Live action is a form of cinematography or videography that uses photography instead of animation. Some works combine live action with animation. Live-action is used to define film, video games or similar visual media. Photorealistic animation, particularly modern computer animation, is sometimes erroneously described as “live-action” as in the case of some media reports about Disney's 2019 remake of The Lion King. According to the Cambridge English Dictionary, live action "[involves] real people or animals, not models, or images that are drawn, or produced by computer".
As the normal process of making visual media involves live action, the term itself is usually superfluous. However, it makes an important distinction in situations in which one might normally expect animation, as in a Pixar film, a video game, or when the work is adapted from an animated cartoon, such as Scooby-Doo, The Flintstones, 101 Dalmatians films, or The Tick television program.
The phrase "live action" also occurs within an animation context to refer to non-animated characters: in a live-action/animated film such as Space Jam, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Looney Tunes: Back in Action, or Mary Poppins in which humans and cartoons co-exist. In this case the "live-action" characters are the "real" actors, such as Michael Jordan, Bob Hoskins and Julie Andrews, as opposed to the animated "actors", such as Roger Rabbit himself.
As use of computer-generated imagery (CGI) in films has become a major trend, some critics, such as Mark Langer, have discussed the relationship and overlap between live action and animation. New films that use computer-generated special effects can not be compared to live action films using cartoon characters because of the perceived realism of both styles combined.
Live action vs. animation
In producing a movie, both live action and animation present their own pros and cons. Unlike animation, live action involves the photography of actors and actresses, as well as sets and props making the movie seem personal and as close to reality as possible. The only drawback being one's budget. On the other hand, animation works well in conveying abstract ideas and it generally takes longer to produce.
Disney's live action
Disney's first live action movie was Treasure Island in 1950. Both Mary Poppins (1964) and Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988) are examples of Disney's live action and animation combination movies. After witnessing the success of Marvel and Pixar, The Walt Disney Company decided to produce re-makes of earlier subjects, such as The Jungle Book in 1994 (and in 2016, another re-make was made, this time combining live action with realistic computer animation). Other successful films, such as 101 Dalmatians and Alice in Wonderland, as well as their respected sequels would again become live action movies, followed by Sleeping Beauty (narrated from Maleficent's point of view this time), Cinderella, and Beauty and the Beast.
- Animated cartoon
- Films with live action and animation
- List of live-action films based on cartoons and comics
- List of live-action puppet films
- Live action role-playing game
- List of short live-action films
- "Merriam Webster Online Dictionary". Merriam-Webster.
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- McMahan, Alison (2014-08-21). "Hollywood's Transition to CGI". The Films of Tim Burton: Animating Live Action in Contemporary Hollywood. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. ISBN 013210475X. Retrieved 2014-12-19.
- "Animation vs Live Action: Which Makes the Best Corporate Video?". Retrieved 2018-03-23.
- "Here Are All of Disney's Upcoming Live-Action Remakes". Collider. 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2017-11-14.