Live After Death

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Live After Death
Iron Maiden - Live After Death.jpg
Live album and video by
Released
  • 14 October 1985 (1985-10-14) (audio)
  • 23 October 1985 (1985-10-23) (VHS/Betamax)
  • 16 December 1985 (1985-12-16) (VHD)
  • 21 July 1986 (1986-07-21) (LaserDisc)
  • 4 February 2008 (2008-02-04) (DVD)
Recorded
  • 14–17 March 1985 (1985-03-14 – 1985-03-17) (sides 1–3)
  • 8–12 October 1984 (1984-10-08 – 1984-10-12) (side 4, audio only)
Venue
GenreHeavy metal
Length
  • 98:09 (audio)
  • 90:00 (video, approx.)
Label
ProducerMartin Birch
Iron Maiden live albums chronology
Live After Death
(1985)
A Real Live One
(1993)
Iron Maiden video chronology
Behind the Iron Curtain
(1984)
Live After Death
(1985)
12 Wasted Years
(1986)

Death on the Road
(2006)

Live After Death
(2008)

Iron Maiden: Flight 666
(2009)
Singles from Live After Death
  1. "Running Free"
    Released: 13 September 1985
  2. "Run to the Hills"
    Released: 2 December 1985
Alternative cover
2008 DVD reissue cover
2008 DVD reissue cover

Live After Death is a live album and video by English heavy metal band Iron Maiden, originally released in October 1985 on EMI in Europe and its sister label Capitol Records in the US (it was re-released by Sanctuary/Columbia Records in the US in 2002 on CD and by Universal Music Group/Sony BMG Music Entertainment on DVD). It was recorded at Long Beach Arena, California and Hammersmith Odeon, London during the band's World Slavery Tour.

The video version of the concert only contains footage from the Long Beach shows and was reissued on DVD on 4 February 2008, which coincided with the start of the band's Somewhere Back in Time World Tour.[1] In addition to the complete concert, the DVD features Part 2 of The History of Iron Maiden documentary series, which began with 2004's The Early Days and continued with 2013's Maiden England '88, documenting the recording of the Powerslave album and the following World Slavery Tour.

Background[edit]

Iron Maiden's World Slavery Tour began in Warsaw, Poland on 9 August 1984[2] and lasted 331 days,[3] during which 187 concerts were performed[4] To tie in with their 1984 album, Powerslave,[5] the tour's stage show adhered to an ancient Egyptian theme, which was decorated with sarcophagi and Egyptian hieroglyphs, and mummified representations of the band's mascot, Eddie, in addition to numerous pyrotechnic effects.[6] The theatricality of the stage show meant that it would become one of the band's most acclaimed tours, making it the perfect backdrop to their first live double album and concert video.[7]

For the Live After Death video, the band hired director Jim Yukich to film two shows of their four night run at Long Beach Arena, California from 14 to 17 March 1985.[7][8] The double LP release was also recorded at Long Beach, although side four contains additional tracks, recorded at Hammersmith Odeon, London on 8, 9, 10 and 12 October 1984.[9] Bassist Steve Harris has stated that, even if they had had the time, they would not have added any studio overdubbing to the soundtrack, stating that "we were really anti all that, anyway. We were very much, like, 'This has got to be totally live,' you know?"[10]

Since its release, the album has received consistent critical praise, with reviewers remarking that it is one of the genre's best live albums.[11][12] For the band, the record's release was extremely advantageous as it meant they could delay the recording of their follow up studio album, 1986's Somewhere in Time. This time off following the World Slavery Tour was extremely beneficial for the band, who desperately needed to recuperate following the tour's heavy schedule.[8]

Recorded dates[edit]

According to Harris, while the video used footage from two nights at Long Beach, the audio version is only made up of one performance, although no exact dates are specified.[10] However, during "Running Free" on the audio version, vocalist Bruce Dickinson refers to it being the fourth concert at the venue, which should mean that the audio version was recorded on Sunday, 17 March. On the video version, after "2 Minutes to Midnight", Dickinson refers to it being "night number two" (Friday, 15 March), while on the documentary 12 Wasted Years, "The Trooper" and "The Number of the Beast" are said to have been recorded on Saturday, 16 March.

