Little Barford

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Little Barford
Row of cottages at Little Barford - geograph.org.uk - 453886.jpg
Little Barford is located in Bedfordshire
Little Barford
Little Barford
Location within Bedfordshire
Population44 
OS grid referenceTL181570
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townST NEOTS
Postcode districtPE19
Dialling code01480
PoliceBedfordshire
FireBedfordshire and Luton
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°11′56″N 0°16′23″W / 52.199°N 0.273°W / 52.199; -0.273Coordinates: 52°11′56″N 0°16′23″W / 52.199°N 0.273°W / 52.199; -0.273

Little Barford is a hamlet and civil parish in the Borough of Bedford in Bedfordshire, England about 7 miles (11 km) northeast of the county town of Bedford.[1]

The 2011 census combines other data for Little Barford with Wyboston, Chawston and Colesden civil parish but its population is separately shown as 44.[2]

Little Barford Power Station is to the north of the village.

Geography[edit]

Little Barford is 2 miles (3 km) south of St Neots, 17 miles (27 km) west of Cambridge and 48 miles (77 km) north of Central London.

The East Coast Mainline railway runs north-south through the parish.

Area

The civil parish covers an area of about 481 hectares (1,189 acres).

The parish's northern boundary is the A428 road, Cambridgeshire is to the east and Central Bedfordshire to the south. The River Great Ouse forms its western boundary.

Landscape

The hamlet lies within the Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire Claylands as designated by Natural England.[3] Bedford Borough Council classifies the local landscape as the Great Ouse Clay Valley around and west of the village, and the eastern part of the parish as within the Biggin Wood Clay Vale that extends northwards from Central Bedfordshire. The surrounding area is mostly arable farmland. The northernmost part of the parish between the railway and the Great Ouse is taken up by the power station and industrial units.

Cottages

A row of four Grade II listed 18th century rough cast, thatched cottages stand by the roadside. One is detached, the remainder are terraced.[4] At the northern end of the hamlet are four pairs of late 19th century semi-detached estate cottages having yellow brickwork with red brick dressings.[5]

Elevation

The hamlet is 20 metres (66 ft) above sea level. The whole parish is mainly low lying and flat, although the land does rise to 60 metres (197 ft) in the southeast corner of the parish.[6]

Geology and soil type

The hamlet lies mainly on first and second terrace river gravel and glacial gravel. Boulder clay is to the east. Alluvium borders the Great Ouse. Underlying these superficial deposits and also in part at the surface is Oxford clay and Kellaways beds.[7]

Around the hamlet the soil has low fertility, is freely draining and slightly acid with a loamy texture. The eastern part of the parish has highly fertile, lime-rich loamy and clayey soils with impeded drainage. By the Great Ouse are loamy and clayey floodplain soils with naturally high groundwater.[8]

The night sky and light pollution

Light pollution is the level of radiance (night lights) shining up into the night sky. The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) divides the level of night sky brightness into 9 bands with band 1 being the darkest i.e. with the lowest level of light pollution and band 9 the brightest and most polluted. Little Barford in bands 6 and 7 is adversely affected by lighting at the power station and Arlington Road Industrial Estate. The night sky is darker looking southeast.[9][10]

Public footpaths

The sole public footpath runs from opposite the last cottage at the northern end of the hamlet to the Ouse and onwards to link with the Ouse Valley Way.

History[edit]

Population change in Little Barford since 1801
YearPop.±%
180180—    
1841190+137.5%
1881189−0.5%
1921121−36.0%
196168−43.8%
200142−38.2%
[11]

The manor of Barford was held by the de Leyham family from about 1194, and then passed by inheritance into the de la Dale family in about 1316:[12] the de la Dales owned Barford for two centuries, after which it passed by inheritance to the Fettiplace family, and subsequently to the Brownes.

A deserted medieval settlement in fields near to St Deny’s Church is visible as earthworks on historic aerial photographs.[13]

The parish church is dedicated to Saint Denys. The church became redundant in 1972 and is now in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.

A school was built in 1872. It became a council school in 1914 and closed in 1932, but reopened from 1939 to 1945. The building still stands.

The coal fired Little Barford Power Station was opened in 1939, closed in 1981 and demolished in 1989. A new gas fired plant was built in 1994-96.

Businesses[edit]

The Alington Road estate has an office centre, units for a number of service companies, and a Marshall Motor Group dealership. Laing O'Rourke has premises on Barford Road including land for storing cranes. Waste disposal company Biffa also has a depot.

Notable residents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ British History Online: 'Parishes: Little Barford', A History of the County of Bedford: Volume 2 (1908), pp. 206-209.
  2. ^ "Wyboston, Chawston and Colesden parish profile" (PDF). Bedford Borough Council. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  3. ^ "National Character Areas". Natural England. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  4. ^ "1 to 4 The Bungalows Little Barford". Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  5. ^ "1 and 2 The Village Little Barford". Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service.
  6. ^ "Elevation Finder". FreeMap Tools. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Sheet 204. Geological Survey of England & Wales". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Soilscapes Viewer". LandIS - Land Information System. Cranfield University. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Night Blight 2016: Mapping England's Light Pollution and Dark Skies". Campaign to Protect Rural England. CPRE. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Map". nightblight. Campaign for the Protection of Rural England. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  11. ^ "BEDFORDSHIRE POPULATION FIGURES 1801 – 2011" (PDF). Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service Archives. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  12. ^ Ball. F. Elrington The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921 John Murray London 1926
  13. ^ "Deserted Medieval Village HER No.1806". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 4 November 2019.

External links[edit]

Media related to Little Barford at Wikimedia Commons