Little yellow-shouldered bat

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Little yellow-shouldered bat
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae
Genus: Sturnira
S. lilium
Binomial name
Sturnira lilium
Geoffroy, 1810

The little yellow-shouldered bat (Sturnira lilium) is a bat species from South and Central America. It is a frugivore and an effective seed disperser.[2][3]

It roosts alone in tree cavities, on branches, vines, and under palm leaves, usually keeping to the same roosts day to day.[4][5] There is evidence to suggest hypothermia is a thermoregulatory strategy to help adjust metabolic levels.[6] Ambient temperature has been noted as a greater influence on mating than food availability.[7] Its wing shape can also be affected by pregnancy in order to make flight more efficient.[8]



  1. ^ Velazco, P.; Patterson, B. (2017). "Sturnira lilium". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T88159688A22049384. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T88159688A22049384.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ Silva, Wesley R.; Kalko, Elisabeth K. V.; Mello, Marco A. R. (2008-04-18). "Diet and Abundance of the Bat Sturnira lilium (Chiroptera) in a Brazilian Montane Atlantic Forest". Journal of Mammalogy. 89 (2): 485–492. doi:10.1644/06-MAMM-A-411R.1. ISSN 0022-2372.
  3. ^ Silva, Wesley Rodrigues; Kalko, Elisabeth Klara Viktoria; Mello, Marco Aurelio Ribeiro (March 2008). "Movements of the bat Sturnira lilium and its role as a seed disperser of Solanaceae in the Brazilian Atlantic forest". Journal of Tropical Ecology. 24 (2): 225–228. doi:10.1017/S026646740800480X. ISSN 1469-7831. S2CID 86148321.
  4. ^ Evelyn, Michelle J.; Stiles, David A. (2003). "Roosting Requirements of Two Frugivorous Bats (Sturnira lilium and Arbiteus intermedius) in Fragmented Neotropical Forest1". Biotropica. 35 (3): 405–418. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2003.tb00594.x. ISSN 1744-7429.
  5. ^ Fenton, M. B.; Vonhof, M. J.; Bouchard, S.; Gill, S. A.; Johnston, D. S.; Reid, F. A.; Riskin, D. K.; Standing, K. L.; Taylor, J. R. (2000). "Roosts Used by Sturnira lilium (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in Belize1". Biotropica. 32 (4a): 729–733. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2000.tb00521.x. ISSN 1744-7429.
  6. ^ Audet, D.; Thomas, D. W. (1997-02-01). "Facultative hypothermia as a thermoregulatory strategy in the phyllostomid bats, Carollia perspicillata and Sturnira lilium". Journal of Comparative Physiology B. 167 (2): 146–152. doi:10.1007/s003600050058. ISSN 1432-136X. PMID 9120068. S2CID 26756047.
  7. ^ Mello, M.A.R.; Kalko, E.K.V.; Silva, W.R. (2009-02-26). "Ambient temperature is more important than food availability in explaining reproductive timing of the bat Sturnira lilium (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a montane Atlantic Forest". Canadian Journal of Zoology. 87 (3): 239–245. doi:10.1139/Z09-010. ISSN 0008-4301.
  8. ^ Oliveira, Hernani F. M. de; Camargo, Nícholas F. de (2012-11-14). "Sexual Dimorphism in Sturnira lilium (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae): Can Pregnancy and Pup Carrying Be Responsible for Differences in Wing Shape?". PLOS ONE. 7 (11): e49734. Bibcode:2012PLoSO...749734C. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049734. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3498221. PMID 23166759.