Livestreamed crime

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Live-streamed crime is a phenomenon in which people publicly livestream, (upload video and/or audio in real time) criminal acts on social media platforms such as Twitch or Facebook Live.

Due to the fact that live streams are accessible instantaneously, it is difficult to quickly detect and moderate violent content, and almost impossible to protect the privacy of victims or bystanders.[1][2][3][4] Live-streaming crime allows anyone from the public to become a distant witness.[5]

History[edit]

In April 2016, Marina Lonina, age 18; and Raymond Gates, age 29, were arrested in Ohio, US on charges that Gates raped an underage friend of Lonina's while Lonina live streamed the crime on Periscope.[6][7] The prosecutor pointed out that Lonina, who was taken advantage of by a much older man, had become "caught up" in her excitement over the number of "likes" she was getting, and is shown on screen "laughing and giggling".[6] Joss Wright of the Oxford Internet Institute pointed out that, given the "volume of content being created and uploaded every day, [there] is almost no practical way to prevent content like this being uploaded and shared".[7]

By May, The New York Times was including the Ohio Periscope rape as one of a series of recent cases in which crimes were live streamed. These included one in which a young woman in Égly, France, speaks via Periscope about her distress and suicidal thoughts and is apparently encouraged by viewers to kill herself, which she does by throwing herself under a train. Also included was the case of two teenagers who live stream themselves bragging and laughing as they beat up a drunken man in a bar in Bordeaux, France.[8]

In the wake of the 2023 Israel-Hamas war[9] the Hamas has threatened to live stream hostage executions.[10]

Types[edit]

Cybersex trafficking[edit]

Cybersex trafficking, also referred to as live streaming sexual abuse,[11][12][13] involves sex trafficking and the live streaming of coerced sexual abuse and or rape on webcam.[14][15][16] Victims are abducted, threatened, or deceived and transferred to "cybersex dens".[17][18][19] The dens can be in any location where the cybersex traffickers have a computer, tablet, or phone with Internet connection.[15] Perpetrators use social media networks, videoconferences, pornographic video sharing websites, dating pages, online chat rooms, apps, dark web sites,[20] and other platforms.[21] They use online payment systems[20][22][23] and cryptocurrencies to hide their identities.[24] Millions of reports of its occurrence are sent to authorities annually.[25] New laws and police procedures are needed to combat this type of cybercrime.[26]

War crimes and cyberterrorism[edit]

A war crime is the act of breaking the laws of war, and in recent years, there have been more instances of people or groups live-streaming such acts to instill fear into the public. Some groups create websites or use the dark web to host these live streams.[citation needed][examples needed] Many times, the videos are of hostages or prisoners of war that are used as leverage or as a means of exerting fear and control.[examples needed]

Instances[edit]

2008[edit]

  • 8 June: A bystander livestreamed the Akihabara massacre on Ustream, attracting an audience of 2,000 viewers. Another user also used Ustream to livestream the massacre's aftermath, including police and public response.[27]

2015[edit]

  • 12 July: Two West Weber, Utah teenagers were arrested after filming themselves stealing ice cream from a truck while live-streaming on Periscope.[28]

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

  • 3 January: A torture incident in Chicago, in which an 18-year-old mentally-disabled white male in Chicago, Illinois, US, was filmed being physically and verbally abused by four Black individuals (two men and two women). The torture was live streamed by one of the women on Facebook and sparked massive controversy.[33]
  • Early January: An American woman taped her toddler to the wall and live streamed it on Facebook Live.[34]
  • 21 January: In Uppsala, Sweden, two Afghan immigrants and one Swedish citizen live streamed the gang rape of a woman on Facebook.[35]
  • 10 April: A Los Angeles man shoots at passing cars and police officers on Facebook Live.[36]
  • 24 April: A Thai man kills his infant daughter before committing suicide.[37]

2018[edit]

  • 22 February: A Middletown, Connecticut man live-streamed himself on Facebook Live as he drove through the front doors of a hospital, before setting himself on fire. The man was treated for burn injuries and arrested.[38]
  • 4 April: A Detroit teenager shoots their friend on Instagram Live.[39]
  • 26 August: A gunman shot 12 people during a video game tournament, killing two. The shooting was live-streamed by the event's Twitch stream.[40]

2019[edit]

2020[edit]

  • 8 February: Thai Army Sergeant Jakrapanth Thomma killed 30 and wounded 57 people in a mass shooting in Thailand. A portion of the shooting at the Terminal 21 Korat mall was live-streamed by the perpetrator on Facebook Live.[47][48][49]
  • 20 May: Armando "Junior" Hernandez, a 20-year-old live streamed his attack at the Westgate Entertainment District in Glendale, Arizona, US where three people were wounded, on Snapchat.[50]
  • 26 May: A man in Stamford, Connecticut live-streamed himself on Instagram on a highway overpass saying he thought people were following him. He then began to fire on passing vehicles on the road below.[51]
  • July: A Florida teen is murdered while streaming live on Instagram.[52]
  • 8 November: A 23-year-old man killed his girlfriend at her home while live on Facebook. Shortly before the livestream, the man also killed the woman's grandfather.[53]

2021[edit]

