Little House on the Prairie (TV series)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2010)|
|Little House on the Prairie|
|Based on||Little House on the Prairie by Laura Ingalls Wilder|
|Developed by||Blanche Hanalis|
|Directed by||William F. Claxton
|Theme music composer||David Rose|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||9|
|No. of episodes||205 (+ 4 specials) (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Michael Landon
William F. Claxton
|Running time||45–48 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Ed Friendly Productions
CBS Television Distribution (USA)
NBCUniversal International Television Distribution (non-USA)
|Original release||September 11, 1974– March 21, 1983|
|Preceded by||Little House on the Prairie (film)|
|Followed by||Little House on the Prairie: A Look Back to Yesterday|
|Related shows||Father Murphy|
Little House on the Prairie is an American western drama television series, starring Michael Landon, Melissa Gilbert, and Karen Grassle, about a family living on a farm in Walnut Grove, Minnesota, in the 1870s and 1880s. The show is an adaptation of Laura Ingalls Wilder's best-selling series of Little House books. Television producer and NBC executive Ed Friendly became aware of the story in the early 1970s. He asked Michael Landon to direct the pilot movie. Landon agreed on the condition that he could also play Charles Ingalls.
The regular series was preceded by the two-hour pilot movie, which first aired on March 30, 1974. The series premiered on the NBC network on September 11, 1974, and last aired on May 10, 1982. During the 1982–83 television season, with the departure of Landon and Grassle, the series was broadcast with the new title Little House: A New Beginning.
- 1 Premise
- 2 Cast and characters
- 3 Production crew
- 4 Themes
- 5 Spin-offs and sequels
- 6 Broadcast history
- 7 Reception
- 8 Other media
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Although based on the biographical "Little House" stories, many of the characters and situations differ from the original books. The central characters are Charles Ingalls (farmer and mill worker), his wife Caroline, and their four daughters, Mary, Laura, Carrie, and Grace; in later seasons, they adopt three children, Albert, Cassandra, and James.
Other essential characters include the Oleson family: Nels, proprietor of the town's general store, Oleson's Mercantile; his malicious, gossiping wife, Harriet; and their two spoiled children, Nellie and Willie, and later, their adopted daughter, Nancy; Isaiah Edwards, Grace Snider Edwards and their three adopted children; the Garvey family, Jonathan, Alice, and Andy; Rev. Robert Alden; Lars Hanson, the town's founder and proprietor of the town's mill; and Dr. Hiram Baker, the town's physician. In season five, Mary Ingalls meets teacher-turned-husband, Adam Kendall. In the season seven premiere, Laura marries Almanzo Wilder.
Cast and characters
Melissa Gilbert has the most appearances of the series, a total of 190 of the 205 episodes. Michael Landon appeared in all but four episodes of seasons one through eight, but departed from the cast when the show was retooled as Little House: A New Beginning (season nine).
- Michael Landon as Charles Ingalls
- Karen Grassle as Caroline Quiner Ingalls (seasons 1–8)
- Melissa Gilbert as Laura Ingalls Wilder
- Melissa Sue Anderson as Mary Ingalls Kendall (seasons 1–7, 8)
- Lindsay and Sidney Greenbush as Carrie Ingalls (seasons 1–8)
- Matthew Laborteaux as Albert (Quinn) Ingalls (seasons 5–9)
- Richard Bull as Nels Oleson
- Katherine MacGregor as Harriet Oleson
- Alison Arngrim as Nellie Oleson Dalton (seasons 1–7, 9)
- Jonathan Gilbert as Willie Oleson
- Victor French as Isaiah Edwards (seasons 1–3, 8–9)
- Bonnie Bartlett as Grace Snider Edwards (seasons 1–3, 5–6)
- Kevin Hagen as Dr. Hiram Baker
- Dabbs Greer as Rev. Robert Alden
- Charlotte Stewart as Eva Beadle Simms (seasons 1–4)
- Karl Swenson as Lars Hanson (seasons 1–5)
- Radames Pera as John (Sanderson, Jr.) Edwards (seasons 2 & 3)
- Brian Part as Carl (Sanderson) Edwards (seasons 2 & 3)
- Kyle Richards as Alicia (Sanderson) Edwards (seasons 2 & 3)
- Merlin Olsen as Jonathan Garvey (seasons 4–7)
- Hersha Parady as Alice Garvey (seasons 4–6)
- Patrick Laborteaux as Andrew "Andy" Garvey (seasons 4–7)
- Linwood Boomer as Adam Kendall (seasons 4–8)
- Ketty Lester as Hester-Sue Terhune (seasons 5–9)
- Wendi and Brenda Turnbaugh as Grace Ingalls (seasons 5–8)
- Dean Butler as Almanzo Wilder (seasons 6–9)
- Lucy Lee Flippin as Eliza Jane Wilder (seasons 6–8)
- Allison Balson as Nancy Oleson (seasons 8 & 9)
- Jason Bateman as James (Cooper) Ingalls (seasons 7 & 8)
- Missy Francis as Cassandra (Cooper) Ingalls (seasons 7 & 8)
- Shannen Doherty as Jenny Wilder (season 9)
Notable guest stars
Many actors, who were either well-known or went on to become famous, guest-starred on the show.
