Liu Zi Jue
The Six Healing Sounds or Liu Zi Jue (六字訣) is one of the common forms of Chinese qigong, and involves the coordination of movement and breathing patterns with specific sounds.
The Term Liu Zi Jue first appears in a book called On Caring for the Health of the Mind and Prolonging the Life Span written by Tao Hongjing of the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420 - 589). A leading figure of the Maoshan School of Taoism, Tao was renowned for his profound knowledge of Traditional Chinese Medicine. "One has only one way for inhalation but six for exhalation" he writes in the book.
Zou Pu'an of the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279) was a major contributor in terms of theory and practice to the transmission of the exercise through his book The Supreme Knack for Health Preservation - Six-Character Approach to Breathing Exercises.
No body movements accompanied the Liu Zi Jue exercises until the Ming Dynasty (1386 - 1644) when Hu Wenhuan and Gao Lian wrote books on the subject. For instance they both included in their books the summary of Liu Zi Jue for dispelling diseases and prolonging the life span, which combines controlled breathing with physical exercises.
There are a number of schools of exercise which incorporate elements of Liu Zi Jue, including Yi Jin Jing, Ba Gua Zhang and Da Yan Gong, but the sounds are used as an aid to physical exercises in these dynamic Qigong which is different from Liu Zi Jue. An authoritative work on the subject is Ma Litang's Liu Zi Jue Health and Fitness Exercises for clinical application.
The theoretical basis of the Liu Zi Jue exercises is in line with the ancient theories intrinstic to Traditional Chinese Medicine of the Five Elements and the Five Solid Viscera. They tend to be on common ground on such issues as mouth forms and pronunciation methods, and the direction of body movements and mind follow the inner circulation law of the meridians.
- 噓 XU [pronounced like 'she,' with the lips rounded] - 'deep sigh' or 'hiss' - Level the Liver Qi
- 呵 HE [pronounced like 'her'] - 'yawn' or 'laughing sound' - Supplement the Heart Qi
- 呼 HU [pronounced like 'who'] - 'to sigh,' 'to exhale,' or 'to call' - Cultivate [or Shore Up] the Spleen/Pancreas Qi
- 呬 SI [pronounced like 'sir'] - 'to rest' - Supplement the Lung Qi
- 吹 CHUI [pronounced 'chway' or 'chwee,' depending on locale] - 'to blow out,' 'to blast,' or 'to puff' - Supplement the Kidney Qi
- 嘻 XI [pronounced like 'she' with tongue high, and well forward, in the mouth] - 'mirthful' - Regulate the Triple Burner Qi
All syllables are pronounced on a level tone - the so-called first tone (regardless of the dictionary pronunciation of each word); typically all but the fifth sound are sustained - the fifth sound may be sustained, or pronounced quickly and forcefully.
- This material collected and translated from Chinese sources
- Examples of pronunciations, and the accompanying movements may be found at YouTube and related links.
- TU Ren-Shun; "Effect of Practicing Health Qigong-Liu Zi Jue on Endocrine System During Menopause"; Xiyuan Hospital of China, Academy of T.C.M. (Beijing 100091)
- TU Ren-Shun; "Effect of Practicing Health Qigong-Liu Zi Jue on Brain Electrical Power Spectra for Old and Middle-aged People"; Xiyuan Hospital of China, Academy of T.C.M. (Beijing 100091)
- YU Ping, ZHU Ying-Qi, SHEN Zhong-Yuan; "The Experimental Research of the Effect of Health Qigong-Liu Zi Jue Exercise on the Human Lung Function"; Shanghai Qigong Institute (Shanghai 200032)
- Cathrine Despeux; "The Six Healing Breaths" in "Daoist Body Cultivation" 2006 p. 37 - 68 incl. bibliography ISBN 1-931483-05-1
- A guide to perform the Six Healing Sounds can be found at this external link
- List articles about Liu Zi Jue on neigong.net
- A collection of different six healing sound videos on Qigong Journal