  • 6 January: Far-right personality Anthime Gionet, better known as "Baked Alaska", took part in the storming of the U.S. Capitol and livestreamed the event on DLive.[54][55]
  • 23 March: Ahmad Al Aliwi Al-Issa (or Alissa), age 21, shot and killed 10 people in a mass shooting in Boulder, Colorado, US. A portion of the shooting at a King Soopers supermarket was live-streamed on YouTube by a bystander.[56]
  • 10 April: A Singaporean student in London is attacked with a knife during a robbery in London streamed by a bystander on YouTube.[57]
  • 29 April: A domestic violence incident in Alabama is streamed on Facebook Live.[58]
  • 7 June: A Rochester woman begins a series of Facebook Live broadcasts over several weeks with threats to shoot others.[59]
  • 19 August: A 15-year-old student livestreamed himself via Twitch stabbing a faculty member at his secondary school in Eslöv, Sweden. The attacker used a head-mounted camera on a helmet to livestream the attack and wore body armour similar to Brenton Tarrant, whom he had quoted in his manifesto.[60][61][62]
  • 20 August: 19-year-old Aidan Ingalls shot a man to death and critically injured his wife on the South Haven Pier before turning the gun on himself halfway down the pier. The entire shooting lasted around a minute and was captured on WWMT's beach camera, which was being livestreamed on YouTube.

2022[edit]

  • 15 January: Malik Faisal Akram took multiple people hostage at Congregation Beth Israel, a Jewish synagogue in Colleyville, Texas, United States. A portion of the hostage-taking was livestreamed on the synagogue's Facebook account.[63]
  • 18 April: Louisiana man fatally stabs a woman on Facebook Live.[64]
  • 14 May: Payton S. Gendron killed 10 people and injured 3 others while livestreaming the shooting on Twitch, inside and in the parking lot of the Tops Friendly Markets in Buffalo, New York, US. Eleven of the 13 people shot were Black.[65]
  • 15 June: A West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana reserve deputy filmed himself on Facebook firing at a fleeing vehicle as he and a full-time deputy investigated a vehicle theft. The reserve deputy was fired and later charged with illegal discharge of a weapon.[66]
  • 28 June: An Ypsilanti, Michigan, man was shot and killed on a Facebook Live due to a purported argument.[67]
  • 24 July: Brooklyn-based pastor Lamor Whitehead and his wife were robbed of more than $1,000,000 worth of jewelry during a livestreamed church service.[68]
  • 7 September: During a shooting spree in Memphis, Tennessee, Ezekiel Kelly, a 19-year-old man, livestreamed himself on Facebook Live entering an AutoZone store and critically wounding an employee.[69]
  • 22 December: An English man stabs three people, killing one, in random attacks on Facebook Live.[70]

2023[edit]

  • 25 March: A Mississippi woman fatally shoots a man in a domestic violence incident on Facebook Live.[71]
  • 10 April: A 25-year-old man livestreamed on Instagram as he opened fire at a bank he previously worked at in Louisville, Kentucky, killing five and wounding eight others before being fatally shot by police.[72]
  • 25 April: Two women in Holmes County are fatally shot on Facebook Live after a fight.[73]
  • 27 April: A Minnesota man barricades himself during a fatal shootout with the FBI while livestreaming on Facebook Live.[74]
  • 23 May: Two people are attacked with a knife while livestreaming in Xiamen China.[75]
  • 7 June: A Louisiana woman shot wildly during an argument on a Facebook Live broadcast.[76]
  • 16 June: An Indian man murders a relative with an axe during a Facebook Live broadcast.[77]
  • 23 July: After murdering two women, a Florida man streams his suicide on Facebook Live.[78]
  • August: An Oklahoma teenager is accidentally shot in the face by another teenager.[79]
  • 11 August: A Bosnian man shot and killed his ex-wife and two other people in the city of Gradačac live on Instagram. He also wounded a police officer and two others before killing himself.[80]
  • 7 October: An Israeli woman was shot by a Hamas fighter streaming from her own phone on Facebook Live.[81]
  • 7 October: Two minors were kidnapped in Israel on Facebook Live.[82]
  • 9 October: An 18-year-old Palestinian man livestreamed to Facebook as he attempted to attack Israeli soldiers with a construction vehicle in Hebron, Palestine.[83]
  • 20 October: San Antonio teenagers accused of a fatal drive-by shooting livestream a car chase on Instagram Live.[84]
  • 22 October: A San Antonio man shoots a dog during a livestream.[85]
  • 29 October: A Tampa shooting during Halloween festivities was live streamed on Instagram Live by victims.[86]
  • 5 November: A Philippines radio host was shot and killed during a Facebook Live broadcast.[87]
  • 6 November: A DC teen brags about a murder committed 3 days earlier on Instagram Live.[88]
  • 12 December: A group of friends in Florida are livestreaming when their Airbnb is shot by a drive-by shooter.[89]
  • 12 December: A taxi driver in Mexico is shot during a struggle while driving and streaming on TikTok.[90]

2024[edit]

  • 2 January: A Wisconsin man engages on a shootout with police on Facebook Live following a domestic violence call.[91]
  • 8 January: A California woman stabs her mother to death on Facebook Live.[92]
  • 8 February: An Indian politician shoots and kills a rival on Facebook Live before killing himself.[93]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]