Cover art[edit]

The cover art was done by Derek Riggs, and pictures the band's mascot, Eddie, rising from a grave. Engraved on his tombstone is a mis-quote from fantasy and horror fiction author H. P. Lovecraft's The Nameless City:[13]

"That is not dead which can eternal lie
Yet with strange aeons even death may die."

The original Lovecraft text reads

"That is not dead which can eternal lie
And with strange aeons even death may die."


Also engraved onto the headstone is what appears to be Eddie's full name, "Edward T H--", the remainder of which (his supposed surname, "Head") is obscured by a clump of sod.

The cover's depiction of Eddie follows the continuity from previous artworks; his long hair is restored and he sports the metal screw cartouche from his Piece of Mind lobotomy, which is being struck by lightning,[13] and is also bound by metal cuffs connected by an electrical surge, as seen in Powerslave tour promotional artwork.[14]

The back cover depicts the rest of the graveyard and a city being destroyed by lightning, which Riggs states was inspired by John Martin's painting, The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.[13] Death appears in the clouds above the destroyed city; the character is a regular feature of Riggs' covers (such as "Twilight Zone", "The Trooper", Powerslave and Somewhere in Time).[15] Near Eddie's grave is a black cat with a halo, which also features in the Somewhere in Time and "Twilight Zone" artworks, which Riggs states was "not about anything really" and was added "to get people's attention".[13] To the cat's left, there is a tombstone engraved with "Here lies Derek Riggs".[13] Riggs also included gravestones which state "Live With Pride", added at the band's request to show opposition to lip-synched performances, "Here Lies Faust In Body Only", the German legend who sold his soul to the Devil (hence "in body only"), and a stone which simply reads "Thank You", representing the Grateful Dead.[13]

Intro[edit]

The intro before "Aces High" is a part of the We shall fight on the beaches speech made by Winston Churchill in the House of Commons on 4 June 1940.[16] (Churchill re-recorded the speech – the original speech in the House of Commons was not recorded.):

"... We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender ..."

It was later used for their Ed Hunter Tour,[17] Somewhere Back in Time World Tour,[18] Maiden England World Tour.[19] and the Legacy Of The Beast World Tour.[20]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
About.com (DVD)4.5/5 stars[21]
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[11]
AllMusic (VHS)4.5/5 stars[22]
Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal8/10[23]
Kerrang!5/5[24]
Kerrang! (DVD)5/5[25]
PopMatters (DVD)9/10[26]
Sputnikmusic5.0/5[12]
The Daily VaultA[27]

Live After Death has been highly rated by critics since its release; Kerrang! and Sputnikmusic both agree that it is "possibly the greatest live album of all time",[12][25] while AllMusic describes it as "easily one of heavy metal's best live albums".[11]

Sputnikmusic argues that it is the band's best live album, concluding that "Iron Maiden's 1985 release has everything you could ask for. With, exciting renditions of classic songs, and brilliant performances, Live After Death is quite a fun listen."[12] PopMatters describes it as "a searing, 102-minute collection of Maiden at [their] peak ... an absolute treasure for fans [which] went on to be universally regarded as an instant classic in the genre".[28]

The album's video counterpart received similar critical acclaim, with AllMusic stating that "Live After Death is a visual pleasure as much as a sonic one. The elaborate staging and lighting effects are excellent. The editing is superb as well [with] very few rapid-fire, seizure-inducing camera cuts".[22] The bonus features included in the 2008 DVD reissue were also praised by PopMatters, Kerrang! and About.com.[21][25][26]

The album has also been described by Classic Rock as "the last great live album of the vinyl era."[29]

Track listing[edit]

All tracks are written by Steve Harris, except where noted.

