Livanates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Livanates
Livanates is located in Greece
Livanates
Livanates
Coordinates: 38°43′N 23°03′E / 38.717°N 23.050°E / 38.717; 23.050Coordinates: 38°43′N 23°03′E / 38.717°N 23.050°E / 38.717; 23.050
Country Greece
Administrative region Central Greece
Regional unit Phthiotis
Municipality Lokroi
Municipal unit Dafnousia
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Community
 • Population 3023
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Vehicle registration ΜΙ

Livanates (Greek: Λιβανάτες) is a seaside town (population in 2001: 3,023) in Phthiotis, central Greece. It is located 68 km southeast of Lamia and it was the seat of the municipality of Dafnousia between 1997 and 2011.

History[edit]

Kynos, an ancient settlement site, can be found at the edge of the town. The medieval settlement was established by Arvanites. Livanates has been attested since 1540 as an Albanian settlement.[2] The Arvanitic dialect spoken in Livanates has some unique features that differentiate it from the other Arvanitic dialects.[3][4]

Livanates had 1,021 people in the 1890s. On April 1894, a strong earthquake ravaged the town and killed 5 residents and injured 20 others.

During the occupation in World War II, Canada saved many Athenians from starvation by donating wheat, potatoes, chick peas and cottons, as well as vegetables. During that period, Kynos hill was used for its military base as a camp and a prison.

Economy[edit]

The region produces meat, fish, potatoes, tomatoes, olives and olive oil, tobacco and cotton.

Landmarks[edit]

Notable sites are the Church of Agioi Theodoroi, a small Byzantine church which is an alleged site of krifo scholio, and the Monastery of the Transfiguration.

Livanates has three beaches, 'Kyani Akti' (Blue Coast),'Skinia' and 'Ai-Giannis'. Kyani Akti is the main beach and is located 1-1.5 km from the main square.

Other[edit]

The Livanates Odysseas Androutsos Cultural Council was formed in 1979 and is named after the famous hero of the Greek Revolution of 1821. Livanates also has a women's council known as I Pyrrha and a football (soccer) club known as Dafni (prefectural (subregional) winner in 2002 and 2005 and cup winner in 2004).

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 39 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  2. ^ Çiçek, Kemal; Göyünç, Nejat (2001). Pax Ottomana: studies in memoriam Prof. Dr. Nejat Göyünç. Yeni Türkiye. p. 173. ISBN 90-804409-6-5. 
  3. ^ Anthropological linguistics 25. Anthropology Department, Indiana University. 1983. p. 301. 
  4. ^ Beeler, Madison (1980). American Indian and Indoeuropean studies: papers in honor of Madison S. Beeler. Mouton. p. 340. ISBN 90-279-7876-X. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dimitrios P. Avraam Lokrika, Lamia, 2001
  • Balta, Evangelia The Region of Atalanti and Moudounitza in the Ottoman Period (15th-16th Century), from ax Ottomana. Studies in Memoriam Prof. Dr. Nejat Göyünç, (ed.) Kemal Cicewk, Haarlem-Ankara 2001, Sota-Yeni Türkiye, 151-182
  • Biris, Kostas I. Arvanites - The gift of Modern Greek: History of Greek Arvanites (Αρβανίτες - Οι δωριείς του νεώτερου ελληνισμού: Ιστορία των Ελλήνων Αρβανιτών) Melissa 1998
  • Christoforou, Manthos L. I Opoundia Lokrida kai i Atalanti - Mnimes kai martyries (Opuntian Locris and Atalanta/Atalanti, Monuments and Memorials, Parts 1 (1991) and 2 (1993), Athens, Atalanti Historic and Folkloric Information Company (EILEA).
  • Christoforou, Manthos L. Opoudos (Opus) and Atalandi (Atalanta), Timeline of 4000 Years (Χρονολόγιο Οπούντος και Αταλάντης 4000 χρόνια – εν τάχει) - Municipality of Atalanti Publishers
  • Karastathis, Konstantinos Malesina, History, Memorials and Ancient Villages (Μαλεσίνα: Ιστορία, Μνημεία, Αρχαιολογικοί χώροι) 1999
  • Locrian Chronicles (Λοκρικά Χρονικά) Athens 1997, Atalanti Historic and Folkloric Information Company (EILEA), 3rd Edition
  • Mitsopoulos, K. 1895 The Great Locrian Earthquake in April 1894 (Ο μέγας της Λοκρίδος σεισμός – κατά τον Απρίλιο του 1894) National Press, Athens 1895
  • Protopappas, Zisis (1952) Lokrida (Λοκρίδα), Athens

External links[edit]