Litto Nebbia (born July 21, 1948) is a singer, songwriter and producer prominent in the development of Argentine rock.
Life and work
Félix Francisco Nebbia was born in Rosario, Santa Fe to Martha and Félix Nebbia, in 1948. His parents were struggling musicians, though during his early teens, Litto left secondary school to join a friend, keyboardist Ciro Fogliatta, in a band ("Wild Cats"). The duo moved to Buenos Aires in 1963, and lived hand-to-mouth in a Balvanera ward tenement. They appeared in a television show, Escala Musical, a number of times, and became regulars at a popular neighborhood recital hall, La Cueva.
Nebbia and Fogliatta formed "Los Gatos" in 1966. The group became known for their all-night performances, and composed most of their own songs, many in the well-known neighborhood café, "La Perla del Once" (facing Plaza Miserere). One such composition, La balsa (The Raft), was written at that location by Nebbia and the ill-fated songwriter Tanguito on May 2, 1967, and following its release on the RCA Victor label on July 3, sold over 250,000 copies.
The album, which also included Moris Birabent's Ayer nomás (Just Yesterday) was the first local rock production to outsell either American or British rock titles locally, and the milestone became known as the birth of Argentine rock. The Argentine edition of Rolling Stone Magazine, in a 2007 retrospective, named the melancholy La balsa number one in the list of the 100 best albums in Argentine rock. Commercially, the album rescued the struggling group. Invited to perform the hit on television following its release, the group could only see themselves when the show aired at the kindness of an appliance store owner, who tuned a window display set to the program at their request.
Controversy ensued shortly after the hit's release however. A contentious debate soon arose as to whether Nebbia or Tanguito had contributed more to the composition (particularly after the latter's tragic, 1972 death). La balsa also aggravated officials in General Juan Carlos Onganía's conservative dictatorship, who stopped short of banning a song they believed encouraged escapism and drug abuse, but retaliated by shuttering La Cueva, whose stage had become the focal point for local rock groups (including Los Gatos). The band itself began losing cohesion, as well: guitarist Kay Galiffi relocated to Brazil, and Nebbia left the group in 1969; by 1970, Los Gatos had dissolved.
Nebbia began a solo career with RCA Records, and his first album, Litto Nebbia, benefited from having a number of its tracks included in local filmmaker Julio Porter's El extraño de pelo largo (The Long Haired Stranger). His work drew from the folklorical Chacarera genre in 1971 and 1972, and in 1973, he founded the Litto Nebbia Trio, whose repertoire centered on jazz. Nebbia produced folk rock duo Pastoral's En el hospicio (In the Hospice) in 1975, enjoying success in his first foray into record production.
The advent of a new dictatorship in 1976, and his subsequent intimidation and detainment, forced Nebbia to seek exile in Mexico, however. He remained creatively productive in exile, and released some of his most successful albums during this era, including Canciones para cada uno (Songs for Each of You) in 1978, and Sólo se trata de vivir (It's Only About Living), in 1981. Expecting a daughter, Miranda, and heartened by an improving civil liberties climate, Nebbia returned to Argentina in 1982.
His return was followed by the Rosariazo, a May 1983 concert in which he was joined by Silvina Garré, Juan Carlos Baglietto, and Fito Páez, among others; his 1986 release, Demasiadas maneras de no saber nada (Too Many Ways to Know Nothing), was his fiftieth. Martha Nebbia, his mother, had recently converted a former Villa Urquiza shoe store into her new residence, and invited her son to install a recording booth there. Reunited with Salvador Barresi, the recording engineer from his days with Los Gatos, they improved and equipped the ad hoc space, which was opened as a recording studio in 1988, and which Barresi named El Nuevo Mundo ("The New World").
El Nuevo Mundo Studios led to Nebbia's 1989 establishment of Melopea Records, which he named after both the Ancient Greek music theory, and his own, 1974 album of that name. Melopea Records became known for discovering and promoting new talent, as well as producing unreleased tango compositions from decades earlier. Some of these latter included works by consular figures in the genre, such as Juan Carlos Cobián, Enrique Cadícamo, and Roberto Goyeneche. Nebbia was named Illustrious Citizen of Buenos Aires in 2002.
