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Lithuanian orthography employs a Latin alphabet of 301 letters, ten of which denote sounds native to the Lithuanian language. The rest of the letters are native to English, Greek, Latin, and other languages. Additionally, it uses five digraphs.
|Majuscule forms (also called uppercase or capital letters)|
|Minuscule forms (also called lowercase or small letters)|
|Name of Letters|
|a||a nosinė||bė||cė||čė||dė||e||e nosinė||ė||ef||gė||ha||i trumpoji||i nosinė||i ilgoji||jot||ka||el||em||en||o||pė||er||es||eš||tė||u trumpoji||u nosinė||u ilgoji||vė||zė||žė|
Acute, grave, and macron/tilde accents can be used to mark stress and vowel length. However, these are generally not written, except in dictionaries and where needed for clarity. In addition, five digraphs are used (Ch Dz Dž Ie Uo), but are treated as sequences of two letters for collation purposes. The "Ch" digraph represents a voiceless velar fricative, while the others are straightforward compositions of their component letters. The letters F and H, as well as the digraph CH, denote sounds only appearing in loanwords.
⟨o⟩ is short only in loanwords. ⟨a e⟩ are always short without accent and under accent in endings -a, -e, -es, in comparative, in pronouns and in loanwords, and besides usually long.
Consonants are always palatalized before ⟨e ę ė i į y⟩; before ⟨a ą o u ų ū⟩, palatalization is denoted by inserting an ⟨i⟩ between the consonant and the vowel.
The majority of the Lithuanian alphabet is in the Unicode block C0 controls and basic Latin (non-accented symbols), and the rest of the Lithuanian alphabet (ąĄčČęĘėĖįĮšŠųŲūŪžŽ) is in the Latin Extended-A.
- "Wymowa" (in Polish). Lietpol.eu. Retrieved 2014-07-13.