Live-Evil (Miles Davis album)

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Live-Evil
Miles Davis Live-Evil.jpg
Studio album / live album by Miles Davis
Released November 17, 1971
Recorded February 6 and June 3–4, 1970, at Columbia Studio B in New York City; December 19, 1970 at The Cellar Door in Washington, D.C.
Genre Jazz-rock, funk, jazz
Length 101:56
Label Columbia
Producer Teo Macero
Miles Davis chronology
Jack Johnson
(1971)
Live Evil
(1971)
On the Corner
(1972)

Live-Evil is an album of both live and studio recordings by American jazz musician Miles Davis.[1] Parts of the album featured music from Davis' concert at the Cellar Door in 1970, which producer Teo Macero subsequently edited and pieced together in the studio.[2] They were performed as lengthy, dense jams in the jazz-rock style, while the studio recordings were renditions of Hermeto Pascoal compositions.[3] The album was originally released on November 17, 1971.[4]

Background[edit]

Along with live recordings from the Cellar Door (edited in the studio), Live-Evil features Davis's studio recordings at Columbia's Studio B, with different personnel, on February 6 and June 3–4, 1970. Though all compositions were originally credited to Miles Davis, the studio recordings "Little Church" ("Igrejinha"), "Nem Um Talvez" ("Not Even a Maybe") and "Selim" are by Brazilian composer and multi-instrumentalist Hermeto Pascoal, who also played with the Davis band on these tracks. "Inamorata" means "A Female Lover".[citation needed]

A number of famous jazz musicians feature on the album, including Keith Jarrett and Jack DeJohnette. One of the key musicians on the album, John McLaughlin, was not a regular member of Miles Davis's band during the time of recording. Miles called McLaughlin at the last minute to join the band for the last of four nights they recorded live at the Cellar Door, as Miles was "looking for an element he hadn't quite nailed down"[5] on the previous nights.

Davis had originally intended the album to be a spiritual successor to Bitches Brew, but this idea was abandoned when it became obvious that Live-Evil was "something completely different".[6]

Musician lineup on Cellar Door segments[edit]

Gary Bartz played soprano saxophone on "Inamorata".[7]

Cellar Door Segments, December 19, 1970: "Sivad" (a blend of "Directions," a studio fragment of "Honky Tonk," and a live recording of "Honky Tonk"), "What I Say," "Funky Tonk" and "Inamorata and Narration by Conrad Roberts".[citation needed]

Cover artwork[edit]

The album cover was illustrated by artist Mati Klarwein. Klarwein had painted the front cover independently of Davis, but the back cover was painted with a suggestion from Davis:

"I was doing the picture of the pregnant woman for the cover and the day I finished, Miles called me up and said, 'I want a picture of life on one side and evil on the other.' And all he mentioned was a toad. Then next to me was a copy of Time Magazine which had J. Edgar Hoover on the cover, and he just looked like a toad. I told Miles I found the toad."[8]

Record club pressings of the album simply had the album title printed on a black cover.[9]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Retrospective reviews
Review scores
Source Rating
All Music Guide to Jazz 5/5 stars[10]
Christgau's Record Guide A−[7]
Down Beat 4.5/5 stars[11]
Entertainment Weekly A−[12]
Los Angeles Times 3.5/4 stars[13]
MusicHound Jazz 3/5[14]
Penguin Guide to Jazz 4/4 stars[15]
Pitchfork Media 9.9/10[16]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 4.5/5 stars[17]
Sputnikmusic 4/5[18]

Live-Evil was released by Columbia Records in 1971 to critical acclaim.[19] In a contemporary review for Rolling Stone, Robert Palmer said "this sounds like what Miles had in mind when he first got into electric music and freer structures and rock rhythms". He called the shorter, ballad-like recordings "things of great beauty", devoid of solos but full of "stunning, bittersweet lines", while also praising each band member's soloing on the live jams: "Everybody is just playing away, there aren't any weak links, and there isn't any congestion to speak of. Miles reacts to this happy situation by playing his ass off, too".[20] Black World critic Red Scott remarked that all of Live-Evil's songs "fuse into a perfect complement of musicians passing moods to each other".[21] Pete Welding from Down Beat was less enthusiastic in a two-and-a-half star review, finding the live recordings characterized by "long dull stretches of water-treading alternating with moments of strength and inspiration".[11]

