Liu Zhonghua

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Liu Zhonghua
刘中华
First President and Political commissar of Naval Senior Institute
In office
1957–1962
Political commissar and commander of the PLA Navy 6th Fleet
In office
1951–1953
Personal details
Born(1917-01-03)January 3, 1917
Wendeng District, Weihai, Shandong, China
DiedJanuary 16, 2018(2018-01-16) (aged 101)
Qingdao, Shandong, China
NationalityChinese
Political partyCommunist Party of China
ChildrenLiu Guoping (刘国平)
Liu Zhanping (刘战平)
Liu Dongping (刘东平)
Liu Nanping (刘南平)
Liu Huping (刘沪平)
Liu Beiping (刘北平)
Alma materVoroshilov Naval Academy
OccupationMilitary officer
AwardsOrder of Independence and Freedom (2nd Class Medal) (1955)
Order of Liberation (China) (1st Class Medal) (1955)
Red Star Medal (2nd Class Medal)
Military service
Allegiance People's Republic of China
Service/branch People's Liberation Army Navy
Years of service1935–1981
RankPLAMjGeneral r.png Major general
Battles/warsSecond Sino-Japanese War
Chinese Civil War

Liu Zhonghua (simplified Chinese: 刘中华; traditional Chinese: 劉中華; pinyin: Liǘ Zhōnghuá; 3 January 1917[1][2] – 16 January 2018) was a Chinese military officer. He was commander and political commissar of the PLA Navy 6th Fleet in 1953, and president of Naval Senior Institute (now Naval Aeronautical Engineering Institute) in 1957. In 1955 he was awarded the rank of major general (shaojiang).[3]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Liu was born in Wendengying Town, Wendeng District, Weihai, Shandong, on 3 January 1917. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1932.[3]

Second Sino-Japanese War[edit]

In 1935, he became party chief of Wendeng County of the Communist Youth League of China, then he was appointed as a underground messenger in Qingdao. In May, an informer betray Liu and he was arrested by the local government. Liu was in prison for almost two and a half years until the Kuomintang and the Communist Party Cooperation. On December 24, 1937, Liu participated in the Tianfushan Uprising (天福山起义) and served as a political instructor in the Resistance Against Japanese Aggression Army of Shandong People (山东人民抗日救国军), five days later, he was arrested again. He was rescued from prison by the party organization.[4] On July 7, 1937, the Marco Polo Bridge Incident triggered the Second Sino-Japanese War. In 1938, Liu was commissioned as political commissar of the 61st Regiment. During the Counter-Campaign against "Encirclement and Suppression", his legs were shot and wounded.[4] In the Spring of 1939, Liu went to Yan'an to attend the seminar, which was held by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. He had been ill at the 18th Army headquarters. After recovery, he entered the Northern Bureau Party School, where he studied alongside Xu Shiyou, Chen Xilian, and Liu Huaqing. In the summer of 1940, Liu returned to Shandong and served as political commissar in the 2nd Brigade of Shandong Columnists. In the summer of 1943, Liu became political commissar and party chief of the Nanhai Military District (南海军分区). At the beginning of 1945, he was transferred to the Zhonghai Military District (中海军分区) and a year later he was transferred again to the Beihai Military District (北海军分区).[5]

Chinese Civil War[edit]

In 1946, during the Chinese Civil War, Liu was political commissar of 27th Division of 9th Columnists of the East China Field Army, he was present at the Battle of Xintai-Laiwu, Battle of Menglianggu, Battle of Wei County, and Battle of Jinan. In February 1949, Liu was director of the political department of 30th Army of the 3rd Field Army, he participated in the Crossing River Campaigns and Liberation of Shanghai.[5]

In the People's Republic[edit]

After the establishment of the Communist State in 1951, Liu was deputy political commissar, then political commissar and commander of the PLA Navy 6th Fleet. In 1953, Liu was sent abroad to study at the expense of the government. In September 1955, he was awarded the military rank of major general (shaojiang) by Chairman Mao Zedong. In the Spring of 1957, Liu returned to China and became the first president and political commissar of Naval Senior Institute (now Naval Aeronautical Engineering Institute). Liu retired in 1981, after the Cultural Revolution. In 1988 he was advanced to the Red Star Medal, 2nd Class Medal. He lived in the cadre sanatorium of Qingdao after his retirement. On January 16, 2018, he died of illness in Qingdao, Shandong, at the age of 101.[3][6]

Personal life[edit]

Liu had six children, four sons and two daughters, they are, in order of birth: Liu Guoping (刘国平), Liu Zhanping (刘战平), Liu Dongping (刘东平), Liu Nanping (刘南平), Liu Huping (刘沪平) and Liu Beiping (刘北平).[7]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 开国将军刘中华1月16日上午在青岛逝世,享年101岁. zixunmanyou.com (in Chinese). 2018-01-20.
  2. ^ 开国将军刘中华百岁寿辰. meipian.cn (in Chinese). 2017-02-15.
  3. ^ a b c Yue Huairang; Wang Ge (2018-01-16). 将星陨落:百岁开国少将、原海军高级专科学校校长刘中华逝世. thepaper.cn (in Chinese).
  4. ^ a b 开国将军刘中华因病在青岛逝世 享年101岁(图). Qingdaonews (in Chinese). 2018-01-18.
  5. ^ a b 中国开国少将刘中华逝世 曾任海军高级专科学校校长. sina (in Chinese). 2018-01-18.
  6. ^ http://www.backchina.com/news/2018/01/18/538815.html
  7. ^ 将星陨落常胜留名,刘中华子女六人名字体现戎马一生。. iFeng (in Chinese). 2018-01-18. 刘国平是刘中华的大儿子,之所以叫国平,是因为他生于1945年,当时日本帝国主义投降,刘中华期望国家太平,因此为他取名“国平”,二儿子叫“刘战平”,生于1947年,当时国共正在内战,党的口号是用战争夺取和平,所以老二取名战平,而老三是大女儿,因当时正在打淮海战役,生于潍坊,最早起名维平,因淮海战役在华东地区所以后来改名叫东平,老四是小女儿出生那年正好解放南京,所以取名南平,三儿子出生时刘中华被任命为华东海军政委兼司令员,当时是在上海,所以叫沪平,小儿子出生时,刘中华被派往苏联去学习,当时全家搬进了北京,因此给取了北平的名。