Little 500

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Little 500
Little500logo.png
Race details
DateThird weekend of April
Nickname(s)Little Five
DisciplineTrack cycling
OrganiserIndiana University Student Foundation
History
First edition1951
Editions68 (M) 31 (F)
First winnerSouth Hall Buccaneers
Most winsCutters (M) (13) Kappa Alpha Theta (F) (8)
Most recentCutters (M) (13th win) Kappa Alpha Theta (F) (8th win)

The Little 500 (also known popularly as the "Little Five"), is a track cycling race held annually during the third weekend of April at Bill Armstrong Stadium on the campus of Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana. It is attended by more than 25,000 fans each April.[1]

History[edit]

The race was founded in 1951 by Howdy Wilcox Jr., Executive Director of the Indiana University Student Foundation, who modeled the race after the Indianapolis 500 automotive race, which his father had won in 1919. Racers compete in teams of four, racing relay-style for 200 laps (50 mi (80 km)) along a quarter-mile (440 yd (400 m)) cinder track. Thirty-three teams are selected in qualifications trials to compete in the main race. Money raised by the event goes towards a scholarship fund for working IU students.

Events surrounding the race[edit]

Billed as "The World's Greatest College Weekend," the race has expanded into a whole week of activities since its original founding; the Women's Little 500 (100 laps; 25 mi (40 km)) was first held in 1988 and continues to be run each year, and other events such as the Little Fifty Running Relay Race and Alumni Races add to the festivities. During his run for presidency the then senator Barack Obama made an unannounced visit to the Little 500 woman's race in 2008.[2] The race has raised more than $1 million in scholarship money.[1]

Rules[edit]

Riders compete in the Little 500 in 1977 at the Tenth Street Stadium

Special rules for the Little 500 race include:

  1. All riders must use the official Little 500 bike that is provided to them for that year. There can be no toe clips or grips, kick stands, water bottles, air pumps, untaped or unplugged handlebars, or any other add-on accessories.
  2. For the safety of all riders, hard helmets must be worn and buckled at all times, as well as biking gloves.
  3. Each team is required to complete 10 exchanges (5 for the women) during the course of the race.
  4. At the 198th lap (98th for the women), all riders not on the lead lap will be asked to move to the back or exit the pack. This is done so that all teams in contention on their last 2 laps can make their attempt to win the race. Teams which do not comply with this rule are believed to be impeding the progress of another rider and will be given a 5- to 20-second penalty or even disqualification, depending on the severity of the violation.

Little 500 bikes[edit]

Little 500 bikes are identical, single-speed (46x18), coaster brake racing bicycles with 700c wheels, 32mm tires and flat rubber pedals. The unusual specification originated with the famous AMF Roadmaster bicycles of the 1960s and 1970s, once the sole bicycle type used in the event. There are two different versions of the bike for men and women, with the only difference being frame size. Every year a new version of the specified bicycle type is purchased, with two given to each team. A deposit of $400 must be placed for both bikes. At the end of the season, teams are given the option to keep their race bikes or to return them back to IUSF in exchange for their deposit. Returned former race bikes are kept at the track and rented out to those teams that lack bicycles meeting Little 500 specifications.

Eligibility[edit]

Several criteria must be met by a student who desires to participate as a rider in the Little 500:

  1. The student must be a full-time undergraduate student enrolled at Indiana University Bloomington Campus during the fall and spring semesters of the year of participation.
  2. The student must have a cumulative GPA of 2.00 or better.
  3. The student may only compete up to four times in a five-year period.
  4. The student must be an amateur.
  5. No substance abuse of any type is tolerated.
  6. For a team to be eligible, at least one member must attend all race information meetings and turn in the final four cards with the names of the team's riders for that year.

Following the release of Breaking Away, a real-life Cutters team was formed. They are students who are traditionally either Bloomington locals or at the very least non-Greek, and have been tremendously successful, winning multiple races.[3]

Series events[edit]

The Little 500 includes four other series events in addition to the race, itself: Qualifications, ITTs, Miss-N-Out, and Team Pursuit. These events are held not only for fun, but so that teams can scout out the competition and get a feel for that year's race field. These events also ensure that all the members of a team, not just those competing in the actual race itself, can still participate and compete.

