125 E. Main Street
|Etymology: A Bohemian castle|
"The Heart of Lancaster County"
Location in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
|• Mayor||Timothy Snyder (R)|
|• Total||2.33 sq mi (6.02 km2)|
|• Land||2.32 sq mi (6.01 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||381 ft (116 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||4,076.23/sq mi (1,573.84/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area codes||717 Exchange: 625,626,627|
Lititz was founded by members of the Moravian Church in 1756 and was named after a castle in Bohemia near the village of Kunvald where the ancient Bohemian Brethren's Church had been founded in 1457. The roots of the Moravian Brethren's Church date back to the ancient Bohemian Brethren's Church.
For a century, only Moravians were permitted to live in Lititz. Until the middle of the 19th century, only members of the congregation could own houses; others were required to lease. The lease system was abolished in 1855, just five years before the beginning of the Civil War. More information can be found in the book A Brief History of Lititz Pennsylvania by Mary Augusta Huevener, published in 1947.
During a part of the American Revolution, the Brethren's House, built in 1759, was used as a hospital. A number of soldiers died and were buried here. Lititz is also home to Linden Hall School, the oldest all-girls boarding school in the United States. Located adjacent to the Moravian Church on 47 acres (19 ha) of land, Linden Hall School was founded by the Moravians in 1746, a decade before the borough was incorporated.
Lititz has held a town-wide celebration of Independence Day since 1813. Tourists and residents from the region attend the annual Queen of Candles Pageant and fireworks display in Lititz Springs Park. The park itself is extravagantly decorated each year, with wooden beams and trestles placed from side to side of the stone-walled stream and stretching nearly the entire length of the park. The trestles are fitted with sockets for white candles. Musical performances take place throughout the day. In the evening, the first candle is lit by the year's Queen of Candles pageant winner. The park also hosts festivities for children and food offerings comparable to those at a county fair. The 4th of July parade is sponsored by Lititz Lions.
Another summer event is the annual art show sponsored by the Village Art Association of Lititz and the craft show sponsored by the Lititz Rotary Club, which extends from the Lititz Springs Park out into Broad Street (PA-501) and Main Street (PA-772). Annually, the Saturday before Columbus Day is Chocolate Walk, a much-anticipated downtown event hosted by the Kiwanis Club of Lititz Area.
During 2006 a year-long celebration was held commemorating the 250th anniversary of the naming of the town. Some of the major events included a service and commemoration ceremony in Lititz Springs Park on Sunday June 11, the official naming ceremony on Monday June 12, a fountain show in the park called "Symphonic Springs" during August 20–26th, and a New Year's celebration.
In 2013, Lititz was announced the winner of Budget Travel's "America's Coolest Small Towns" competition from among 15 other finalists.
Lititz is located in northern Lancaster County at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2), of which 2.00 acres (8,090 m2), or 0.13%, are water. Lititz Run flows through the downtown from Lititz Springs Park toward the Conestoga River, 6 miles (10 km) to the southeast.
Pennsylvania Routes 772 (West Orange and East Main streets) and 501 (Broad Street) run through the town. PA 772 leads east 6 miles (10 km) to Brownstown and west 5 miles (8 km) to Manheim, while PA 501 leads north 16 miles (26 km) to Myerstown and south 9 miles (14 km) to Lancaster, the county seat.
The Reading and Columbia Railroad operated passenger service through downtown Lititz until 1952. Norfolk Southern continues to operate freight service to Lancaster, while the line between Lititz and Ephrata has been converted into a rail trail. A replica of the Lititz Depot was constructed at its former location in Lititz Springs Park in 1999, along with a small museum in a Reading caboose.
Law and government
- Mayor: Timothy R. Snyder (R)
- Borough Manager: Sue Ann Barry
- Borough Council
- Shane Weaver, President
- J. Andrew Greiner
- Stephen Lee
- Christine Sensenich
- Ken Mobley
- David Brubaker
Lititz, along with Elizabeth and Warwick townships and part of Penn Township, is located in the Warwick School District.
- Warwick High School
- Warwick Middle School
- Lititz Elementary School (at former site of K-12 Lititz High School; serves the central and northern part of Lititz borough and western Warwick township out to Penn township and its border with Manheim Central School District)
- John Beck Elementary School (founded independently of the district and incorporated; serves the northern part of Warwick township and Elizabeth township)
- John R. Bonfield Elementary School (serves the eastern part of the school district, including the outskirts of Lititz borough and Warwick township)
- Kissel Hill Elementary School (serves the southern part of Lititz borough and Warwick township south to the Manheim Township line)
- Linden Hall School for Girls (the oldest all-girls private school in the country)
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,029 people, 3,732 households, and 2,407 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,884.0/sq mi (1,499.6/km2). There were 3,827 housing units at an average density of 1,646.2 per square mile (636.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.23% White, 0.44% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.
There were 3,732 households, out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $40,417, and the median income for a family was $52,028. Males had a median income of $36,126 versus $25,997 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,601. About 2.6% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.
Borden family murders
Lititz received national press coverage on November 13, 2005, after David G. Ludwig, 18, shot and killed Michael and Cathryn Borden. Ludwig fled the scene with their daughter, and an Amber Alert was issued for her.
