Little Britain

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Little Britain
Little Britain скетч шоу логотип.png
GenreSketch comedy
Created byDavid Walliams
Matt Lucas
Written byDavid Walliams
Matt Lucas
StarringDavid Walliams
Matt Lucas
Anthony Head
Ruth Jones
Charu Bala Chokshi
Stirling Gallacher
Joann Condon
Paul Putner
Sally Rogers
Narrated byTom Baker
Composer(s)David Arnold
Country of originUnited Kingdom
No. of series3 (Original) 1 (USA)
No. of episodes44 (list of episodes)
Production
Running time30 minutes
Production company(s)BBC
DistributorBBC Worldwide
Release
Original networkBBC Radio 4 (2000–2002)
BBC Three (2003–2004)
BBC One (2005–2020)
Original releaseRadio series:
3 August 2000 (2000-08-03) – 5 March 2002 (2002-03-05)
Television series:
9 February 2003 (2003-02-09) – 1 January 2007 (2007-01-01)
Chronology
Followed byLittle Britain USA
Related showsRock Profile
Come Fly with Me
Little Britain USA
External links
Website

Little Britain is a British sketch comedy series that began as a radio show in 2000 and ran as television series between 2003 and 2007. One-off specials were broadcast in 2005, 2007, 2009, 2015, 2016, 2019 and 2020. It was written and performed by David Walliams and Matt Lucas. Financed by the BBC, the radio series was first broadcast on BBC Radio 4, with the initial two television series premiering on BBC Three and the third and final series on BBC One.

The programme consists of a series of sketches involving exaggerated parodies of British people from various walks of life. Each sketch was introduced by a voice-over narration (Tom Baker) suggesting that the programme was a guide – aimed at non-British people – to British society. Despite the narrator's description of "great British institutions", the comedy arises from the British audience's self-deprecating understanding of either themselves or of people known to them. Recurring characters included Andy Pipkin, who falsely presented himself as being wheelchair bound to gain the attention of his carer Lou Todd; Daffyd Thomas, who claims to be "the only gay in the village" despite much evidence to the contrary; and Vicky Pollard, presented as a working-class chav engaging in anti-social behaviour.

The programme's title is an amalgamation of the terms Little Englander (a reference to narrow-mindedness and complacent singularity, exhibited by many subjects of the sketches) and Great Britain.[1] The programme received 9.5 million viewers following its move to BBC One in 2005.[2] It spurred a live show which toured internationally between 2005 and 2007, various specials for the Comic Relief charity marathons, and the HBO-produced Little Britain USA spin-off in 2008. Walliams and Lucas followed Little Britain with another sketch show, Come Fly with Me.

History[edit]

Radio show[edit]

Little Britain initially appeared as a radio show, produced by Edward Flinn, which ran on BBC Radio 4 from 2000 until 2002.

Radio 4 began a rerun of all nine episodes in February 2004 (which were slightly edited for content to suit the 6:30 pm timeslot). Unusually, this overlapped with a rerun, beginning in mid-March, of the first five programmes on the digital radio channel BBC 7. In June–July 2004 BBC 7 broadcast the remaining four.

It was announced in October 2019 that the series would return for a one-off radio special, titled Little Brexit, on BBC Radio 4 on 31 October 2019.[3]

Television series[edit]

Lou Todd and Andy Pipkin, recurring characters in the series

Like several other BBC comedies (such as Dead Ringers and The Mighty Boosh), Little Britain made the transition from radio to television. All the episodes for the series were filmed at Pinewood Studios. Much of the TV material was adapted from the radio version, but with more emphasis on recurring characters and catchphrases.

Series One, 2003

The first TV series was one of the new programmes in the launch line-up for digital channel BBC Three, the replacement for BBC Choice, which launched in February 2003. As a result of its success, the first series was repeated on the more widely available BBC Two. Although reactions were mixed, many critics were enthusiastic, and the programme was commissioned for another run. Part of the series was filmed in Kent at Herne Bay: Emily Howard the Lady, and the Lou and Andy sketches.[4]

Series Two, 2004

The second series, featuring several new characters, began on BBC Three on 19 October 2004. Its continued popularity meant the repeats moved to BBC One, starting on 3 December 2004. The episodes were edited for their BBC One run, to cut out any material that might have been too offensive for the more mainstream BBC One audience.

Series Three, 2005

A third series began on 17 November 2005, for the first time on BBC One rather than BBC Three, and ended six weeks later. After its transmission, it was unclear whether there would be another, as many sketches were given dramatic twists and "wrapped up" (see individual character articles for more information). Lucas and Walliams were reportedly in talks for a fourth series with the BBC. Furthermore, they admitted in an interview they preferred to "kill off" certain characters in order to make way for new ones.

Little, Little Britain, 2005

In 2005, to raise money for Comic Relief, Walliams and Lucas made a special edition of the show, dubbed Little, Little Britain. The episode included a variety of sketches with celebrities including George Michael, Robbie Williams and Sir Elton John. This was released on a limited edition DVD and was released in the United States as Little, Little Britain on the region 1 version of the Little Britain: Series 2 DVD.

