St Margaret's parish church
Little Faringdon shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||63 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Little Faringdon|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Little Faringdon is a village in West Oxfordshire, about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Lechlade in neighbouring Gloucestershire. The 2001 Census recorded its population as 63. Little Faringdon was a separate civil parish, but since 2001 it has become part of the neighbouring parish of Kelmscott.
In the late Anglo-Saxon era Little Faringdon was part of a large estate that included Faringdon (formally Great Faringdon), from which it took its name. The manor was one of several in the area granted to the Cistercian Beaulieu Abbey as part of its Faringdon estate by a charter of 1204 or 1205. Beaulieu held its estates until it had to surrender them to the Crown in the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1538.
Little Faringdon was historically a township of the parish of Langford, which until the 13th century was in Oxfordshire. For the next six centuries it was an exclave of Berkshire, until the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844 returned it to Oxfordshire. In 1864 Little Faringdon was made a separate ecclesiastical parish and in 1866 a separate civil parish. Since the 1974 boundary changes it has been part of West Oxfordshire District.
The parish church is Norman, built in the 12th century as a dependent chapelry of Langford. It has Norman lancet windows in the chancel. In about 1200 the church was enlarged with the addition of a north aisle. The arcade between the nave and north aisle is in a transitional style between Norman and Early English Gothic. In the 14th century the porch and south door were added. A south aisle seems to have been added at about the same time but has since been lost. In about 1500 two Perpendicular Gothic clerestory windows were added to south side of the nave. The west window of the nave is also a late Medieval Perpendicular Gothic addition.
The church became the parish church when Little Faringdon became a separate parish in 1864. The vicarage to the south of the church was designed by the Gothic Revival architect William Butterfield and completed in 1867.
The church's original dedication is unknown. In 2000 it was dedicated to St Margaret of England. The church is a Grade II* listed building. The parish is now part of the Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire, which includes also the parishes of Alvescot, Black Bourton, Broadwell, Broughton Poggs, Filkins, Holwell, Kelmscott, Kencot, Langford, Shilton and Westwell.
- "Area selected: West Oxfordshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- "Area: Kelmscott (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- Page & Ditchfield 1907, pp. 81–82.
- "Texts in Progress: Manors and Estates" (PDF). Victoria County History of Oxfordshire.
- "Texts in Progress: Topography, Population and Settlement" (PDF). Victoria County History of Oxfordshire.
- "Texts in Progress: Religious History" (PDF). Victoria County History of Oxfordshire.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 684.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 684–685.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 685.
- "Little Faringdon Church (Dedication Unknown)". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire". Church of England. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Ditchfield, P.H.; Page, W.H., eds. (1907). A History of the County of Berkshire. Victoria County History 2. London: Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 81–82.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 684–685. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
Media related to Little Faringdon at Wikimedia Commons
St Margaret's parish church: monument to Margaret Vizard, died 1833