A photograph of the mill at Littleton taken by Samuel Calvin between 1890 and 1911.
Littleton was platted in 1855 by Moses Little and Chatham was platted by Dr. Robert W. Wright. Chatham is in section 10 of Perry Township with Littleton just on the other side in section 9. The post office was established in 1851 and switched to Littleton in the 1880s. Though Littleton had a booming beginning, the community never incorporated, remaining forever a small town on a side road between Independence and Jesup. While many residence were not even aware they lived in Chatham, more people are becoming aware of its existence through the efforts of the Littleton and Chatham Historical Society. The LCHS was established in 2007 and acquired the former Pleasant Grove Presbyterian Church in 2014 Littleton and Chatham Historical Society.