Lists of state leaders by age

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Fuad II of Egypt 1952.jpg Dr HK Banda, first president of Malawi.jpg
Since 1900, the youngest serving state leader has been 192-day-old Fuad II, King of Egypt (left), while the oldest has been 96-year-old Hastings Banda, President of Malawi (right).

This article contains various lists of state leaders organized by age, defined as heads of state and/or heads of government.

10 oldest serving state leaders[edit]

Elizabeth II, currently the oldest serving state leader

People currently serving as head of state and/or head of government, a party leader of a one-party state, or a representative of a head of state.

Rank Name Born Age Position Assumed office
1 Elizabeth II (1926-04-21)21 April 1926 94 years, 191 days Queen of the United Kingdom[1] 1952
2 Raúl Castro (1931-06-03)3 June 1931 89 years, 148 days First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba 2011[2]
3 Colville Young (1932-11-20)20 November 1932 87 years, 344 days Governor-General of Belize 1993
4 Paul Biya (1933-02-13)13 February 1933 87 years, 259 days President of Cameroon 1982[3]
5 Michel Aoun (1935-02-18)18 February 1935 85 years, 254 days President of Lebanon 2016[4]
6 Mahmoud Abbas (1935-11-15)15 November 1935 84 years, 349 days President of the Palestinian National Authority,
President of the State of Palestine
2005
7 Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa (1935-11-24)24 November 1935 84 years, 340 days Prime Minister of Bahrain 1971
8 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1935-12-31)31 December 1935 84 years, 303 days King of Saudi Arabia,
Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia[5]
2015
9 Francis (1936-12-17)17 December 1936 83 years, 317 days Pope of the Holy See,
Sovereign of the Vatican City State
2013
10 Harald V (1937-02-21)21 February 1937 83 years, 251 days King of Norway 1991

[6]

10 oldest ever serving state leaders[edit]

Rank Name Position Last year in office
(reason term ended)
Age at end
1–2 Giovanni Paolo Lascaris Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller 1657 (death) 97 years, 47 days
Enrico Dandolo Doge of Venice 1205 (death) c. 97–98 years[7]
3 Abdul Momin Sultan of Brunei 1885 (death) 96 years, 148 days or 97 years, 8 days[8]
4 Hastings Banda President of Malawi 1994 (presidency for life revoked, lost reelection) 96 years, 98 days
5 Prem Tinsulanonda Regent of Thailand 2016 (term ended) 96 years, 97 days
6 George Tupou I King of Tonga 1893 (death) 95 years, 76 days
7 Mahathir Mohamad Prime Minister of Malaysia 2020 (resigned) 94 years, 235 days
8 Nicolò da Ponte Doge of Venice 1585 (death) 94 years, 196 days
9 Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom[1] Incumbent 94 years, 191 days
10 Malietoa Tanumafili II O le Ao o le Malo of Samoa 2007 (death) 94 years, 127 days

Longest-lived state leaders[edit]

The following lists are the top ten all-time state leaders and the top ten living.

Top ten since 1800[edit]

Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum, the longest-lived state leader
Rank Name Position Birth Death Age
1 Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum Prime Minister of Cambodia (1962) 1905 2009 103 years, 143 days
2 Celâl Bayar Prime Minister of Turkey (1937–1939) 1883 1986 103 years, 98 days
President of Turkey (1950–1960)
3 Antoine Pinay Prime Minister of France (1952–1953) 1891 1994 102 years, 348 days
4 André Prunet-Foch French Viguier in Andorra (1977–1980) 1914 2017 102 years, 211 days
5 Naruhiko Higashikuni Prime Minister of Japan (1945) 1887 1990 102 years, 48 days
1–6 Ek Yi Oun Prime Minister of Cambodia (1958) 1910 2013 102 years, 1 day to 103 years, 364 days[9]
7 Babiker Awadalla Prime Minister of Sudan (1969) 1917 2019 101 years, 321 days
8 Willem Drees Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1948–1958) 1886 1988 101 years, 314 days
9 Đỗ Mười Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Vietnam (1988–1991) 1917 2018 101 years, 241 days
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (1991–1997)
10 Zhang Qun Premier of the Republic of China (1947–1948) 1889 1990 101 years, 219 days

Top ten living[edit]