Los Gatos, save for drummer Oscar Moro (who had died a year earlier), were reunited for a revival in 2007. Nebbia presented a nine disc anthology of Argentine rock in 2010, and hosted a gathering of fellow Argentine rock greats on 9th of July Avenue as part of official celebrations of the Argentina Bicentennial. Two of the most influential in the genre, Charly García and Luis Alberto Spinetta, acknowledged Nebbia and Los Gatos as inspirations for their own beginnings.
- Litto Nebbia, 1969
- Litto Nebbia, Vol. 2: Hijo de America, 1970
- Nebbia's Band, 1971
- Despertemos en America, 1972
- Muerte en La Catedral, 1973
- Melopea, 1974
- Fuera del Cielo, 1975
- Bazar de Los Milagros, 1976
- Cosas Que No Quieren Morir, 1976
- El Vendedor De Promesas. 1977
- Canciones Para Cada Uno, Vol. 1, 1978
- Canciones Para Cada Uno, Vol. 2, 1979
- Toda Cancion Sera Plegaria, 1979
- Creer, 1980
- 1981, 1981
- Solo Se Trata De Vivir. 1981
- Solopiano, Vol. 1, 1981
- Tres Noches en la Trastienda, 1981
- Llegamos De Los Barcos, 1982
- Solopiano, Vol. 2, 1982
- Canciones Para Conocernos Mas, 1983
- La Guerra No Sabe, 1983
- 1992, 1984
- Con La Banda Sinfonica Nacional, 1984
- Para Que Se Encuentren Los Hombres, 1984
- En Brasil, Aqui Y Ahora, 1985
- Luna Caliente, 1985
- Demasiadas Maneras de No Saber Nada, 1986
- Musiquieros, 1987
- Buscando en el Bolsillo del Alma, 1988
- Nostalgias del Harlem Espanol, 1990
- Esperando El Milagro, 1992
- Argentino de America, 1992
- Seguro, 1992
- Paginas de Vida, Vol. 1-4 1994
- Evita: Quien Quiera Oir Que Oiga, 1996
- Homenaje a Gardel Y Le Pera, 1997
- Nebbia Canta Cadícamo, 1997
- El Hombre Que Amaba A Todas Las Mujeres, 1997
- Matar al abuelito, 1998
- Siempre bailan dos, 2000
- El jardín de la esquina, 2001
- Tributo a Brian Wilson, 2002
- Celebración, 2003
- La Noche del Colibri, 2004
- Tango & Nocturno, 2004
- Bazar de los milagros, 2006
- Danza del Corazon, with La Luz, 2007
- El Jardin de La Esquina, 2007
- Península Valdes, with Alfredo Lichter, 2007
- The Blues, 2007
- Bella Madrid, 2008
- Calamaro querido!, 2009
- Clarín (3 May 2007) (Spanish)
- Pintos, Víctor. Tanguito. La verdadera historia. Buenos Aires: Planeta, 1993.
- Biografías de Grupos de Latinoamérica Parte 3: Los Gatos (Spanish)
- Los 100 Mejores Discos del Rock Nacional, Rolling Stone, 2007
- Los 40 de «La balsa», Igooh
- Primera Plana: Sobre hippies y otras yerbas (8 February 1968) (Spanish)
- Pelo: El cansancio de Los Gatos (1970) (Spanish)
- Rock.com: Pastoral (Spanish)
- Página/12 (21 September 2006) (Spanish)
- Cancionero.net: Litto Nebbia ciudadano ilustre (Spanish)
- Clarín: Volvieron, eternos, Los Gatos (25 June 2007) (Spanish)
- Clarín: El rock según Litto (Spanish) Note: includes clip from 2007 revival performance of La balsa
- Bicentenario: una multitud asistió a los festejos oficiales en la 9 de Julio
- Clarín: Somos hermanos de la vida (29 May 1998) (Spanish)