Little School of the 400
Spanish-speaking children in Texas were being discriminated against due to their ignorance of English and their race. They would then be labeled as ignorant and uncapable of learning by the public school teachers, administrators, and systems across the state. This led to high drop out rates of Mexican Americans, which many did not further their education past the third grade. Felix Tijerina, then the national president of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), along with Tony Campos, David Adame, and Jacob Rodriguez, devised this program to help children better transition into the English-language environment of public schooling, and ultimately integrating in a segregated Texas. It was created in 1957 and piloted in Ganado, TX. The goal of the program was to teach 400 basic English words to help Spanish-speaking children to manage instruction given in English in the regular public educational system and therefore help them achieve higher levels of schooling.
The pedagogy of the "Little School" was used to model programs such as the Bilingual Education Act, Head Start, Texas Child Migrant Program, and Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
A Texas Historical Marker now stands at Ganado Elementary School commemorating the program of the LS400.
- Vázquez Ríos, Erasmo. The Little School of the 400: A Mexican-American Fight for Equal Access and its Impact on State Policy Master's Thesis, University of Nebraska, 2013
- Kreneck, Thomas H. Mexican American Odyssey: Felix Tijerina, Entrepreneur and Civic Leader (College Station, TX: Texas A&M Press, 2001)
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