Mustafa Ben Halim, the oldest-living state leader
Rank Name Position Birth Age
1 Mustafa Ben Halim Prime Minister of Libya (1954–1957) (1921-01-29)29 January 1921 99 years, 274 days
2 Francisco Morales Bermúdez Prime Minister of Peru (1975) (1921-10-04)4 October 1921 99 years, 25 days
President of Peru (1975–1980)
3 Luis Echeverría President of Mexico (1970–1976) (1922-01-17)17 January 1922 98 years, 286 days
4 Khamtai Siphandon Prime Minister of Laos (1991–1998) (1924-02-08)8 February 1924 96 years, 264 days
Chairman of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (1992–2006)
President of Laos (1998–2006)
5 Tomiichi Murayama Prime Minister of Japan (1994–1996) (1924-03-03)3 March 1924 96 years, 240 days
6 Kenneth Kaunda President of Zambia (1964–1991) (1924-04-28)28 April 1924 96 years, 184 days
President of the United National Independence Party (1973–1990)
7 Jimmy Carter President of the United States (1977–1981) (1924-10-01)1 October 1924 96 years, 28 days
8 Lubomír Štrougal Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia (1970–1988) (1924-10-19)19 October 1924 96 years, 10 days
9 Guillermo Rodríguez President of Ecuador (1972–1976) (1924-11-04)4 November 1924 95 years, 360 days
10 Ali Hassan Mwinyi President of Tanzania (1985–1995) (1925-05-08)8 May 1925 95 years, 174 days
National Chairman of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (1990–1992)

[6]

10 youngest serving state leaders[edit]

Alessandro Cardelli, the youngest serving state leader
Rank Name Position Birth Age
1 Alessandro Cardelli Captain Regent of San Marino (since 2020) 7 May 1991 29 years, 175 days
2 Sebastian Kurz Chancellor of Austria (since 2020)[10] 27 August 1986 34 years, 63 days
3 Sanna Marin Prime Minister of Finland (since 2019) 16 November 1985 34 years, 348 days
4 Kim Jong-un Supreme Leader of North Korea[11] (since 2011) 8 January 1983 37 years, 295 days
5 Nayib Bukele President of El Salvador (since 2019) 24 July 1981 39 years, 97 days
6 Jacinda Ardern Prime Minister of New Zealand (since 2017) 26 July 1980 40 years, 95 days
7 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Emir of Qatar (since 2013) 3 June 1980 40 years, 148 days
8 Irfaan Ali President of Guyana (since 2020) 25 April 1980 40 years, 187 days
9 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck King of Bhutan (since 2006) 21 February 1980 40 years, 251 days
10 Carlos Alvarado Quesada President of Costa Rica (since 2018) 14 January 1980 40 years, 289 days

[6]

10 youngest state leaders (since 1945)[edit]

Jean-Claude Duvalier (seated), the youngest non-royal state leader since 1945

Leaders still serving are highlighted in italicized bold.

Rank Name Position Age (when they took office)
1 Fuad II King of Egypt 192 days
2 Gyanendra King of Nepal 3 years, 123 days
3 Faisal II King of Iraq 3 years, 337 days
4 Hussein King of Jordan 16 years, 271 days
5 Jigme Singye Wangchuck King of Bhutan 16 years, 256 days
6 Mswati III [12] King of Eswatini [13] 18 years, 6 days
7 Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand 18 years, 186 days
8 Ntare V King of Burundi 18 years, 218 days
9 Jean-Claude Duvalier President of Haiti 19 years, 293 days
10 Baudouin King of Belgium 20 years, 313 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b In 1952, Princess Elizabeth acceded as the monarch of seven Commonwealth realms. She currently reigns as Queen of 16 sovereign states including the United Kingdom. From 1957–1983, most of her British colonies attained independence, and some joined the other realms in different years; most states ceased to be a realm upon becoming republics.
  2. ^ Previously served as Acting President and Acting Prime Minister of Cuba from 2006–2008, then as President and Prime Minister of Cuba from 2008–2018; and as Acting First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 2006–2011. Under the one-Party system, the position of First Secretary is a more important and powerful office than the Presidency of Cuba.
  3. ^ Previously served as Prime Minister of Cameroon from 1975–1982.
  4. ^ Previously served as President of the Council of Ministers of Lebanon from 1988–1990.
  5. ^ Since the reign of Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (1964–1975), the office of prime minister has been held by the king simultaneously.
  6. ^ a b c Updated daily according to UTC.
  7. ^ None of the earlier chronicles and contemporary witnesses give his exact age, only mentioning that he was very old. The commonly given birth year of c. 1107 is based on the account of Marino Sanuto the Younger (1466–1536) three centuries later, who stated that Dandolo was eighty-five when he assumed the throne in 1192. (See Madden. Enrico Dandolo and the Rise of Venice. p. 92.) Dandalo died on June 1, 1205, so he was 97 or 98 at death if indeed born in 1107.
  8. ^ Born "before 21 May 1788", exact date unknown; died on May 30, 1885, his age should be between 96 years, 148 days or 97 years, 8 days.
  9. ^ The dates of birth and death for Ek are unknown.
  10. ^ Previously served as Chancellor of Austria from 2017–2019.
  11. ^ The term Supreme Leader is used as a description, for the sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of a single office. The actual offices held by Kim Jong-un are: Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK, and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the DPRK.
  12. ^ Began personal reign after a 3-year regency
  13. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until April 19, 2018.