Little Britain Abroad, 2006

In 2006, a two-part Christmas special was released, in which characters from the programme were depicted as visiting other countries.

Little Britain Live[edit]

As a success of the television series, Lucas and Walliams created a travelling stage show based upon their series.

Comic Relief Does Little Britain Live, 2007

A special live version, featuring appearances from celebrities such as Russell Brand and Dennis Waterman was filmed in 2006 and appeared on 2007's Comic Relief show.

Little Britain USA[edit]

In 2007, Lucas and Walliams announced that there would be no more of the British Little Britain, but they taped an American continuation of the programme entitled Little Britain USA, which featured both returning characters from the British series as well as new American characters. According to Walliams, the new show was "effectively Little Britain series four".[5] The show debuted on HBO at 10:30 pm EST Sunday 28 September 2008, then the following week on BBC One in Britain. It also started airing on The Comedy Network in Canada in January 2010.

Specials[edit]

Little Britain Comic Relief Special, 2005[edit]

This was the first Little Britain Comic Relief special, with the usual cast and guests appearances from George Michael, Elton John, and Robbie Williams.

Comic Relief Does Little Britain Live, 2007[edit]

The Little Britain cast returned for a second Comic Relief Special, this time live and with special guests: Russell Brand, Kate Moss, Patsy Kensit, Jonathan Ross, Kate Thornton, Chris Moyles, Dennis Waterman, Peter Kay, David Baddiel, Jeremy Edwards, and Dawn French.

Little Britain Comic Relief Special, 2009[edit]

A crossover between the UK and USA versions, this featured guest appearances by Catherine Tate and Robbie Williams.

Little Britain Comic Relief Sketch, 2015[edit]

Walliams reprises the role of Lou Todd for Comic Relief. Guest stars included Stephen Hawking and Catherine Tate. However, Lucas does not feature.

Little Britain Does Sport Relief, 2016[edit]

This featured Walliams reprising the role of Emily Howard. Lucas did not feature.

Little Brexit, 2019[edit]

This one-off special was broadcast on 31 October 2019 on BBC Radio 4.[6] The concept was created due to Brexit, the UK's withdrawal from the EU. Lucas and Walliams both returned for this episode.

The Big Night In, 2020[edit]

The concept was revived for The Big Night In, a 23 April 2020 telethon held during the COVID-19 pandemic, in a skit which had the pair revisiting a number of characters.[7] Social distancing requirements meant that they appeared in separate video feeds from their own homes, and used improvised costumes.[8]

Cast and characters[edit]

As a sketch show, Little Britain features many characters with varying degrees of costume and makeup. Matt Lucas and David Walliams play all the main characters in the show. Tom Baker narrates and Paul Putner, Steve Furst, Sally Rogers, David Foxxe, Samantha Power, Yuki Kushida, and Stirling Gallacher regularly appear as several different characters.

Other regular cast include: Anthony Head as the Prime Minister, Ruth Jones as Myfanwy, Charu Bala Chokshi as Meera, and Joann Condon as Fat Pat.

Locations[edit]

Broadcast[edit]

A two-part Christmas special, Little Britain Abroad, was broadcast in December 2006 and January 2007. This makes a total of 25 episodes to date. There has also been the Little Britain Live show.

In the UK, the series was originally broadcast on BBC Three and BBC One and was aired in repeats on Dave, Gold, and Watch.[9][10] In the US and in Bermuda, the series airs on BBC America. BBC Canada has aired the program from 3 March 2005  to present.[11][12] UKTV broadcasts the program in Australia and New Zealand.[13] Comedy Central India broadcast the program for Indian audiences.

Radio[edit]

SeriesEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
Pilot3 August 2000 (2000-08-03)
146 March 2001 (2001-03-06)27 March 2001 (2001-03-27)
2412 February 2002 (2002-02-12)5 March 2002 (2002-03-05)
Special31 October 2019 (2019-10-31)

Original series[edit]

SeriesEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
Pilot9 February 2003 (2003-02-09)
1816 September 2003 (2003-09-16)4 November 2003 (2003-11-04)
2619 October 2004 (2004-10-19)23 November 2004 (2004-11-23)
3617 November 2005 (2005-11-17)24 December 2005 (2005-12-24)
LBA225 December 2006 (2006-12-25)1 January 2007 (2007-01-01)

Criticism[edit]

The programme, particularly the second and third series, has been criticised for its treatment of women and minority groups and 'punch-down' comedic style.[14] Fellow comedian Victoria Wood said that while the sketches amused her, she found them to be "very misogynistic".[15] In 2005 Fergus Sheppard wrote in The Scotsman:

The latest series of the hit BBC comedy Little Britain may be hauling in record viewing figures, but it has also sparked a previously unthinkable chorus of criticism, with claims that the programme had lost its way, trading early ingenuity for swelling amounts of toilet humour in the search for cheap laughs, and becoming increasingly offensive.[16]

Activist Owen Jones of The Guardian argues in his book Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class that Little Britain helped to perpetuate unkind stereotypes about working-class people: exacerbated by the fact that both Walliams and Lucas attended private schools.[17]