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Original releaseLength
1."Churchill's Speech" (intro)Winston Churchill 1:09
2."Aces High" Powerslave (1984)4:07
3."2 Minutes to Midnight"Powerslave (1984)5:52
4."The Trooper" Piece of Mind (1983)3:59
5."Revelations"DickinsonPiece of Mind (1983)5:59
6."Flight of Icarus"
  • Smith
  • Dickinson
Piece of Mind (1983)3:21
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Original releaseLength
7."Rime of the Ancient Mariner" Powerslave (1984)13:03
8."Powerslave"DickinsonPowerslave (1984)7:06
9."The Number of the Beast" The Number of the Beast (1982)4:48
Total length:49:24
Side three
No.TitleWriter(s)Original releaseLength
1."Hallowed Be Thy Name" The Number of the Beast (1982)7:17
2."Iron Maiden" Iron Maiden (1980)4:11
3."Run to the Hills" The Number of the Beast (1982)3:52
4."Running Free"Iron Maiden (1980)8:16
Side four
No.TitleWriter(s)Original releaseLength
5."Wrathchild" Killers (1981)2:54
6."22 Acacia Avenue"
  • Harris
  • Smith
The Number of the Beast (1982)6:04
7."Children of the Damned" The Number of the Beast (1982)4:19
8."Die with Your Boots On"
  • Smith
  • Dickinson
  • Harris
Piece of Mind (1983)4:51
9."Phantom of the Opera" Iron Maiden (1980)7:01
Total length:48:45
1995 reissue bonus disc
No.TitleWriter(s)Original releaseLength
1."Losfer Words (Big 'Orra)" (October 1984) Powerslave (1984)4:14
2."Sanctuary" (March 1985)Iron MaidenIron Maiden (1980)4:40
3."Murders in the Rue Morgue" (October 1984) Killers (1981)4:32
Total length:13:26
Notes
  • The first 13 tracks were recorded at Long Beach Arena in Long Beach, California, from 14 to 17 March 1985.[7] The last five songs were recorded earlier on the same tour, at the Hammersmith Odeon in London on 8, 9, 10 and 12 October 1984.[9] The Live After Death video was also recorded at Long Beach Arena, but on different nights than the audio.[10]
  • The 1985 CD edition includes only the first 13 tracks due to CD length restrictions, and merges the intro track into the second, for a total of 12 tracks. A few tracks are also shortened, most notably "Running Free", which is missing the entire audience participation middle section, thus reducing its length to only 3:24 from its full 8-minute runtime. A 1995 re-release features this same truncated version of the concert, but comes with an additional CD containing the B-sides from the Live After Death single releases.[30]
  • The 1998 and 2020 remastered CD reissues include the full concert in its original length, plus the additional tracks from side four on a second CD.[31][32]
  • The video releases contain the 13 tracks included with the audio releases and closes with "Sanctuary". The DVD version features a bonus disc that includes The History of Iron Maiden – Part 2: Live After Death, the second part of an ongoing documentary series about the history of the band, Behind the Iron Curtain feature, promo videos and additional footage from various concerts, as well as a gallery of artwork and photos.

Personnel[edit]

Production and performance credits are adapted from the album,[33][31] VHS and DVD liner notes.[34][35]

Iron Maiden
Production

Chart performance[edit]

Album

Country Chart (1985) Peak
position
Netherlands MegaCharts 8[36]
New Zealand RIANZ 16[37]
Norway VG-lista 13[38]
Sweden Sverigetopplistan 8[39]
Switzerland Swiss Hitparade 26[40]
United Kingdom Official Albums Chart 2[41]
United States Billboard 200 19[42]
Country Chart (1986) Peak
position
Netherlands MegaCharts 54[36]
New Zealand RIANZ 38[37]
Country Chart (2005) Peak
position
Norway VG-lista 38[38]
Country Chart (2008) Peak
position
Norway VG-lista 36[38]
Sweden Sverigetopplistan 41[39]
Country Chart (2009) Peak
position
Mexico Top 100 Mexico 67[43]
Country Chart (2013) Peak
position
Finland The Official Finnish Charts 28[44]
Germany Media Control Charts 93[45]
Norway VG-lista 23[38]
Sweden Sverigetopplistan 28[39]

1985 VHS

Country Chart (1985) Peak
position
United States Billboard Charts 2[46]

