Little Andaman

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Little Andaman Island
Native name:
Gaubolambe
Little Andaman Island is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Little Andaman Island
Little Andaman Island
Location in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and in the Bay of Bengal
Little Andaman Island is located in Bay of Bengal
Little Andaman Island
Little Andaman Island
Little Andaman Island (Bay of Bengal)
Geography
LocationBay of Bengal
Coordinates10°39′N 92°29′E / 10.65°N 92.49°E / 10.65; 92.49Coordinates: 10°39′N 92°29′E / 10.65°N 92.49°E / 10.65; 92.49
ArchipelagoAndaman Islands
Adjacent bodies of waterIndian Ocean
Area707 km2 (273 sq mi)[1]
Length24 km (14.9 mi)
Width43 km (26.7 mi)
Coastline132 km (82 mi)
Highest elevation183 m (600 ft)[2]
Administration
DistrictSouth Andaman
Island groupAndaman Islands
Island sub-groupLittle Andaman Group
TehsilLittle Andaman Tehsil
Largest settlementKwate-tu-Kwage (Hut Bay)
Demographics
Population18823 (2011)
Pop. density26.6/km2 (68.9/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsOnge, other Indians
Additional information
Time zone
PIN744207[3]
Telephone code031927[4]
ISO codeIN-AN-00[5]
Official websitewww.and.nic.in
Literacy84.4%
Avg. summer temperature30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio1.2/
Census Code35.640.0009
Official LanguagesHindi, English

Little Andaman Island (Onge: Gaubolambe) is the fourth largest of the Andaman Islands of India with an area of 707 km², lying at the southern end of the archipelago. It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[6] It lies 88 km (55 mi) south of Port Blair, the capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Geography[edit]

The island is in the Bay of Bengal and belongs to the Little Andaman Group, and is separated from Rutland Island in Great Andaman by the Duncan Passage. The Little Andaman Group is the counterpart of the Great Andaman island group.

The low-lying island has widespread rainforest and several rare species of marine turtle. Little Andaman Island has white sandy beaches and bewitching waterfalls. The Little Andaman Lighthouse (a.k.a. Richardson's Lighthouse) is located 14 km south by road from Hut Bay port and is situated on the Southern tip of Little Andaman Island.[7]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Little Andaman (Hut Bay) 1981–2010, extremes 1969–2012
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
35.2
(95.4)
36.4
(97.5)
36.4
(97.5)
35.8
(96.4)
36.3
(97.3)
36.4
(97.5)
35.6
(96.1)
33.6
(92.5)
34.8
(94.6)
34.0
(93.2)
34.4
(93.9)
36.4
(97.5)
Average high °C (°F) 30.9
(87.6)
31.5
(88.7)
32.5
(90.5)
33.2
(91.8)
31.9
(89.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.6
(87.1)
30.3
(86.5)
30.2
(86.4)
30.7
(87.3)
30.9
(87.6)
30.7
(87.3)
31.2
(88.2)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
21.3
(70.3)
21.8
(71.2)
23.0
(73.4)
24.1
(75.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.2
(75.6)
24.5
(76.1)
23.9
(75.0)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
Record low °C (°F) 14.1
(57.4)
13.6
(56.5)
16.3
(61.3)
15.0
(59.0)
18.2
(64.8)
16.4
(61.5)
17.8
(64.0)
18.6
(65.5)
15.8
(60.4)
15.7
(60.3)
16.6
(61.9)
15.4
(59.7)
13.6
(56.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 32.7
(1.29)
40.4
(1.59)
50.8
(2.00)
104.8
(4.13)
376.7
(14.83)
305.2
(12.02)
330.7
(13.02)
312.3
(12.30)
439.1
(17.29)
316.7
(12.47)
270.9
(10.67)
78.3
(3.08)
2,658.6
(104.67)
Average rainy days 1.8 1.6 2.5 5.2 15.8 14.5 14.4 15.9 16.8 14.3 11.6 4.5 118.9
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 77 75 75 76 83 85 85 85 87 87 85 80 82
Source: India Meteorological Department[8][9]

Administration[edit]

Administratively, Little Andaman Island is part of Little Andaman Tehsil.[10]

Demographics[edit]

The island is home to the Onge aboriginal tribe, who call the island Egu Belong, and has been a tribal reserve since 1957. Settlers from Bengal and other places also live here. As per the census of 2011, the population was 18,823 in 4,093 households, spread among 18 villages. The main village of Kwate-tu-Kwage is located on Hut Bay.

Transportation[edit]

Hut Bay wharf, a deep water wharf that can be approached through a gap in the coral reef, on the east coast of the island is the entry point of Little Andaman Island. Daily boat services connect Hut Bay wharf with Port Blair in seven hours voyage. Additionally, there are a helicopter services by Pavan Hans Ltd. and a sea plane connection available between Port Blair and Hut Bay. The flight time by helicopter or sea plane is approximately 40 minutes.

AirlinesDestinations
Jal Hans Port Blair

There is a road alongside the east coastal line and every village is named on the distance / km of the road by the residents.

Tourism[edit]

Little Andaman offers surfing, boating through the creeks, and visits to an elephant logging plantation. Butler Bay, 14 km from the Hut Bay Jetty, is a beach popular among tourists due to coral viewing, surfing and other marine activities. Tourist huts are available on the seashore itself flanked by the coconut plantation. Netaji Nagar Beach is 11 km from the Hut Bay Jetty.[11]


Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman.
  2. ^ Sailing Directions (Enroute), Pub. 173: India and the Bay of Bengal (PDF). Sailing Directions. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2017. p. 288.
  3. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "STD Codes of Andaman and Nicobar". allcodesindia.in. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  5. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  6. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  7. ^ "Government of India, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships". www.dgll.nic.in. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Station: Hut Bay Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 329–330. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  9. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  10. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC – A&N ISLANDS" (PDF). andssw1.and.nic.in. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  11. ^ guide