Liu Qiangdong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Liu Qiangdong
Liu Qiangdong.jpg
Born (1973-03-10) 10 March 1973 (age 49) or (1974-02-14) 14 February 1974 (age 48)[Note 1]
Suqian, Jiangsu, China
Alma materRenmin University of China
OccupationFounder and CEO,
(m. 2015)
FamilyHan Chinese
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Richard Liu Qiangdong (Chinese: 刘强东; born March 10, 1973 or February 14, 1974[Note 1]) is a Chinese Internet entrepreneur. He has been called the "Jeff Bezos of China" and his company has been compared to Amazon due to its business model.[8] Liu founded Jingdong as a business-to-consumer single retail store for magneto-optical products in June 1998 and later moved the company into an e-commerce website known as in 2004.[9] Liu is the company's chief executive officer and expanded its e-commerce products from selling consumer electronics to less specialized items, which grew into one of the largest retailers in China.[10] According to Forbes, Liu's net worth is US$9 billion as of May 2020 with a 15.8% stake in[11][12] He was included on the "China Rich List" for 2019.[11]

In April 2020, Liu was in talks with the government of China regarding shipment of 5 million masks and 600,000 pairs of gloves for the COVID-19 relief efforts.[13]

Early life and biography[edit]

Liu Qiangdong was born on March 10, 1973 or February 14, 1974[Note 1] in Suqian, Jiangsu province. His parents are in the business of shipping coal from north China to the south.[citation needed] As a young man, Liu Qiangdong had an interest in politics. He graduated from primary school in the Jiangsu province and enrolled in the department of sociology in Renmin University of China, known for its connection to China's political elites, in 1992.[14] However, finding the degree would not guarantee good job opportunities, Liu spent all his spare time learning computer programming. He graduated with a bachelor's degree in sociology in 1996, and later earned an EMBA from the China Europe International Business School.[15]

As a college student, Liu invested his income earned from programming work and family loans into a restaurant venture. The business failed in a few months, losing more than US$200,000, which left Liu in debt.[16][17] After graduation, Liu was employed by Japan Life, a Japanese health product enterprise, and successively served as the director for computers, the director for business, and the logistics supervisor.[18]


In June 1998, he started his own business Jingdong in Zhongguancun High-tech Industrial Park in Beijing as a distributor of magneto-optical products, focusing on selling authorized products when counterfeit products were widely sold.[9]: 11  Upon foundation, Jingdong (Chinese: 京东) company was named after Liu Qiangdong himself and Gong Xiaojing (龚小京 or 龚晓京), his then-girlfriend who also graduated from Renmin University of China. They broke up in 2003.[19][20][21][22] Liu had opened 12 brick-and-mortar stores under the Jingdong brand by 2003.[23]

The SARS outbreak in 2003 kept staff and clients of Jingdong at home and forced Liu to rethink the business model and divert to online business. Due to the outbreak, Liu's business lost over 8 million yuan.[9]: 17  Liu launched his first online retail website in 2004, and founded (short form for Jingdong) later that year. In 2005, Liu closed off all brick-and-mortar stores and became an e-commerce business.

In 2005, Liu received an offer to sell for 18 million yuan, which he rejected.[9]: 27 

In 2007, Liu employed a full-category strategy for, changing the company's business model from selling consumer electronics to large variety of goods.[9]: xiii  The company has become one of the leading e-commerce businesses in China. has been compared to Amazon because of similar business models,[24] and Liu has been compared to Jeff Bezos as a self-made individual.[8][25] applied to go public in the US in January 2014.[26] On 22 May 2014, the date of's IPO, the stock price rose about 15%[27] is the second largest internet-company in the world (by revenue) and is the largest e-commerce company in China.[28][29][30]

In April 2022, announced that Liu is stepping down as CEO and will be replaced by Lei Xu, the company's current president.[31]

Legal cases[edit]

On 23 July 2018, Liu Qiangdong was named as the billionaire host of a private dinner party in Sydney that was the focus of a rape trial. Party guest Xu Longwei was found guilty of seven charges, including having non-consensual sex with a woman he met at Liu's apartment on 26 December 2015.[32] Liu was not charged with a crime or accused of any wrongdoing in that case. As a result, he asked for a suppression order from the Australian court to prevent the release of his name in connection with the case, a request which was rejected.[33][32]

On August 31, 2018, Liu was arrested in Minneapolis, Minnesota with the charge of rape.[34][35] The complainant is a 21-year-old Chinese student who attended a dinner party with Liu on the night of August 30.[36] After the party ended at 9:30 PM, the complainant and Liu returned to her apartment, where she alleges the rape occurred at 1:00 AM.[37][38] Liu was released pending further investigation and returned to Beijing.[33]

On September 2, 2018, issued a statement that the company would take legal action against "false reporting or rumors" after the local police found "no substance to the claim against Mr. Liu".[33][39][40][41][42] Three American law firms have alleged that this statement was misleading and announced a class-action lawsuits in response.[43][44] Liu's attorneys denied any wrongdoing[36] and claimed that the charges are not supported by evidence.[45]

