Little Basses Reef Lighthouse

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Little Basses Reef Lighthouse
Little Basses Reef Lighthouse is located in Sri Lanka
Little Basses Reef Lighthouse
Sri Lanka
Location Kuda Ravana Kotuwa
Southern Sri Lanka
Coordinates 6°24′26″N 81°43′49″E / 6.407283°N 81.730255°E / 6.407283; 81.730255Coordinates: 6°24′26″N 81°43′49″E / 6.407283°N 81.730255°E / 6.407283; 81.730255
Year first constructed 1878
Automated n/a
Construction granite tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower with a black horizontal band
Height 37 metres (121 ft)
Focal height 34 metres (112 ft)
Range 27 nautical miles (50 km; 31 mi)[1]
Characteristic VQ (2) W 10s.
Admiralty number F0842
NGA number 27268
ARLHS number SLI-014[2]

Little Basses Reef Lighthouse is an active offshore lighthouse at the southern end of Sri Lanka and it is operated and maintained by the Sri Lanka Navy. It is located on a reef called Kuda Ravana Kotuwa (Fort of Little Ravana), but when the British invaded Ceylon they named it Little Basses (fourteen km off the coast of Yala National Park and north east of the Great Basses Reef Lighthouse. The two Basses lighthouses are among the most famous offshore lighthouses of Asia.

The lighthouse was designed by Sir James Nicholas Douglass and built by William Douglass using the same steam ships, crew and workers as the Great Basses Reef Lighthouse was completed in 1878.[3]:ch7

It withstood the force of a tsunami in 2004 with only modest damage; it was repaired with assistance from the UK lighthouse authorities Trinity House and The Northern Lighthouse Board.

The lighthouse is close to Daedalus Rock, site of the sinking of HMS Daedalus (1811).

Lens[edit]

Little Basses was one of a limited number of lighthouses that were designed to house the large Hyperradiant Fresnel lenses that became available at the end of the 19th century. Four of these lenses were used in Sri Lankan lights, all made by Chance Brothers in England.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Little Basses Light Lighthouses Explorer
  2. ^ Little Basses Reef The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 1, 2016
  3. ^ "LIFE OF WILLIAM DOUGLASS M.INST.C.E" (PDF). uslhs.org. 
  4. ^ "Hyper-Radial Lenses". United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved 26 July 2016. 

External links[edit]