Little Cumberland Island Light

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Little Cumberland Island Light
Littlecumberlandisland.jpg
Little Cumberland Island Lighthouse
Little Cumberland Island Light is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Little Cumberland Island Light
Little Cumberland Island Light
Location in Georgia
Location Northern end of Little Cumberland Island, Georgia
Coordinates 30°58′34″N 81°24′47″W / 30.97611°N 81.41306°W / 30.97611; -81.41306Coordinates: 30°58′34″N 81°24′47″W / 30.97611°N 81.41306°W / 30.97611; -81.41306
Year first constructed 1838
Year first lit 1838
Deactivated 1915
Foundation Brick
Construction Brick
Tower shape conical
Markings / pattern White tower with black lantern[1]
Height 60 feet (18 m)
Focal height 71 feet (22 m)
Original lens 1838: 14 Lewis lamps
1857: Third-order Fresnel lens
Current lens None
Range 14 nautical miles (26 km; 16 mi)
Characteristic

Fixed white

Little Cumberland Island Lighthouse
NRHP Reference # 89001407[2]
Added to NRHP August 8, 1989
The lighthouse as seen from Jekyll Island

Little Cumberland Island Lighthouse is a privately owned lighthouse in Georgia, United States, on the north end of Little Cumberland Island adjacent to main Cumberland Island, in Camden County on the southeast coast of Georgia.

When in service the light marked the entrance to St. Andrew Sound and the Satilla River. It also marked a shoal that extends about 6 nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi) south-southeasterly of the light.[1]

History[edit]

The 60-foot (18 m) Little Cumberland Island Lighthouse was designed by Winslow Lewis and built in 1838. It had fourteen Lewis lamps generating a fixed light, which distinguished it from the older tower to the south that had a revolving light. The lantern room received its third-order Fresnel lens, manufactured in France by Henri LePaute, in 1857.[3] The new light had a range of 14 nautical miles (26 km; 16 mi) with a focal height of 71 feet (22 m) asl.[1] In 1874, a brick wall was built around the lighthouse to protect it from the encroaching sea.

The lighthouse was in service until 1915 when it was deactivated. The keeper's house and all other light station buildings, are long since gone; However the decrepit and tumbling tower that remained, were bought and restored by a private owner and remain in pristine condition, thanks to the dedicated owner. The lighthouse was renovated by the homeowners from 1994 to 1998 and again in 2016. The lighthouse house and surrounding property is privately owned. Visitation is by invitation only.[4] A large dune protects the lighthouse from the ocean, but as a result the tower is now barely visible from the water.

Designation[edit]

The lighthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places, No. 89001407. It was designated on August 8, 1989.[5]

The Little Cumberland Island lighthouse is a private property and access in not permitted without permission from the owner.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "List of lights and fog signals on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States, 1907, pp. 194-195. Government Printing Office, Washington.
  2. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ "Little Cumberland Island, GA" Archived 2012-09-11 at the Wayback Machine.. Lighthousefriends.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-07.
  4. ^ "Little Cumberland Island Light - Inventory of Historic Light Stations Georgia Lighthouses". National Park Service. Retrieved on 2012-12-07.
  5. ^ National Register of Historic Places