Liver and onions
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|Place of origin||International (e.g. Venice, Italy; France; UK)|
|Main ingredients||Liver and onions|
|Ingredients generally used||Bacon, butter, and lard|
|Variations||Fegato alla veneziana, fegato alla romana|
Liver and onions is a dish consisting of slices of liver (usually pork, beef or [in the United Kingdom] lamb) and bulb onions; onion is favoured as an accompaniment to liver as the sharp flavour of onion "cuts" the somewhat metallic flavour of liver, which can be off-putting to some eaters. The liver and the onions are usually fried or otherwise cooked together, but sometimes they may be fried separately and mixed together afterwards. The liver is often cut in fine slices, but it also may be diced.
Liver and onions is widely eaten in the UK and in Germany, where it is usually eaten along with boiled or mashed potatoes. Calf's or lamb's liver are the usual choices in the UK and is often accompanied by fried bacon.
In the French traditional recipe the liver is fried with butter and bacon. In Catalan cuisine olive oil is used, instead of butter, and fried garlic is added to the mixture. In Italian cuisine, the fegato alla veneziana ("Venice-style liver") recipe includes a dash of red wine or vinegar and the fegato alla romana ("Rome-style liver") a dash of white wine and is cooked in lard.
In the United States, liver and onions enjoyed widespread popularity during the 20th century. However, organ meats such as liver are rarely consumed today. The dish can still be found on the menus of retro diners and American home-style restaurants. It is especially common in the regions of Pennsylvania and the Midwest with a strong German culture, although there is nothing exclusively German about the dish.
Beef liver and onions is still widely popular in Latin America (Spanish: hígado (de res) encebollado, Portuguese: fígado (bovino) acebolado), where it is often eaten along with tortillas or rice. In Brazil, the traditional recipe calls for potatoes or other root vegetable, prepared most commonly boiled and puréed or as home fries.
- Rombauer, I.S.; Becker, M.R. (1975). Joy of Cooking. Scribner. p. 501. ISBN 978-0-02-604570-4.
- Foie aux oignons (in French)
- Fetge de vedella amb ceba
- Fegato alla Veneziana
- Pillsbury, Richard (1998). No Foreign Food: The American Diet in Time and Place. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. p. 196. ISBN 0-8133-2738-5 – via Questia.
- Neman, Daniel (June 8, 2016). "Our Changing Tastes Means Disappearing Delicacies". St Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved May 18, 2019 – via Questia.
|Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Cookbook:Liver and onions|
- Foie aux oignons French recipe (in French)