Literary works of Satyajit Ray

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Ray during recording of his film Pather Panchali

Satyajit Ray (1921–1992), a Bengali film director from India, is well known for his contributions to Bengali literature. He created two of the most famous characters in Feluda the sleuth, and Professor Shanku the scientist. He wrote several short novels and stories in addition to those based on these two characters. His fiction was targeted mainly at younger readers, though it became popular among children and adults alike.

Most of his novels and stories in Bengali have been published by Ananda Publishers, Kolkata; and most of his screenplays have been published in Bengali in the literary journal Ekshan, edited by his close friend Nirmalya Acharya. During the mid-1990s, Ray's film essays and an anthology of short stories were also published in the West. Many of the stories have been translated into English and published.

Feluda stories[edit]

Feluda, whose real name is Pradosh Chandra Mitra, is a fictional Kolkata-based private detective. He is usually accompanied by 2 sidekicks: Topshe (his cousin–Tapesh Ranjan Mitra) and Lalmohan Ganguly, usually described as Lalmohan Babu (who himself writes with the pseudonym of Jatayu), a bumbling writer of crime fiction. Satyajit Ray wrote thirty-five Feluda stories, most of which were extremely popular, and made into films two of the Feluda stories–Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress) (1974) and Joi Baba Felunath (The Elephant God) (1978).

dagger Indicates a television film/series double-dagger Indicates Indicates a film
List of Feluda stories/novels written by Satyajit Ray[1][2][3][4]
Year Original title English title Form Published in Film/Television adaptation
Short story Novel Year Name
1965–66 Feludar Goendagiri Danger in Darjeeling Yes Sandesh
1966–67 Badshahi Angti The Emperor's Ring Yes Sandesh 2014 Badshahi Angtidouble-dagger
1967 Kailash Choudhary'r Pathar Kailash Choudhury's Jewel Yes Sandesh
1970 Sheyal Debota Rahasya The Anubis Mystery Yes Sandesh 1996 Sheyal Debota Rahasyadagger
Gangtokey Gondogol Trouble in Gangtok Yes Desh
1971 Sonar Kella The Golden Fortress Yes Desh 1974 Sonar Kelladouble-dagger
1972 Baksho Rahashya Incident on the Kalka Mail Yes Desh 1996 Baksho Rahashyadagger[a]
Yes 2001 Baksho Rahashyadouble-dagger
1973 Kailashey Kelenkari A Killer in Kailash Yes Desh 2007 Kailashey Kelenkaridouble-dagger
Samaddarer Chabi The Key Yes Sandesh 2016 Double Feludadouble-dagger
1974 Royal Bengal Rahashya The Royal Bengal Mystery Yes Desh 2011 Royal Bengal Rahashyadouble-dagger
1975 Ghurghutiyar Ghatona The Locked Chest Yes Sandesh
Joi Baba Felunath The Mystery of the Elephant God Yes Desh 1979 Joi Baba Felunathdouble-dagger
1976 Bombaiyer Bombete The Bandits of Bombay Yes Desh 2003 Bombaiyer Bombetedouble-dagger
Gosainpur Sargaram The Mystery of Walking Dead Yes Sandesh 1999 Gosainpur Sargaramdagger
1977 Gorosthaney Sabdhan The Secret of the Cemetery Yes Desh 2010 Gorosthaney Sabdhandouble-dagger
1978 Chhinnamastar Abhishap The Curse of the Goddess Yes Desh
1979 Hatyapuri The House of Death Yes Sandesh
1980 Golokdham Rahasya The Mysterious Tenant Yes Sandesh 2016 Double Feludadouble-dagger
Joto Kando Kathmandutey The Criminals of Kathmandu Yes Desh 1996 Joto Kando Kathmanduteydagger
1981 Napoleoner Chithi Napoleon's Letter Yes Sandesh
1982 Tintorettor Jishu Tintoretto's Jesus Yes Desh 2008 Tintorettor Jishudouble-dagger
1983 Ambar Sen Antardhan Rahasya The Disappearance of Ambar Sen Yes Anandamela 2013 Ambar Sen Antardhan Rahasyadagger
Jahangirer Swarnamudra The Gold Coins of Jahangir Yes Sandesh
1984 Ebar Kando Kedarnathey Crime in Kedarnath Yes Desh
1985 Bosepukurey Khunkharapi The Acharya Murder Case Yes Sandesh 1996 Bosepukurey Khunkharapidagger
1986 Darjeeling Jomjomat Murder in the Mountains Yes Sandesh
1987 Apsara Theatrer Mamla The Case of the Apsara Theatre Yes Sandesh
Bhuswargya Bhayankar Peril in Paradise Yes Desh
1988 Shakuntalar Kontthohar Shakuntala's Necklace Yes Desh
1989 Londoney Feluda Feluda in London Yes Desh
Golapi Mukta Rahasya The Mystery of the Pink Pearl Yes Sandesh
1990 Dr. Munshir Diary Dr. Munshi's Diary Yes Sandesh 2000 Dr. Munshir Diarydagger
Nayan Rahasya The Mystery of Nayan Yes Desh
1992 Robertsoner Ruby Robertson's Ruby Yes Desh
1995–96 Indrajal Rahasya The Magical Mystery Yes Sandesh