The series became increasingly popular with children, despite being shown after the watershed. There was also criticism from teachers that the programme led to inappropriate copycat behaviour in the playground.[18]

Speaking in October 2017, Lucas explained that if he were to re-make Little Britain he would avoid making jokes about transvestites and would not play the role of a black character. Lucas went on to say that "Basically, I wouldn't make that show now. It would upset people. We made a more cruel kind of comedy than I'd do now ... Society has moved on a lot since then and my own views have evolved". Lucas, however, defended the decisions that were taken at the time, and explained that he and co-star Walliams deliberately sought to play a very diverse group of people.[19]

In June 2020 Little Britain was removed from BBC iPlayer, Netflix and BritBox, alongside Come Fly with Me, for its use of blackface.[20] A spokesperson for the BBC said: "There's a lot of historical programming available on BBC iPlayer, which we regularly review." On its decision to remove the shows, BritBox added: "Times have changed since Little Britain first aired, so it is not currently available on BritBox."[21] Speaking shortly after the removal, Lucas and Walliams apologised again, saying: "Once again we want to make it clear that it was wrong and we are very sorry."[22]

Spin-offs and merchandise[edit]

"I'm Gay", the song that Matt Lucas's character Daffyd Thomas sang at the end of the Little Britain Live shows, was released as a CD single in Australia in March 2007.

Matt Lucas and Peter Kay, in the guise of their characters Andy Pipkin and Brian Potter, re-recorded the song "I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)" with its creators, The Proclaimers. This version was released as a charity single for Comic Relief on 19 March 2007.

Little Britain: The Video Game was released in February 2007. It featured a variety of characters in mini-games and received very negative reviews, being referred to by some as one of the worst games ever made.[23]

The Russian series Nasha Russia is inspired by Little Britain.[24][25]

In 2010, characters returned for Nationwide Building Society adverts, including Lou and Andy, Vicky Pollard and Eddie (Emily) Howard.[26]

Little Britain Productions[edit]

Little Britain Productions is a production company set up by Lucas and Walliams, to produce their future television projects, such as Come Fly with Me, Rock Profile and The One....

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Victorian London - Districts - Little Britain'". Victorianlondon.org. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  2. ^ "Ratings record for Little Britain". The Guardian. 18 November 2005. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Little Britain returns for Brexit special". 28 October 2019. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  4. ^ Kent Film Office. "Kent Film Office Little Britain Article". Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Little Britain USA". littlebritainfans.com. 28 September 2008. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  6. ^ "BBC Radio 4 - Little Brexit". BBC. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  7. ^ "The Big Night In". BBC Television. 23 April 2020. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Coronavirus: Trump praises 'incredible' Boris Johnson's recovery". BBC News. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020. Matt Lucas and David Walliams had to improvise with home-made costumes and wigs as they resurrected many of their most popular characters, such as Lou and Andy.
  9. ^ "BBC One - Little Britain". Bbc.co.uk. 28 July 2012. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  10. ^ "Little Britain". Uktv.co.uk. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  11. ^ "Little Britain comes to BBC Canada". Channel Canada. 16 February 2012. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Schedule". BBC Canada. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  13. ^ Series 1. "Little Britain - UKTV Australia". Uktv.com.au. Archived from the original on 2 July 2007. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  14. ^ Harrison, Angus (9 February 2018). "'Little Britain' Has Not Aged Very Well". Vice. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  15. ^ Conlan, Tara (1 February 2005). "Victoria attacks Ali G humour". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Little Britain's in trouble... no buts about it". The Scotsman. 2005. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2006.
  17. ^ Jones, Owen (2011). Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class. London: Verso. p. 127. ISBN 978-1-84467-864-8.
  18. ^ "Head calls for Little Britain ban". BBC News. 12 December 2006. Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2006.
  19. ^ "I would not play black person in remade Little Britain, says Matt Lucas". The Guardian. 3 October 2017. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Little Britain removed from BBC iPlayer, Netflix and BritBox due to use of blackface". The Guardian. 9 June 2020. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  21. ^ "Little Britain removed from Netflix and iPlayer amid blackface controversy". The Manc. 9 June 2020. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  22. ^ "Little Britain stars 'very sorry' for blackface". BBC News. 14 June 2020. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  23. ^ Lyon, James (16 February 2007). "Little Britain: The Video Game". Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  24. ^ Walker, Shaun (28 July 2008). "Russia buys the right to have a laugh at Moscow's David Brentski". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  25. ^ "Moscow News - Columnists - 'Nasha Russia' must go on". Mnweekly.ru. 12 February 2009. Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  26. ^ Sweney, Mark (14 May 2010). "Little Britain's David Walliams and Matt Lucas star in Nationwide ads". Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 12 December 2016 – via The Guardian.

Further reading[edit]

  • Snell, Julia (2006). "Schema theory and the humour of Little Britain". English Today. Cambridge University Press. 22: 59–64. doi:10.1017/S0266078406001118.
  • Carol Szabolcs (2008). Little Britain in America. Minorities under subverted scrutiny. Grin Verlag. ISBN 978-3-640-30153-9.

External links[edit]