Liu Xuan (Three Kingdoms)

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Liu Xuan
Crown Prince of Shu Han
Tenure 238 – 263
Born 224[1]
Died 264 (aged 40)[1]
Chengdu, Sichuan
Full name
Family name: Liu (劉)
Given name: Xuan (璿)
Courtesy name: Wenheng (文衡)
Father Liu Shan
Mother Lady Wang

Liu Xuan (224–264),[1] courtesy name Wenheng, was a prince of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. He was the eldest son of Liu Shan, the second and last ruler of Shu. Liu Xuan became crown prince in 238.[2] After the fall of Shu to the rival state of Wei, Liu Xuan and his surviving brothers returned to the capital, Chengdu. In 264, Liu Xuan was killed in Chengdu by rebelling soldiers during Zhong Hui's rebellion.[3]

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  1. ^ a b c Liu Xuan's biography in Records of the Three Kingdoms mentioned that he was 15 years old (by East Asian age reckoning) in the 1st year of the Yanxi era (238-257) in Liu Shan's reign. He died in the 1st year of the Xianxi era (264-265) in Cao Huan's reign. ([延熈元年] ... 時年十五。 ... 咸熈元年正月,鍾會作亂於成都,璿為亂兵所害。) By calculation, Liu Xuan's birth year should be around 224.
  2. ^ Records of the Three Kingdoms, chapter 33, p. 897.
  3. ^ Records of the Three Kingdoms, chapter 34, p. 908.