Qualifications[edit]

Qualifications, commonly known as "Quals," is the first and one of the most important series events. Qualifications is a four-lap race around the track to see which team can get the fastest cumulative time. These times determine if a team qualifies to race in Little Five and if so, then where in the field of the top 33 teams they will be placed. Teams start the race lined up in 11 rows of three, starting with the pole winner up front on the inside, and teams choose their pits and jerseys in the order in which they qualify, so this is another reason to qualify high. Each team is given three attempts to qualify. The reason for this is in case a team botches an exchange, then they still have two more chances to qualify. The way that a team can botch an exchange is if a member falls and takes the bike down with him, or if the team does not perform the exchange in the given distance, marked by white lines on the track. A team can use as many as four riders or as few as two riders. But whatever number of riders they use to qualify is the fewest number of riders they can use for Little Five. Meaning that if a team qualifies with four people, then that team must race with four people. But if they qualify using only three people, then they can use three or four people on the day of Little Five.

ITTs[edit]

Like a qualification, an Individual Time Trial (ITT) is a four-lap (one mile) sprint around the track. But unlike a qual, it is performed individually. It is a test of both speed and sprint endurance. There are up to four riders on the track at a time. One rider is placed at each turn of the track. The riders line up with the start/finish line that is drawn in white on the track. Then a race official will come behind the rider and hold his bike steady so that the rider can set both feet on the pedals. In recent years, there has been a five-beep countdown, but in 2007 a gun start was used. The riders begin from a dead stop and race around the track. It is possible to catch other riders on the track while racing, but it is important not to draft. If a rider is caught blatantly drafting off of another rider, he is automatically disqualified.

Miss-N-Out[edit]

In the Miss-N-Out event there are heats of 5-8 riders, depending on the number of riders signed up for the day. Riders all start on the same line and are given one lap to get the position they want and to gain some speed. Once they cross the start line again, the race begins. The riders race around the track and every time the pack crosses the start/finish line, the last one to cross is out and must leave the track. Riders keep racing until there are only three riders left. These three riders move on to the next round. This process continues until the final heat of eight. In this heat, riders continue to race and get out until the last three remain and then they commence a one-lap full-out sprint and the first-, second- and third-place winners are determined by the order in which the riders cross the start/finish line.

Team pursuit[edit]

This event is geared more towards the team rather than the individual. In this event two teams of four must race around the track in a pace line for 15 laps (3.75 mi) for the men and 12 laps (3 miles) for the women, each team in hot pursuit of the other since they start on opposite ends of the track. Each team can have only one person drop out of the pace line during the course of the race. Meaning that only three team members need to finish. The team's time is taken as the time of the 3rd rider to cross the line. The two fastest teams then match up against each other for a final head-to-head competition to determine the champion of the event (separately for the men and women).

Media coverage[edit]

The events of the Little 500 were dramatized in the 1979 Academy Award-winning movie Breaking Away, which depicts a group of Bloomington townies who enter the race as the "Cutters" (from the local Indiana limestone stonecutters) to defeat the favored fraternity teams. Thirty years later, in 2009, Smithville produced a half-hour-long documentary Ride Fast, Turn Left that followed four teams preparing for and competing in the race. In February 2015, One Day in April was released which depicts two men's and two women's teams' preparation and dedication preceding the race.

A Bollywood movie Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar, based on the Little 500, was made in the year 1992, starring Aamir Khan.