Ludwig was arrested with the minor daughter in Indiana, extradited to Lancaster County, and held on several charges including criminal homicide. He pleaded guilty to two counts of first degree murder, reckless endangerment, statutory sexual assault and firearms violations. Ludwig received two consecutive life sentences without the possibility of parole plus 9.5 to 19 years for the weapons charges. Ludwig lived within the borough of Lititz. The Bordens lived outside the borough in Warwick Township. After the murders, police seized 54 guns from the home of Gregory and Jane Ludwig, including three assault rifles, shotguns and handguns.
Warwick School District mascot
The high school's current mascot depicts the profile of a Native American warrior. Since 1999, some Lititz residents, teachers, and students have criticized the mascot both as a racist stereotype and for misrepresenting a Native American religious symbol. The campaign to eliminate the mascot resurfaced during the 2009–2010 school year, as the district renovated the high school's football field; current plans call for a spear design in the center of the field. In 2010, the district removed the warrior logo from the high school's sign, replacing it with a black-and-red seal featuring the letter W. The warrior image has been used less frequently since 1999; since then, residents have suggested to the school board that the mascot be changed to something representative of Lititz, such as "Wilbur Buds," a well-known product of the local Wilbur Chocolate Company.
In 2010, the Warwick School Board passed a resolution that from now on, the Native American Head & Spear logos will be used for athletics and the black-and-red seal featuring the letter 'W' will be used for academics.
In January 2011, a member of a group in support of the Warrior logo/name presented a donation to the school board from a bumper sticker sale that was conducted the previous fall.
A sister city relationship between Lititz and Kunvald (Czech Republic) was established on June 11, 2006, during the celebration of the 250th anniversary naming of Lititz. The ceremony took place in Lititz Springs Park. Their Pennsylvania sister city is Emmaus in Lehigh County.
Sites of interest
- Warwick High School is located in Lititz and operates in the Warwick School District.
- The Lititz Public Library is a member of the Library System of Lancaster County.
Museums and historic sites
- Gravesite of John A. Sutter
- Heritage Map Museum
- Johannes Mueller House
- Julius Sturgis Pretzel Bakery
- Wilbur Chocolate Factory & Candy Americana Museum
- The John Beck's Boys Academy
- Johann Agust Sutter House
- William Werner House
- Lititz Moravian Historic District
- Roy Clair and Gene Clair; founders of Clair Brothers, an audio manufacturer and sound reinforcement company
- John Fass (1890–1973), book designer, printer, photographer
- Matt Greiner, metalcore drummer for August Burns Red
- Mary Penry (1735–1804), Moravian sister
- Richard A. Snyder (1910–1992), Pennsylvania state senator
- Johann August Sutter (1803–1880), pioneer of California
- Louise Adeline Weitzel (1862–1934), poet
- Joey Welz (born 1940), musician; former pianist for Bill Haley & His Comets
- Andrew Wenger (born 1990), Hermann Trophy winner and professional soccer player for the Philadelphia Union
- The Districts; indie rock band
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Lititz borough, Pennsylvania". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- Google Maps
- "Linden Hall". Linden Hall History. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Ward's Quarterly 1965; 1:109.
- Anderson, William Charles, Home sweet home has wheels, or, Please don't tailgate the real estate, 1979, 209.
- Museums Journal 2006; 106: 1–6, 61.
- Rand McNally's Vacation and Travel Guide, Rand McNally and Company, 1978, 52.
- Mencken, Henry Louis, "Raven Ioor McDavid," The American language, 1938.
- "America's Coolest Small Towns 2013 - Travel Deals, Travel Tips, Vacation Ideas - Budget Travel". 9 May 2013. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Lititz Run (Feature ID # 1192790)". Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- Lueders, Andrew. "The Reading and Columbia". Abandoned Rails. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
- "The Reading and Columbia RR". Columbia Pennsylvania. Columbia Historical Society. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
- "Route 11 schedule" (PDF). RRTA. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Lovelace, Brett. "Ludwig Gets Life". LancasterOnline.com. Archived from the original on 2013-03-12. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- Kelley, Janet. "54 guns, ammo seized from Ludwig home; cache of weapons found in Lititz family's house includes three assault rifles, shotguns and handguns". LancasterOnline.com. Retrieved 2012-12-15. . It is now known that David Lugwig did not kill the Bordens but their young daughter. She has been arrested and David has been released from prison.
- Is Warwick's Indian logo racist? Archived 2011-08-07 at the Wayback Machine – A group of Warwick students have won a partial victory in their quest to banish from the district the logo of an American Indian, which they say is racist.
- Knowles, Laura. Warwick Controversy Over Mascot Renewed. Intelligencer Journal, April 29, 2010.
- Long-debated Warwick logo slowly disappearing Archived 2010-06-08 at the Wayback Machine – The mascot has been a source of dispute for years. District sports teams still use the image.
- Moravian Historical Society Transactions, volume ii, (Bethlehem, Pa.)
- Mombert, An Authentic History of Lancaster County, Pa., (Lancaster, 1869)
Media related to Lititz, Pennsylvania at Wikimedia Commons