The magazine's John Corbett later called Live-Evil "an outstandingly creative electric collage",[11] while Erik Davis from Spin found the music "kinetic" and described McLaughlin's playing as "Hindu heavy-metal fretwork".[22] Pitchfork Media's Ryan Schreiber believed it was "easily the most accessible of Miles Davis' late-'70s electric releases", describing its music as "at once both sexually steamy and unsettling". He said the live recordings "run the gamut from barroom brawl action-funk to sensual bedroom jazz magic, creating two hours of charged eccentricity you'll never forget".[16] Robert Christgau said that apart from the meandering "Inamorata", the "long pieces are usually fascinating and often exciting", including "Funky Tonk", which he called Davis's "most compelling rhythmic exploration to date". He believed the shorter pieces sounded like "impressionistic experiments", while "Selim" and "Nem Um Talvez" appropriately "hark back to the late '50s".[7] Edwin C. Faust from Stylus Magazine called Live-Evil "one of the funkiest albums ever recorded" while deeming the "somber" short pieces to be "haunting examples of musical purity—Miles enriching our ears with evocative melodies (his work on Sketches of Spain comes to mind) while the bass creeps cautiously, an organ hums tensly, and human whistles/vocals float about forebodingly like wistful phantoms".[23]

Track listing[edit]

All songs written by Miles Davis, except where noted.

Side one
No. Title Length
1. "Sivad"   15:16
2. "Little Church" (Hermeto Pascoal) 3:17
3. "Medley: Gemini/Double Image" (Davis/Joe Zawinul) 5:56
Side two
No. Title Length
4. "What I Say"   21:12
5. "Nem Um Talvez" (Pascoal) 4:03
Side three
No. Title Length
6. "Selim" (Hermeto Pascoal) 2:15
7. "Funky Tonk"   23:28
Side four
No. Title Length
8. "Inamorata and Narration by Conrad Roberts"   26:29

Recording details[edit]

Side One (25:20)
1. "Sivad" (15:13)
(Recorded December 19, 1970 at The Cellar Door, Washington, DC & May 19, 1970 at Columbia Studio B, New York, NY)

Timing Source
00:00-00:01 "Directions" (2nd set) 0:00-0:01 (drum roll)
00:02-03:24 "Directions" (2nd set) 11:30-14:44 + "Honky Tonk" 00:00-00:08
03:25-04:14 "Honky Tonk" (studio, May 19, 1970) 00:00-00:49
04:15-09:11 "Honky Tonk" (2nd set) 05:23-10:20
09:12-15:12 "Honky Tonk" (2nd set) 15:13-21:14

2. "Little Church" (3:14)
(Recorded June 4, 1970 at Columbia Studio B, New York, NY)

3. "Medley: Gemini/Double Image" (5:53)
(Recorded February 6, 1970 at Columbia Studio B, New York, NY)

Side Two (25:12)
1. "What I Say" (21:09)
(Recorded December 19, 1970 at The Cellar Door, Washington, DC)

Timing Source
00:00-20:50 "What I Say" (2nd set) 00:00-20:50
20:51-21:09 "Sanctuary" (2nd set) 00:00-00:18

2. "Nem Um Talvez" (4:03)
(Recorded June 3, 1970 at Columbia Studio B, New York, NY)

Side Three (25:38)
1. "Selim" (2:12)
(Recorded June 3, 1970 at Columbia Studio B, New York, NY)

2. "Funky Tonk" (23:26)
(Recorded December 19, 1970 at The Cellar Door, Washington, DC)