2008 DVD

Country Chart (2008) Peak
position
Australia ARIA Charts 1[47]
Austria Ö3 Austria Top 40 3[48]
Belgium (Flanders) Ultratop 2[49]
Belgium (Wallonia) Ultratop 9[50]
Denmark Tracklisten 1[51]
Finland The Official Finnish Charts 1[52]
France SNEP 1[53]
Germany Media Control Charts 1[53]
Hungary Mahasz 3[54]
Italy FIMI 1[53]
Ireland IRMA 2[53]
New Zealand RIANZ 1[53]
Netherlands MegaCharts 6[55]
Norway VG-lista 1[56]
Portugal AFP 2[53]
Spain PROMUSICAE 1[57]
Sweden Sverigetopplistan 1[58]
Switzerland Swiss Hitparade 1[59]
United Kingdom UK Music Video Charts 1[60]
United States Billboard charts 2[61]

Singles

Single Chart (1985) Peak
position
"Running Free (Live)" Irish Singles Chart 12[62]
UK Singles Chart 19[63]
"Run to the Hills (Live)" Irish Singles Chart 18[62]
UK Singles Chart 26[64]
Single Chart (1990) Peak
position
"Running Free (Live) / Run to the Hills (Live)" UK Albums Chart[note 1] 9[65]

Notes

  1. ^ Re-release of both singles as part of "The First Ten Years" box set. Exceeded the length limit of the UK Singles chart.

Certifications[edit]

Audio
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Austria (IFPI Austria)[66] Gold 25,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[67] 2× Platinum 200,000^
Germany (BVMI)[68] Gold 250,000^
Sweden (GLF)[69] Gold 50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[70] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[71] Platinum 1,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

1985 VHS
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[72] 2× Platinum 20,000^
United States (RIAA)[73] Platinum 100,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

2008 DVD
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Argentina (CAPIF)[74] Platinum 8,000^
Australia (ARIA)[75] Gold 7,500^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[76] Gold 6,831[76]
Germany (BVMI)[77] Gold 25,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[78] Gold 25,000^
United States (RIAA)[73] Platinum 100,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Bushell, Garry; Halfin, Ross (1985). Running Free, The Official Story of Iron Maiden (2nd ed.). Zomba Books. pp. 128. ISBN 0-946391-84-X.
  3. ^ Wall, Mick (2004). Iron Maiden: Run to the Hills, the Authorised Biography (3rd ed.). Sanctuary Publishing. p. 253. ISBN 1-86074-542-3.
  4. ^ "The History of Iron Maiden part 3". Maiden England '88 (DVD). EMI. 25 March 2013.
  5. ^ Bushell, Garry; Halfin, Ross (1985). Running Free, The Official Story of Iron Maiden (2nd ed.). Zomba Books. pp. 129. ISBN 0-946391-84-X.
  6. ^ Wall, Mick (2004). Iron Maiden: Run to the Hills, the Authorised Biography (3rd ed.). Sanctuary Publishing. p. 254. ISBN 1-86074-542-3.
  7. ^ a b c Wall, Mick (2004). Iron Maiden: Run to the Hills, the Authorised Biography (3rd ed.). Sanctuary Publishing. p. 255. ISBN 1-86074-542-3.
  8. ^ a b Wall, Mick (2004). Iron Maiden: Run to the Hills, the Authorised Biography (3rd ed.). Sanctuary Publishing. p. 256. ISBN 1-86074-542-3.
  9. ^ a b Bushell, Garry; Halfin, Ross (1985). Running Free, The Official Story of Iron Maiden (2nd ed.). Zomba Books. pp. 130. ISBN 0-946391-84-X.
  10. ^ a b c Wall, Mick (2004). Iron Maiden: Run to the Hills, the Authorised Biography (3rd ed.). Sanctuary Publishing. p. 257. ISBN 1-86074-542-3.
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  31. ^ a b Live After Death Remastered (Media notes). Iron Maiden. EMI. 1998.CS1 maint: others (link)
  32. ^ Live After Death Remastered (Media notes). Iron Maiden. Parlophone. 2020.CS1 maint: others (link)
  33. ^ Live After Death (Media notes). Iron Maiden. EMI. 14 October 1985.CS1 maint: others (link)
  34. ^ Live After Death VHS (Media notes). Iron Maiden. PMI. 23 October 1985.CS1 maint: others (link)
  35. ^ Live After Death DVD (Media notes). Iron Maiden. EMI. 4 February 2008.CS1 maint: others (link)
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  78. ^ "British video certifications – Iron Maiden – Live After Death". British Phonographic Industry. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2013. Select videos in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Live After Death in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.