February 1935 84 years, 64 days President of Lebanon 2016[4]
10 Mahmoud Abbas (1935-11-15)15 November 1935 83 years, 159 days President of the Palestinian National Authority,
President of the State of Palestine
2005

10 oldest ever serving state leaders[edit]

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1–3 Giovanni Paolo Lascaris Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller 1657 (death) 97 years, 47 days
Abdul Momin Sultan of Brunei 1885 (death) ≥97 years[5]
Enrico Dandolo Doge of Venice 1205 (death) ≥97 years[6]
4 Hastings Banda President of Malawi 1994 (presidency for life revoked, lost reelection) 96 years, 98 days
5 Prem Tinsulanonda Regent of Thailand 2016 (term ended) 96 years, 97 days
6 George Tupou I King of Tonga 1893 (death) 95 years, 76 days
7 Nicolò da Ponte Doge of Venice 1585 (death) 94 years, 196 days
8 Malietoa Tanumafili II O le Ao o le Malo of Samoa 2007 (death) 94 years, 127 days
9 Mahathir Mohamad Prime Minister of Malaysia Incumbent 93 years, 287 days
10 Robert Mugabe President of Zimbabwe 2017 (resignation) 93 years, 273 days

Longest lived state leaders[edit]

The following lists are the top ten all-time state leaders and the top ten living.

Top ten since 1800[edit]

Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum, the longest-lived state leader
Rank Name Position Birth Death Age
1 Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum Prime Minister of Cambodia (1962) 1905 2009 103 years, 143 days
2 Celâl Bayar Prime Minister of Turkey (1937–1939)
President of Turkey (1950–1960)
1883 1986 103 years, 98 days
3 Antoine Pinay Prime Minister of France (1952–1953) 1891 1994 102 years, 348 days
4 Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni Prime Minister of Japan (1945) 1887 1990 102 years, 48 days
5 Ek Yi Oun Prime Minister of Cambodia (1958) 1910 2013 102 years, 1 day to 103 years, 364 days[7]
6 Babiker Awadalla Prime Minister of Sudan (1969) 1917 2019 101 years, 321 days
7 Willem Drees Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) 1886 1988 101 years, 314 days
8 Đỗ Mười Prime Minister of Vietnam (1988–1991)
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1991–1997)
1917 2018 101 years, 241 days
9 Zhang Qun Premier of the Republic of China (1947–1948) 1889 1990 101 years, 219 days
10 Piet de Jong Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1967–1971) 1915 2016 101 years, 115 days

Top ten living[edit]

Yasuhiro Nakasone, the oldest living state leader
Rank Name Position Birth Age
1 Yasuhiro Nakasone Prime Minister of Japan (1982–1987) (1918-05-27)27 May 1918 100 years, 331 days
2 Hyun Soong-jong Prime Minister of South Korea (1992–1993) (1919-01-26)26 January 1919 100 years, 87 days
3 Hau Pei-tsun Premier of the Republic of China (1990–1993) (1919-07-13)13 July 1919 99 years, 284 days
4 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Prime Minister of Peru (2000–2001) (1920-01-19)19 January 1920 99 years, 94 days
5 Prem Tinsulanonda Prime Minister of Thailand (1980–1988)
Regent of Thailand (2016)
(1920-08-26)26 August 1920 98 years, 240 days
6 Tun Tin Prime Minister of Burma (1988) (1920-10-02)2 October 1920 98 years, 203 days
7 Mustafa Ben Halim Prime Minister of Libya (1954–1957) (1921-01-29)29 January 1921 98 years, 84 days
8 Francisco Morales Bermúdez Prime Minister of Peru (1975)
President of Peru (1975–1980)
(1921-10-04)4 October 1921 97 years, 201 days
9 Luis Echeverría President of Mexico (1970–1976) (1922-01-17)17 January 1922 97 years, 96 days
10 Lee Teng-hui President of the Republic of China (1988–2000) (1923-01-15)15 January 1923 96 years, 98 days

10 youngest serving state leaders[edit]

Sebastian Kurz, currently the youngest serving state leader
Rank Name Position Birth Age
1 Sebastian Kurz Chancellor of Austria (since 2017) 27 August 1986 32 years, 239 days
2 Michele Muratori Captain Regent of San Marino (since 2019) 13 December 1983 35 years, 131 days
3 Kim Jong-un Supreme Leader of North Korea (since 2011) 8 January 1983 36 years, 105 days
4 Mamuka Bakhtadze Prime Minister of Georgia (since 2018) 9 June 1982 36 years, 318 days
5 Jacinda Ardern Prime Minister of New Zealand (since 2017) 26 July 1980 38 years, 271 days
6 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Emir of Qatar (since 2013) 3 June 1980 38 years, 324 days
7 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck King of Bhutan (since 2006) 21 February 1980 39 years, 61 days
8 Carlos Alvarado Quesada President of Costa Rica (since 2018) 14 January 1980 39 years, 99 days
9 Leo Varadkar Taoiseach of Ireland (since 2017) 18 January 1979 40 years, 95 days
10 Jüri Ratas Prime Minister of Estonia (since 2016) 2 July 1978 40 years, 295 days

10 youngest state leaders (since 1945)[edit]

Leaders still serving are highlighted in italicized bold.

Rank Name Position Age (when they took office)
1 Fuad II King of Egypt 192 days
2 Gyanendra King of Nepal 3 years, 123 days
3 Faisal II King of Iraq 3 years, 337 days
4 Hussein King of Jordan 16 years, 271 days
5 Jigme Singye Wangchuck King of Bhutan 16 years, 256 days
6 Mswati III[8] King of Eswatini 18 years, 6 days
7 Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand 18 years, 186 days
8 Ntare V King of Burundi 18 years, 218 days
9 Jean-Claude Duvalier President of Haiti 19 years, 293 days
10 Baudouin King of Belgium 20 years, 313 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Previously served as Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1981–2003.
  2. ^ Previously served as Prime Minister of Tunisia in 2011.
  3. ^ Previously served as Prime Minister of Cameroon from 1975–1982.
  4. ^ Previously served as President of the Council of Ministers of Lebanon from 1988–1990.
  5. ^ Born "before 21 May 1788", exact date unknown; died on May 30, 1885
  6. ^ Born in 1107, date unknown; died on June 1, 1205.
  7. ^ The dates of birth and death for Ek are unknown.
  8. ^ Began personal reign after a 3-year regency