Little Flock hymnbook
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The Little Flock hymnbook is in common use amongst Exclusive Brethren in various editions which nevertheless derive from a common source. It exists in almost as many variations and editions as there are distinct groups of Exclusive Brethren.
In 1838 (and again 1840) the Central Tract Depot published George Wigram's Hymns for the Poor of the Flock. This was followed in 1856 by his Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Little Flock which gathered together hymns from diverse collections used among Brethren and on which all subsequent versions are based. This was revised in 1881 by John Nelson Darby, an edition which is still in print, published by Bible Truth Publishers of Addison, Illinois, USA and available from Chapter Two, etc. William Kelly revised the hymn book in 1894 and Thomas Henry Reynolds produced his edition in 1903.
Amongst Raven–Taylor Brethren, every new doctrinal development has been reflected in renewed activity in hymn composition in English and other European languages. Doctrinal shifts were often followed by marked re-editing of the hymns themselves to bring them into line with current ministry which often necessitated the production of a new edition. The main editions are 1903, 1932, 1951, 1962, and 1973, of which there is a Taylor/Symington (1973 Amendment) edition and a separate Kingston Bible Trust (1973 Re-Selection) edition. From the 1940s, foreign language editions were gradually brought into line with English editions so that Brethren could, where possible, sing together the same hymns in the same metre. The 1962 hymnbook thus appears in varying quality in 10 or more languages. The Swedish editions in particular have a long tradition of translating English hymns, especially gospel songs for outreach. The English editions themselves have included translations from Swedish, French, Spanish and German. Taylor/Symington/Hales Brethren use their English hymnbook universally regardless of the local language.
A new edition, Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Flock of God, was published in New Zealand in 2001 by R.D. Church and E.J. Forrest through the Joseph Bywater Trust. This collection is based on the 1951 edition and gathers together many hymns from all the pre-existing collections, restoring hymns to their original wording where possible and adding some new compositions.
The KLG grouping have had two major hymn books since William Kelly's Hymns Selected and Revised in 1894 edition. Following the reunion of 'Kelly' (1894 users) and 'Lowe' Brethren (1881 users) in 1926, the 1928 edition was compiled by William John Hocking and is still in use by a few 'Kelly' and Open Brethren meetings. The 1978 edition followed the 1974 reunion with both 'Glanton' Brethren (1903 users) and 'Grant' Brethren (1881 users) and is used by these "reunited" Brethren. This latter book has drawn more widely from hymns in common use but does not contain hymns addressing the Holy Spirit in line with traditional Darbyite teaching. Foreign language editions have developed and continued in their own distinctive traditions.
Gospel hymnbooks have been produced by most branches of Exclusive Brethren. The Little Flock editions have always contained a selection of gospel hymns, but both Raven/Taylor and KLG wings of the movement have from time to time used separate (sometimes privately printed) collections of gospel hymns in the gospel and outreach meetings. Chapter Two have re-published The Evangelists' Hymnal, edited by Walter Thomas Prideaux Wolston. This book is used by some Glanton and some Open Brethren assemblies.
Little Flock Tune Books have been published in 1883, 1904, 1932, 1954, 1965, and 1979. Charles Theodore Lambert's edition of 1932 published both words and tunes with an appendix "Containing a few hymns suitable for the Christian Household". It is still published in Tonic Sol-Fa by the Symington/Hales Depot. The other Tune Books had tunes only, listed in metrical order. The KLG 1978 hymn book and the Gospel Hymn Book were both published with a music edition. All editions (but especially the 1965 edition) have drawn on Exclusive Brethren tunewriters and musicians to produce collections of a high calibre both in terms of musical editing and in the quality of the compositions themselves. Composers of note include Thomas Willey, T. Collins, Miss Marian La Thangue, Miss S.M. Walker, Charles Leflaive, C.T. Lambert, Benjamin Christiansen, R.A. Evershed, Peter S. Pope, Eric Carrén, John F. Harvey, and Gordon Millar.
