Liu Yuan (PRC general)
|Political commissar of the General Logistics Department|
December 2010 – December 2015
|Preceded by||Sun Dafa|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|Political commissar of the PLA Academy of Military Science|
December 2005 – December 2010
|Preceded by||Wen Zongren|
|Succeeded by||Sun Sijing|
|Born||22 February 1951|
|Parents||Liu Shaoqi, Wang Guangmei|
|Alma mater||Capital Normal University|
Liu Yuan (Chinese: 刘源; born 22 February 1951) is a retired General of the Chinese People's Liberation Army and a former politician. He served as the last political commissar of the PLA General Logistics Department and prior to that, political commissar of the PLA Academy of Military Science. Before his military career, he served as vice mayor of Zhengzhou and vice governor of Henan. He is the son of Liu Shaoqi, the former President of China who was persecuted to death during the Cultural Revolution.
Life and career
Liu Yuan was born in 1951 in Beijing, the son of Liu Shaoqi, a Communist revolutionary and former President of China, and Wang Guangmei, a multilingual interpreter who also worked for the party. He graduated from the No. 2 Experimental School in Beijing in 1964, and entered a regiment on the Central Security Bureau to undergo military training during his summer vacation.
In 1966, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution, and targeted Liu Shaoqi through the euphemistic "Bombard the Headquarters" big-character poster that Mao penned himself and ordered circulated all over the country. Liu Yuan, perhaps not initially realizing the real target of the poster was his own father, answered Mao's call-to-arms to usher in a brave new world by joining a Red Guard regiment at Beijing No. 4 High School. In September 1967, after his father had been forcibly removed from the capital, Liu Yuan and his two sisters escaped the Zhongnanhai compound by themselves but were left homeless. They found temporary shelter at the No. 4 Middle School.
Liu Shaoqi fell into political disgrace and was later killed during the Cultural Revolution. However, he was later rehabilitated after the Cultural Revolution ended. Liu Yuan was therefore allowed to participate in politics again.
In 1985, Liu Yuan became the vice mayor of Zhengzhou, capital of Henan. He was promoted to vice governor of Henan in 1988. Since 1992, he had served in People's Armed Police for years. In 2003, he became a deputy political commissar of the PLA General Logistics Department, and was made lieutenant general. He was appointed as political commissar of the PLA Academy of Military Science in 2005. On 20 July 2009, Liu was promoted to general.
In 2010, Liu wrote the preface to a friend's book titled Changing Our View of Culture and History, which has aroused notice for criticizing recent Party leadership and calls for the rejection of foreign models and a return to a supposed upright military heritage.
Some[who?] believe Liu is politically close to other "princelings", especially Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. However, he has also had close ties to the disgraced "princeling" Bo Xilai, and this, coupled with Liu's outspokenness about corruption in the PLA, may have denied Liu a seat on the Central Military Commission. However, Xi Jinping was said to be moving to promote Liu to the Central Military Commission after 'accusations (by Liu) in 2012 paved the way for the corruption charges against' senior military offices General Xu Caihou and lieutenant general Gu Junshan, as part of his plan to tackle corruption. Despite media speculation that he would take on the post of the Central Military Commission's new Discipline Inspection Commission, Liu Yuan retired in December 2015. Regarding his retirement, Liu said, "I will be the last political commissar of the Logistics Department... I will absolutely obey the military reforms [of Xi Jinping]."
In 2016, Liu was named deputy chair of the National People's Congress Financial and Economic Affairs Committee.
- Page, Jeremy "Princeling" General Attracts Notice with Criticism of Party. China Realtime Report, The Wall Street Journal, 23 May 2011.
- Hsiao, Russell (23 July 2009). "Hu Confers Hardliner Top Military Rank". The Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
- 讀張木生—《改造我們的文化歷史觀》序言 劉源 Archived 13 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine (Chinese, traditional characters, PDF)
- Chinese military's ability to wage war eroded by graft, its generals warn. Ben Blanchard and Megha Rajagopalan, Reuters, 18 August 2014 10:06 pm.
- "PLA general who helped Xi battle graft in military retires". South China Morning Post. 30 December 2015.
- Caixin: 刘源履新全国人大财经委副主任委员 向宪法宣誓
| Political Commissar of the PLA General Logistics Department