Little Norway, Wisconsin
The Norway Building built in Norway for Chicago's Columbian Exposition.
|Location||3576 CTH JG, Blue Mounds, Wisconsin|
|Area||53 acres (21 ha)|
|Architect||Hansteen, Albert Waldemar; Nerdrum, Stanley|
|Architectural style||Modern Movement|
|NRHP Reference #||98000169|
|Added to NRHP||March 16, 1998|
For other places with the same name, see Little Norway (disambiguation)
Little Norway was a living museum of a Norwegian village located in Blue Mounds, Wisconsin. Little Norway consisted of a fully restored farm dating to the mid-19th century. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Little Norway closed in late 2012.
Little Norway began when Osten Olson Haugen, an immigrant from Telemark, Norway, settled on 40 acres (160,000 m2) during the 1850s. Mr. Haugen built a dwelling house and other buildings out of timber cut on the property. The Haugen family farmed the land until 1920.
In the early 1930s, a Chicago businessman named Isak Dahle was inspired by a recent tour of Norway and memories of his childhood in Southeastern Wisconsin to replicate a Norwegian farm as a gift to his family. He christened it Little Norway and gave it the Norwegian name Nissedahle—a pun on the word dal, meaning valley, and his surname. Dahle died of cancer in 1937.
The site was taken over by his relative, University of Wisconsin Agricultural Economics Department chair Asher Hobson, after Dahle died in 1937. It was taken over by his daughter and later his grandson Scott Winner. After the end of World War II, the owners had offered to sell the facility the State of Wisconsin for $1 but the state didn't want to take on the maintenance of the property.
Little Norway closed late in 2012. Owner Scott Winner cited costs exceeds revenues for shutting it down. He has been selling off pieces of the collection to museums and private collectors to help pay a $22,000 annual tax bill. The property listed for $1.9 million as of December 2014. Since its 2012 closure, Winner has spoken with the Wisconsin Historical Society and other foundations about the purchasing the property but no deal has been reached.
Perhaps the best-known attraction at Little Norway is the Norway Building which was built in Trondheim, Norway for the Norway Pavilion at Chicago's 1893 World's Columbian Exposition. It was moved to this location and is one of the few examples of Norse stave church architecture outside of Norway. Along with the Maine State Building in Poland, Maine, the Norway building is one of the few remaining buildings from the Chicago World's Fair.
After the closing of the Chicago World’s Fair, the Norway Building was sold to C.K.G. Billings, a prominent Chicago business man, and relocated by train to his vacation estate in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. While in Lake Geneva, the Norway Building passed through multiple owners, and was used primarily for recreation. During the time it was owned by the Wrigley family it was used as a private theater. The Norway Building fell into disrepair during the Great Depression. It was purchased by Little Norway founder Isak Dahle in 1935.
Following the 2012 closure of the attraction, a delegation from Orkdal, Norway, where the chapel was originally built, began to raise money to purchase the Norway Building and ship the building across the ocean. Between the Norwegian government and private donations, that amount totaled $700,000. In 2015, specialists assessed the building and began to painstakingly dismantle it, with a goal of having it reconstructed and open to the public in Norway by summer of 2016.
- Stabbur - a food storehouse on a raised foundation of heavy timbers
- Sod roofed cabin - built into the hillside to allow goats to graze on its rooftop
- Main cabin - which once housed cattle and sheep
- Spring house - shelters the pure, spring-fed water which runs through the property
- Stue - the family home
- Bachelor’s cabin - originally a loom and spinning wheel space, adapted to house Osten Haugen’s brother-in-law
- Laden - a tool room converted to a snug cabin, roofed with old-fashioned hand-split shakes
- Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Tora Bøhn. "A Quest for Norwegian Folk Art in America. Norwegian-American Studies. vol. 19, p. 116.
- Adams, Barry (December 7, 2014). "Owner of Little Norway prepares to sell property". Wisconsin State Journal. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
- Osten Olsen Haugen (About Little Norway)
- Mastony, Colleen (September 20, 2015). "1893 World's Fair Building heads home to Norway - Norwegian carver's grandson tracks down church in Wisconsin". The Chicago Tribune: 1, 12.
- "Norway Building from 1893 Chicago World's Fair heads home". The Chicago Tribune, September 19, 2015.