- Willie Aames (episode 3.15)
- Anne Archer (episode 1.17)
- Hermione Baddeley (3 episodes)
- Jonathan Banks (episode 6.16)
- Billy Barty (2 episodes)
- Peter Billingsley (episode 8.12)
- Dirk Blocker (episode 1.9)
- Ray Bolger (episode 5.5)
- Ernest Borgnine (episode 1.13/14)
- Todd Bridges (episode 3.18)
- Red Buttons (episode 1.19)
- Johnny Cash & June Carter Cash (episode 3.1)
- Michael Conrad (episode 4.8)
- James Cromwell (episode 7.1)
- Thor Erickson (19 episodes)
- David Faustino (episode 7.5)
- Gil Gerard (episode 4.4)
- Louis Gossett, Jr. (episode 2.18)
- Mariette Hartley (episode 2.19)
- John Hillerman (episode 5.8)
- Rance Howard (episode 3.13)
- Ernie Hudson (episode 8.8)
- Rick Hurst (episode 1.3)
- John Ireland (episode 3.4)
- Burl Ives (episode 3.10)
- Jack Kruschen (episode 8.6)
- Robert Loggia (episode 9.4)
- Mike Lookinland (episode 4.4)
- Chuck McCann (episode 1.11)
- Vera Miles (episode 9.19)
- Richard Mulligan (episode 2.21)
- Patricia Neal (episode 2.7)
- James Olson (episode 6.10)
- Sean Penn (uncredited student extra)
- Anne Ramsey (episode 5.1)
- Kim Richards (episode 1.7)
- James B. Sikking (episode 3.17)
- Madeleine Stowe (episode 7.6)
- Mitch Vogel (episode 1.23)
- Harris Yulin (episode 1.20)
- and two of Landon's children:
Of the 203 episodes, Michael Landon directed the largest number at 87; producer William F. Claxton handled the majority of the remaining shows at 68; while co-star Victor French helmed 19; and Maury Dexter directed a handful.
The series theme song was titled The Little House and was written and conducted by David Rose. The ending theme music, also written by Rose, originally appeared as a piece of incidental music in a later-season episode of Michael Landon's previous long-running series, Bonanza.
Little House explored many different themes including frequently portrayed ones of adoption, alcoholism, faith, poverty, blindness, and prejudice of all types including racism. Some plots also include subjects such as drug addiction (i.e. morphine), leukemia, child abuse, and even rape. Although predominantly a drama, the program has many lighthearted and comedic moments as well.
Several of the episodes written by Michael Landon were recycled storylines from ones that he had written for Bonanza. Season two's "A Matter of Faith" was based on the Bonanza episode "A Matter of Circumstance"; season five's "Someone Please Love Me" was based on the Bonanza episode "A Dream To Dream"; season seven's "The Silent Cry" was based on the Bonanza episode "The Sound of Sadness"; season eight's "He Was Only Twelve" was based on the Bonanza episode "He Was Only Seven"; and season nine's "Little Lou" was based on the Bonanza episode "It's A Small World".