Professor Shanku stories[edit]

Professor Shanku (Professor Shonku), or Trilokeshwar Shanku, is a fictional scientist appearing in a series of science-fiction books. He lives in Giridih beside the river Usri. He has a male servant named Prahllad and a cat named Newton living in the house. He was a child prodigy, and achieved several academic distinctions. He has his own laboratory in his house where he does research for many new and fantastic inventions. He is world-renowned for the armory of these diverse inventions. The adventures of Professor Shanku are set in several countries throughout the world.

Tarini khuro stories[edit]

Tarini khuro (Tarini Uncle)is an aged bachelor (khuro is an old Bengali term meaning uncle) who can tell interesting stories based on his weird experiences. Many of these stories border on being horror stories or spooky stories, while some of the stories depict the smartness and quick wit of Tarini khuro.

Bankubabur Bandhu[edit]

Bankubabur Bandhu (Banku Babu's Friend or Mr. Banku's Friend) was a Bengali science fiction story Ray had written in 1962 for Sandesh, the Ray family magazine, which gained popularity among Bengalis in the early 1960s. What differentiated Bankubabur Bandhu from previous science fiction was the portrayal of an alien from outer space as a kind and playful being, invested with magical powers and capable of interacting with children, in contrast to earlier science fiction works which portrayed aliens as dangerous creatures.

Several science fiction films were inspired by the story, including Ray's own script for The Alien (which was eventually cancelled in the late 1960s), Steven Spielberg's Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) and E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982),[7] and Rakesh Roshan's Koi... Mil Gaya (2003), which itself inspired the Indonesian television series Si Yoyo. The story of Bankubabur Bandhu itself was eventually adapted into a television film by Satyajit's son Sandip Ray alongside Kaushik Sen in 2006.[8]

Other short stories[edit]

Satyajit Ray penned many short stories not based on any famous characters. These stories, which used to be published as collections of twelve stories, were mostly urbane, and were very unassuming until the very last line or last paragraph where suddenly a new revelation left the reader amazed. Many of these stories dealt with the way trivial incidents change the course of one's life, while some other stories were chilling horror stories. The language of the stories was very straightforward and lucid.

Ray also translated some short stories (mostly adventure stories) from English and a collection of stories named Braziler Kalo Bagh was published. He also translated Ray Bradbury's 'Third Expedition' from Martian Chronicles as 'Mongol-i Shorgo'(Mars is Heaven).

Other books[edit]

12 Series[edit]

  • Ek Dozon Gappo
  • Aaro Ek Dozon
  • Aaro Baro
  • Ebaro Baro
  • Bah! Baro
  • Eker Pithe Dui
  • Jabor Baro

Short stories[edit]

