|Born||[Note 1]10 March 1973 or 14 February 1974|
Suqian, Jiangsu, China
|Alma mater||Renmin University of China|
|Occupation||Founder and CEO, JD.com|
|Net worth||US$12.7 billion (January 2018)|
Zhang Zetian (m. 2015)
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Liu Qiangdong (Chinese: 刘强东; born 10 March 1973 or 14 February 1974[Note 1]), also known as Richard Liu, is a Chinese Internet entrepreneur. He is the founder of JD.com or Jingdong Mall, one of the leading e-commerce industry leaders in China.
As of January 2018, Liu's net worth rose to US$12.7 billion with JD.com surging in its stock price.
Liu was arrested on August 31, 2018 in Minneapolis, Minnesota on suspect of "criminal sexual conduct", and was released pending a formal complaint. Liu's attorney and JD.com have denied any wrongdoing by Liu. The case is still under investigation. 
Liu Qiangdong was born in 1973 or 1974[Note 1] in Suqian, Jiangsu province. His parents are in the business of shipping coal from north China to the south. As a young man, Liu Qiangdong had an interest in politics. Liu enrolled in department of sociology in the People's University of China, known for its connection to China's political elites. However, finding the degree will not guarantee good job opportunity, Liu spent all his spare time learning computer programming. He graduated with a bachelor's degree in sociology in 1996, and later earned an EMBA from the China Europe International Business School.
As a college student, Liu invested his income earned from programming work and family loans into a restaurant venture. The business failed in a few months and left him in debt.
After graduation, Liu was employed by Japan Life, a Japanese health product enterprise, and successively served as the director for computers, the director for business, and the logistics supervisor. Two years later, in June 1998, he started his own business Jingdong in Zhongguancun High-tech Industrial Park in Beijing as a distributor of magneto-optical products. By 2003, he had opened 12 stores.
The SARS outbreak in 2003 kept staff and clients of Jingdong at home and forced Liu to rethink the business model and divert to online business. Liu launched his first online retail website in 2004, and founded JD.com (short form for Jingdong) later that year. In 2005, Liu closed off all brick-and-mortar stores and become an e-commerce business.
The company has become one of the leading e-commerce businesses in China. JD.com applied to go public in the US in January 2014. On 22 May 2014, the date of JD.com's IPO, the stock price rose about 15%
Upon foundation, Jingdong (Chinese: 京东) company was named after Liu Qiangdong himself and Gong Xiaojing (Chinese: 龚小京 or 龚晓京), his then-girlfriend who also graduated from Renmin University of China. They broke up in 2003.
In August 2015, Liu married Zhang Zetian, an internet celebrity better known as "Sister Milk Tea". Their relationship started in early 2014 when Liu studied at Columbia University and Zhang was an exchange student at Barnard College, affiliated with Columbia University. Their early romance was spotted in New York City and when pictures were posted online.  On April 10, 2014, Liu confirmed this relationship to the public through his Weibo account. On August 8, 2015, Liu Qiangdong and Zhang Zetian registered for marriage in Beijing. They held their wedding ceremony on October 1, 2015 in Sydney, Australia. Their daughter was born in March 2016.
Party guest convicted of rape
On 23 July 2018 Liu Qiangdong was named as the billionaire host of a private dinner party in Sydney that was the focus of a rape trial. Party guest Xu Longwei was found guilty in a New South Wales District Court of indecent assault, assault and having non-consensual sex with a woman he met at Liu's apartment on 26 December 2015. According to the New York Times, Liu was not charged with a crime or accused of any wrongdoing in that case but he tried to get an Australian court to prevent the release of his name in connection with the case by citing potential damage to his marriage and business, court documents show. In July, a judge in Australia rejected his request for a suppression order.
Arrest on suspicion of rape
On August 31, 2018, Liu was arrested in Minneapolis, Minnesota on suspicion of rape with the charge of "criminal sexual conduct". The complainant is a 21 year old Chinese student who attends the University of Minnesota, where Liu is enrolled in the Doctor of Business Administration program at the Carlson School of Management, a joint program with Tsinghua University. Participants were on campus for part of their residency from August 26 to September 1.
The complainant attended a dinner party with Liu on the night of August 30. After the party ended at 9:30 PM, the complainant and Liu returned to her apartment, where she alleges the rape occurred at 1:00 AM. At around 2:00 AM, the complainant messaged a friend via WeChat to say that she did not give consent and asked her friend not to call the police. The original messages have been seen by Reuters and verified by the complainant's lawyer.
Liu was released pending further investigation and returned to Beijing. On September 2, 2018, JD.com issued a statement that the company would take legal action against "false reporting or rumors" after the local police found "no substance to the claim against Mr. Liu".
Three American law firms have alleged that this statement was misleading or "failed to disclose information pertinent to investors" and announced class-action lawsuits in response. Liu's attorneys denied any wrongdoing  and claim the charges are not supported by evidence.
On September 20, 2018, Hennepin County Attorney Michael O. Freeman announced that the police had completed their initial investigation and turned the case over to the prosecutors, who would review the evidence and make a decision on whether to bring charges. There is no deadline for this determination.
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On 14 February 1974, Mr. Liu Qiangdong was born in Suqian City, Jiangsu Province (1974年2月14日，刘强东先生出生于江苏省宿迁市)
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