Little red dot
"Little red dot" (or "The Red Dot", or "Little Red Dot") is a nickname often used in the media, and in casual conversation, as a reference to Singapore. It refers to how the nation is depicted on many maps of the world and of Asia as a red dot. The city-state comprising the main island and all its islets – a total land area of no more than 718.3 square kilometres (277.3 sq mi) – is much smaller than its Southeast Asian neighbours.
The term gained wide publicity when the former President of Indonesia B. J. Habibie used it to refer to Singapore in what appeared to be a disparaging manner (though this was denied by him). The term was quickly adopted by both Singaporean politicians and ordinary citizens with pride and a sense of the nation's success despite its physical limitations.
Origin and subsequent developments
The term "little red dot" gained currency after the former Indonesian President B. J. (Bacharuddin Jusuf) Habibie was regarded as having criticized Singapore in an article published in the Asian Wall Street Journal of 4 August 1998. It was reported that Habibie had remarked that he did not have the feeling that Singapore was a friend, and had pointed to a map, saying: "It's O.K. with me, but there are 211 million people [in Indonesia]. All the green [area] is Indonesia. And that red dot is Singapore." The remark caused an outcry as it was seen as a dismissal of Singapore.
Former Prime Minister of Singapore, Goh Chok Tong, responded in his National Day Rally Speech on 23 August 1998. Goh called the effect of the Asian financial crisis in 1997 on Indonesia a "major tragedy", noting that the rupiah was worth only a fifth of what it was against the US dollar in June 1997; the banking system had almost collapsed; the economy was expected to contract by 15% in 1998; and that riots had taken place in the country in May 1998, mostly targeting Chinese Indonesians. He then said, "Singapore will help Indonesia within the limits of our ability. We are a small economy. ... After all we are only three million people. Just a little red dot on the map. Where is the capacity to help 211 million people?"
Reflecting on Habibie's remarks at a conference on 3 May 2003, Singapore's former Deputy Prime Minister (and present Prime Minister), Lee Hsien Loong, said: "This [Habibie's remark] was a vivid and valuable reminder that we are indeed very small and very vulnerable. The little red dot has entered the psyche of every Singaporean, and become a permanent part of our vocabulary, for which we are grateful."
On 19 September 2006, Habibie explained to reporters that far from dismissing Singapore in 1998, he had meant to highlight Singapore's achievements despite its small size. He said that he had made the remark while speaking off-the-cuff with members of an Indonesian youth group and trying to "give them spirit". He said that he had told them: "If you look at the map of South-east Asia, you [Indonesia] are so big, and Singapore is just a dot. But if you come to Singapore, you see people with vision." He also claimed that "I have corrected [myself] many times, but they have never put it [sic]. And I could not prove it in writing because I was talking freely."
The term "little red dot" has come to be used by both Singaporean politicians and ordinary citizens with pride and with a sense of the nation's success despite its physical limitations. With reference to Singapore, the term has also been used in the following contexts:
- Little Red Dot, a magazine aimed at primary school students published by The Straits Times that was launched in 2005.
- The Little Red Dot, the title of a 2005 book edited by Tommy Koh and Chang Li Lin about the rise of Singapore through the eyes of 50 of its diplomats.
- The Little Red Dot series of storybooks for Primary 1 and 2 students developed by Nexus (the Central National Education Office of the Government of Singapore). Four books have been published: Little Red Dot, Little Red Dot Bounces Back, Little Red Dot Fights Back and Little Red Dot Comes Home. The stories have themes such as resilience, a sense of rootedness, teamwork, unity and vigilance.
- Little Red Dot Academy, an aviation training and consultancy company headquartered in Singapore which was founded in 2004.
- Little Red Dots, a design collective based in Singapore that was conceived in 2004.
- Treasures of the Little Red Dot, a project initiated by Creativeans to develop and showcase designs inspired by Singapore culture and its immediate reality.
- On the Red Dot, a Channel NewsAsia current affairs programme which first aired in 2012.
- Sound relations with Malaysia vital, says Hsien Loong, Utusan Malaysia, 4 May 2003, retrieved 29 August 2007.
- "Habibie: What I meant by little 'red dot'", The Straits Times, 20 September 2006.
- Goh Chok Tong (23 August 1998), Prime Minister's National Day Rally Speech, 1998, Ministry of Education (Singapore), archived from the original on 22 November 2008.
- Lee Hsien Loong (3 May 2003), Learning and Living the Singapore Story: Keynote Address by Deputy Prime Minister, Mr Lee Hsien Loong at the Network Conference 2003, Government of Singapore, archived from the original on 7 February 2012.
- "Habibie truly admired the 'Little Red Dot'", Today, 20 September 2006.
- "Big help from ST's new little paper: The Straits Times launches their new primary school magazine, Little Red Dot, with full explanations of how it can be used in the classroom", The Straits Times (republished at AsiaMedia), 18 April 2005, archived from the original on 7 February 2012.
- Tommy Koh; Chang Li Lin, eds. (2005), The Little Red Dot: Reflections By Singapore's Diplomats, Singapore: World Scientific, ISBN 978-981-256-414-6. For a review of the book, see Asad Latif (14 August 2005), "The Little Red Dot: Reflections by Singapore's diplomats [book review]" (PDF), The Sunday Times (reproduced on the Institute of Policy Studies website), Singapore, p. 27, archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2012.
- Little Red Dot presented by Nexus, Nexus (Central National Education Office), Government of Singapore, retrieved 6 November 2008.
- Little Red Dot Academy: Company Overview, Little Red Dot Academy, 2006, archived from the original on 8 February 2012.
- Little Red Dots: Who are We? What are We? Where are We? Why are We?, Little Red Dots, 10 September 2005, archived from the original on 8 February 2012.
- Treasures of the Little Red Dot: About, Treasures of the Little Red Dot, 2013, retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Chua, Mui Hoong (27 February 1999), "Whither Singapore-Jakarta ties?", The Straits Times (reproduced on Singapore Window), archived from the original on 22 June 2013.
- PM Goh urges 'dignified' reaction to Malaysian criticisms, Agence France Presse (AFP) (reproduced on Singapore Window), 15 March 2002, archived from the original on 21 June 2013.
- Mok, Ly Yng (12 April 2006), Little Red Dot: A Short Story by Mok Ly Yng, Yesterday.sg.
- "layyoong" (20 April 2006), Little Red Dot Two, Yesterday.org, archived from the original on 6 February 2012.
- Chang, Clarence (17 September 2006), "MM Lee on ensuring S'pore's future as 'special red dot': Firm, yet subtle, in doing things our way", The New Paper (reproduced on Singapore Window), archived from the original on 22 June 2013.
- Why is Singapore a little red dot?, ASK!, Advisory and Enquiry Service, National Library Board, 8 October 2007, archived from the original on 4 June 2012.