Spin-offs and sequels
Little House: A New Beginning
When Michael Landon decided to leave the show (though he stayed on as executive producer and occasional writer and director), season nine was renamed, the focus was put on the characters of Laura and Almanzo, and more characters were added to the cast. A new family, the Carters (Stan Ivar as John, Pamela Roylance as Sarah, Lindsay Kennedy as older son Jeb, and David Friedman as younger son Jason), move into the Ingalls house. Meanwhile, Almanzo and Laura take in their niece, Jenny Wilder, when Almanzo's brother dies and raise her alongside their daughter, Rose. The Wilders appear prominently in some episodes, while in others they appear only in early scenes used to introduce the story or its characters. The explanation given for the original characters' absence was that they moved to Burr Oak, Iowa, to pursue a promising life. The show lost viewers, and this version of the series was canceled after nineteen episodes. However, the show lived on for another 1.5 years in movie format.
Three made-for-television post-series movies followed during the 1983-84 television season: Little House on the Prairie: A Look Back to Yesterday (1983), Little House: The Last Farewell (1984), and Little House: Bless All the Dear Children (1984).
In The Last Farewell, Charles and Caroline decide to visit Walnut Grove. They learn that a railroad tycoon actually holds the deed to the township, and he wants to take it over for his own financial gain. Despite their best efforts, the townspeople are unable to drive the businessman away. At a town meeting, John Carter offers a supply of explosives that he has. Each man takes turn blowing up his own building.
When asked why the set was blown up, the show's producer, Kent McCray, said that when the series started, he made an agreement with the property owners that at the end of the series he would put the acreage back to its original state. When the production crew were estimating the cost of dismantling all the buildings, Michael Landon thought for a while and said, "What if we blow up the town? That would get the buildings all in pieces and you can bring in your equipment to pick up the debris and cart it away." He then said that he would write it where they blow up all the buildings, except for the little house and the church. Both McCray and Landon wept as the town blew up.
Bless All The Dear Children was filmed prior to The Last Farewell, but ended up being the last of the three movies to air.
Two other Little House movies were made in conjunction with the Landon series: the 1974 pilot for the program and Little House Years (1979), a Thanksgiving special/clip show that aired in the middle of season six.
For the first two seasons, the show was aired on Wednesday nights at 8pm ET/7pm CT, to moderate ratings. In 1976, the series became a Monday night staple on NBC; after the move, it remained in the top 30 for the rest of its run.
- Season 1 (1974–75): #13
- Season 2 (1975–76): Not in top 30
- Season 3 (1976–77): #15
- Season 4 (1977–78): #7
- Season 5 (1978–79): #14
- Season 6 (1979–80): #16
- Season 7 (1980–81): #10
- Season 8 (1981–82): #24 (Tied with: The Facts of Life)
- Season 9 (1982–83): #28
- 1976: TP de Oro, Spain, Mejor Actriz Extranjera (Best Foreign Actress), Karen Grassle
- 1976: TP de Oro, Spain, Mejor Serie Extranjera (Best Foreign Series)
- 1978: Emmy Award for Outstanding Cinematography in Entertainment Programming for a Series, Ted Voigtlander, episode "The Fighter"
- 1979: Emmy Award for Outstanding Cinematography for a Series, Ted Voigtlander, episode "The Craftsman"
- 1979: Emmy Award for Outstanding Music Composition for a Series, David Rose, episode "The Craftsman"
- 1980: TP de Oro, Spain, Mejor Actriz Extranjera (Best Foreign Actress), Melissa Sue Anderson
- 1981: Western Writers of America Spur Award for Best TV Script, Michael Landon, episode "May We Make Them Proud"
- 1982: Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore), David Rose, episode "He Was Only Twelve" (Part 2)
- 1983: Young Artist Award for Best Young Actress in a Drama Series, Melissa Gilbert
- 1984: Young Artist Award for Best Young Actress in a Drama Series, Melissa Gilbert
Popularity in Spain
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, La Casa de la Pradera (Little House on the Prairie) was one of Spanish Television's most popular series. In 1976 Karen Grassle (Caroline Quiner Ingalls) won Spanish television's prestigious TP de Oro award for best foreign actress, and the series itself won for best foreign series; Melissa Sue Anderson (Mary Ingalls) won the TP de Oro in 1980 thanks in part to the enhanced profile she received as a result of her visit to Spain and her appearance on Spanish Television's 625 Lineas program in early 1979. The continued popularity of the show led to the appearance of Katherine MacGregor (Harriet Oleson) on 625 Lineas and Ding Dong in 1980.