On December 21, 2018, The office of the Hennepin County Attorney said they had not found enough evidence to charge Liu.[46][47]

On April 16, 2019, Liu Jingyao, a student at the University of Minnesota, formally filed a civil lawsuit against Liu Qiangdong, claiming Liu forced himself upon her in his vehicle after the dinner and later raped her at her apartment. The lawsuit seeks damages of more than $50,000.[48][49] In April 2020, the judge overseeing the case declined the motion to dismiss from the litigation; both the company and Liu are named defendants.[50]

Personal life[edit]

Liu Qiangdong has a son who was born in 2006. The name of the child's mother is not publicly known, Liu Qiangdong may have had a marriage with her.[19][51][20]

In 2008, Liu volunteered as part of Red Cross efforts and drove to Pingwu County to help the victims of the Sichuan earthquake.[9]: 104 

In August 2015, Liu married Zhang Zetian, an internet celebrity better known as "Sister Milk Tea".[52] Their relationship started in early 2014 when Liu studied at Columbia University and Zhang was an exchange student at Barnard College, affiliated with Columbia University.[53] Their early romance was spotted in New York City and when pictures were posted online.[54] On April 10, 2014, Liu confirmed this relationship to the public through his Weibo account.[55] On August 8, 2015, Liu Qiangdong and Zhang Zetian registered for marriage in Beijing.[56] They held their wedding ceremony on October 1, 2015 in Sydney, Australia.[57] Their daughter was born in March 2016.[58]


  1. ^ a b c Liu's date of birth is March 10, 1973 according to various official documents by both the Chinese and the United States governments.[1][2][3]
    However, some sources indicated that he personally recognizes February 14, 1974 as his date of birth and displayed it on website's personal introduction page (which was deleted as of 2022).[4][5][6][7]