  • ankliya
  • Teridactile-er Dim
  • Bonkubabu'r Bondhu
  • Master Ansumaan
  • Anko Sir, Golapi Babu O Tipu
  • Shibu O Rakkhos-er Katha
  • Spot-Light
  • Rontur Dadu
  • Sujon Harbola
  • Taposher Jonaki
  • Raton O Lokkhi
  • Pikoo'r Diary
  • Mayurkonthi Jelly
  • Arjosekhor-er Janmo O Mrityu
  • Kaagtaruya
  • Bahuroopi
  • Sahodeb Babu'r Portrait
  • Brown Saheb-er Baari
  • Sadaanand-er Khude Jagot
  • Professor Hiji-bij-bij
  • Baatik Babu
  • Bhakto
  • Bishful
  • Load Shedding
  • Mr. Shasmol-er Shesh Raatri
  • Pintu'r Dadu
  • 1st Class Kamra
  • Dhappa
  • Maanpatro
  • Apodartho
  • Sadhon Babur Sandeho
  • Lakhpoti
  • Needhiram-er Ichchha Puron
  • Kanayi-er Kathaa
  • Gangaram-er kapaal
  • Nitai O Mahapurush
  • Hauee
  • Protikriti
  • Norish Shaheb-er Bunglow
  • Kutum Katam
  • Ganesh Mutshuddi'r Portrait
  • Notun Bondhu
  • Shishu Saahityik
  • Mohim Sanyal-er Ghatona
  • Nitai Babu'r Moina
  • Sahojaatri
  • Duyi Bondhu
  • Shilpi
  • Akshaye Babu'r Shiksha
  • Proshonna Sir
  • Abiraam
  • Sobuj Manush
  • Khagam


  • Golpo 101 (One Hundred and One Stories)
  • Sera Satyajit (Best of Satyajit)
  • Aro Satyajit (More stories by Satyajit)
  • Feluda Samagra 1 & 2
  • Shanku Samagra
  • Prabandha Sangraha


Satyajit Ray translated and wrote some limericks that were published in a collection–Toray Bandha Ghorar Dim (A bunch of Horse-Eggs!). He was also the translator of Lewis Carrol's Jabberwocky. In translation the poem is renamed 'Joborkhaki'.

Mullah Nasiruddin[edit]

A collection of very short stories based on Mullah Nasiruddin (a fictional character from the Middle East known for his witty and comic character) was collected by Satyajit Ray and published as Mullah Nasiruddiner Galpo (Stories of Mullah Nasiruddin).

Fatik Chand[edit]

Fatik Chand is a dramatic mystery about the adventures of a kidnapped Calcutta schoolboy, written in Bengali.[9][10] The book was made into a film in 1983 entitled Phatik Chand.[11]


Sujan Harbola (Sujan the Mimic) is a collection of fables. Ekei Bole Shooting is a collection of Satyajit Ray's experiences and reflections during the making of his films. Jakhon Choto Chilam is a memoir dealing with his childhood days. Our Films, Their Films is an anthology of film criticism. Bishoy Chalachitro is another book by Ray on films.

By Satyajit Ray[edit]

  • Ray, Satyajit (1 January 1998). Childhood Days: A Memoir. Penguin Books India. ISBN 978-0-14-025079-4.
  • Ray, Satyajit (1 January 2001). The Best Of Satyajit Ray. Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated. ISBN 978-0-14-302805-5.
  • Ray, Satyajit (2007). Satyajit Ray: Interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-57806-937-8.
  • Ray, Satyajit (2013). Satyajit Ray on Cinema. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-16494-8.


Individual films[edit]

Apu Trilogy

Explanatory notes[edit]

  1. ^ Baksho Rahashya was originally made as a telefilm but later was also released at Kolkata's Nandan complex.[5][6]


  1. ^ Ray 2015, pp. xiv-xv.
  2. ^ Robinson 1989, p. 387.
  3. ^ "Contributions by Ray". Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Being Feluda". The Telegraph. 11 December 2008. Archived from the original on 4 August 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  5. ^ "The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) - Metro - Feluda".
  6. ^ "Feluda reappears on silver screeen". The Economic Times. 19 January 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Close encounters with native E.T. finally real". The Times of India. 5 April 2003. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  8. ^ "BANKUBABUR BANDHU & SAMUDRER MOUNA at Rangashankara". Events Bangalore. 11 October 2006. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  9. ^ Fatik Chand et le jongleur de Calcutta. Bordas. 1981. ISBN 9782040180249.
  10. ^ "Fatik Chand". Google Books. Orient Paperbacks. 1983.
  11. ^ "Sandip Ray's debut film was Phatik Chand". The Times of India. 9 December 2014.


External links[edit]