East Monument Historic District
East Monument Historic District
Row homes in East Monument Historic District, June 2014.
|Location||Bounded by N. Washington St. on the W; Amtrak rail line on the N. to E. St.; S. to Monument and E to Highland Ave., Baltimore, Maryland|
|Area||328 acres (133 ha)|
|Architect||Novak & Hurt, Novak, Frank, et al.; Gallagher, Edward J., et al.|
|Architectural style||Italianate, Queen Anne, Classical revival|
|NRHP reference #||09001061|
|Added to NRHP||December 8, 2009|
East Monument Historic District (also known as B-5162) is a national historic district in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. It is a large residential area with a commercial area located along East Monument Street. It comprises approximately 88 whole and partial blocks. The residential area is composed primarily of row-houses that were developed, beginning in the 1870s, as housing for Baltimore's growing Bohemian (Czech) immigrant community. Most of the homes in the district were created after older homes were demolished in order to make room for expansions to the Johns Hopkins Hospital. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries the neighborhood was the heart of the Bohemian community in Baltimore. The Bohemian National Parish of the Roman Catholic Church, St. Wenceslaus, is located in the neighborhood. The historic district includes all of Mcelderry Park and Milton-Montford, most of Middle East and Madison-Eastend, and parts of Ellwood Park.
By 1969, the Czech-American community in Little Bohemia was predominantly composed of ageing homeowners who lived alongside more recently arrived African-American residents. However, many of the older white Czech-Americans harbored racist attitudes towards black people. According to a reporter with 'The Baltimore Sun', "The older people of Bohemian extraction still live in the houses they own...but they share the neighborhood with black people whom they do not seem to appreciate or understand." This was the last generation of Czech-Americans to remain in Little Bohemia in large numbers, with the neighborhood transitioning into a predominantly African-American neighborhood by the 1970s and 1980s.
- Baltimore East/South Clifton Park Historic District
- Highlandtown, Baltimore
- Patterson Park (Neighborhood), Baltimore
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Mary Ellen Hayward (November 2008). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: East Monument Historic District" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- "Baltimore's painted screens get fresh look". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
- "Market Value". Baltimore Magazine. Retrieved 2014-08-10.
- "Baltimore's Czech and Slovak Festival is a surprising reflection on heritage". Baltimore City Paper. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
- "NRHP listing for MARYLAND - Baltimore County". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to East Monument Historic District.|
- Historical & Architectural Preservation / Historic Districts / Maps Of Historic Districts / East Monument, including map of boundaries from the Baltimore City government website.
- East Monument Historic District, Baltimore City, including undated photo and boundary map, at Maryland Historical Trust
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