Highlights of the 1981 race were shown on ESPN and the first major coverage was by CBS Sports Saturday for the 1982 race. CBS's auto racing announcer, Ken Squier called the race, with Dave Blase providing color commentary. The races have also been broadcast live on the Indiana University student radio station WIUX and on television since 2002 on AXS.tv (formerly known as HDNet), which is owned by Indiana University alumnus Mark Cuban.[4]

List of winners[edit]

Men's Race[5]

Year Winning team
2018 Cutters
2017 Black Key Bulls
2016 Delta Tau Delta
2015 Sigma Phi Epsilon
2014 Black Key Bulls
2013 Beta Theta Pi
2012 Delta Tau Delta
2011 Cutters
2010 Cutters
2009 Cutters
2008 Cutters
2007 Cutters
2006 Alpha Tau Omega
2005 Dodds House
2004 Cutters
2003 Gafombi
2002 The Corleones
2001 Phi Delta Theta
2000 Cutters
1999 Sigma Phi Epsilon
1998 Dodds House
1997 Cutters
1996 Phi Delta Theta
1995 Phi Gamma Delta
1994 Sigma Chi
1993 Delta Chi
1992 Cutters
1991 Acacia
1990 Sigma Nu
1989 Cinzano
1988 Cutters
1987 Phi Gamma Delta
1986 Cutters
1985 Alpha Epsilon Pi
1984 Cutters
1983 Acacia
1982 Phi Delta Theta
1981 Delta Chi
1980 Delta Chi
1979 Delta Chi
1978 Phi Kappa Psi
1977 Delta Chi
1976 Delta Chi
1975 Phi Gamma Delta
1974 Delta Chi
1973 Delta Chi
1972 Kappa Sigma
1971 Alpha Tau Omega
1970 Sigma Phi Epsilon
1969 Alpha Tau Omega
1968 Phi Kappa Psi
1967 Phi Gamma Delta
1966 Phi Kappa Psi
1965 Phi Gamma Delta
1964 Beta Theta Pi
1963 Sigma Alpha Epsilon
1962 Phi Kappa Psi
1961 Acacia
1960 Phi Kappa Psi
1959 Phi Kappa Psi
1958 Phi Kappa Psi
1957 Sigma Nu
1956 Phi Gamma Delta
1955 South Cottage Grove
1954 Sigma Nu
1953 North Hall Friars
1952 North Hall Friars (Collins)
1951 South Hall Buccaneers (Collins)

Women's Race[6]

Year Winning team
2018 Kappa Alpha Theta
2017 Kappa Alpha Theta
2016 Phoenix
2015 Kappa Alpha Theta
2014 Kappa Alpha Theta
2013 Delta Gamma
2012 Delta Gamma
2011 Teter
2010 Teter
2009 Pi Beta Phi
2008 Delta Gamma
2007 Kappa Delta
2006 Kappa Kappa Gamma
2005 Teter
2004 Kappa Kappa Gamma
2003 Kappa Alpha Theta
2002 Roadrunners
2001 Roadrunners
2000 Kappa Alpha Theta
1999 Kappa Kappa Gamma
1998 Kappa Kappa Gamma
1997 Roadrunners
1996 Kappa Kappa Gamma
1995 Kappa Alpha Theta
1994 Kappa Alpha Theta
1993 Landsharks
1992 Landsharks
1991 Le Pas
1990 Team Sprint
1989 Beyond Control
1988 Willkie Sprint

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Welcome, race fans!". indiana.edu. Indiana University Student Foundation, Indiana University. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  2. ^ dtquinn (April 11, 2008). "Barack Obama at Indiana University's Little 500". ireport.cnn.com. Bloomington, Indiana: CNN. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  3. ^ Monkieon, Biz (April 21, 2012). "Indiana's Little 500: The World's Greatest College Weekend". crasstalk.com. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  4. ^ Cuban, Mark (April 16, 2012). "Mark Cuban Talks About the Little 500 Tradition". IUAA Videos. Retrieved July 21, 2018 – via YouTube.
  5. ^ "Little 500 Winners: Male". indiana.edu. Indiana University Student Foundation, Indiana University. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  6. ^ "Little 500 Winners: Female". indiana.edu. Indiana University Student Foundation, Indiana University. Retrieved 2018-04-23.

External links[edit]