Liubech

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Lyubech

Любеч

Lubecz
Town
Flag of Lyubech
Flag
Coat of arms of Lyubech
Coat of arms
Lyubech is located in Chernihiv Oblast
Lyubech
Lyubech
Location of Lyubech in Ukraine
Lyubech is located in Ukraine
Lyubech
Lyubech
Lyubech (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 51°42′18.8″N 30°39′42″E / 51.705222°N 30.66167°E / 51.705222; 30.66167Coordinates: 51°42′18.8″N 30°39′42″E / 51.705222°N 30.66167°E / 51.705222; 30.66167
Country Ukraine
Oblast Chernihiv Oblast
RaionRipky Raion
Area
 • Total6 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population
 (January 1, 2015)
 • Total2,086 (2,015 est.)[1]

Liubech or Lyubech (Ukrainian: Любеч, Polish: Lubecz) is a small ancient town (first mentioned in 882) connected with many important events since the times of Kievan Rus'. It is located in Ripky Raion, in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Liubech is 250 kilometers (160 mi) north of the capital of Ukraine, Kiev, and located near the Belarusian border. Population: 2,086 (2015 est.)[1]

Monument by Giennadij Jerszow (1997)

History[edit]

In 1018 there was a great battle between the army of the Grand Prince of Kiev Sviatopolk the Accursed and the Prince of Novgorod Yaroslav the Wise who was rushing to seize power in the whole Rus'. In 1097 the Council of Liubech, also known as the Congress of Rus' Princes, was held here. It was initiated by Vladimir II Monomakh and divided the land of the Kievan Rus' between the princes.

In the 14th century, Lyubech became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1632, Polish King Sigismund III Vasa granted Lubecz city rights. It was a royal city of Poland. From 1635 to 1667 it was part of the Chernihiv Voivodeship of the Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown.

St. Anthony of the Caves (Anthony of Kiev) also known as Antony Pechersky, was born in Liubech in 983. He established the first Ukrainian monastery known now as Kiev Pechersk Lavra, and is considered to be the father of East Slavic monasticism.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. ^ Delaney, John (2005). Dictionary of saints. Random House, Inc. p. 702.