Lithuanian Land Force

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Lithuanian Land Force
Lietuvos sausumos pajėgos
Insignia of the Lithuanian Land Force.jpg
Insignia of Land Forces Command
Active 1918 - 1940
1990 - present
Country  Lithuania
Branch Army
Type Land force
Role Defend territory of Lithuania and act as an integral part of NATO forces
Size 3500 regulars
4700 volunteers
Part of Lithuanian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Vilnius
Motto "Strength in the unity, victory in the trust!"
Equipment Lithuanian army equipment
Website Official site
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Almantas Leika
Chief of Staff Colonel Dalius Polekauskas
Chief Warrant Sergeant Major Osvaldas Žurauskas
Insignia
Flag of Lithuanian Land Force Flag of Lithuanian Army.svg
Flag of Land Forces Command Flag of Land Forces Command (Lithuania).jpg
Structure of the Lithuanian Land Forces

The Lithuanian Land Forces (LLF) form the backbone of the country's defence force, capable of acting as an integral part of NATO forces. Lithuanian Land Forces consist of one brigade, the Engineer Battalion, and the National Defence Volunteers.

Structure[edit]

The main element of the Land Forces is a single mechanised infantry brigade, the Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade. This is formed around three mechanized infantry battalions and an artillery battalion, all named after Lithuanian grand dukes as the tradition of the Lithuanian Armed Forces goes.

In addition to the formed infantry brigade, the Land Forces maintain three additional motorised infantry battalions; one of these is tasked to support operations both domestically and overseas; one is tasked primarily with the defence of territorial Lithuania, and the third is primarily a training unit

Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion is responsible for mine clearance, the construction of pontoon bridges, unexploded ordnance detonation tasks, underwater engineering, and participation in search and rescue operations. The Explosive Ordnance Disposal Platoon is ready to participate in international operations. Starting in 2008, the Lithuanian Armed Forces launched a 10-year-long project continuing mine cleaning on Lithuanian territory of explosives left after the First and Second World War, and in former Soviet military bases.

As an integral part of the Land Forces, the National Defence Volunteers have been developing since the beginning of the national movement for independence. The volunteers act smoothly together with the Allies during military operations and have been assigned new missions: to augment the regular forces, to deploy individual units and specific capabilities for international operations, to assist host nation support and to support the civilian authorities.

Units[edit]

Insignia of the Mechanised Infantry Brigade Iron Wolf (Lithuania).jpg Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade:

Grand Duke Algirdas batalion symbol.jpg Grand Duke Algirdas Mechanised Infantry Battalion
Grand Duke Kestutis batalion symbols.jpg Grand Duke Kęstutis Mechanised Infantry Battalion
Lithuanian Duke Vaidotas Mechanised Infantry Battalion symbol.gif Duke Vaidotas Mechanised Infantry Battalion
Insignia of the General Romualdas Giedraitis artillery Battalion (Lithuania).jpg General Romualdas Giedraitis artillery battalion

Insignia of the Lithuanian Grand Duchess Birutė uhlan Battalion.jpg Grand Duchess Birutė Uhlan Battalion

Insignia of the Lithuanian King Mindaugas hussar Battalion.jpg King Mindaugas Hussar Battalion

Insignia of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Butigeidis Dragoon Battalion.jpg Grand Duke Butigeidis Dragoon Battalion

Insignia of the Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion.png Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion

Insignia of the National Defence Volunteer Forces (Lithuania).jpg Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces

Equipment[edit]

Lithuanian soldiers

In reforming the Armed Forces, most of the available attention and financial resources have been directed to the development of the Land Forces. To bring them up to NATO standards, current efforts focus on upgrading equipment and armaments, enhancing their operational effectiveness, and combat training. The standard service assault rifle of the Lithuanian Armed Forces is the Heckler & Koch G36 and the standard pistol is the Glock 17. The Lithuanian Land Forces are also equipped with machine guns, including the GPMG MG-3, the FN MAG, and the 12.7mm (.50 cal.) M2 Browning machine gun. They also employ the AT-4 and Carl Gustav anti-tank grenade launchers, HK GMG high-velocity grenade launchers, and low-velocity AG-36 under-the-barrel grenade launchers, in addition to light and heavy mortars and M101 howitzers. The army also uses high-technology Lithuanian-made tactical automated commanding and controlling informational systems (TAVVIS).

