The church in Livarot
|Intercommunality||Pays de Livarot|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Sébastien Leclerc|
|Area1||12.09 km2 (4.67 sq mi)|
|• Density||190/km2 (490/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||14371 / 14140|
|Elevation||52–184 m (171–604 ft)
(avg. 64 m or 210 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The town is home to many companies of renowned such as the Georges Leroy factory, Graindorge cheese manufacturing which produces Livarot, among others. The commune gave its name to its cheese; Livarot cheese. The La Fermière (CCLF) calvados cider is also produced in the commune.
Livarot is situated at the junction of the D4 and D579 roads. The nearest city is Caen, approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the north-west.
The etymological explanation of this place name has no unanimity among toponymists:
- Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, based on a false attestation of Livaron from 1137 (form and date wrong), described it as "obscure", while evoking a derivision of ivos, an assumed Gallic word designating if, and declaring it unlikely. They perhaps resume in these previous assumptions. In reality, the term *ivos or *īvos is not attested and should include an asterisk.
- Ernest Nègre, reasoning from this same erroneous form, considered that it might be from the Germanic name Liubwar, which is followed by the suffix -o /-onem and that the final would be modified by attraction of names in -ot. However, François de Beaurepaire notes that a Germanic name is never used with this suffix.
- Dominique Fournier refuted Livaron (cacography attributed to Albert Dauzat, and badly dated) and based it on the actual form Livar(r)ou, stemming from the Chronicle of Robert of Torigni, to advance the hypothesis of a Gallo-Roman person named Libarius followed by the suffix of Gallic origin -avo which explains most of the words ending in -ou of Normandy.
Battle of Normandy
On 17 July 1944, the pharmacist and Mayor of Livarot, brought first aid to Rommel following the strafing of his car by an Allied aircraft, not far away, between the villages of Sainte-Foy-de-Montgommery and Vimoutiers. He was then evacuated, the same day, to the German military hospital in Bernay.
Livarot was liberated on 19 August. Following Operation Paddle, the British 7th Armoured Division was on the banks of the Vie. The division then faced a strong resistance by the 272nd Division of the German infantry, but also suffered losses to friendly fire from Allied aircraft. On 19 August, British artillery heavily bombed the area. The British arrived to seize a bridge, which hadn't been destroyed, across the river to Saint-Michel-de-Livet, north of Livarot. The French Resistance then learned that the Germans had abandoned Livarot and that the first British soldiers had entered the same day.
|Of Azure on a chief party at 1. Lozenges argent and gules and 2. Bendlet gules and or with a crosier of or over all, to an escutcheon of argent with lion of gules crowned or and over the crosier, between two fleurs-de-lis also of or.
Politics and administration
|1850||Alfred de Neuville|
|1919||1938||Georges Bisson||Cheese maker|
|September 1998||March 2008||Jeannine Louis||School principal|
|March 2008||In progress||Sébastien Leclerc||UMP||Managing director, general counsel|
In 2012, the municipality had 2,183 inhabitants. Since 2004, censuses in municipalities of less than 10,000 inhabitants are held every five years (in 2008, 2013, 2018, etc. for Livarot) and legal municipal population are estimations in other years.[note 2] Livarot counted 2,654 inhabitants in 1975.
|From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years following: municipal population.
Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999 and INSEE from 2004
Places and monuments
- Former Leroy factory (1841), included in the title of the historic monuments.
- The Church of Saint-Ouen from the 15th century, and very reworked. The gallery of the 19th century organ is classified as an historic monument object.
- The old Bisson cheesemakery (1902), converted into a Museum of the workshops of iron art.
- The L'Isle Manor (1912), former property of the Bisson.
- The Graindorge cheesmakery, burned in 1999 and rebuilt in 2001.
- Vestiges of an ancient castle which was owned by Charles the Bad, King of Navarre.
- The menhir of the Pierre Tournante.
Activity and events
The cycling section of the club has trained many riders such as father and son François and Romain Lemarchand, and also Fabien Taillefer. Stage 7 of the 2015 Tour de France is also planned to start in Livarot.
The Livarot Cheese Fair is held every year in August.
- Charles II of Navarre (1332-1387), King of Navarre and count of Évreux, owner of the old Castle.
- Jacques Dufresne (1732 to Livarot - 1832), parish priest of Le Mesnil-Durand, Deputy of the clergy.
- Alfred Rioult de Neuville (1802 Livarot - Livarot, 1894), politician.
- Joël Le Bigot (born in 1946 in Livarot), Quebec radio host.
- François Lemarchand (born in 1960 in Livarot), cyclist.
- Municipal population 2012.
- In the table of censuses, by convention in Wikipedia, the principle has been retained for legal populations after 1999 to display in the table of censuses those populations corresponding to the year 2006, the first published legal population calculated in accordance with the concepts defined in Decree No. 2003-485 of 5 June 2003, and the years corresponding to an exhaustive census investigation of communes under 10,000 inhabitants, as well as the last legal population published by Insee.
- Charte confirmative de Goscelin Crespin et de son fils Guillaume, 1155, in « Histoire de l’abbaye du Bec », Études Lexoviennes I, 1915, p. 656.
- Léopold Delisle, Chronique de Robert de Torigni, abbé du Mont-Saint-Michel, Le Brument, Rouen, vol. I, 1872, p. 207; entrée concernant l'an 1137.
- Albert Dauzat et Charles Rostaing, Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de lieu en France, Librairie Guénégaud, Paris, 1989, ISBN 2-85023-076-6, p. 406.
- Ernest Nègre, Toponymie générale de la France, vol. II, Librairie Droz, 1990, p. 865.
- François de Beaurepaire (préf. Marcel Baudot), Les Noms des communes et anciennes paroisses de l'Eure, Paris, A. et J. Picard, 1981 (ISBN 2-7084-0067-3) (OCLC 9675154).
- Dominique Fournier, Les noms de lieux du pays de Livarot; vol. I : communes, anciennes paroisses, principaux cours d’eau, Éditions des Mortes-Terres, Saint-Georges-en-Auge, 2010, p. 40-42. Information reprise dans Ouest-France, 14 octobre 2010 (l'article n'est plus en ligne), Ouest-France.
- Quétel (dir.), Claude (2011). Dictionnaire du débarquement. Rennes: éditions Ouest-France. p. 435. ISBN 978-2-7373-4826-6. 560.
- Annuaire du département du calvados, année 1850, p.357.
- "Livarot :Sébastien Leclerc". ouest-france.fr. Ouest-France.
- "Livarot (14140) - Municipales 2014". ouest-france.fr. Ouest-France.
- "Recensement de la population" [census of the population] (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Livarot". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "14371-Livarot 2006" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 10 May 2015., "14371-Livarot 2008" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 10 May 2015. and "14371-Livarot 2012" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Monuments historiques" (in French). Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Monuments historiques". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Site officiel de la Ligue Basse-Normandie – Ét. S. Livarotaise".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Livarot.|
- A few pictures of Livarot and its markets at the beginning of the 20th century.
- The Livarot Tourist Office website.