Liu Wenzhe

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Liu Wenzhe
Full name Liu Wenzhe
Country China
Born (1940-10-07)October 7, 1940[1]
Harbin, China
Died September 20, 2011(2011-09-20)
Beijing, China
Title International Master (1980)[1]
FIDE rating 2473 (March 2017)
Peak rating 2473 (July 2000)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Liu.

Liu Wenzhe (Chinese: 刘文哲; October 7, 1940 – September 20, 2011) was an International Master chess player. He was also one of China's top chess trainers.

Liu Wenzhe played for Guangdong chess club in the China Chess League (CCL).[2]

Chess career[edit]

He was the first Chinese player to defeat a grandmaster (Nikolai Krogius in 1965) and the first to be awarded the title of International Master. He is considered a pioneer of chess in China and a founding father of the Chinese School of Chess. He won the Chinese Chess Championship in 1980 and 1982.

a b c d e f g h
a8 black rook
d8 black queen
e8 black knight
f8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
f7 black king
g7 black bishop
h7 white queen
c6 black knight
d6 black pawn
e6 black bishop
g6 black pawn
c5 black pawn
d5 white knight
f5 black pawn
g5 white pawn
e4 white pawn
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
c2 white pawn
e2 white bishop
f2 white pawn
a1 white rook
c1 white bishop
e1 white king
g1 white knight
h1 white rook
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5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Liu Wenzhe-Donner, position after 15...Kh7.

Two years after the end of the Cultural Revolution and Mao Zedong's death and the fall of the Gang of Four in 1976, China competed in their first Olympiad in Buenos Aires. It was there that Liu Wenzhe defeated grandmaster Jan Hein Donner of the Netherlands in crushing style after only 20 moves. It remains his best known game:

Liu Wenzhe—Donner, Buenos Aires Olympiad, 1978. Pirc Defence (ECO B07)
1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.Be2 Bg7 5.g4 h6 6.h3 c5 7.d5 O-O? 8.h4 e6 9.g5 hxg5 10.hxg5 Ne8 11.Qd3 exd5 12.Nxd5 Nc6 13.Qg3 Be6 14.Qh4 f5 15.Qh7+ Kf7 (diagram) 16.Qxg6+! Kxg6 17.Bh5+ Kh7 18.Bf7+ Bh6 19.g6+ Kg7 20.Bxh6+ 1-0[3]

In total, Liu made three appearances at the Chess Olympiads (1978–1982) with an overall record of 37 games played (+14, =4, -19). He also made four appearances in total at the Men's Asian Team Chess Championship (1979–1981, 1991–1993) with an overall record of 17 games played (+10, =4, -3).

In 1986 he was appointed to the post of Chief Trainer of the Chinese Institute of Chess and head coach of the Chinese national chess team. He was succeeded by Ye Jiangchuan in 2000.

In 2002-3, he wrote a seminal book on the "Chinese School of Chess" called the same name (see Further reading). In the book he charts the dramatic progress of Chinese players over the past 25 years.


"Systematically training players is more important than selecting them."—Liu Wenzhe, head coach, women’s Chinese Olympic team.[4]

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Li Zunian
Men's Chinese Chess Champion
Succeeded by
Ye Jiangchuan
Preceded by
Ye Jiangchuan
Men's Chinese Chess Champion
Succeeded by
Xu Jun