  1. ^ SEC; "THE COMPANIES LAW EXEMPTED COMPANY LIMITED BY SHARES SECOND AMENDED AND RESTATED MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION OF JD.COM, INC". SEC. Page 5 shows Liu's Chinese ID number which indicates that his date of birth is 10 March 1973. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  2. ^ Yin, Feng (2014). 京东的秘密:刘强东和他的京东商城 [The secret of Jingdong: Liu Qiangdong and his Jingdong Mall] (in Chinese). Guangdong Travel & Tourism Press. ISBN 9787807669005.
  3. ^ "Liu Qiangdong". All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-09-02. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  4. ^ Yan, Jingjie (16 February 2015). 刘强东朋友圈晒婚戒 与奶茶妹已结婚?. Yicai (一财网). First Financial. According to a report published on 16 February 2015, Liu Qiangdong celebrated his birthday shortly before that day. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  5. ^ FANG Xingdong (方兴东) (interviewer, commentator); LIU Qiangdong (interviewee) (October 2017). 我的创业史 [My entrepreneurial history]. Oriental Publishing House (东方出版社). Section "刘强东 走过的人生节点". ISBN 9787506096584. 1974年2月14日,刘强东先生出生于江苏省宿迁市 {{cite book}}: |author1= has generic name (help)
  6. ^ 企业创始人 [Company founder]. Official website of Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  7. ^ 杰出人物奖案例申报——刘强东. Xinhuanet. Xinhua News Agency. 2016-10-20. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  8. ^ a b Anderlini, Jamil. "Liu Qiangdong, the 'Jeff Bezos of China', on making billions with". Financial Times.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Zhigang, Li (2016). The Story. LID Publishing. ISBN 9781910649718.
  10. ^ "刘强东:电子商务现在正是到了泡沫期" (in Chinese). 网易财经. 2011-01-17.
  11. ^ a b "Forbes profile: Liu Qiangdong". Forbes. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  12. ^ Flannery, Russell. "China Billionaire's 24-Year-Old Wife Boosts's Fashion Growth". Forbes.
  13. ^ "Billionaires Stepping Up to Fight Covid-19". In NewsWeekly. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  14. ^ "刘强东为家乡老人发650万春节红包". 责任编辑:jimmonzang (in Simplified Chinese). 腾讯网. 2015-02-17.
  15. ^ "Richard Liu or Liu Qiangdng - Founder and CEO of". Archived from the original on 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-11-03.
  16. ^ Lessons from an Early Failure (Archived Article on
  17. ^ "刘强东讲述3个血泪段子:一夜竟然愁白了头" (in Chinese). 网易教育. 2014-04-23.
  18. ^ Griffiths, James (2014-11-14). "How's Richard Liu turned early disaster into future success". South China Morning Post.
  19. ^ a b Wu, Yaxiong (吴亚雄) (2014-04-15). 刘强东晒儿子照片前妻曾挽回婚姻 奶茶妹妹甘作后妈?. 人民网. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  20. ^ a b 传奶茶妹倒追刘强东 男方有婚史儿子8岁. Sina Entertainment. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  21. ^ 刘强东恋爱史:三个时期的三个女人. Sina Tech. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  22. ^ 8张图带你认识刘强东初恋龚小京. Hexun. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  23. ^ "About CEO Richard Liu".
  24. ^ Shead, Sam. "Inside, the giant Chinese firm that could eat Amazon alive". Wired.
  25. ^ Chan, Tara Francis. "'China's Jeff Bezos' is now running a village and vows e-commerce will eliminate poverty". Business Insider.
  26. ^ "China's IPO raises $1.78 billion, augurs well for Alibaba". Reuters. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  27. ^ Pimentel, Benjamin (2014-05-22). " shares rally 15% in IPO". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  28. ^ "Here's The Latest Sign That China's E-Commerce Market Is White Hot". Business Insider.
  29. ^ Schiefelbein, Luke (25 July 2018). "Is The Future Of Chinese E-Commerce?". Forbes. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  30. ^ "Homecoming: E-commerce giant secretly files for Hong Kong second listing". independent. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  31. ^ Michelle Toh. "'s billionaire founder is stepping down as CEO". CNN. Retrieved 2022-04-15.
  32. ^ a b "Court lifts suppression on name of Chinese billionaire entangled in rape trial". 23 July 2018.
  33. ^ a b c Zhong, Raymond; Li, Yuan (August 2, 2018). "Chinese Billionaire Arrested in Minnesota in Sexual Misconduct Case". The New York Times. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  34. ^ Hufford, Austen; Lin, Liza (2018-09-04). " Founder Liu Had Been Arrested on Suspicion of Rape". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-09-05.
  35. ^ "Hennepin County > Sheriff's Jail Roster". Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  36. ^ a b Zhang, Chunying; Hufford, Austen; Li, Shan (2018-09-06). "Arrest of CEO Came After Night of Wine and Japanese Food in Minneapolis". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  37. ^ Qing, Koh Gui (2018-09-24). "The night a Chinese billionaire was accused of rape in Minnesota". Reuters. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  38. ^ Qing, Koh Gui. "The night a Chinese billionaire was accused of rape in Minnesota". U.S. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
  39. ^ Emily Rauhala (2018-09-02). "Chinese billionaire under investigation over sexual assault allegations in Minneapolis". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  40. ^ " CEO Arrested in U.S. For Alleged Sexual Misconduct". Time. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  41. ^ 微博正文 - 微博HTML5版. (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  42. ^ Cadell, Cate; Wu, Kane (September 2, 2018). " CEO released after U.S. arrest; firm says he was falsely accused". Reuters. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
  43. ^ Chen, Celia; Delaney, Robert (2018-09-05). " faces US share-price slide lawsuits in wake of Richard Liu's arrest". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  44. ^ Zhecheng, Qian (2018-09-05). "Amid Rape Allegations, US Law Firms Plan Suit Against". Sixth Tone. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
  45. ^ "Rape allegations against JD founder at odds with evidence: Lawyer". AsiaOne. Archived from the original on October 1, 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  46. ^ " Chief Richard Liu Will Not Be Charged With Sexual Assault". The New York Times. December 21, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  47. ^ " chief Liu Qiangdong will not face rape charges". BBC. December 21, 2018. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  48. ^ "College student sues CEO Richard Liu over alleged rape". CNN Business. CNN. April 17, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  49. ^ Yuan, Li (2019-12-13). "She Accused a Tech Billionaire of Rape. The Chinese Internet Turned Against Her. - The New York Times". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2019-12-15. Retrieved 2019-12-16.
  50. ^ "Judge rejects motion to remove Chinese billionaire's corporation as defendant in sexual assault lawsuit". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2020-05-18.
  51. ^ 中华网编辑 (2017-07-04). 刘强东承认有个儿子,11岁了. 中华网. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  52. ^ " CEO dating girl 19 years younger - Entertainment News". SINA English. 2014-03-11. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  53. ^ 揭秘哥伦比亚大学 奶茶妹妹念的不是真正的哥大. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  54. ^ "JD's CEO confirms love with 'milk tea baby' -". Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  55. ^ 刘强东承认与奶茶妹恋情(图)|刘强东|奶茶妹妹_凤凰娱乐. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  56. ^ "Chinese internet tycoon Liu Qiangdong ties knot with Sister Milk Tea". 10 August 2015.
  57. ^ " Billiionare Richard Liu Qiangdong Marries Milk Tea Meimei Zhang Zetian; Girlfriend Upgraded to Wife".
  58. ^ 组图:奶茶妹妹抱女出镜 女儿首曝光 网友称像姐妹俩. (in Chinese (China)). 2016-09-18. Retrieved 2016-11-19.

External links[edit]

Business positions
New title CEO of Jingdong
Succeeded by
Xu Lei (徐雷)