Military vehicles[edit]

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Armoured fighting vehicles
Boxer (armoured fighting vehicle) GTK Boxer side.jpg  Germany Armoured fighting vehicle
Boxer
125
(as of 2017)
First 50 machines will arrive in 2017 (125 on order).
Armoured personnel carriers
M113 Lithuanian MILES draw during Combined Resolve II (14004494387).jpg  United States
 Germany
Armoured personnel carrier
M113A1
M113A2
210
(as of 2008)[1]
154 - M113A1 and 200 - M113A2 items transferred from Germany between 2000 and 2006, some of them - non-operational (used as source for spare parts only); 8 fitted for Logistic battalion (equipped with cranes), other modification - infantry, medical and command.[2][3]

There were 361 M113s in service as of 2006.[1]

MT-LB LT MT-LB.jpg  Soviet Union
 Poland
Amphibious armoured personnel carrier
MT-LB
10
(as of 2008)[1]
10 MT-LB vehicles were transferred from Poland in 2000.[4]
Armoured cars
HMMWV LT HMMWV M1114.jpg  United States Armoured car
M1025
M1097
M1114
M1151
200
Some equipped with HK GMG, 50.cal.
.
Land Rover Defender Lithuanian SOP 1.png  United Kingdom Armoured car
88
90
110
Some equipped with HK GMG, 50.cal, RBS 70.
Toyota Land Cruiser 2011 Toyota Land Cruiser (UZJ200R) Sahara wagon (2011-11-18) 01.jpg  Japan Armoured car
J200 (modified)
12
Bought for international missions, has protection from small arms and IED's.[5]
Support vehicles
Sisu E13TP Sisu E13TP 8x8 (2).jpg  Finland 8×8 High mobility tactical vehicle
SISU PLS
SISU RECOVERY
50
Bv 206 LT BV-206.jpg  Sweden Amphibious tracked vehicle
Bv 206A
Bv 206F
Chevrolet CUCV I Lithuanian M1008 CUCV.jpg  United States Pickup truck
M1008
Troop and cargo transport
Mercedes-Benz Unimog 437 Military Mercedes Benz in Jonava.jpg  Germany Truck
U5000
U1550
Star STAR 266.jpg  Poland Truck
Star 266
Some number were donated by Poland
GAZ GAZ 66.jpg  Soviet Union Truck
GAZ 66
Volvo Volvo C303 front q.jpg  Sweden SUV4x4
C303
Volvo 13bil.jpg  Sweden SUV6x6
C304
Volvo Tgb20.jpg  Sweden SUV6x6
C306

Artillery[edit]