Timing Source
00:00-02:54 "Directions" (3rd set) 00:47-03:41 (theme excised)
02:55-04:53 "Directions" (3rd set) 03:54-05:51 (theme excised)
04:54-16:14 "Directions" (3rd set) 06:20-17:39 (theme excised)
16:15-16:50 "Directions" (3rd set) 18:03-18:39
16:51-20:12 "Funky Tonk" (3rd set) 00:00-03:21
20:13-20:18 "Funky Tonk" (3rd set) 03:59-04:04
20:19-23:23 "Funky Tonk" (3rd set) 04:15-07:20

Side Four (26:29)
1. "Inamorata and Narration by Conrad Roberts" (26:29)
(Recorded December 19, 1970 at The Cellar Door, Washington, DC)

Timing Source
00:00-16:34 "Funky Tonk" (3rd set) 07:21-23:55
16:35-16:47 "Sanctuary" (3rd set) 01:50-02:02
16:47-23:08 "It's About That Time" (3rd set) 00:00-06:21
23:09-26:08 "It's About That Time" 0:00-2:59*

Narration by Conrad Roberts first 0:43

26:08-26:28 "Sanctuary" 0:00-0:20*
(*) The final two sections are not from The Cellar Door.

The album was mixed and released in both stereo and quadraphonic.

Note: The Cellar Door Sessions 1970 box set uses the titles "Improvisation #4" (for Keith Jarrett's keyboard intro) and "Inamorata" instead of "Funky Tonk". In the Source column of the tables above, the title "Funky Tonk" is used.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cole, George (2007). The Last Miles: The Music of Miles Davis, 1980–1991. University of Michigan Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-472-03260-7. 
  2. ^ "GoogleBooks preview". Retrieved June 14, 2013. 
  3. ^ White, Lenny (2012). "Miles, Tony Williams, and the Road to Bitches Brew". In Dregni, Michael. Miles Davis: The Complete Illustrated History. Voyageur Press. p. 153. ISBN 0760342628. 
  4. ^ "Live-Evil - Miles Davis : Releases". AllMusic. Retrieved July 5, 2016. 
  5. ^ Goode, Mort, ed. (1972). "The Inner Sleeve". Columbia. 
  6. ^ Davis, Miles. Miles: The Autobiography. ISBN 0-634-00682-7
  7. ^ a b c Christgau 1981, p. 102.
  8. ^ Szwed, John. So What: the Life of Miles Davis, p. 319
  9. ^ "Discogs". Retrieved April 16, 2016. 
  10. ^ Jurek, Thom (2002). "Live-Evil". In Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. All Music Guide to Jazz. Backbeat Books. p. 313. ISBN 0-87930-717-X. 
  11. ^ a b c Alkyer, Frank; Enright, Ed; Koransky, Jason, eds. (2007). The Miles Davis Reader. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 257, 331. ISBN 142343076X. 
  12. ^ Sinclair, Tom (August 1, 1997). Review: Miles Davis live albums. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2011-02-26.
  13. ^ Heckman, Don (July 27, 1997). "Unleashing More of the Davis Legacy : MILES DAVIS". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 
  14. ^ Holtje, Steve; Lee, Nancy Ann, eds. (1998). "Miles Davis". MusicHound Jazz: The Essential Album Guide. Music Sales Corporation. ISBN 0825672538. 
  15. ^ Cook & Morton 1992, p. 377.
  16. ^ a b Schreiber, Ryan (1997). Review: Live-Evil. Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on 2011-01-08.
  17. ^ Considine et al. 2004, p. 215.
  18. ^ Campbell, Hernan M. (April 18, 2012). "Review: Miles Davis - Live Evil". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved May 13, 2016. 
  19. ^ Carr, Ian (2009). Miles Davis: The Definitive Biography. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0786747013. 
  20. ^ Palmer, Bob (January 20, 1972). Review: Live-Evil. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2011-01-08.
  21. ^ Scott, Red (September 1972). "Review: Live-Evil". Black World: 19, 86.
  22. ^ Davis, Erik (April 1997). "Freakin' the Funk – Revisiting Miles Davis's '70s Visions". Spin: 117.
  23. ^ Faust, Edwin C. (September 1, 2003). Review: Live-Evil. Stylus Magazine. Retrieved on 2011-01-08.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]