|Administrative region:||Central Greece|
|Population statistics (as of 2001)|
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
|Elevation (center):||5 m (16 ft)|
Livanates (Greek: Λιβανάτες) is a seaside town (population in 2001: 3,023) in Phthiotis, central Greece. It is located 68 km southeast of Lamia and it was the seat of the municipality of Dafnousia between 1997 and 2011.
Kynos, an ancient settlement site, can be found at the edge of the town. The medieval settlement was established by Arvanites. Livanates has been attested since 1540 as an Albanian settlement. The Arvanitic dialect spoken in Livanates has some unique features that differentiate it from the other Arvanitic dialects.
Livanates was famous for the Greek Revolutionary leader Odysseas Androutsos. His father Andreas Veroussis (known as Andritsos) was born in 1740. His monument is founded in the main square. He was a leader of the Greeks and was allied with Lambros Katsonis. Katsonis' small fleet along with Andritsos and 500 citizens brought large disorder to the Ottomans, but had their rebellion crushed in the late 18th century. Andritsos was an excellent armatolos.
Livanates was the place of origin of 18 revolutionary leaders of Greek Revolution of 1821: Dimitriso Angelis, Anestis Georgiou, Antonios Ioannou, Ioannis Karalimba, Kyriakos Katsaros, Loukas Konsta and Pseftoura, Michalis and Angelis Michalopoulos, Panagiotis Mitzios and Tsiotis, Georgios Mougkos, Veroussis Nikolaou (first cousin of Odysseas Androutsos), Dimitrios Polyberopoulos, Giannakis Papatheodosiou, Nikos Staboulota, Dimos Stergiou, Makris Stergiou and Steriano, Ioannis Tselikas and Georgios Vergos.
In 1825, Odysseas Androutsos, hero of Battle of Gravia, along with 600 Albanians marched to Livanadis and on March 31 and the following day, they fought against Gkoura and Roukis. Later, Androutsos was captured in Livanates. The officers of the government along with their leader Gkouras, changed lieutenants for Androutsos. When Androutsos disagreed with the government, he brought their men into the town. He was taken to the Acropolis in Athens where he was assassinated and hanged.
Livanates had 1,021 people in the 1890s. On April 1894, a strong earthquake ravaged the town and killed 5 residents and injured 20 others.
During the occupation in World War II, Canada saved many Athenians from starvation by donating wheat, potatoes, chick peas and cottons, as well as vegetables. During that period, Kynos hill was used for its military base as a camp and a prison.
The region produces meat, fish, potatoes, tomatoes, olives and olive oil, tobacco and cotton.
Notable sites are the Church of Agioi Theodoroi, a small Byzantine church which is an alleged site of krifo scholio, and the Monastery of the Transfiguration.
Livanates has three beaches, 'Kyani Akti' (Blue Coast),'Skinia' and 'Ai-Giannis'. Kyani Akti is the main beach and is located 1-1.5 km from the main square.
The Livanates Odysseas Androutsos Cultural Council was formed in 1979 and is named after the famous hero of the Greek Revolution of 1821. Livanates also has a women's council known as I Pyrrha and a football (soccer) club known as Dafni (prefectural (subregional) winner in 2002 and 2005 and cup winner in 2004).
Livanates, view of the coast overlooking Euboea
Livanates, view by the Ai Giannis church, near Kynos.
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- Website with information about Livanates (Greek)
- Municipal unit of Dafnoussia (Greek)
- Municipal unit of Dafnoussia (Greek)