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Self-propelled artillery
M1064 M1064 mortar carrier.jpg  United States Mortar carrier
PzMrs
42
(as of 2008)[1]
Mortar carriers with Tampella 120 mm mortars
Were transferred from Germany in 2005 and 2006.[6]
PzH 2000 Dutch Panzerhaubitz fires in Afghanistan.jpg  Germany Howitzer
155 mm caliber
16
Ordered 16. To be delivered between 2015 and 2019.
M101 M-101 haubica.jpg  United States Howitzer
105 mm caliber
54
(as of 2008)[1]
72 items were transferred from Denmark in 2002 (18 of them - for spares only).[7]
Heavy mortars
2B11 120 mm mortar 2B11.jpg  Soviet Union Mortar
120 mm caliber
20
(as of 2008)[1]
20 items were transferred from Bulgaria in 1999.
M1982 120 mm M1982 mortar.jpg  Romania Mortar
120 mm caliber
24
(as of 2008)[1]
M38/43 120-millimetre calibre mortar 002.jpg  Soviet Union Mortar
120 mm caliber
11
(as of 2008)[1]
M/41D LT M41D.jpg  Finland Mortar
120 mm caliber
12
(as of 2008)[1]
Light mortars
M19  United States Mortar
60 mm caliber
M60 60mm mortar M60.jpg  Bulgaria Mortar
60 mm caliber
LM-60 Mortar LM-60D.jpg  Poland Mortar
60 mm caliber
[8]
Grenade launchers
Heckler & Koch GMG HK GMW.jpg  Germany Automatic grenade launcher
40x53 mm caliber
Heckler & Koch AG36 GewehrAG36.jpg  Germany Grenade launcher
40x46 mm caliber
wz. 1974 Pallad Beryl wz96.jpg  Poland Grenade launcher
40x47 mm caliber
10
Use by SOJ Aitvaras[8][9]
Anti-tank warfare
Pvpj 1110 LT PV1110.jpg  Sweden Recoilless rifle
90 mm caliber
100
FGM-148 Javelin[10] Army-fgm148.jpg  United States Anti-tank missile
127 mm caliber
40
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg  Sweden Recoilless rifle
84 mm caliber
M2 and M3 variants.
AT4[11] AT4-johnson2004-02-03.jpg  Sweden One-shot anti-tank weapon
84 mm caliber

Air-defence weapons[edit]

Model Image Origin Variant Quantity Details
Air-defence artillery
Bofors 40mm gun QF 40mm Mk1 CFB Borden 1.jpg  Sweden Bofors 40mm L/70 18 In wartime reserves.
Air-defence missiles
RBS-70 RBS70.jpg  Sweden RBS 70 21 Including 5 training simulators, 5 Giraffe Mk-IV radars and about 210 Mk1 missiles.[12] Being modernised.
FIM-92 Stinger Lithuanian Stingers.jpg  United States FIM-92 Stinger 8 Acquired in 2007 "Dual Mount Stinger" modification with 54 missiles, 9 trainers, 6 test missiles, 2 MPQ-64 Sentinel radars, tactical control centres and Humvee trucks for transportation.[13][14]
PZR Grom PZR-Grom-02.jpg  Poland Grom Unspecified amount being bought [15]

Infantry weapons[edit]

Model Image Origin Variant Details
Pistols
Browning Hi-Power Browning HP West German Police.jpg  Belgium [16]
Glock pistol Criminologygunglock.jpg  Austria Glock 17 [17]
Heckler & Koch USP HKUSP.png  Germany USP [18]
M1911 M1911A1.png  United States M1911A1 [19]
MAG pistol MAG08 PICT0026.jpg  Poland MAG-95 Phased out of service.[8]
Shotguns and submachine guns
Benelli M4 Benelli m4 2.jpg  Italy Benelli M4 (Special Forces)
Heckler & Koch MP5 Heckler Koch MP5.jpg  Germany Heckler & Koch MP5SD3
Heckler & Koch UMP HKUMP45.JPG  Germany Heckler & Koch UMP45 (Special Forces)
PM-84 Glauberyt Submachine gun PM-84.jpg  Poland PM-84P Reconnaissance units.[20]
Assault rifles and Machine guns
Heckler & Koch G36 G36 Select-Fire Carbine.JPEG  Germany Heckler & Koch G36K standard service assault rifle[21]
Heckler & Koch G3 Gun safety.jpg  Germany
 Sweden
Ak 4 Phasing out of service.[22]
kbs wz. 1996 Beryl Rifle wz.1996 Beryl.jpg  Poland kbs wz. 1996A Beryl Some also equipped with Pallad grenade launcher and CWL-1 optic sight. Phased out of service. [8][20][23]
kbk wz. 1996 Mini-Beryl Mini-Beryl wz96 PICT0015.JPG  Poland kbk wz. 1996A Mini-Beryl Some also equipped with CWL-1 optic sight. Phased out of service.[8][20][23]
M14 rifle M14 rifle - USA - 7,62x51mm - Armémuseum.jpg  United States M14 [24]
M16 rifle M16A1 brimob.jpg  United States M16A1 .[25]
Rheinmetall MG 3 MG3.jpg  Germany [26]
FN MAG Ksp58.jpg  Belgium [27]
M2 Browning M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg  United States Typically mounted on unarmoured or lightly armoured vehicles.[28]
Sniper rifles
BARRETT M82A1 M82A1 afmil.jpg  United States
FR F2 sniper rifle FRF2 lunette Schrome.jpg  France [29]
GOL Sniper Magnum GOL Sniper Magnum.jpg  Germany [30]
Heckler & Koch PSG1 H&K PSG-1 Sniper Rifle.jpg  Germany MSG90A1 [31]
Sako TRG Sako TRG folding stock + Zeiss 3-12x56 SSG P.JPG  Finland Sako TRG-22 [32]

