Lithuanians in the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lithuanians in the United Kingdom
Total population
Lithuanian-born residents
4,363 (2001 Census)
108,711 (2011 Census)
144,000 (2013 ONS estimate)
Regions with significant populations
London · Lanarkshire · Ayrshire · Lincolnshire
British English · Lithuanian
Roman Catholicism in majority · Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Baltic people

Lithuanians in the United Kingdom include individuals born in Lithuania who have migrated to the UK as well as their British-born descendants. The 2011 UK Census recorded 95,730 Lithuanian-born residents in England, 1,353 in Wales,[1] 4,287 in Scotland,[2] and 7,341 in Northern Ireland.[3] The previous, 2001 UK Census, had recorded 4,363 Lithuanian-born residents.[4] The Office for National Statistics estimates that 144,000 Lithuanian-born immigrants were resident in the UK in 2013.[5]

Significant numbers of Lithuanians have come to the UK since Lithuania's European Union accession in 2004;[6] however, there have been historically notable Lithuanians communities in the UK since the early 20th century—most notably in Glasgow and London.[7][8] In Scotland, the first Lithuanians came during the latter part of the 19th century.[9] Between 1886 and 1914, around one in four Lithuanians emigrated from Lithuania, with most of those leaving doing so in the 1890s and 1900s.[7] Some of these emigrants were avoiding conscription into the Russian military, some were Lithuanian freedom fighters, others were Jews escaping persecution, and some were fleeing poverty.[10] The Lithuanian population of Scotland is estimated to have grown from a few hundred to 7,000. An estimated 2,000 Lithuanians settled elsewhere in Britain during this period. Around 15,000 Lithuanians also resided in Scotland temporarily, before migrating onwards to other countries—most notably the United States.[7] According to the BBC, some travelled to Scotland because they could not afford travel to the US, whereas others were duped, thinking that they had arrived in the US.[10]

Notable individuals[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2011 Census: QS203EW Country of birth (detailed), local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Country of birth (detailed)" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Country of Birth – Full Detail: QS206NI". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Archived from the original on 4 May 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Table 1.3: Overseas-born population in the United Kingdom, excluding some residents in communal establishments, by sex, by country of birth, January 2013 to December 2013". Office for National Statistics. 2 July 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015. Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95 per cent confidence intervals.
  6. ^ Pidd, Helen (7 January 2013). "Baltic exchange: meet the Lithuanians who have made Britain their home". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  7. ^ a b c Rodgers, Murdoch (1985). "The Lithuanians". History Today. 35 (7): 15–20.
  8. ^ "Lithuanians in Glasgow". The Guardian. 23 January 2006. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  9. ^ "Lithuanians in Lanarkshire". BBC. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  10. ^ a b "Lithuanians in Lanarkshire". BBC. Retrieved 16 August 2015.