Liu Sheng, Prince of Zhongshan

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Liu Sheng (simplified Chinese: 刘胜; traditional Chinese: 劉勝; pinyin: Liú Shèng; died 113 BC), posthumously known as King/Prince Jing of Zhongshan (Chinese: 中山; pinyin: Zhōngshān Jìng Wáng), was a king/prince of the Western Han empire of Chinese history. His father was Emperor Jing, and he was the elder brother of Emperor Wu of Han. His mausoleum is one of the most important archaeological sites pertaining to the Western Han imperial family, whose contents include the jade burial suits which encased him and his wife, Dou Wan.


Bronze incense burner inlaid with gold; from the tomb of Liu Sheng, Prince of Zhongshan, at Hebei Mancheng, Western Han period, 2nd century BC

Liu Sheng was born to Emperor Jing of Han and Consort Jia, who also had another son, Liu Pengzu the Prince of Zhao. He was given the fief of Zhongshan by his father in 154 BC, and therefore reigned in the period right after the Rebellion of the Seven States, when the political atmosphere was one of suspicion regarding the feudal states. Given this atmosphere Liu Sheng was one of the more successful feudal rulers.

In the third year of the reign of Emperor Wu, his younger brother, Liu Sheng and several other princes were invited to Chang'an to feast; at the feast Liu Sheng wept and complained of the treatment of the feudal princes by centrally appointed officials, who made use of their role as monitors to constantly trump up charges against the princes. Impressed by this petition the Emperor explicitly ordered that the unfair scrutiny of the princes should stop, and Liu Sheng became one of the most renowned of the feudal rulers of his time.

He was known to indulge in alcohol and women, and is reputed to have had some 120 sons.[1][2]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sima, Qian. Records of the Grand Historian, House of the Five Clans.
  2. ^ Ban, Gu. Book of Han, The Thirteen Sons of Emperor Jing.
Prince Jing of Zhongshan
 Died: 113 BC
Chinese royalty
New title Prince of Zhongshan
154 BC – 113 BC
Succeeded by
Liu Chang