East Monument Historic District

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East Monument Historic District
Row houses in East Monument Historic District, Baltimore, Maryland.JPG
Row homes in East Monument Historic District, June 2014.
East Monument Historic District is located in Baltimore
East Monument Historic District
East Monument Historic District is located in Maryland
East Monument Historic District
East Monument Historic District is located in the US
East Monument Historic District
Location Bounded by N. Washington St. on the W; Amtrak rail line on the N. to E. St.; S. to Monument and E to Highland Ave., Baltimore, Maryland
Coordinates 39°18′02″N 76°34′48″W / 39.30056°N 76.58000°W / 39.30056; -76.58000Coordinates: 39°18′02″N 76°34′48″W / 39.30056°N 76.58000°W / 39.30056; -76.58000
Area 328 acres (133 ha)
Architect Novak & Hurt, Novak, Frank, et al.; Gallagher, Edward J., et al.
Architectural style Italianate, Queen Anne, Classical revival
NRHP reference # 09001061[1]
Added to NRHP December 8, 2009

East Monument Historic District (also known as B-5162) is a national historic district in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. It is a large residential area with a commercial area located along East Monument Street. It comprises approximately 88 whole and partial blocks. The residential area is composed primarily of row-houses that were developed, beginning in the 1870s, as housing for Baltimore's growing Bohemian (Czech) immigrant community. Most of the homes in the district were created after older homes were demolished in order to make room for expansions to the Johns Hopkins Hospital. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries the neighborhood was the heart of the Bohemian community in Baltimore. The Bohemian National Parish of the Roman Catholic Church, St. Wenceslaus, is located in the neighborhood.[2]

History[edit]

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, the neighborhood was known colloquially as Little Bohemia[3] or Bohemia Village.[4]

By 1969, the Czech-American community in Little Bohemia was predominantly composed of ageing homeowners who lived alongside more recently arrived African-American residents. However, many of the older white Czech-Americans harbored racist attitudes towards black people. According to a reporter with 'The Baltimore Sun', "The older people of Bohemian extraction still live in the houses they own...but they share the neighborhood with black people whom they do not seem to appreciate or understand." This was the last generation of Czech-Americans to remain in Little Bohemia in large numbers, with the neighborhood transitioning into a predominantly African-American neighborhood by the 1970s and 1980s.[5]

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 8, 2009.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Mary Ellen Hayward (November 2008). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: East Monument Historic District" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-04-01. 
  3. ^ "Baltimore's painted screens get fresh look". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-08-11. 
  4. ^ "Market Value". Baltimore Magazine. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  5. ^ "Baltimore's Czech and Slovak Festival is a surprising reflection on heritage". Baltimore City Paper. Retrieved 2017-08-07. 
  6. ^ "NRHP listing for MARYLAND - Baltimore County". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2012-08-02. 

External links[edit]