Little Haiti

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Lemon City" redirects here. For the historically oldest library in Miami-Dade, see Lemon City Branch Library.
Little Haiti
La Petite Haïti
Neighborhood of Miami
City owned building in Little Haiti
City owned building in Little Haiti
Nickname(s): Lemon City (historic name)
Little Haiti neighborhood within the City of Miami
Little Haiti neighborhood within the City of Miami
Coordinates: 25°49′28″N 80°11′27″W / 25.824385°N 80.190711°W / 25.824385; -80.190711
Country United States
State Florida
County Miami-Dade County
City Miami
Government
 • City of Miami Commissioner Keon Hardemon
 • Miami-Dade Commissioner Audrey Edmonson
 • House of Representatives Daphne Campbell (D) and Cynthia A. Stafford (D)
 • State Senate Larcenia Bullard (D), and Oscar Braynon (D)
 • U.S. House Frederica Wilson (D)
Elevation 7 ft (2.1 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 29,760
 • Density 9,946/sq mi (3,840/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-05)
ZIP code 33127, 33137, 33138, 33150
Area code(s) 305, 786

Little Haiti (French: La Petite Haïti),[1] is a predominantly Caribbean, culturally rich community in the neighborhood once known as Lemon City[2][3] in Miami, Florida, and is the cultural mecca for people of Haitian descent.

Noted Haitian businessman, activist and respected community leader, Viter Juste's is considered the father of Little Haiti. According to Jean-Claude Exulien, a retired professor of history and friend of Juste's since 1977, Juste authored an article in the Miami Herald in which he first referred to the neighborhood as "Little Port-au-Prince." However, editors at the Miami Herald found the name, "Little Port-au-Prince," too long, so the newspaper shortened the term in the headline to Little Haiti.[4]

History[edit]

Haitian-named locations et al[edit]

Major cultural facilities exist in Lemon City and Little Haiti and include, but are not limited to:

  • Little Haiti Cultural Center
  • Toussaint L'Ouverture Elementary School
  • Apeture Photo Studios
  • The Darkroom
  • Caribbean Marketplace

Demographics[edit]

Portrait of father Gérard Jean-Juste on a gable wall of Little Haiti.

As of 2000, Little Haiti had a population of 3,365[5] and 1,983[6] residents, with 9,368 households, and 6,181 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $18,887.49. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 64.92% Black or African American, 4.78% White (non-Hispanic), 14.74% was Hispanic or Latino of any race and 15.56% Other races[5]

The zip codes for the Lemon City include 33127, 33137, 33138, and 33150. The area covers 3.456 square miles (8.95 km2). As of 2000, there were 14,708 males and 15,357 females. The median age for males were 31.0 years old, while the median age for females were 33.8 years old. The average household size had 3.0 people, while the average family size had 3.7 members. The percentage of married-couple families (among all households) was 27.6%, while the percentage of married-couple families with children (among all households) was 13.8%, and the percentage of single-mother households (among all households) was 20.7%. 2.1% of the population were in nursing homes. The percentage of never-married males 15 years old and over was 21.7%, while the percentage of never-married females 15 years old and over was 22.0%.[6]

Education[edit]

Miami-Dade County Public Schools operates area public schools.

Public schools[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Shadowlawn Elementary School
  • Toussaint L'Ouverture Elementary School
  • Edison Park Elementary School
  • Morningside Elementary School
  • Jesse J. McCreary Elementary School
  • Cushman School

Middle schools[edit]

  • Saint Mary's Cathedral School
  • I-tech Prep Academy

High schools[edit]

Historic Miami Edison Middle School in Edison.

Libraries[edit]

Miami-Dade Public Library operates all area public libraries:

Museums and cultural[edit]

  • Caribbean Cultural Center
  • The Haitian Cultural Arts Alliance

Parks[edit]

  • Lemon City Park
  • M. Athalie Range Park
  • Legion Park
  • Little Haiti Park
  • Soar Memorial Park
  • Lachmont Gardens Park
  • Eaton Park

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martone, Laura. "Moon Florida Keys". Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Lemon City / Little Haiti · HistoryMiami". HistoryMiami. Retrieved 2015-09-04. 
  3. ^ "Lemon City". Flashback Miami. Retrieved 2015-09-04. 
  4. ^ "Viter Juste, Haitian community pioneer and leader, dies at 87". Retrieved 2015-09-04. 
  5. ^ a b "Demographics of Little Haiti Miami, FL.". miamigov.com. Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  6. ^ a b "Demographics of Little Haiti, Miami, FL.". city-data. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 

Coordinates: 25°49′28″N 80°11′27″W / 25.824385°N 80.190711°W / 25.824385; -80.190711