Little Ararat

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Little Ararat
Closeup of Lesser Ararat from Yerevan.jpg
A view of Little Ararat from Yerevan, Armenia
Highest point
Elevation3,925 m (12,877 ft)
Prominenceapprox. 1,200 m (4,000 ft)
Coordinates39°39′N 44°24′E / 39.650°N 44.400°E / 39.650; 44.400Coordinates: 39°39′N 44°24′E / 39.650°N 44.400°E / 39.650; 44.400
Parent rangeArmenian Highlands
Mountain typeStratovolcano

Little Ararat, also known as Mount Sis or Lesser Ararat (Armenian: Փոքր Արարատ, romanizedPok’r Ararat or Սիս, Sis, Azerbaijani: Küçük Ağrı, Turkish: Küçük Ağrı, Kurdish: Agiriyê biçûk‎), is the sixth tallest peak in Turkey. It is a large satellite cone located on the eastern flank of the massive Mount Ararat, less than five miles west of Turkey's border with Iran. Despite being dwarfed by its higher and far more famous neighbor, Little Ararat is a significant volcano of its own with an almost perfectly symmetrical, conical form and smooth constructional slopes. It rises about 1,200 m (4,000 ft) above the saddle connecting it with the main peak.

On 8 November [O.S. 27 October] 1829, Baltic German explorer Friedrich Parrot and Armenian writer Khachatur Abovian climbed Little Ararat.[1] Its peak and eastern flank were on the Iranian side of the border until the 1930s. During the Kurdish Ararat rebellion, the Kurdish rebels used the area "as a haven against the state in their uprising."[2] Turkey crossed the border and militarily occupied the region, which Iran eventually agreed to cede to Ankara in a territorial exchange.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Parrot, Friedrich (2016) [1846]. Journey to Ararat. Translated by William Desborough Cooley. Introduction by Pietro A. Shakarian. London: Gomidas Institute. pp. 183–184. ISBN 978-1909382244.
  2. ^ Yildiz, Kerim; Taysi, Tanyel B. (2007). The Kurds in Iran: The Past, Present and Future. London: Pluto Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0745326696.
  3. ^ Parrot, p. xxiii
  4. ^ Tsutsiev, Arthur (2014). Atlas of the Ethno-Political History of the Caucasus. Translated by Nora Seligman Favorov. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-0300153088.