Historical and critical apparatus
An Access database of all first lines and metres of hymns with limited biographical and bibliographical material is held at the Christian Brethren Archive in the John Rylands University Library, Manchester.
Gordon Rainbow has collated some historical material on the Little Flock Hymnbook. This contains links to all the prefaces to the early hymnbooks and from 1903 follows the Raven/Taylor line of hymnbooks. Various accounts of new editions of the hymnbook were published and these are given in full.
An account of all the major developments in the tradition was published in Frank Wallace's The History of the Little Flock Hymnbook (it does maintain an anti-Taylor bias). Also by Frank Wallace, Spiritual Songsters contains biographies of many hymnwriters found in the Little Flock tradition and is published by Chapter Two.
Adrian Roach wrote a History of the 1881 edition containing much biographical information on the hymnwriters. It is published by Bible Truth Publishers.
A text of the 1978 Kelly/Lowe/Glanton edition is available online where there is a large amount of biographical material and a first line index of the 1881 "Darby" edition
List of English editions
|Title||Date||Location||Compiler/Editor||Publisher||Number of Hymns||Used by|
|Hymns for the Poor of the Flock||1839||London||George Wigram||Central Tract Depot||Plymouth Brethren|
|Hymns for the Poor of the Flock||1840||London||George Wigram||Central Tract Depot, Warwick Square||377 + 73 + 40||Plymouth Brethren|
|A Few Hymns and Some Spiritual Songs. Selected ... for the Little Flock||1856||London||George Wigram||G Morrish, Paternoster Row||340||Exclusive Brethren|
|A Few Hymns and Some Spiritual Songs. Selected ... for the Little Flock, Revised||1881||London||John Nelson Darby||G Morrish, Paternoster Sq||341 + 85||Exclusive Brethren & Tunbridge Wells Brethren|
|Hymns Selected and Revised||1894||William Kelly||Kelly Brethren|
|A Few Hymns and Spiritual Songs. Selected ... for the Little Flock, Re-arranged and Further Revised||1903||London||Thomas Henry Reynolds||402||London/Raven Brethren & Glanton Brethren|
|Hymns Selected and Revised||1922 [Amended Edition]||London||F.E. Race||C.A. Hammond Trust||Kelly Brethren|
|Hymns Selected and Revised||1928||London||William John Hocking||C.A. Hammond Trust Bible Depot||436||Kelly/Lowe Brethren|
|Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Little Flock||1932||London||James Taylor Snr & 9 others||Stow Hill Bible and Tract Depot||382||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Little Flock||Revised 1951||Kingston upon Thames||A.E. Myles||Stow Hill Bible and Tract Depot||480||Raven/Taylor Brethren/Pre Aberdeen "Outs"|
|Hymns and Spiritual Songs||Selected 1958||Manchester||James MacDonald||400||Anti-Taylor Raven Brethren|
|Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Little Flock.||Revised 1962||Kingston upon Thames||James Taylor Jnr||Stow Hill Bible and Tract Depot||456||Taylor Brethren/Renton Brethren|
|Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Little Flock||Reselected 1973||Lancing||Robert Stott||Kingston Bible Trust||480||Frost/London/Oxted Brethren|
|Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Little Flock||Amended 1973||Kingston upon Thames||Bible and Gospel Trust||417||Taylor/Symington Brethren|
|A Few Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Last Days||Compiled 1974||Horsham, Sussex||J.F. Trussler||401||Hamilton Brethren|
|Psalms and Hymns and Spiritual Songs||Selected 1978||Wooler, Northumberland||Central Bible Hammond Trust||500||Kelly/Lowe/Glanton ("Reunited") Brethren|
|Supplement to Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Little Flock||Additions 1984||Lancing||Kingston Bible Trust||22||Frost/London/Oxted Brethren|
|The Companion Hymn Book||1997||Croydon||G Bacon, A Sheldrake||The Whytecliffe Trust||95||Oxted Brethren|
|Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Little Flock||Amended 1990||Hounslow||Bible and Gospel Trust||420||Taylor/Symington/Hales Brethren|
|Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Flock of God||2001||Auckland, New Zealand||R D Church, E J Forrest||The Joseph Bywater Trust||633||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Title||Edition/Date||Location||Compiler/Editor||Publisher/Printer||Number of Hymns||Used by|
|Psalmer og Lovsanger for Guds Forsamling||1877||Exclusive Brethren|
|Psalmer og Lovsanger for Guds Forsamling||1879||Exclusive Brethren|
|Psalmer og Lovsanger for Guds Forsamling||1892||København||Norrebros Bogtrykkeri||130||Exclusive Brethren|
|Tros-Sånger||n.d. [3rd Edition?]||[Göteborg]||A B Petersons Förlag||159||Exclusive Brethren|
|Psalmer og Lovsanger for Guds Forsamling||1901||Exclusive Brethren|
|Tros-Sånger||4th Edition 1907||Göteborg||A B Petersons Förlag||218||Raven/London Brethren|
|Psalmer og Lovsanger for Guds Forsamling||1914||Exclusive Brethren|
|Tros-Sånger||5th Edition 1916||Göteborg||A B Peterson||255||Raven/London Brethren|
|Psalmer och Lovsånger||1939||Göteborg||A B Petersons Förlag||315 + 89||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Psalmer og Lovsanger for Guds Forsamling||1949||Exclusive Brethren|
|Psalmer och Lovsånger||1955||Göteborg||E Carrén||A B Petersons Förlag||480||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Psalmer og Lovsanger for Guds Forsamling||1952||Exclusive Brethren|
|Lovsånger och andliga Sånger för den Lilla Hjorden||1962||Göteborg||A B Petersons Förlag||456||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Lovsanger og Åndelige Viser for den Lille Hjord||1962||Drøbuk||OB Hansens Bogtrykkeri||456||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Salmer og Lovsange for den Lille Hjord||1962||456||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Title||Edition/Date||Location||Compiler/Editor||Publisher||Number of Hymns||Used by|
|Himnos Y Canciones Espirituales para la manada pequeña||1937||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Himnos Y Canciones Espirituales para la manada pequeña||1958||Rosario, Argentina||Deposito de Biblias y tratados Darragueira||480||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Himnos Y Canciones Espirituales para el Pequeño Rebaño||1962||Buenos Aires||Reuniones Evangélicas||456||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Title||Edition/Date||Location||Compiler/Editor||Publisher/printer||Number of Hymns||Used by|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1899||Altenvoerde||Christian Schatz||Verlag Christlicher Schriften. Printer: Oscar Brandstetter, Leipzig||170 + music||Raven Brethren|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1909||Hildesheim||Richard Arras||August Mann||188 + music||Raven/Taylor Brethren and Raven/Glanton Brethren|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1921||Hildesheim (Germany), Interlaken (Switzerland)||August Mann (Germany) / Adolf Steiner (Switzerland)||200 (text only)||Glanton Brethren|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1922||Leipzig||Richard Arras||F H Rückbrodt||196 (text only)||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1926||Leipzig||Richard Arras||F H Rückbrodt||209 + music||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1934||Leipzig||Richard Arras||F H Rückbrodt||227 (text only)||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1936||Leipzig||Richard Arras||F H Rückbrodt||227 + music||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1948 reprint + Appendix||Leipzig||F H Rückbrodt||227 + 65||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Loblieder und Geistliche Lieder für die kleine Herde||1951||Leipzig||Alfred Wellershaus, Wermelskirchen||F H Rückbrodt||480||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Geistliche Lieder und Gesänge||1952||Interlaken||(Richard Arras)||F. A. Burri||204 + music||(Little?) Glanton Brethren|
|Loblieder und Geistliche Lieder für die kleine Herde||1962||Kingston upon Thames||Kingston Bible Trust||456||Raven/Taylor Brethren|
|Loblieder und Geistliche Lieder||1997||Probably Waldemar Schubert||849 (!)||Raven/Taylor Brethren (rejecting J. Taylor jun. and his followers)|
Notes and references
- STEM Publishing has the 1881 edition available online, with words and music.