The show remains popular in syndicated reruns and has been on the air in the U.S. continuously since its original run. In addition to airing on local stations, it has been airing multiple times each day on INSP and Hallmark Channel. In the past, it has aired on TV Land and TBS.
In the U.S., television syndication rights are currently owned by CBS Television Distribution. Originally, NBC licensed these rights to Worldvision Enterprises, since networks could not own syndication arms at the time. As a result of corporate changes, Paramount Domestic Television and CBS Paramount Domestic Television would inherit the rights, finally passing to CTD in 2007. In Canada, reruns of the series began airing weeknights on CTS, a Christian-based network, as of September 1, 2008.
Because of its historical context and its connection to the book series, it is deemed acceptable for use by the FCC to meet federal E/I programming guidelines. The show is typically stripped (run five days a week) in syndication, which is enough to completely cover a TV station's E/I requirements and more.
NBC owns ancillary rights and thus is the worldwide licensor for DVD rights as well. Sister company NBC Universal International Television distributes the series internationally.
DVD, Blu-ray & Digital Copy releases
The entire series has been released on standard-definition DVD and on both standard and high-definition Digital Copy. Seasons 1 to 7 have been released on high-definition Blu-ray. Starting with Season 7, the Blu-ray's are only available exclusively through Amazon.com. Seasons 8 & 9 on Blu-ray, which also contain the three post-series movie specials, are currently available for pre-order on Amazon with release dates of March 22, 2016 and April 19, 2016, respectively.
There are multiple DVD sets which are noticeably different from one another. The original DVD sets sold in the U.S. and Canada were released under license from NBCUniversal by Imavision Distribution, a company based in Quebec. A majority of the episodes in the original North American DVD versions had scenes cut from the episodes—these were derived from the syndicated television versions by Worldvision Enterprises, the series' former distributor. Other episodes were time-compressed; these are NTSC-converted video prints from UK PAL masters, while others were derived from 16MM syndication prints, also from Worldvision. Only a handful of episodes in the original sets were in their original uncut versions. The episodes in these original sets are also known to have relatively poor video quality, such as tracking lines, as well as audio problems, though the quality issues are not as pronounced in the first few seasons as they are in the later seasons. The first three seasons of the old sets notably are also missing closed-captioning.
These original North American DVD sets included interviews with former cast members Alison Arngrim, Dabbs Greer and Dean Butler. For the original complete series set, Imavision provided numerous additional special features including additional interviews with many of the cast members such as Melissa Gilbert and Melissa Sue Anderson and specials highlighting Michael Landon, the casting of the show, and more. Imavision also released a French-language version of the series. Both versions are in NTSC color and coded for all regions. Later copies of these original sets were distributed by Lionsgate Home Entertainment following their acquisition of Imavision, but these should not be confused with the Lionsgate re-releases described below. The DVD sets sold in the United Kingdom were released by Universal Playback (a Universal Studios Home Entertainment label); this version is in PAL color and coded for region 2. Unlike the original North American DVD sets, the UK version contains mostly uncut episodes.
In 2014, Lionsgate Home Entertainment began re-releasing the series in North America on DVD, and also for the first time, in high definition on Blu-ray, as well as Digital Copy through providers such as Vudu and Amazon Video. These new releases contain mostly uncut episodes and are remastered to have superior picture and sound. The Blu-rays, with their high bitrate, high definition 1080p picture and lossless audio (as opposed to standard definition picture and compressed audio on the DVDs) currently provide the best viewing experience of the show that is commercially available. Starting with Season 7, there was uncertainty regarding Lionsgate's commitment to finishing the release of the series on Blu-ray, which baffled and frustrated fans considering that earlier Blu-rays of the show were widely praised. Lionsgate decided to release the remaining seasons, but not to retail; they are only available exclusively through Amazon.com.
