Live Oak County, Texas

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Live Oak County
The Live Oak County Courthouse in George West
The Live Oak County Courthouse in George West
Map of Texas highlighting Live Oak County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 28°21′N 98°08′W / 28.35°N 98.13°W / 28.35; -98.13
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1856
Named forGroves of live oak
SeatGeorge West
Largest cityGeorge West
Area
 • Total1,079 sq mi (2,790 km2)
 • Land1,040 sq mi (2,700 km2)
 • Water39 sq mi (100 km2)  3.6%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total11,335 Decrease
 • Density11/sq mi (4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district15th
Websitewww.co.live-oak.tx.us

Live Oak County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 11,335.[1] Its county seat is George West.[2] The county was named for the groves of live oak within its borders.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,079 square miles (2,790 km2), of which 1,040 square miles (2,700 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (3.6%) is water.[4] It is home to the Choke Canyon Reservoir.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860593
187085243.7%
18801,994134.0%
18902,0553.1%
19002,26810.4%
19103,44251.8%
19204,17121.2%
19308,956114.7%
19409,7999.4%
19509,054−7.6%
19607,846−13.3%
19706,697−14.6%
19809,60643.4%
19909,556−0.5%
200012,30928.8%
201011,531−6.3%
202011,335−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850–2010[6] 2020[7]

2020 census[edit]

Live Oak County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[8] Pop 2020[7] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 6,805 5,968 59.01% 52.65%
Black or African American alone (NH) 453 205 3.93% 1.81%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 62 49 0.54% 0.43%
Asian alone (NH) 56 35 0.49% 0.31%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 3 0.03% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 9 45 0.08% 0.40%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 83 240 0.72% 2.12%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 4,060 4,790 35.21% 42.26%
Total 11,531 11,335 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 12,309 people, 4,230 households, and 3,070 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km2). There were 6,196 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.28% White, 2.45% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 7.72% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. 38.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,230 households, out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.30% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 122.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 129.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,057, and the median income for a family was $38,235. Males had a median income of $30,061 versus $19,665 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,886. About 14.10% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.20% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons, Federal Correctional Institution, Three Rivers is located in unincorporated Live Oak County, near Three Rivers.[10][11]

Politics[edit]

Live Oak County mostly voted Democratic for the first half of the 20th century. The Republicans became more successful in the county following the election of Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952. It last voted for the Democrats in 1976 when Jimmy Carter won the state of Texas and the presidency. It was won by Ronald Reagan in his landslide victory against Carter in 1980 and has voted Republican ever since.

United States presidential election results for Live Oak County, Texas[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,199 83.08% 819 16.20% 36 0.71%
2016 3,464 80.52% 742 17.25% 96 2.23%
2012 3,154 76.68% 919 22.34% 40 0.97%
2008 3,095 74.11% 1,048 25.10% 33 0.79%
2004 3,147 74.91% 1,036 24.66% 18 0.43%
2000 2,828 70.63% 1,114 27.82% 62 1.55%
1996 1,929 53.41% 1,372 37.98% 311 8.61%
1992 1,805 45.52% 1,345 33.92% 815 20.55%
1988 2,277 58.69% 1,573 40.54% 30 0.77%
1984 2,481 66.00% 1,260 33.52% 18 0.48%
1980 2,193 60.61% 1,380 38.14% 45 1.24%
1976 1,287 43.47% 1,656 55.93% 18 0.61%
1972 1,745 73.97% 610 25.86% 4 0.17%
1968 938 40.02% 922 39.33% 484 20.65%
1964 795 35.71% 1,423 63.93% 8 0.36%
1960 1,048 57.52% 770 42.26% 4 0.22%
1956 1,077 65.71% 521 31.79% 41 2.50%
1952 1,443 71.22% 573 28.28% 10 0.49%
1948 479 30.57% 945 60.31% 143 9.13%
1944 548 39.00% 642 45.69% 215 15.30%
1940 499 35.90% 888 63.88% 3 0.22%
1936 231 20.17% 874 76.33% 40 3.49%
1932 114 9.56% 1,070 89.77% 8 0.67%
1928 484 55.82% 383 44.18% 0 0.00%
1924 323 31.92% 596 58.89% 93 9.19%
1920 161 32.46% 234 47.18% 101 20.36%
1916 119 20.73% 397 69.16% 58 10.10%
1912 26 6.52% 308 77.19% 65 16.29%


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Education[edit]

School districts include:

Coastal Bend College (formerly Bee County College) is the designated community college for the county.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Live Oak County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 188.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
  7. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Live Oak County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Live Oak County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ "FCI Three Rivers Contact Information Archived December 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on December 12, 2010. "US HIGHWAY 72 WEST THREE RIVERS, TX 78071"
  11. ^ "Three Rivers city, Texas[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on December 12, 2010.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  13. ^ Texas Education Code Sec. 130.167. BEE COUNTY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA. The legislation calls it "Bee County College".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°21′N 98°08′W / 28.35°N 98.13°W / 28.35; -98.13