Reserves[edit]

Lithuanian Land Forces are formed from professional military servicemen and volunteers. In 2008 the minister of national defence of Lithuania signed a law that ceased conscription in an effort to develop Lithuania's professional army. National defence is based on reserve forces and mobilisation forces. The new minister plans to increase national defence capabilities by making all males from 18 to 24 take 7 week military basic training. After that the person will be added to the military reserves.

The military conscription has been renewed in 2015 with a first draft of approx. 3000 draftees including volunteers, who will be assigned to military units starting from August 2015 and will complete a 9 month basic training. The updated law specifies that a draft of 3000 soldiers annually will continue at least until 2020, citing as the reason for renewed conscription the increased geopolitical risks in the region.[33]

International missions[edit]

Lithuania has participated in international missions in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Bosnia. The main force is currently (2013) in Afghanistan. Right now there are more than 200 soldiers serving on foreign soil

Location Mission Size
Afghanistan
ISAF
268
Bosnia
EUFOR-ALTHEA
20
Iraq
MNF
Ended

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i UN Register of Conventional Arms
  2. ^ (Lithuanian) Vokietija perduos Lietuvai šarvuočių
  3. ^ (Lithuanian) Lietuvos kariuomenei bus perduoti vokiški šarvuočiai
  4. ^ MT-LB - Contracts, Orders & Sales
  5. ^ Kariuomenė įsigijo šarvuotų visureigių už 15 mln. litų (Lithuanian)
  6. ^ M1064 - Contracts, Orders & Sales.
  7. ^ M101 - Contracts, Orders & Sales
  8. ^ a b c d e [1]
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ Raketų paleidimo sistema „JAVELIN“
  11. ^ Prieštankinis granatsvaidis AT-4
  12. ^ Lithuanian airspace to be safeguarded by air defence armaments donated by Norway
  13. ^ Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania information publication(in Lithuanian)
  14. ^ Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania information publication(in Lithuanian)
  15. ^ http://www.lithuaniatribune.com/65575/lithuania-to-buy-manpads-grom-from-poland-201465575/
  16. ^ Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas BROWNING
  17. ^ Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas GLOCK 17
  18. ^ Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas USP
  19. ^ Lietuvos kariuomenė :: Ginkluotė ir karinė technika » Pistoletai » Pistoletas COLT M1911A1
  20. ^ a b c http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?59598-Lithuanian-defence-forces/page42
  21. ^ Automatinis šautuvas G-36
  22. ^ Automatinis šautuvas AK-4
  23. ^ a b http://www.altair.com.pl/news/view?news_id=389
  24. ^ Automatinis šautuvas M-14
  25. ^ Automatinis šautuvas M-16
  26. ^ Kulkosvaidis MG-3
  27. ^ Kulkosvaidis FN MAG
  28. ^ Sunkusis 12.7 mm (50) kulkosvaidis M-2 browning
  29. ^ Snaiperinis šautuvas FR F-2
  30. ^ Snaiperinis šautuvas "GOL SNIPER"
  31. ^ Snaiperinis šautuvas H&K MSG-90A1
  32. ^ Snaiperinis šautuvas "SAKO TRG 22"
  33. ^ http://en.delfi.lt/lithuania/defence/lithuanias-defence-ministry-releases-military-draft-list.d?id=67957586

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