The new Lionsgate sets do not include the special features present on the earlier releases, but rather seasons 1 through 6 each contain a roughly 15 minute segment of a special called "The Little House Phenomenon". Season 1 also contains the original Pilot movie. Season 7 contains no special features. Seasons 8 & 9 contain the three post-series movie specials as extras, with "Look Back to Yesterday" and "The Last Farewell" appearing on Season 8, and "Bless All The Dear Children" appearing on Season 9. Some fans of the show have been perplexed as to why Lionsgate did not instead include "The Last Farewell" rather than "Bless All The Dear Children" on Season 9 given its consideration by fans to be the "real end" to the show given its significant and memorable ending. However, Lionsgate appears to have based their decision on broadcast order rather than production order, since "Bless All The Dear Children" was the last episode broadcast even though "The Last Farewell" was the last one produced. The Digital Copy release does not include the three post-series movie specials. None of the available releases of the series contain "Little House Years", which was a three-hour Thanksgiving special with flashback clips that originally aired during Season 6.
Prior to official full season DVD releases, some single Little House episodes were released on both DVD and VHS by GoodTimes Entertainment. Episodes were also available on VHS through a Columbia House club subscription, with two unedited episodes per tape.
|Originally aired||DVD release dates||Remastered DVD & Blu-ray release date||Digital Copy release date|
|Region 1||Region 2||Region 1||Region 1|
|Season 1||24||1974–1975||July 8, 2003||July 25, 2005||March 25, 2014||March 25, 2014|
|Season 2||22||1975–1976||July 8, 2003||March 27, 2006||May 6, 2014||May 6, 2014|
|Season 3||22||1976–1977||November 4, 2003||March 10, 2008||September 9, 2014||September 9, 2014|
|Season 4||22||1977–1978||February 17, 2004||May 26, 2008||January 20, 2015||September 9, 2014|
|Season 5||24||1978–1979||June 29, 2004||August 4, 2008||April 14, 2015||September 9, 2014|
|Season 6||24||1979–1980||October 26, 2004||May 3, 2010||July 14, 2015||September 9, 2014|
|Season 7||22||1980–1981||February 15, 2005||July 17, 2010||October 6, 2015 (DVD) & December 22, 2015 (Blu-ray)||September 9, 2014|
|Season 8||22||1981–1982||June 14, 2005||March 20, 2011||January 19, 2016 (DVD) & March 22, 2016 (Blu-ray)||September 9, 2014|
|Season 9||22||1982–1983||November 1, 2005||January 20, 2012||April 19, 2016||September 9, 2014|
|3 movies||1983–1984||November 28, 2006||TBA||N/A (released as extras on Seasons 8 & 9)||TBA|
|204||1974–1984||November 11, 2008||TBA||October 6, 2015 (DVD only)||September 9, 2014|
- "Special Collectors' Issue: 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time". TV Guide (June 28 – July 4). 1997.
- "The Last Farewell Summary". CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- Parker, Lennon. "The REAL story of the destruction of Walnut Grove". Prairie Fans. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
- Gilbert, Melissa (2009). Prairie Tale: A Memoir (pp. 141-142). Simon Spotlight Entertainment.
- "TV Ratings".
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- "Ted Voigtlander, 75; Won Emmys for 'Little House' Cinematography". Los Angeles Times. December 11, 1988. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "Hallmark Channel Removes Happy Days for Dramas; Sitcom Stars on Talk Shows (Week of April 29, 2013) - SitcomsOnline.com News Blog". sitcomsonline.com.
- "Season 8 available to pre order on Blu Ray".
- "Season 9 available to pre order on Blu Ray".
- "Little House on the Prairie Season 6 and 7 Forum Posts".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Little House on the Prairie (TV series).|
- Little House on the Prairie at the Internet Movie Database
- Little House: Look Back to Yesterday at the Internet Movie Database
- Little House: The Last Farewell at the Internet Movie Database
- Little House: Bless All the Dear Children at the Internet Movie Database
- Little House on the Prairie Official Website