Little Ararat

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Little Ararat
Closeup of Lesser Ararat from Yerevan.jpg
A view of Little Ararat from Yerevan, Armenia
Highest point
Elevation3,925 m (12,877 ft)
Prominenceapprox. 1,200 m (4,000 ft)
Coordinates39°39′N 44°24′E / 39.650°N 44.400°E / 39.650; 44.400Coordinates: 39°39′N 44°24′E / 39.650°N 44.400°E / 39.650; 44.400
Parent rangeArmenian Highlands
Mountain typeStratovolcano

Little Ararat, also known as Mount Sis or Lesser Ararat (Armenian: Փոքր Արարատ, romanizedPok’r Ararat or Սիս, Sis, Azerbaijani: Küçük Ağrı, Turkish: Küçük Ağrı, Kurdish: Agiriyê biçûk‎), is the sixth tallest peak in Turkey. It is a large satellite cone located on the eastern flank of the massive Mount Ararat, less than 5 mi (8.0 km) west of Turkey's border with Iran. Despite being dwarfed by its higher and far more famous neighbor, Little Ararat is a significant volcano in its own right, with an almost perfectly symmetrical, conical form and smooth constructional slopes. It rises about 1,200 m (3,900 ft) above the saddle connecting it with the main peak.

On 8 November [O.S. 27 October] 1829, Baltic German explorer Friedrich Parrot and Armenian writer Khachatur Abovian climbed Little Ararat.[1] Its peak and eastern flank were on the Iranian side of the border until the 1930s.

During the Kurdish Ararat rebellion, Kurdish rebels used the area "as a haven against the state in their uprising."[2] Turkey crossed the border and militarily occupied the region, which Iran eventually agreed to cede to Ankara in a territorial exchange.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Parrot, Friedrich (2016) [1846]. Journey to Ararat. Translated by William Desborough Cooley. Introduction by Pietro A. Shakarian. London: Gomidas Institute. pp. 183–184. ISBN 978-1909382244.
  2. ^ Yildiz, Kerim; Taysi, Tanyel B. (2007). The Kurds in Iran: The Past, Present and Future. London: Pluto Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0745326696.
  3. ^ Parrot, p. xxiii
  4. ^ Tsutsiev, Arthur (2014). Atlas of the Ethno-Political History of the Caucasus. Translated by Nora Seligman Favorov. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-0300153088.