Livadiya, Crimea

Coordinates: 44°28′15″N 34°8′38″E / 44.47083°N 34.14389°E / 44.47083; 34.14389
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Livadiia is located in Crimea
Location of Livadiia within Crimea
Coordinates: 44°28′15″N 34°8′38″E / 44.47083°N 34.14389°E / 44.47083; 34.14389
CountryUkraine (currently under Russian occupation)
MunicipalityYalta Municipality
30 m (100 ft)
 • Total1,074
Time zoneUTC+4 (MSK)
Postal code
98655, 98656
Area code+380-654
Livadia Palace used to rival the Vorontsov Palace in Alupka as the most luxurious residence in Crimea.

Livadiya (Ukrainian: Лівадія, romanizedLivadiia; Russian: Ливадия; Crimean Tatar: Livadiya, Ливадия; Greek: Λιβαδιά) is an urban-type settlement in Crimea. It is located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of Yalta. Population: 1,074 (2014 Census).[1]


A minor Crimean Tatar settlement in the Middle Ages, Livadiya was named thus by Lambros Katsonis, a Greek revolutionary and Imperial Russian Army officer, after Livadeia, Greece, the town he was born in, then part of the Ottoman Empire. Katsonis had been granted an estate there by Empress Catherine II, which he named thus.[2]

The estate later passed to the possession of the Potocki family and then, in 1861, it became a summer residence of the Russian tsars. Emperor Alexander III of Russia died there in 1894.

The Livadia Palace, built in 1910–11, architect Nikolai Krasnov, is now a museum. It was formerly a summer palace of the last Russian Imperial family. In 1945, it served as the meeting place of the Yalta Conference and residence of Franklin Delano Roosevelt during the Conference. Nowadays, Livadiia is known primarily for producing wine and is also a noted health resort.


A minor planet 3006 Livadia discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh in 1979 is named after the suburb.[3]


  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  2. ^ "Official website of Livadiya" (in Russian). Panos Stamou. "Εκδηλώσεις - Δραστηριότητες" [Events - Activities] (in Greek). Official web page of the Lambros Katsonis Society of the Livadians (Σύλλογος Λεβαδέων "Ο Λάμπρος Κατσώνης"). Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Panos Stamou (c. 2007). Προσέγγιση ιστορικής προσωπικότητας μέσα από Αρχειακές πηγές: Περίπτωση Λάμπρου Κατσώνη [Approaching the historic person through archival sources: The case of Lampros Katsonis] (DOC) (in Greek). Hellenic Cultural Center (Moscow). See also the Lambros Katsonis articles in the Russian and Ukrainian language Wikipedia, respectively.
  3. ^ Dictionary of Minor Planet Names - p.247

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